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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 11, 1863.
starts on St. George's Day, in 1579, and after
long travels slays Sansfoy : then wanders on to the CONTENTS.-No. 80.
“sinful House of Pride," which be quits, having NOTES:- The “Faerie Queene" Unveiled, 21 - Parish Registers : Askerswell, Dorset, 22 – Earldom of Errol, 23-
overthrown Sansioy, who is carried by Duessa The Rev.John Sampson, 24— Prices of Old Books, 25. to Pluto's realm. These two adventures may MINOR NOTES: - Gazetteer - Milton : Schiller : Coleridge refer to the quarrel with Oxford, and to the dis- Old English Criticism on Titian - Oliver Cromwell's cussion with Queen Elizabeth about nobles and Face – Wale, 25.
commoners in the month of September. St. QUERIES:- Milton Portrait, 26 Anonymous Books Baker-legged: Walsall Legged – Bradmoor Church
George is then conquered by the giant Argoglio, Bridport: its Local History - Richard Champion - The and thrown into a dungeon ; but is released by Epistle to the Hebrews Mr. Fitzgerald Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln — " The Hindu Priestess"- William
Prince Arthur, after a confinement of nine (fairy) Little, the Bristol Grammarian-London an Ecclesiastical
months. Pride was certainly one of Sidney's beMetropolis -- Mossing a Barn- Death of the Czar Nicholas setting sins, at least in his earlier years, as witness - Numismatic Queries - Proverb_respecting Truth - Sir John Stradling's Glamorgan" - Family of Bray- Hand
his Dudley blood and bis ambassadorial journey' asyde - Quartermaster, Carriagemaster, Sergeant Major to Vienna; but his pride must have received a
Regiments in America — Sundry Queries — Whitehall, sudden fall on the birth of Leicester's son, and, 27. QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:- St. Brannock - Turkish Gun "on the tilt-day next following, Sidney assumed
in St. James's Park - An American Poet - Twill, 29. an impress with the word Speravi dashed through, REPLIES :- Knights Hospitallers, &c., 30 — Law of Lau- to show that his hope therein was dashed.” The riston, 31 - The Rod, 32 - Ralegh Arms, 33 - Robert An
nine months' incarceration in the dungeon is an derson, 34-“The Council of Ten" - Irish at Cressy, A singular General : Guerin de Montaigu - Attack on the allusion to the interesting state' of the Countess Prince of Wales - The Grave of Anne Boleyn - Head Mas. of Leicester; and this ingenious supposition is ters of Repton School - Meaning of Bouman
“Right Worshipful the Mayor" Sinaitic Inscriptions: Rev.
confirmed by a similar piece of allegorical huThomas Brockman -- Riding the Stang Insecure En- mour in the third book, when Merlin replies to velopes - Cosmogony of Joannes Zonaras: Firmament- Glaucé : Provincial Newspaper - Rev. John Ball --Origin of the Word Bigot - Cloudberry - Epigram - John Gwynn, Ar
“ Beldame, by that ye tell chitect, &c., 35.
More need of leach-craft hath your Damozell,
Than of my skill: who help may have elsewhere,
Book 111. iii. 16, 17.
In the seventh canto, stan. 44, Una tells Prince
Arthur the Dragon " has them [her parents) now THE “FAERIE QU NE” UNVEILED.
four years besieged to make them thrall :" from
this remark, we may infer, Spenser dates the danThe following pages may in some respects be ger to the Protestant faith from Queen Elizabeth's regarded as a continuation of the Arcadia un
refusal of the sovereignty of the Netherlands at veiled; for, although the Faerie Queene was com- the end of the year 1575. menced before the Arcadia, yet Spenser, dazzled In the ninth canto, Prince Arthur tells St. by the splendour of that romance, and blinded by George about his quest of the Faerie Queene :his love and admiration of Sidney, undoubtedly swerved from his course in the second book, and
“ Nine months I seek in vain, yet ni'll that vow unbind." appears to have been greatly influenced thereby Hence it appears, the Prince commenced his in the third and fourth.
wanderings the very day Simier told the Queen, On looking into the Faerie Queene, after reading in February, 1579, of Leicester's marriage with the Arcadia, we are struck by the resemblance the Countess of Essex ; and it must have been between the three brothers Anaxius and the three her majesty's angry countenance that so charmed Sarazins-Sansfoy, Sansloy, and Sansioy; nor can
Prince Arthur in his dream, - these are fairy we doubt they also are three personations of the transformations. (Book 1. ix. 15.) Earl of Oxford. Further, a suspicion readily
The knights then part — arises, not easily resisted, that as the Earl of Lei- “ Arthur on his way to seek his love, cester is represented in Prince Arthur, his great
And th'other for to fight with Una's foe.” opponent, Lord Burghley, may be shadowed in St. George is then saved from Despair ; and Una Archimago, the great magician Hypocrisy. Several brings him to the “ House of Holinesse,” whence curious points confirm this suspicion; as the re- he goes to fight and overcome the Dragon; or, in cognition of Archimago, the false St. George, by other words, he delivers his famous letter against “the bloody bold Sansloy,” but more especially the marriage with Anjou to Queen Elizabeth by a singular circumstance in the second book, about Christmas, 1579. which will be duly noticed.
Although we are not in general justified in The principal adventures of the Redcrosse giving the same faith and credence to poetical Knight [Sir Philip Sidney], on a closer inspec- representations as to historical statements; yet tion, appear to admit of a plausible solution. He the coincidence between the Arcadia and the
Faerie Queene forces on our mind the conviction, with Lord Grey to Ireland. On his return to that Lord Burghley did act insidiously and in England in August, 1582, we may imagine him vidiously to Sir Philip Sidney on that occasion. reading the adventures of the Redcrosse Knight to
Book II.-In the second book, at the end of the his friend, and how highly Sir Philip was charmed fourth canto, we are forcibly struck by the names therewith. Spenser afterwards, on reading the of Pyrochles and Cymochles, two Paynim knights; Arcadia, discovers that Sidney had been quizzing and to our astonishment, we find the two follow- him as Strephon in love with Urania ; and hence ing cantos are a satire on the Arcadia, or at least his retort-courteous in this second book, which on the two heroes, Pyrocles and Musidorus; and must consequently have been composed in 1583, it may be surmised, we have here the gentle or at least a rough sketch of the first six cantos Spenser's dire revenge for Sidney's satirical play- for circulation amongst private friends. C. fulness in his first Arcadian eclogue, where he
(To be continued.) . represents Strephon [Spenser] in love with Ura
There is a sly humour, a hard hit, in the description of the fight between Pyrochles and Sir Guyon, who, "him spying all breathless, weary,
PARISH REGISTERS: ASKERSWELL, DORSET. faint," “ Struck him so hugely, that through great constraint This very small parish lies in a deep valley He made him stoop perforce unto his knee,
amongst the downs, a little south of the road beo And do unwilling worship to the Saint,
tween Bridport and Dorchester. The registers That on bis shield depainted he did see;
are well preserved. Vol. I. is a thin square 8vo, Such homage till that instant never learned he.”
Book 11. v. xi.
parchment, tolerably perfect and regular, containThe passage is too long for quotation, but it is 1721. Vol. ' II. is a long narrow folio, also of
ing baptisms, weddings, and burials from 1558 to impossible to mistake the humorous satire, when, parchment, containing the usual entries from 1722 Pyrochles, seized with Furor, rushes wildly into
to 1812. The remaining volumes are modern the Idle Lake, and is saved by Archimago :
and without interest. The parish is small, and " What flames,” quoth he," when I thee present see the population can never have exceeded 300, the In danger rather to be drent than brent?”
entries are therefore few. This circumstance has Book II. vi. 47-49.
given the successive registrars time for careful This passage, we may presume, has reference writing and correctness; few registers could have more immediately to Sidney's application to Lord been better kept. Burghley in January, 1583; that he might be Book I. is entirely in Latin, and must have been joined with his uncle, the Earl of Warwick, in kept entirely by the clergyman, as most country the Ordnance Office. The passionate ardour of registers were. In large town parishes, a profesSir Philip for military fame and active employ- sional scribe was more usually employed to copy ment, and his disgust and weariness of a cour- the clerk or clergyman's rough book; this would tier's idle life, sufficiently demonstrate how perfect be unnecessary of course in small places where is the allegory, and that Archimago in this in- the entries would be few. Though generally restance is undoubtedly Lord Burghley.
gular, there is a peculiarity about this register Musidorus, the hardworking student, in love which I have never remarked elsewhere. Here with philosophy, is represented under the name and there you find a strange mixture of dates of Cymochles as “ given to all lust and loose liv- entries of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighing,” sojourning with the vile Acrasia in “vain teenth centuries being jumbled together on one delights and idle pleasures in her Bower of Bliss.” page. In fact, the person who had charge of the Spenser, in this picture, appears to bave drawn book during the latter years of its use having the Bower of Bliss and the loose loves of Acrasia, come to the natural end of his parchment, made as a contrast to the sufferings of Pamela and his entries from time to time wherever he could Philoclea under the tyranny of Cecropia ; nor can find a vacant space in the previous pages. This, we doubt that Mary, Queen of Scots, is shadowed I suppose, from motives of economy, or from the in Acrasia ; whom Sir Guyon, after destroying the difficulty of getting a new book at so great a disBower of Bliss, sends with a strong guard to the tance from London. The book contains some fairy court. Nor can we doubt, that the sati- little memoranda besides the usual contents of a rizing of the Duke of Anjou and Simier as Brag- register. The date of each rector's induction is gadochio and Trompart, had its origin in the story regularly entered; and on p. 8 is an abstract of of Antiphilus.
the tenths due on the several tythings from the There is no historical evidence in what year rector to the crown, being the copy of an ordi: this second book was written; but we know nance made anno 1545, “ descripta ex libro veteri Spenser had commenced the first book before chartarum." April, 1580; and in July he went as secretary Thomas Whynnell, rector 1594 to 1638 by whom
this abstract was entered, has inserted also a re- mon with some others of the clergy, continued to cord of his own birth and baptism “at Haslebury keep his own register in the accustomed manner Briant,” squeezing it into its right place amongst in spite of the various Acts of Parliament. This the Askerswell baptisms of 1560. He has done affords a confirmation of what E. V. contends for a similar thing with regard to his marriage, which in 3rd S. iii. 296. No lay registrar appears to took place not in this parish, but “at Wareham 24o have been appointed for this small and isolated Julii, 1590." This is inserted in the midst of the place; and probably even the ancient church burials for 1590 !
discipline was observed without interruption. Another of the rectors, Wm. Locke, 1705-1722, Of burials, the average for two centuries in this has inserted above the baptismal entries of his salubrious parish was about three per annum; own children that curious astrological device, and in many years, nemo sepultus,” is all that called "natuitas.” Amongst the peculiarities of is recorded. The following entry is peculiar, as this register may be noticed the fact that for many recording the moment of decease: years it served for the use of two parishes, Askers
“ 1683. Elizh Locke, uxor Guel. Locke, Rect., mortua well and Chilcombe. The latter is a very small fuit 16 Aug., paulo post crepusculum, sepulta 20 die ejusd. parish, which, though a separate incumbency, and mensis.” under separate patronage, has been frequently Book II. contains less that is interesting than held with Askerswell. It contains a population of the older volume. It bears an inscription on the less than thirty souls, and had no register of its inside of the cover: “Bought by John Travers, own till quite late in the last century.
C. W., in the year 1723, price twelve shillings." It can hardly be expected that the registers of It is written in English, and chiefly remarkable so small and secluded a parish should contain any for the age of per:ons buried. The early entries names of note. Hutchins bas copied into his omit the age, but from the final pages I copy the invaluable History of Dorset (sub. “Bridport following almost at random : Division, Eggardon Hundred,") all the entries of
“ 1783. R. Hansford, 91. any importance. These are chiefly those that re- 1788. Elizh Hansford, widow, 100. late to the family of Eggardon, or De Eggardon, .1810. W. Whittle, 92. who possessed an estate of the same name lying
Mary Hansford, 103.
Elizh Hansford, 93." around the famous Edgardon Hill in the parish. They seem to have been wealthy yeomen, and Figures like these, and the figure eighty is still were the principal parishioners during the six- more common, in a register of burials containing teenth and seventeenth centuries. Other families only some two or three names in each year, speak commemorated are Welsh, or Walsh (rector), well for the salubrity of this part of the country. Whynnell (rector), Lock, Hardy, Trenchard,
INTER Puteos Octo. Gundry, Waddon (armiger), Burge (clericus), Case (clericus), and Byshop. Hutchins's remarks on the Dorset registers are
EARLDOM OF ERROL. usually judicious and correct; but he has made a mistake in describing the Askerswell register as
In the speech of the late Lord Campbell, when "imperfect from 1571 to 1575.” Those years are moving the rejection of the claim of Lord Fitzto be found correctly entered with the certification hardinge to the barony of Berkeley by tenure, his of the rector's signature. The record of mar- lordship made some general remarks, without much riayes, however, is imperfect from 1572 to 1586. reflection, as to the power of the crown to give a A memorandum, under date of 1595, will confirm subject the power of nominating his successor to Mr. Burn's opinion – that even the best-kept his peerage." He laid it down as an incontroparchment register, being only a copy of the ori- vertible proposition, that in no civilized country ginal, is not an infallible document.
could the Crown delegate such a privilege. Of “ 1595. Note, that certain names were omitted partly
course his lordship was the best judge of what by negligence, pely in that the olde paper Registre was in English lawyers hold on the point ; but we must some places torn; in other places so badly written, that be permitted to remark, that however incomit cd not well be proved.”
petent this power might be in the South, it was The frequent recurrence in this very small perfectly competent and was frequently exercised register of the word illegitima amongst the bap- in the North. The Rutherford case, for instance, tisms, does not say, much for the morality of where under such a delegation the peerage was country villages in the sixteenth and seventeenth carried by a last will and testament to persons of centuries.
the same name, although not heirs male of the No alteration in the form and character of this nominator. There are various similar instances; register appears during the Commonwealth period. but we may just mention one, which is somewhat The rector managed to retain his living through interesting from the narrow chance the noble lord all the troubles, from 1642 to 1662; and in com- had of keeping bis peerage. The representation
of the old family of Hay of Errol had devolved ships until 1804, when he was chosen master of on an heir female - a Boyd of the attainted race
the school in which he had received his education. of Kilmarnock. In virtue of powers conferred He used to say that he had walked several cir. by charter on one of the Earls of Errol, he was cumferences of the globe in going to take Sunday authorised by a deed under his hand to name a duty; but this must have been guess without successor, This he did, and the result was that calculation. He married his predecessor's widow, the peerage devolved on a Boyd, who took the who seems to have thought that her power over a name of Hay. The second Earl of the Boyd boy educated at the school could not cease. It family was elected one of the Scotish repre- was not enough to lock himself into a room : he sentative peers ; but his election was challenged had sometimes to escape by the window, and, on because the nomination was then supposed to one occasion, he got down by a ladder into the be lost. It was not on record, neither had it neighbouring grounds. In an epitaph which he been confirmed by the Crown. By a remarkable wrote on himself he made no secret of this mispiece of good fortune, pending the discussion fortune; we may presume his wife could not before the Committee of Privileges, it was picked read it :up by a stranger who had been searching among ** Ecquis honestior in terris hoc vixit honesto? the rubbish which had been left in the “ laigh Qui fuit et vitiis firmus et officiis. Parliament House, as it was termed, but which Ecquis et hunc miserum potuit miser æquiparare? had, after removal of most of the records, which
Perstitit at patiens quod decuit faciens?
Ultima pars vitæ dedit huic solatia parva ; were in a very wretched condition, been used by
Si causam quærat qui legit, uxor erat. the Faculty of Advocates as a sort of lumber-room. Tempore sed dubio mundum miser ille parabat This anecdote was communicated by the late Linquere nec gemitu, vivere nec fremitu. eminent genealogical lawyer John Riddell, Esq.,
Nam functus fato non desperabat habere and I think he also stated that the individual who
Postea delicias, postea divitias.” found it was the late Mr. Archibald Constable; He was a stern master, and wrote the following at all events that it came into the hands of that about the old symbol of his office: eminent bookseller, who forwarded it to Lord
“ Pigros castigo, doctrinæ tristis origo, Errol's agents.
Verbera ne paveas, desidiam caveas.' Thus a new patent, for such the nomination A boy, under examination for admission into truly was, unrecorded and unconfirmed by the the school, was given a Latin adage to read: one Crown, was held by the highest authority in the of his pronunciations was “cernitur.” kingdom (19 May, 1797) to be legal in every thou can scan that, I dare say," said the master. respect, valid, and effectual. And his lordship The boy at once gave the following hexameter: never questioned for a moment the power of the “ Amicus certus in / re in certa cernitur." Crown to delegate this privilege to a subject.
“ Aye! I thought thou could scan it,” said Mr. Sampson. The story ends here : no doubt, because the
young Theban was not yet in the school,
The book of remains is Lusus Seniles; opusTHE REV. JOHN SAMPSON.
culum quo scriptor otia tranquillius contereret. InI have often wished to see some pains taken to choatum A.D. 1809. Kendal, J. Hudson ; London, collect accounts of the rough hard-headed scho- Whittaker & Co., 1844 (12mo, pp. 60). Some of lars and mathematicians of the north of England, the shortest specimens will bear extracting :of whom Emerson is so marked a type. A com
“ Etymon adverbü extemplo. mon form of education, increased facilities of in- Ex templo scelerata solet cito currere turba, tercourse between the different parts of England, Hinc venit extemplo significare cito. and other things, have stopped the growth of this
" Quisnam igitur sapiens ? class. I have not the ineans of procuring any
Virgilii libris `hominum sator atque Deorum,' information about them; but I think it might be Supremi titulus dicitur esse Jovis; possible to engage others in the undertaking. Si Flacco sapiens uno minor est Jove' credas, The amusing Life of Emerson, prefixed to his Quod sapiens hominum sit sator unde patet. Works, would be a model for the biographies I
“ Maro. should like to see, in everything but length.
Libertatis amor te visere, Roma, Maronem I have before me a collection of the remains (in Fecit, sed Romam (nec mora) linquit item; Latin verse) of the Rev. John Sampson, Master
Ornatus lauri ramo, vel durius armo, of the Free Grammar School, Kendal (born there
Oram Parthenopes optat adire Maro.
“ Sinon. 1766; died, 1843). Without going to the University, he was, at nineteen, Master of the Free
Troja maneret adhuc, jam starent Pergama, si non School at Old Hutton. He obtained ordination
Omnia vertisset perfidus arte Sinon." in 1789; and held various curacies and teacher- Mr. Sampson is said to have raised many good
scholars. He is described as a diligent and pains
Minor Notes. taking teacher; always eccentric, and often severe. Nothing here given contradicts any part of the
GAZETTEER.--I have sometimes been puzzled character.
A. DE MORGAN.
to know how a geographical dictionary came to be called a Gazetteer, and now I think I have solved the problem. Laurence Echard compiled a work
of this kind, and called it The Gazetteer's or PRICES OF OLD BOOKS.
Newsman's Interpreter ; being a Geogruphical In
dex, &c. The author seems to have thought the People are continually moralising on the rapid title a lucky hit: for he says, in his Preface, that fluctuation of taste and fashion, in the matters it was given him by a very eminent person whom of dress, manners, food, hours, amusements, &c. he forbears to name. I do not know the date of Have not the same variations occurred very the first edition. The fifteenth appeared in 1741.* markedly within the last half century, in the It still remains to ascertain when a geographical literary taste of the public, and the value set dictionary, instead of being The Gazetteer's Interupon particular classes of books ?
preter, became for the first time itself The GazetMany of us remember the high prices formerly teer ? In Johnson's Dictionary, the word Gazetteer charged by Lunn, Payne, and other London book- has no such meaning assigned to it. sellers, particularly for good editions of the Greek
P.S. CAREY. and Latin classics : when a Wesseling's Herodotus was marked eight guineas ; Duker's Thucy- German-Latin presentment of the Ovidian couplet
Milton: SCHILLER: COLERIDGE. — Schiller's dides, seven; Kuster's Aristophanes, and the Elzevir Scapula's Lexicon, the same price; and I in the form and sound of a fountain saw, in Bliss's shop at Oxford, a large paper Ste
• Im Hexameter steigt des Springquells flüssige Saule;
Im Pentameter drauf füllt sie melodisch herab,”phens's Greek Thesaurus priced seventy pounds!
We remember, too, the famous Roxburghe sale; (more generally known among us Islanders in and the high-flown language in which Dibdin
our own Coleridge's Anglo-Latin translation trumpeted forth “the valour of the noble com
“ In the Hexameter rises the fountain's silvery column; batants," and "the furious onslaughts” made by recalls the vocal architecture of Satan's palace, as
In the Pentameter aye falling in melody back,”) them on each others' purses.
Alas! what would that grandiloquent little it opened on the mental eye and ear of an earlier man have felt and said, if he had attended a book poet - whom, by-the-bye, a wooden-headed critic sale which took place last week in this county ?
opined to have derived the idea from Inigo Jones's A friend, who was present, writes to me as
“ Anon out of the earth a fabric huge " I went to the auction at
Rose, like an exhalation, with the sound
yesterday. The auctioneer said he had an offer of fifteen pounds for the
Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet; old books which were named in his advertisement. I
Built like a temple, where pilasters round
Were set, and Doric pillars." think they were very dear at the money. I made him an
Paradise Lost, lib. i. 710. offer of one halfpenny per lb. for all the rest of the books, and they were knocked down to me at that price! I have Successfully, however, as the Teutonic and the got about six hundred weight of books. There are about Anglican poets may have naturalised the Latin forty folios, as many quartos, and about two hundred rhythm, they ignored its prosody as utterly as octavos: many of them old divinity, between the years
ever did and ever must their most diligent fol1600 and 1700. Among them I found a Book of Com
lowers. mon Prayer, printed by Bill and Newcomb, with forty
Yet surely, the Aqua Fontana of Schiller five well executed steel plates, 1704. Among the folios and of Coleridge rises and falls too gracefully, in are the works of Jackson, Hammond ; Bacon's Sylva; its foreign machinery, not to be set playing in its Heylin's Cosmography : Ussher's Antiquitates ; Tillotson's native Hippocrene. The expectation of other, Works, &c.”
and better endeavours at this service, induces the Now we have heard stories of suddenly-enriched subjoined translation: tradesmen purchasing libraries by the yard. Here Hexametro surgens, fontis nitet alta columna; is a new fashion, a library bought like coalsby Pentametro refluens, fracta, canora,
subit. the ton. Hammond, and Ussher, and Bacon,
EDMUND LENTHAL SWIFTE. found abundant readers and purchasers in their day. But it appears that in this year of grace, that, in early English books, it is not at all usual
Old English CRITICISM ON TITIAN.- I believe 1863, their popularity wanes before the more attractive names of Dickens, Trollope, and Co
to meet with notices or opinions relative to the lenso. Perhaps you may think this notice worth fine arts either in this or other countries. Old preservation in the pages of “N. & Q."
authors, when they wanted illustrations of the
H. COTTON. [* The first edition, 1703-4, 2 vols. 18mo; the tenth, Thurles, co. Tipperary.
1709, 12mo; the eleventh, 1716, 12mo.-Ed.]