Obrazy na stronie

his services.

The Parliament, on Oct. 30, 1651, voted a gra- his name. He is not infrequently called Haynes, tuity of one hundred pounds to his son William, a circumstance calculated to occasion perplexity, who was, we presume the bearer of the joyful as there was a very noted major-general of that news of the capture of Jersey, and on Nov. 19 name at the same period, viz. Hezekiah Haynes, following, Colonel Heane had a vote of thanks for military governor of the eastern counties, and the

captor of John Cleveland, the loyal poet. We can The following entry under date of Nov. 1, 1653, trace Hezekiah Haynes, as living in May, 1659. is curious:

C. H. & Thompson COOPER. “Mr. Moyer reports from the Council of State, that

Cambridge. there is one Major Heane, by birth a Foreigner, who hath performed many eminent Services in the War of Scotland; hath very great skill in Fortifications, and also Matters relating to the Profession of an Engineer; and is of very

EXCHEQUER: OR EXCHECQUER-CHEQUE. great Use, at this Time, in Services of that Nature: That

(3rd S. iv. 43.) he is a person eminent for Godliness, and of undoubted affection to this Commonwealth: That the Parliament But a few hours after reading Me. Sala's be humbly moved, from this Council, in Consideration of interesting contribution to “ N. & Q." I was turnhis many good Services, That Lands, to the Value of a ing over the pages of Miss Yonge's newly-pubHundred Pounds per annum, in Scotland, may be settled upon him and his Heirs for ever, as a Mark of Favour,

lished History of Christian Names, when, by a and Token of their good acceptance of the Services done

curious coincidence, I came upon a passage which by him for this Commonwealth ; and for an Encourage bears upon the etymon of exchequer, and upon ment for him to settie himself and his family in this the origin of that well-known inn-sign the CheNation. “The question being put, That Major Heane shall have

quers : a Hundred Pounds per Annum settled upon him and his

"Our word "check,' so often recurring in the game at Heirs, he remaining here during his Life;

chess, is a remnant of schah-rendj (the distress of the It passed in the negative.” — (Commons' Journals, shah), and testifies to the Eastern origin of the game; viii. 343.)

xaque, in Spanish, where xaque-mata is check-mate-the

king is dead from the Arab mata (to kill). The French It is difficult to determine whether the person échecs, again, came from the repetition of the named in the preceding entry is the subject of | thence again our chess. And, on the other hand, the this notice. On the one hand we know no one

black and white squares of the board gave to a similar else to whom it could apply. On the other it is

pattern the name of cheque-work; whence the room thus singular that he should be called Major after the

lined where the court of the Duke of Normandy was

held, was the echiquier, and crossed the sea to become our Parliament had raised him to the rank of Colonel,

exchequer. Some etymologists, however, derive exche. and that no allusion should be made to his eminent quer from schicken (to send) because the messengers from service in the capture of Jersey. Moreover, we the court were sent throughout the duchy; but this cando not find any notice of him in Scotland.

not be established. On Dec. 7, 1654, the Protector issued a privy

“ The arms of the great family of Warrenne were che

quers; and they enjoyed the privilege of licensing houses seal, grantiny Col. Venables and Col. Heane one

of entertainment to provide boards where chess and tables thousand pounds by way of imprest.(Fourth Re might be played. It is very probable that their shield port Dep. Keeper of Records, Appendix, ii. 189.) was assumed in consequence; at any rate the sign of such By another privy seal, dated Feb. 16, 1654-5,

permission was the display of the said bearings on the Col. Heane and his partners were to receive two

walls of the inn to which it was accorded, and thus arose

that time-honoured sign of the Chequers, happily not yet hundred pounds, the fifth part due to them as dis extinct, though far from at present explaining its conneccoverers of the delinquencies of Geo. Pitt, Esq. tion either with the stout earl whose tenure was his good (Ibid. 191.)

sword, or with the king who lashed the ocean.”-History About this time he was advanced to the rank of of Christian Names, vol. i. part 11. sec. 4, “Xerxes." Major-General, and fell valiantly fighting and The chequers of Pompeii, however, were asvainly endeavouring to rally the troops in the un- , suredly not put up by permission of a De Warsuccessful attack on Hispaniola, April 26, 1655. | renne. They were probably used on the same (Thurloe's State Papers, iii. 4, 506, 689; Granville principle as the golden boots, the four feet high Penn's Memorials of Sir Will. Penn, ii. 54, 71, hats, the painted representations of penny ices, &c., 89-91, 99, 123.)

which grace the exteriors of our shops in the preOn Oct. 3, 1655, the council of state issued an sent day, informing passers-by of the nature of order to the commissioners of the admiralty, to the purchases which may be made, and of the settle one hundred and fifty pounds a year on luxuries which may be enjoyed in the respective Elizabeth his widow (Sainsbury's Cal. Colonial | establishments over which they preside. State Papers, 431), and on Dec. 29 following the The De Warrennes were lords of Grantham, and Protector granted her a privy seal for four hun- | in 1562, after the extinction of that noble family, dred pounds. — (Fifth Rep. Dep. Keeper of Re-Queen Elizabeth granted arms to the town. The cords, Append. ii. 249.)

shield, chequy, or and azure, within a bordure No little variety occurs in the orthography of sa., charged with eight trefoils slipped az. Several

of the inn signs of this ancient borough have been the lesser exchequer; which must have been, so identified with the heraldic bearings of former to say, the cash department, in which the officials landed proprietors. The Rev. B. Street, author would probably retain the tally, or order, on the of Notes on Grantham, says:-

strength of which they paid out money as their "I thus account for such signs as the Red Lion (a lion authority for doing so. Such orders were, in rampant gules); the white hart chained was borne (a course of time, given in writing; and perhaps the stag passant argent) as the crest of the Husseys; the Che

origin of " cheque" may be traced to “exchequer quers, afterwards the Royal Oak, on the south side of the Market Place, took its sign from the arms of the De War

order" — the cheque being still retained by the rennes."

banker as his authority for paying out cash comMR. SALA “cannot obtain a satisfactory solution

mitted to his charge. of why the chequers' should have had anything to

The name of "exchequer"" Court of Chedo with the royal treasury.” I have seen it asserted,

quered-table, or Chequered Cloth,” like “ Board on the authority of Camden, that the black and white

of Green Cloth" — was confined to Normandy and squares of the Exchequer table-cloth were useful

England. I suspect the "calculating board” was to those who made up the king's accounts, and

in use long before the existence of the Italian scored the amounts thereof with counters, a pecu

zecca, or mint. There were monayers scattered liar mode of registry ; but taking into considera

over the country, long before a single fixed mint tion the age in which it was used, not half so

E. W. R.

was established. astonishing as the “tallies” with which Britannia's casbiers recorded monetary transactions as late as ! A very strong argument in favour of the view 1826.

St. Swithin. that these words are derived, as indeed they are

allowed to be by the best authorities,* from an The scaccarium, in the reign of Henry II., was | Eastern original, is afforded by the comparison of a rectangular table, ten feet by five, with a rim or the Eng. checkmate! which, with its equivalents ridge to prevent anything placed on it from role in European languages, has absolutely no meaning, ling off. On this table was spread a black cloth, with the corresponding Arabic shāh māt, or ash'" bought at Easter," with rods (or stripes, virgæ,) shāh māt, which has the very appropriate meanat intervals of a foot or thereabouts. Every Eastering of “the sbah (or king) is dead!" Whether, the Chamberlain's clerk, or "tally-maker," gave however, exchequer was so called on account of out to each of the sheriffs a tally, or stick marked the chequered table-cloth, as is generally believed, with notches, representing the amount for which or because it has, or had, to do with royal treathey were answerable. Every Michaelmas the sures, is uncertain; though I think the former sheriff's brought back their tallies, and paid in the explanation the more probable. At any rate, money due; the “calculator” counting it by the ex in exchequer (Mid. Lat. escacarium) is not ranging it in heaps in the divisions of the cloth; the Lat. ex, but merely represents the e, which, in pence to the extreme right, then shillings, pounds; Prov., Fr., Span., &c., is so frequently added twenties, hundreds, thousands of pounds, and so to the s at the beginning of Latin words (as in on if necessary. If the sum “tallied” with the Fr. écrire, Prov. escrioure, Span. escribir, from amount notched upon the tally-stick, the tally / scribere, &c., &c.),— together with the s of scacco, was accepted by the Mareschal; the payment &c.

F. CHANCE. entered on the Roll, the sheriff's responsibility for the year ceased, and the cloth was swept for a fresh calculation. All debts to the crown being

MODERN Greek Law (3rd S. iii. 448.)—In reply settled in a similar manner. The scaccarium, to a Query, put some weeks ago in “N. & Q." by then, was the “calculator" - calculating board :

C., I beg to state that the law books now used in the slate on which he added up his sums, probably

the tribunals of Greece, as far as I can recollect, acquiring its name from its similarity to a chess

are the following:board ; though it seems very likely that in early 1. The Imperial Byzantine Civil Laws, condays the same scaccarium may have served, espe

tained in the collection of the BaciAikwv, edited in cially with humbler individuals, for “doing sums" | Paris during the year 1647 by Carolus Annibal upon as well as for playing at dice or chess. As / Farrotus, and divided in seven volumes folio. at the coronation of Richard I., six earls carried

2. The Edicta or Ordinances of the Byzantine the regalia and robes upon a scaccarium - hardly emperors, comprised in the 'Egébubnov of Constaneither a chess-board or the exchequer-table-1 | tinus Harmenopulus, edited twelve years ago by

spect that at a certain period, many a chronic | G. H. Heimbach, Leipsic, in a quarto volume. cler would have Latinized any inlaid table by the

* See Diez, Etymol. Wörterb. d. Rom. Spr., s. v. scacco. same word.

† Because shah became Europeanized in the shape of There was also a lesser scaccarium, known as I chess. Fr. échecs, Ital. scacco, Germ. Schach, &c.; but has " the Receipt"-"quod et Recepta dicitur.” Cal- never been much made use of (although known) in the culations were made in the greater, and paid into sense of king.

3. Many other secondary laws, published in hints to our great master of didactic verse, and in Greece at various periods, from the first Greek language not inferior to his own. revolution to the abdication of King Othơ in 1862, I would refer Dr. M. to “ The Translator to explaining or modifying the Imperial Byzantine the Reader.” It opens thus: “I had it once in Edicta, and contained in the third volume of the my thought to have dedicated this my product of Collection of the Greek Codes, edited by G. A. some leisure hours to an exactly accomplished Rbali at Athens in the year 1856, in three volumes lady of honour.” This intention he abandons beoctavo. The first two volumes comprise the com- cause “my author hath chosen our Saviour J. Ch. mercial and criminal laws, and the civil and penal for his Patron;" and thinking to imitate as nearly jurisprudence.

as he might his original, he thought of the spouse The decisions of the tribunals regarding divorce of Jesus Christ, the Church ; but, for reasons asare regulated according to the Edicta in the 4th signed, abandons that idea also, and simply adbook, chap. xv. of the Exabiblos of Harmeno- | dresses the reader. pulus; and to the Constitutional Law of the Holy I have nothing that will add to Henry Cary's Greek Synod, published at Athens July 9, of the motives than those above mentioned by himselfyear 1852, and contained in the Greek Codes of occupying his leisure hours ; nor can I trace the Mr. G. A. Rhali.

name of the lady of honour alluded to. For explanation of the Roman law now in use, Lowndes, in describing the book, enumerates see all the annotatory treatises which have been author's dedication, preface, &c., but makes no published in different European states at various mention of a copy of verses between the Epistle periods; as for instance, J. Voet's Pandecta, &c. Dedicatory and the Translator to the Reader, &c., but particularly those of the modern German containing four stanzas, and entitled “ The Transcommentators. For that of the commercial and lator upon the Book."

J. A. G. criminal law, and the civil and penal jurisprudence, see the French annotators Messieurs Par

Sir Francis Drake (3rd S. iii. 26.) — Evelyn, dessus, Dalloz, &c., &c.; these laws having been

| in his Discourse of Medals, chapter iv., considering translated and compiled from the French codes.

“other persons and things worthy the memory

and honour of medals," would seem to imply that RHODOCANAKIS.

there was no reliable portrait of Sir Francis Drake ARCHBISHOP LEIGHTON'S LIBRARY AT Dun in existence; he says, “Had such actions and BLANE (311 S. iv. 63.)- A correspondent asks events happened among the rest of the polished for references to certain "apophthegms written world, we should not be now to seek for the heads in Leighton's books.

of Sir Francis Drake, Cavendish, Hawkins, FroTo the 13th apophthegm

bisher, Greenvil, Fenton, Willoughby, and the • “Dulce periculum est ...[?] Deum sequi.—Hor.rest of the Argonauts.” Old England, vol. ii., he appends the remark: –

London, Charles Knight & Co., gives, in plate “ Distinctly written so; but query Her. i. e. Hermes ? "

No. 1529, a likeness of Drake, taken, as there Allow me to remind him that Horace's 25th

| stated, “ from a painting at Nutwell Church." In Ode, 3rd book, ends thus :

the same plate are portraits also of Hawkins, from “.

an“ old, anonymous print;" and of Cavendish and . Dulce periculum est,

Frobisher, from “ Anonymous Pictures engraved
O Lenæe, sequi Deum
Cingentem viridi tempora pampino."

by Van der Gucht.” In plate No. 1537 there is “Dulce periculum,” I may mention en passant,

another likeness of Drake, differing from the

former and smaller one in costume. In both the is the motto of the Macaulays.

hair curls, the beard is peaked, and the moustachios The 5th apothegm

twisted at the ends. The forehead, that " templum

pudoris ” of Evelyn, and “ animi janua" of Cicero, “Sufficit ad beatitudinem cognitio Dei solius et imitatio,"

is high, tolerably "ex porrecta," and the lines have

the arched curve of pride and confidence. is similar to a sentiment in S. Ambrose —

W. BOWEN ROWLANDS. “ Scriptura autem divina vitam beatam in cognitione | ROOKE FAMILY (3rd S. iii. 491.) – Not being posuit divinitatis et fructu bonæ operationis."-Officiorum, lib. ii. c. 3,

able to give a complete answer to your corre

spondent's inquiry respecting the Colonel Charles but is probably taken from some other source.

Rooke alluded to, I have deferred offering what T. C.

| I think may be a clue to solving the query. Col. Durham.

Charles Rooke was a Lieut.-Col. in the 3rd RegiPOPE AND SENAULT (3rd S. iv. 46.)- I find ment of Guards, and held that rank as a field the passage alluded to by Dr. M. (the 2nd Disc.) officer in the army under date of December 13, marked to the same effect by me in my copy; and 1780. I think it not improbable that on the it is not the only one that appears to have afforded termination of the American war, he might have


retired from the service; but on the breaking out the terms “Wa'sall legged,” and “He's bin [been] of hostilities with France in 1794, when thirty | up Wa'sall steps." A local rhyme says, regiments of Fencible Light Dragoons were raised

Sutton for mutton, (see "N. & Q." 2nd S. iii. 155 ; xii. 305), with

Tamworth for beef, extraordinary expedition, that Colonel Charles

Walsall for bandy legs, Rooke might have been selected for the command

And Brummagem for a thief.” of the regiment, then levied in the neighbourhood There is another saying, _“You're too fast, of Windsor, and called the Windsor Foresters. | like Walsall clock.” To what do this refer? Ilis commission as Colonel was dated May 1, 1794, as was that of Sir Nathaniel Dukinfield, Bart., the

Chas. H. BAYLEY,

West Bromwich.
Lieut.-Colonel, who then resided at Stanlake
Lodge, Berks. The commissions of these Fencible

COWTHORPE OAK (3rd S. iv. 69.) – I am not Cavalry were all signed by the King, on the re

positively able to answer C. J. ASHFIELD's query, commendation, it was understood, of the Lords

Whetber the Cowthorpe Oak still exists? There Lieutenants of Counties, which for Berkshire was

is a print of it in Hunter's edition of Evelyn's then the Earl of Radnor. There was an Ensign

Sylva, 1776 ; another in Strutt's Sylva Britannica, Charles Rooke in the 3rd Guards in 1798, and

| 1826, folio. Your correspondent had heard of it later a H. W. Rooke in the same regiment. Were in 1843, and as the two prints, at an interval of both these sons of Lieut.-Gen. James Rooke,

fifty years, show little change, we may presume it who had the 38th foot? I may add that the

still remains, as it long bas been, the pride and adWindsor Foresters, a year or two after they were

miration of the surrounding neighbourhood. I saw raised, were ordered for Scotland, where they

the oaks in Welbeck Park during the last autumn. remained, I believe, three or four years.

Hayman Rooke, in his description of that place, DELTA.

published in 1790, considers the Greendale oak to

be above 700 years old; the circumference of the WALSALL·LEGGED (3rd S. iv. 27, 77, 78.) — trunk above the arch was then 35 ft. 3 in.; height Formerly several years resident in various parts of the arch 10 ft. 3 in., width 6ft. 3 in., height of of Staffordshire, including the old-chartered town tree to the top branch 54 ft. On the same authoof Walsall, the epithet Walsull-legged I have re- rity the two trees called “Porters" measure, No. 1, peatedly heard orally from persons Walsall-born, 98 st. 6 in. in height; No. 2, 88 ft. The circumwhose family, relative, and official positions for ference at base of No. 1, 38 ft., at one yard high three generations in the locality rendered them | 27 ft., at two yards 23 ft., and its solid contents tolerably well acquainted with its traditions ; a 840 cubic ft. The circumference of No. 2, at hearty welcome and prolonged stay being often base, 34 ft., one yard high 23 ft., two yards accorded to visitors or friends by saying, “ till you 20 ft., and 744 ft. solid contents. No part of begin to get Walsall-legged." The comparatively England contains so numerous a collection of vast great elevation of the parish church at the head of and ancient oak trees as the Nottinghamshire the town, its foundations nearly on a level with Dukeries, more particularly the adjoining parks adjacent house-tops, on the west entered by as of Welbeck and Thoresby; but the withered cending a number of steps, and diverging from the branches so generally found at the top of the main street, itself a tedious incline; on the south larger trees, show that decay has commenced, and west its approaches, formerly rugged and dilapi- | their vegetating vigour is on the decline. dated, being fragments of crumbled-out-of-the-hill

Thomas E. WINNINGTON. sort of steps, partly earthen and partly hill-side

A full account of this remarkable tree was pubshale, causing consequent exertion and precari

lished by subscription twenty years since (the ousness of ascent, — these are local traditionary

second edition, now before me, in 1842, and proparticulars for the jocose saying, Walsall-legged. Recent years' improvements of the approaches by

bably the first in the same year), and was entitled, removal and otherwise of surrounding property,

“The Cowthorpe Oak, from a Painting by the late afford but partial evidence of its anterior tendency

George William Fothergill, from accurate Sketches made to leg-deformity of the natives, though its present

on the Spot, expressly for this Work. Drawn on Stone

by William Monkhouse. With a Descriptive Account, considerable number of modern steps leading to

by Charles Empson, Author of Narratives of South the sacred edifice still frequently give rise to the America,' &c., containing such Historical Mem old saying, "Don't get Walsall-legged.”

Local Particulars, Botanical Characters, Dimensions, and A. Gr. various Information as could be obtained on the Spot,

relative to this most famous Oak.” London, Ackermann Walsall parish church is built on a very steep and Co. bill, and there are many steps from the street to The dimensions of the tree, in January, 1842, the church. “Black country" people affirm that were, - Circumference close to the ground 60 ft., Walsall men become “bandy-legged” through one foot from the ground 56 ft., three feet from ascending and descending the hill and steps, hence the ground 45 ft., five feet from the ground 364 ft.; height 43 ft. ; extent of the principal branch dices, we may well say how greatly the present would 50 ft.; diameter of the hollow within the tree,

| have been improved by the like addition. But in spite close to the ground, 11 ft. (room for forty men

of such want, the work is a most valuable contribution

to the history of the eventful period to which it refers ; Rev. Dr. Jessop); age, estimated by Professor

or and the brief biographical notes scattered over every Burnett, 1600 years.

D. page give promise of how much curious and interesting WALE (3rd S. iv. 26.) — The very short extract

matter we may look forward to receive, when Mr. Peawhich MR. J. D. CAMPBELL criticises, from a

cock is able to give us his promised Biography of the

Civil War. paper in All the Year Round-of which he has, he says, seen only this extract-convicts him of sin

Books Receiven,gular obtuseness. The writer in All the Year

The Forest of Arden, its Towns, Villages, and Hamlets :

a Topographical and Historical Account of the District Round cbviously uses the word "waling" in the

between and around Henley in Arden, and Hampton in sense of choosing a wife : for he says, “the heart

Arden. Illustrated with numerous Engravings. By of the Scotchman is full of tenderness”..."such John Hannett. (Simpkin & Marshall.) a waling being the highest compliment he can pay The Gossiping Guide to Jersey. By J. Bertrand Payne. her sex." MR. J. D. CAMPBELL is thus self With a Chapter on the Climate and Diseases of the convicted of ignorance; for he does not know Island, by Dr. Scholefield; and a Botanical Gossip, by that, although centuries ago “waled, or wailed Mr. C. B. Saunders. (W. Hughes.) wine," meant in England choice wine, a “waled

“London now is (going) out of town;" and Londoners back" is one marked with wales. MR. J. D.

who are inclined to take the advice of The Times, and

contine their wanderings to the British Islands, have in CAMPBELL confesses to his small knowledge of these two Guides hints for two agreeable pleasure trips. philology; but when he condemns a writer for Jersey has many points of interest; and the Forest of using a word in the very sense which he himself Arden may well invite to a pilgrimage all the admirers of proves to be a right one (as wale in the sense of him who has made Warwickshire famous. choice), the deficiency he displays is the lack of A Discovery concerning Ghosts, with a Rap at the Spirit the faculty necessary for understanding what he Rappers." By George Cruikshank. (Arnold.) reads.

John ROBERTSON. Quaintly written and quaintly illustrated, this Dis.

covery-which is, we believe, no discovery, for disbelievers Hopton FAMILY (3rd S. iv. 48.)-If F. will re

in ghosts in red waistcoats have ever existed—will well fer to the Pedigree of Hopton in Blore's Rutland, repay perusal; as we are assured, and hope soon to prove, p. 133, he will obtain information which may lead that a morning spent in the Gallery of the great Artist's him to the discovery of existing families connected | Works, now exhibiting, will well repay the visit. with the Hopton fainily. Jos. PHILLIPS.


WANTED TO PURCHASE. Particulars of Price, &c., of the following Book to be sent direct to the gentleman by whom it is required, whose name and address are given for that purpose: NARRATIVE OF AN EXPEDITION TO TRE EAST COAST or GREENLAND UNDER CAPTAIN W.A. GRAAR. London: J. W. Parker, 1837.

Wanted by Mr. Percy B. St. John, Southend, Essex.

Notices to Correspondents.


Exotics; or English Words derived from Latin Roots.

Ten Lectures. By Edward Newenham Hoare, M.A.,
Dean of Waterford, &c. (Hodges & Smith.)

These ten lectures, delivered by the Dean of Waterford before a select audience comprising the teachers of the various public and private schools in that city, are addressed to intelligent and educated persons, who have, however, little or no acquaintance with the classics, for the purpose of promoting the acquisition of that knowledge strongly commended by Locke, who tells us that, “ if we knew the original of all the words we meet with, we should thereby be very much helped to know the ideas they were first applied to and made to stand for." The work will, however, be read with interest by those who do know something of Latin, and who cannot fail in the course of its perusal, to pick up some curious information on a subject of considerable interest and great practical utili

ity. The book, which is appropriately dedicated to the Father of English Philologists, Dr. Richardson, is made yet more useful by capital Indices. The Army Lists of the Roundheads and Cavaliers, containing the names of the Officers in the Royal and Parliamentary Armies of 1642. Edited by Edward Peacock, F.S.A. (Hotton.)

If we concluded our Notice of Dean Hoare's book by stating how much it was increased in value by its In

B. B. The French verses forwarded by our Correspondent are only a French version from the ready pen of Futher Prout, of the roell-known " Monody on the Death of Sir John Moore." The lines were originally published in an early number of Bentley's Magazine.

MELETES. The authorised version of the Bible may be regarded as a revision of the Bishops' Bible, rather than as a new and independent work. See“ N. & Q." 3rd S. ii. 371.

J. M. We quite agree with our correspondent respecting the growing inconveniences of the modern wage of the title Reverend, and which elicited from us some remarks nearly eleven years ago. See our 1st S. vi. 246.

R. G. The date of 1195, in one of Barker's Bibles, is evidently a misprint for 1595. It is not an uncommon book. See our 2nd S. x. 170, 217 316.

"NOTES AND QCERIES" is published at noon on Friday, and is also issued in MONTHLY PARTS. The Subscription for STAMPED Cories for Sir Months for carded direct from the Publishers (incluiling the Halyearly INDEX) ir lls. 4d., which may be paid by Post Office Order in furour of MESSRS. BELL AND DALDY, 185, FLERT STREET, E.C., to ichom all COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE EDITOR should be addressed.

Full benefit of reduced duty obtained by purchasing Horniman's Pure Tea; very choice at 3s. 4d. and 1s.* High Standard" at 43. 4d. (formerly 48. 8d.), is the strongest and most delicious imported. Agents in every town supply it in Packets.

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