Obrazy na stronie

English branches, and that I must devote its remain

LAW OF LAURISTON. ing portion to the concise account which I purposed

(3rd S. üi. 486.) to give of the renewed introduction into this country of its long abeyant "Langue." I now The document you mention relating to the borrow the words of our able historian, Suther Laws of Lauriston is curious as a corroborative land, to describe the authority under which the proof, but the facts it testifies to are well known revival of the English Langue took place : - to the English descendants of Jean Law, the great “In 1814, the French Knights, taking heart at the

financier's sister; but I would remark, en passant, humiliation of their arch-enemy Napoleon, assembled at that the affinity of Law's mother, Jean Campbell, Paris in a Gexeral Chapter, under the presidency of with the noble house of Argyle, is not so doubtPrince Camille de Rohan, Grand Prior of Aquitaine, for ful as your correspondent imagines. The exact the election of a permanent Capitulary Commission. The

link, in the somewhat confused pedigree of the

in government of the Order being CONCENTRATED in this commission, it was empowered to regulate all political,

Dukes of Argyle, is not quite manifest; but the civil, and financial affairs; and, under its direction, a M.Callum Mores of that day, the great Duke of formal but fruitless application was made to the Congress Argyle and Greenwich, and his brother the Earl of Vienna for a grant of some sovereign independency in of Islay, who succeeded him as Duke of Argyle, lieu of that of which the Order had been wrongously both acknowledged the relationship by calling despoiled.”

and treating John Law as their cousin. Jean It is through this commission that the English Campbell's husband and John Law's father, Wilparty derive their rights, and those rights were liam Law, can hardly, though a goldsmith, be strengthened, and put beyond any questionable termed a tradesman. He was both goldsmith and source of objection, by the important fact, not banker, and as such ranked among, and associated noticed by Sutherland, that the Langues of Arra- | with, the gentry of Edinburgh. Sir Bernard gon and Castile lent their full and entire adhesion | Burke, in his Vicissitudes of Families (2nd Series), to the measure of resuscitating the dormant does full justice to John Law and his family, and Langue of England,-a fact which is distinctly he does so upon materials and pedigrees, clearly avouched by the instruments of Convention, given of undoubted authenticity. Indeed the document, under the common seal at the hotel of the chan whose discovery you record, tallies with what Sir cellery in Paris, bearing date respectively the Bernard says in the very letter. The account of 11th day of June, 1826, the 24th of August, and John Law's descendants in the article in the Vicis15th of Octcber, 1827. The steps thus taken for siludes is in effect this :the restoration of the English branch were con John LAW, Marquis of Essiat, and Comptrollersummated on the 29th day of January, 1831, in General of the Exchequer in France, the famous accordance with the deliberations and instructions financier, married Catherine, third daughter of of the Council Ordinary of the French Langues, Nicholas, titular Earl of Banbury, and by her which, associated with those of Arragon and Cas- | (who died his widow in 1747) he had a son, Cortile, then formed, by a wide majority, a just repre net John Law, of the Regiment of Nassau Friessentation of the TOTALITY of the Order. From the land, who died unmarried at Maestricht in 1734, period of the dispersion at Malta to the present aged thirty; and a daughter, Mary Catherine, hour, no similar assemblage, justly claiming the married to William, Viscount Wallingford, M.P. power of completely representing the will of the for Banbury, Major of the first troop of Horse greater portion of the members of the Order, has Guards, son of Charles, fourth titular Earl of ever taken place; and the English Langue is now, Banbury. Lord Wallingford died, vitâ patris, in consequence of the utter extinction, under the 1740; his widow died in London in 1790, aged Empire, of the Langues of Provence, Auvergne, about eighty. They had no issue. This ended and France, and the defalcation of those of Spain John Law's own line, but his name and family and Portugal *, which have become appendages to were to continue in France with increased rank the crowns of those kingdoms, the sole organised and credit. His brother Williain's descendant body representing the venerable Council Ordinary was to add a coronet, and the renown of a warrior or Capitular Commission, established at Paris in and statesman to the pedigree of the Laws of 1814; and in which, as we have seen from Suther Lauriston. William Law of Lavriston, the younger land, the whole political, civil, and financial power brother of the great financier, was Director-Gene. of the Order was concentrated. ANTIQUARIUS. ral of the Indian Company in France, and dying

1752, left, with daughters, two sons, both distin* It was shown officially in our Prerogative Court, on guished men; the younger was General James the 16th December, 1841, that the Order was suppressed Francis Law, Count de Tancarville, and Chevain Portugal in 1834; and by a decree in the Madrid Gazette of the 13th June, 1847, that it was put up for sale

lier de St. Louis, who commanded the French in Spain at that date.

king's troops at Pondicherry, and died in 1767, leaving issue; and from him descend the Laws of Clapernon. The Director-General, William

Law's (eldest son, was John Law, Baron of Lau

THE ROD. riston (being so admitted in France), Governor of Pondicherry, and Mareschal de Camp, who

(3rd S. iii. 436.) married Jane, daughter of Don Alexander Car

That the practice of whipping in ladies' schools valho, a Portuguese noble, and with other issue

was common in the early part of this century, I (one son William Law, a naval officer, was lost in

can testify. At that time, whilst a boy, I was the great navigator La Peyrouse's fatal expedi

taken by the women servants, during the absence tion) was father of James Alexander Bernard

of the schoolmistress of a first-rate ladies' school, Law, a marshal of France, and Marquis of Lau

into her dressing-room; there, in terrorem, a riston, one of the celebrated men of modern

draw was opened, wherein were about a dozen France. His grandson is the present Marquis of

heavy birch rods, most of which had evidently Lauriston, a nobleman of high standing and rank been used unsparingly for purposes of punishin Paris.

ment. The servants said that they had witnessed With regard to the English descent in the

the infliction that morning on two pupils for talkfemale line from John Law, Sir Bernard Burke

ing at breakfast. In the following holidays I further relates thus :

asked one of the young ladies if this was so, and .“ Jean Law, a sister of the famous financier, and second she told me that it was almost a daily practice of daughter of William Law of Lauriston and his wife, Jean her governess for every fault, however trivial, to Campbell, of the house of Argyle, was married in 1668,

order the culprit into her dressing-room where in Scotland, to Dr. Hay of Lethim, a scion of the great families of Nisbets of Dirleton, and the Hays. Marquesses

their cries could not be heard; the answer to of Tweedale. Dr. Hay's only child and heiress, Margaret, their entreaties for pardon being — “Yes, Miss, was married to the eminent physician Dr. William Car- | after proper punishment." More than twenty ruthers of Edinburgh, whose family are the Carruthers years afterwards I used to meet this stern preof Dumfriesshire and Dorsetshire, and whose grandson

ceptress in society, as she had retired upon an Dr. G. E. Carruthers (now represented by his youngest daughter and coheir) obtained a share in the proceeds

independency acquired in her school; and was of the sale (for want of heirs male not aliens) of Lauris

generally admired for her stately deportment and ton Castle. There thus still survives a British connec fund of information. She was a large powerful tion with these Laws of Lauriston, whose fame and for woman, fully capable of inflicting severe punishtunes took such historic root abroad, and grew into that

ment, and also from her dictatorial manner, goodly tree, which still flourishes in France, verdant and unfading, unhurt by revolution, adversity, or change.”

equally capable of lecturing sternly at intervals E. O. R.

during its infliction.

The following extract from a poem entitled The

Terrors of the Rod, is from a small collection of As a descendant collaterally of John Law of poems printed solely for private distribution, by

ton, the great financier and comptroller of the late Francis Newbery, Esq. in 1815. It rethe Exchequer in France, I sball feel obliged if, cords the practice in question still nearer to the in justice to his memory, you will correct two or present period; but, probably, some of your nu. three mistakes which occur in your recent in merous correspondents may bring proofs of its teresting article about him. In the first place, existence yet closer to our own times :Lauriston was not a little but a large estate; and

“ The Muses smiled, and gave consent:its seat, Lauriston Castle, has continued a resi When, whisk, at once away I went ! dence of consequence down to the present day. And, what was still more odd, and risible, It was not long ago inhabited by the late lamented I fourd myself become invisible; Earl and Countess of Eglinton, and is now the

And slily seated on a stool, mansion of Charles H. C. Inglis, Esq. Secondly,

Among a pack of girls at school! John Law's father was not what should be called

All tongues ! as fast as they could chatter!

Sure never was there such a clatter! a tradesman ; he was a goldsmith and banker, and, But one, much louder than the rest, during his life, a man of rank in Edinburgh. Amused them with a mighty jest Thirdly, the relationship of Jean Campbell, his

A word !-- she had picked up in the street! wife, John Law's mother, with the noble House

A word! - the bard will not repeat.

Now, hushed at once the little band, of Argyll, was no dream. The great Duke of

Behold! the Governess, so grand, Argyll and Greenwich always acknowledged John The school-room enters! — not a word, Law to be his cousin, and as such visited him in Where all was riot, now is heard ! Paris. Indeed, the Campbells of Argyll have no

Each head, by her majestic look, reason to disclaim their relationship with the

Bent down on sampler, or on book! House of Law; which has honourably flourished

When lo! the gloomy, lowering eye,

Prognosticates a storm is nigh: in England, and is at this day ennobled for its Too sure a presage ! - Says the dame, merit in France.

E. M. C. • What girl, as down the stairs I came,

Dared utter that vile naughty word,
Which never in my school was heard ?

If now this instant you wo'n't own
Who 'twas — I'll whip you every one.'

All --all — were ready then to cry —
• 'Twas not me, Ma'am — 'Twas Betsy Fry.'
• Who - Betsy Fry? - I'm quite ashamed -
Such a great girl! - to hear her named:
But for this crime, a whipping ample
Shall be to others an example.
Indecent wretch! - You, Sally Treacher,
Go run up stairs, and tell the teacher,
To bring that rod she made, just new,
And tied up with a ribbon blue:-
Then such a punishment I'll give;
As you'll remember, while you live.
No begging, Miss, will be of use,
For such a crime there's no excuse -
No further parley!'-- Here Miss Glynn
With the grand instrument came in :-
So smartly tied up with a bow,
It might be deemed a rod for show:
Yet though thus elegant the plan,
And wide expanded, like a fan ;-
When well applied, each twig apart
Would tend to multiply the smart.

You know, Miss Glynn, it is my rule,
When wicked words invade my school,
T' employ this instrument of pain,
To whip, and drive them out again:-
So down with that vile hussy Fry,
That I may flog her instantly.'

The ready teacher then, Miss Glynn,
(A thorough friend to discipline)
Proceeds the culprit straight to seize,
Crying, and begging, on her knees :-
But vain her tears, and vain her prayer! -
She laid her down across a chair.

The governess now takes her stand:
The birchen sceptre in her hand-
With lofty air, inspiring awe;
And upraised arm to inforce the law -
She shakes the whistling twigs, and then,
Whip - whip-whip — whip - inflicts the pain :
Now pauses ; — while Miss roars aloud
Sad warnings to the little crowd:-
Crying _ *Oh! dear Ma'am, pray give o'er,
I never will do so no more,'
In vain : the rod's reiterations
Produce fresh pauses, fresh orations.
• These stripes I'm sorry to impart;
But 'tis for your own good you smart.
Who spares the rod wil spoil the child!-
By me the proverb sha'n't be spoiled.'
This brought the conflict to a close ;
When quick the smarting culprit rose.

The governess, with awful state,
And head erect, resumed her seat: -
Then calling up her victim, Fry,
(Sobbing, and wiping either eye),
Descanted, with all due reflection,
On crimes provoking such correction:-
But still, to heighten the impression
Of punishment, for this transgression,
On a high stool she made her perch;
And in her bosom stuck the birch ; -
Warning the school 'gainst crimes, and errors,
By the grand triumph of its terrors."

E. D.

RALEGH ARMS. (3rd S. iii. 149, 238, 295, 451.) I am much obliged to the several correspondents of “ N. & Q." for the trouble which they have taken upon this subject. It is one of considerable obscurity. The communication of J. D. on the page last referred to, possesses much information of interest. I am unable, however, to agree with that writer when he pronounces the arms in the housings on the official seal as being entoire of something. I have looked closely into it with a large glass, and although there is unquestionably a border, it seems to me not to be of an armorial character, but simply some trimming to the housing. I venture to think J. D. will agree with me upon a closer inspection. I do not think also that the third crest is a buck statant. It is not attired. Perhaps his engravings may clear it up.

After assigning the several coats quartered in Ralegh's private seal, J. D. says most of these names may be found in the Ralegh pedigree. I shall be much obliged if he will kindly give me a reference to the place where this pedigree may be found, or if he will state what authority it possesses. As mentioned in my notice, in p. 295, the official pedigree of this family recorded at the Heralds' College affords no authority for any quarterings. There is, however, among the Harl. MSS. (No. 1500, 71) a pedigree of considerable length, said to have been compiled by Mr. Joseph Holland. The following is the title:

“ The Pedigree of the Right Honorable Sir Walter Ralegh, Knight, Lord Warden of the Stanneries, Lieutenant Generall of the Province of Cornwall, Captayne of her Maties Garde, and Gouernor of the Ile of Jernsey, is here drawn by such Auncient Euidence as doth remayne in the possession of his Lordship at this day, anno Dni 1601.”

I conceive this pedigree must be taken as possessing all the authority which Sir Walter Ralegh could produce at that date. It commences with a Wymond de Ralegb, Lord of Nettlecomb and Boleham, and of lands in Wales, whose grandson, or great-grandson, Sir John Ralegh, married Joanna daughter and heiress of William Newton of Fardel, by Elleyn Fitz-Waryn, daughter (and heiress ?) of Juhell Fitz-Waryn, son of Waryn Fitz-Juhell. From this Sir John Ralegh every match, in the direct line to Sir Walter, is given; but, with the exception of Ferrers, not a single name mentioned by J. D. occurs. The match with Ferrers took place temp. Edw. III., but the lady is not described as an heiress. I forbear at present entering more into detail with this pedigree. As, however, the genealogy of a man of so great historical reputation as Sir Walter Ralegh, is worthy of investigation, I hope at some future time to return to the subject.


I am aware that the coat, az. three lozenges, sary. The Alnwick edition, printed by Davidson, arg., is borne by the family of Freeman of Nor- | has only eighty-five ballads. thamptonshire. John Freeman of Great Billing The autobiography is said to be an “abridgedied, 1614, leaving two daughters his heirs (Baker, ment of the memoir originally written by himself;" vol. i. p. 20); but I am surprised to learn that it which means only, I suppose, that some passages is found on a monument to one of the family have been omitted; for there can be no doubt of Hele of Devon. It is very singular, as the that the whole of what is printed is verbatim his. arms of Hele of Fleet, co. Devon, were arg. five lozenges in pale ermine, the very coat borne on “At six o'clock on the snowy morning of February the other seal of Sir Walter Ralegh, mentioned 1st, 1770, I beheld the light of the world at the Damside, by J. D.; except that in the Hele coat the centre in the parish of St. Mary, in the suburbs of the ancient lozenge is charged with a cross and faced or.

city of Carlisle. I was a poor little tender being, scarce

| worth the trouble of rearing. Old Isbel, the midwife, What makes the matter still more remarkable is

who had assisted at the birth of hundreds, entertained the fact, that the Heles of Fleet possessed the

many fears that I was only sent to peep around me, and manor of Helland, and the advowson of the parish leave them to shed tears for my loss. Accordingly, “Ere church, in the window of which, the shield which twelve times I'd seen the

lurformed the subject of my inquiry, p. 295, is found.

ried me;' and I have not unfrequently had reason to

exclaim, “Oh! that near my fathers they that day had This manor was parcel of the possessions of Hum

buried me?' I was the youngest of nine children, born prey Arundel the rebel, which, being forfeited, of parents getting up in years; who, with all their kinwere granted to Sir Gawen Carew, Knt., who had dred, had been kept in bondage by poverty, hard labour, been instrumental in suppressing the rebellion; and crosses. .... At an early age, I was placed in a and were by him demised, under licence from the

| Charity School: supported at that time by the Dean and

Chapter of Carlisle, for the education of children only. crown, to Nicholas Hele (Parl. Rolls, 1 Mary,

Blessed be the Founders and Supporters of such SeminaParl. 7 m. 29.) The family of Hele, in this

ries. . . . Still do I remember the neat dress, slow speech, line at least, became extinct between 1716 and placid conntenance, nay, every feature of good old Mrs. 1734, when this and other lands passed to the Addison the teacher; unlike her namesake, the immortal Friese (Triese) family. Can any of your readers

author of Cato - who published lessons of wisdom to the tell me how? whether by purchase or inherit

world that will last for ages — she only taught lessons in

reading and plain sewing: yet, as Shenstone observes, ance ?

• Right well she knew each temper to descry,' The variations in the arms used by Sir Walter

and guided those committed to her charge with great Ralegh would lead to the inference that he was

tact and judgement." not very certain which arms he was really entitled to use.

Afterwards he says he was " turned over to a One word with regard to the supporters. MR.

long, lean, needy pretender to knowledge. His WOODWARD states (p. 335), that “ Sir Walter

figure was similar to that of the mad knight of Ralegh used supporters by virtue of his office as

| La Mancha: never have I perused that inexLord Warden of the Stanneries."

haustible treasury of humour without having my

I have not been able to ascertain that the office in question

tutor in view.” And lastly, he was placed in a entitles its bolder to the dignity of supporters.

“Quaker's school, under Mr. Isaac Ritson, a very Assuming, however, that it does so, I presume that

learned and ingenious man." About the expiraa person not otherwise entitled could not assume

tion of bis tenth year, it was found necessary that them without authority.

he should quit the school, “in order to try and A newly created peer is

earn a little by hard labour,” which was with his entilled to supporters, but they must be duly granted, and registered in the Heralds' College. I

brother, a calico-printer; and “well do I rememhave ascertained that no such grant, or registra

ber," he says, “ the happiness it afforded me to tion, exists in the case of Sir Walter Ralegh.

present my wages (one shilling and sixpence) to

my beloved father.” Afterwards he was bound

John MACLEAN. apprentice to a pattern drawer, and before the Hammersmith.

expiration of his apprenticeship obtained an engagement in London.

“Unfortunately, I had engaged myself to a wretch of ROBERT ANDERSON.

the most unprincipled character. I was compelled to

arrest him for wages, and the distress occasioned me by (3rd S. ii. 492.)

his villany was of no inconsiderable amount. For some

months I was confined to a wretched garret; and, but A much more complete edition of Anderson's

for the kindness of a sister, I must have perished of want Cumberland Ballads than either of those referred and misery. Fortunately, I afterwards got employment to was printed without date, at Wigton, by under a master as remarkable for his goodness as my William Robertson. It contains one hundred

former one had been remarkable for his wickedness. By and ninety-five ballads, besides sixteen by other

him I was used more like a companion than a servant.

It was during my sojourn in London, that my first atwriters; a memoir by himself, notes, and a glos- tempt at poetical composition was made. This was the

song called "Lucy Grey;' which, with four others, I many others, but it is also less dialectic, and conwrote one day after being at Vauxhall Gardens with a tains little or no local allusions; it will, therefore, friend. These, and some others, were afterwards set to

be better understood by southern readers. music, and sung by Mr. Phelps at Vauxhall in 1794.... My poor father, whom I had regularly supported, now

“ THE DAWTIE. paid me an unexpected visit. He was in his seventy

Jenny. sixth year; and walked from Carlisle to London, a distance of 301 miles in six days. Tears of joy greeted our

u. Tho' weel I leyke ye, Jwohny lad, meeting; but such was his aversion to the noise and

I cannot, munpet, marry yet! tumult of London, that I could only prevail on him to

My peer auld mudder's unco bad, remain with me seven days; at the end of which time

Sae we a wheyle mun tarry yet; he returned to Carlisle.”

For ease or comfort she has neane

Leyfe's just a lang, lang neet o'pain; The son followed, and afterwards spent many I munnet leave her aw her leane, years in Ireland, at Brookfield, near Belfast :

And wunnet, wunnet marry yet!' “There,” he says, “I must plead guilty to many

Jwohnny. irregularities of conduct, which often ended in

“O Jenny! dunnet brek this heart, misery." He ultimately returned to Carlisle ;

And say, we munnet marry yet; and a public dinner was given in honour of his

Thou cannot act a jillet's part – return," at which a numerous and respectable

Why sud we tarry, tarry yet?

Think, lass, of aw the pains I feel; party attended."

I've leyk'd thee lang, nin kens how weel! To this memoir the editor adds :

For thee, I'd feace the varra de'il “ He was very far from comfortable in his circum

O say not, we mun tarry yet!' stances in the latter years of his life, having fallen into

Jenny. the vice of intemperance, which robs men of their purses

"* A weddet leyfe's oft dearly bowt; as well as their senses and made him 'poor indeed.'

I cannot, munnet marry yet; True, it may be urged in palliation of his dissipation, that

Ye ha'e but little-I ha'e nowt, he was a great favourite amongst his fellow citizens, and

Sae we a wheyle mun tarry yet! his company was much courted at the convivial board.

My heart's yer awn, ye needna fear, At any rate it is well known that, for some years before

But let us wait anudder year, his death, he became sadly changed. His mind became

And luive, and toil, and screape up gearsoured and distempered, and his person presented a hapless picture of indigence and misery. The fear that he

We munnet, munnet marry yet! would end his days in the workhouse haunted his imagin

""'Twas but yestreen, my mudder said, ation to an extent almost to induce the belief that he

“O dawtie! dunnet marry yet! was a monomaniac in this respect. The writer of these

I'll suin lig i' my last cauld bid; few remarks bas frequently heard him express his dread

Tou's aw my comfort-tarry yet.” that such would be his fate. However, such a misfortune Whene'er I steal out ov her seet, was spared him. A few of his best friends entered into a

She seeghs, and sobs, and nowt gangs reet subscription to provide for him,"--and so on, nearly in

Whisht !-that's her feeble voice-Guid neet! the words quoted in “ N. & Q.," 3rd S. iii. 492."

We munnet, munnet marry yet!'”

D. But though Anderson's life was far from correct, and the rural manners and customs which he so vividly depicted were anything but refined,

THE COUNCIL OF Ten (3rd S. ii.510.)– The pethere is little in his ballads that can be morally

riodical to which your correspondent Zeta alludes, objected to; and much to be admired, both in the

must I think have been one published by the late poetry and the sentiment. Hence, I cannot but

Rev. James Shergold Boone, A.M., once a student think that a new edition of them, better printed

of Christ Church; he was very much distintban the homely Alnwick and Wigton editions

guished in his early day, having won both the the only ones that I have seen-with notes more

University prizes for Latin and English verse in numerous and less common-place (and especially

1817, that for Latin prose in 1820, Craven a better glossary, which in both those editions is

Scholar, and nominated a select preacher before very imperfect), would be well received. The

the University at the time of his death, which Cumbrian is one of the best marked varieties of

took place about the year 1859. He then held, I the Northumbrian dialect; which, Mr. Garnett

think, a curacy at Paddington. Of his assistants says (Quarterly Review, lv, 357) “is undoubtedly

in the work I can give no account. the most important and the most pleasing of our IRISH AT CRESSY (3rd S. ji. 407.) — The stateprovincial forms of speech, especially as spoken ment of six thousand Irish having fought at the in the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire." | battle of Cressy is to be found in p. 424 of Rapin's And though he thinks the Cumberland pronun- History of England, fol. edit. 1732. The scorchciation “Jess pure " than that of some other va- ing of the bull, at the siege of Boulogne, is in rieties of the dialect, natives of the county are | Holinshed. probably of a different opinion.

Could any of your correspondents inform me The following may be given as a specimen of what the Irish force at Agincourt in 1415 was, Anderson's compositions. It is less poetical than and by whom they were led ?

M. P.


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