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Ordination Errors, with Remarks on the Liturgy. By a Churchman. Lon
don-Greenland. 1848. This little pamphlet contains, we are informed, the genuine opinions of a sincere but thoughtful Churchman. It professes to record the conversation of two old college friends, named Clericus and Lex, who meet after some years' separation, the one a clergyman enjoying a living given him by the Lord Chancellor, and the other a lawyer who had in early life thought of the Church, but had been hindered by sundry conscientious scruples. A brief extract or two will shew the direction in which his doubts run.
“I felt I could not take part in that fearful act of profanity (for no other term occurs to me that describes my sense of it), where the Bishop (in imitation of our blessed Lord, who breathed upon his disciples as he uttered the awful and mysterious words, and gave them supernatural efficacy) is made to address the candidates for the priests' orders thus— Receive ye the Holy Ghost : whose soever sins ye remit,' &c.-an assumption, as it seems to me, of priestly power worthy only of the Romish Church, and such (I am willing to believe) few sincere Protestants, whether clergy or laymen, will now seriously contend for as inherent in a Bishop, or seek to justify. * * * I regard it as the taproot, as it were, of the Tractarian heresy, by which the Church has lately been so distracted, and as the source of most of the divisions and false views now so prevalent." -Pp. 17, 19.
Besides altering the Ordination Service, Lex would shorten and modify the daily service of the Church. This is his opinion of the least charitable symbol of his Church :
“The creed attributed to Saint Athanasius, I, in common with the majority, dislike, and would expunge altogether; nevertheless, if the several passages of scripture on which its dogmas are founded were collected and read publicly, as a support and manifestation of sound Christian doctrine, it would, I think, be an acquisition to the service; but the tone of this Creed unnecessarily shocks one's feelings, without, as far as I know, producing unity of belief or repelling error." P. 23.
A copy of this tract, we learn, has been forwarded to every English Bishop; one Prelate only acknowledged its receipt, and he expressed the opinion that the scheme of reforming the Book of Common Prayer is at present utterly hopeless. So we believe it is; and we should say to any conscientious man objecting, as the writer of “ Ordination Errors” does, to so many particulars in the manual and worship of the Church of England, that he is called upon by Scripture truth and the integrity of his own conscience to quit an establishment which consecrates so many errors, and which is confessedly proof against reform.
The Number and Names of the Apocalyptic Beasts, with an Explanation and
Application : in Two Parts. Part I., the Number and Names. By David Thom, Ph. D., &c. 8vo. Pp. 398. London. 1848.
WE dare pronounce no opinion on the merits of this new and handsomely printed work of Dr. Thom's. The explication of the Apocalyptic Beasts is a subject we have never attempted to solve ; and we candidly confess will be about the last, in the vast region of theology, that we shall approach. For Dr. Thom, as a man of learning and an enthusiastic student of theology, we entertain great respect. That feeling induces us to allude to his work, and to state that he believes he has discovered a clear interpretation of the mystical Beasts spoken of in Revelations. He discovers the first Beast in ‘H OPHN (the Mind), the Greek letters of which make up the mystical number of 666. The second Beast is, he believes, to be found in the Greek letters EKKAHEIAI LAPKIKAL (Fleshly Churches), which he also shews produces the same number of 666. We find ourselves utterly incapable of using the key, now it is offered us. But Dr. Thom promises us a future volume, in which he will comment on, expound and justify, the discovery he has now submitted to the world.
An Earnest Appeal to Unitarian Christians on the Duty of Supporting their
own Religious Institutions. By Edmund Kell, M. A. Second Edition. London-Mardon.
Amidst some discouraging symptoms, it is a hopeful circumstance that there is a call by the Unitarian public for a second edition of an honest and stirring Appeal like this. Mr. Kell
, as an Unitarian minister, is neither ashamed of his distinctive name nor indifferent to his duties. Believing that Unitarianism is the doctrine of the Gospel, he is constrained to preach it; and he earnestly desires that those who agree with him in religious doctrines should be animated with a practical zeal like his own. Hence the publication of this useful little tract, which we cordially recommend to the notice of the managers of our Tract Societies.
Christmas Eve, or the Story of Little Anton. A Present for Children. From
the German. London-Joseph Cundall, 12, Old Bond Street, 1849. A SEASONABLE and welcome gift. It has the simplicity of religious feeling without its excess, and will awaken the hearts of the young to goodness, and the great moral of life which Providence and Christianity conspire to teach. Additions of this sort from the practical religious sentiment of our German neighbours, are as salutary as they are needful to the more didactic spirit of our own juvenile literature.
Walks in a City. By Rev. T. Bowring. Published by the Christian Tract
Society. Pp. 24. LIKE the previous productions of Mr. Bowring's pen, this interesting little tract is recommended to our approbation by good sense, religious feeling and the purest benevolence. We should rejoice to see the useful Society to which we owe this and so many other good popular tracts better supported, so that it might pour forth a more copious stream of its philanthropic publications.
Truth and Trust.-Moral Courage and other Tales. Edinburgh-William
and Robert Chambers. 1848. To parents and Sunday-school teachers desirous of possessing books which combine amusement and the highest and purest moral instruction, we recommend, without any reserve, these admirable little stories, which form parts of the delightful series of juvenile works now periodically issued by those benevolent publishers, the Messrs. Chambers. We recommend them to be read aloud in the family circle. The elder as well as the junior branches may perhaps learn something which they will not wish to forget.
An Answer to Dr Strauss' Life of Christ. By Athanasius Coquerel. 12mo.
Pp. 68. Edinburgh-Oliver and Boyd. This ingenious popular reply to Dr. Strauss' attempt to resolve historical Christianity into a series of mythical accretions, is already well known to our readers through the spirited translation by Dr. Beard, in his valuable series entitled “ Voices of the Church.” But we are glad to see M. Coquerel's work introduced, through a new channel, to a different class of readers both in England and Scotland.
ence shall be given, first, to children of The Orens' College at Manchester.
parents within the borough of Man
chester, or two miles therefrom, and, We have been favoured by a friend secondly, to children of parents residing who is one of the Trustees of the late within South Lancashire. But, apart Mr. John Owens, with a printed pam- from this limit, the institution shall be phlet containing “Extracts from the open to all applicants for admission, Will of John Owens, late of Manches- without respect to place of birth, and ter, Merchant, deceased, relating to his without distinction of rank or condition Bequest for Education.” Of this we in society. propose to give a brief abstract, and to The Trustees are empowered to dequote one or two of the more important clare the trusts and regulations conpassages.
cerning the Trust fund and the manThe testator bequeaths all such parts agement of the institution, and from of his personal estate and effects as are time to time to make such alterations capable of being devoted to charitable in the trusts and regulations as shall be purposes, to George Faulkner and Sa- consistent with the fundamental rules muel Alcock, upon trust, to convert and conditions. into money, and authorizes them, after The following important clause folpaying debts not paid out of his other lows : estate, and certain legacies to local cha- “And I direct, with reference to and rities, to hand over the residue to Trus. by way of explanation of the first of tees for educational purposes, to be the aforesaid conditions, but subject to appointed under the provisions of his the power of the said Trustees for the will. The testator then appoints these time being, by any such deed, to alter Trustees, and provides for the filling this present provision, that any matter up of vacancies in the Trust, &c., and or thing shall be deemed reasonably proceeds to direct them to apply the offensive to the conscience of any sturesiduary charitable Trust fund to the dent, which, upon complaint thereof by founding within the Parliamentary bo- him, or on his behalf by any person rough of Manchester, or within two under whose immediate care he shall miles from any part of the limits there- be, as aforesaid, shall be declared by of, “ an institution for providing or aid- one-third in number of the said Trusing the means of instructing and im- tees for the time being, by writing proving young persons of the male sex under their hands, to be in their judg(and being of an age not less than 14 ment so offensive." years) in such branches of learning and The testator proceeds to give power science as are now and may be hereafter to the Trustees to hire buildings, and usually taught in the English Univer- (when legalized) to apply part of the sities, but subject, nevertheless, to the Trust fund in the purchase and erection two fundamental and immutable rules of land and buildings for the purposes and conditions hereinafter prescribed, of the institution. Auditors are to be namely, I., That the students, profess- appointed, and the accounts audited by ors and teachers, and other officers and them to be published. In default of persons connected with the said insti- the appointment of auditors, the Town tution, shall not be required to make Council is empowered to appoint and any declaration as to, or submit to any publish the accounts. Such are the test whatsoever of, their religious opi- principal provisions of Mr. Owens' will. nions, and that nothing shall be intro- We now proceed to lay before our readduced in the matter or mode of educa- ers some particulars respecting the protion or instruction in reference to any gress of this Trust, for which we are religious or theological subject which indebted to the Manchester Guardian. shall be reasonably offensive to the con- “The property was not a round sum science of any student, or of his rela- in hand, but, beyond a large amount tions, guardians or friends under whose invested in railway stock, which canimmediate care he shall be.” The se- not be expected to realize any thing cond rule and condition prescribes that like the sum once reasonably estimated, in case the number of applicants for much of the property was in merchanadmission shall be more than adequate dise and securities in foreign and disto the means of the institution, prefer- tant countries, especially in Brazil and
in China. The first duty of the Trustees the Parliamentary borough of Manunder the will was to realize this pro- chester, or within two miles from any perty, and we learn that, to a very con- part of the limits thereof' — for the siderable extent, they have done so, and temporary purposes of the new College. that the great bulk of the personal estate The will appoints as one of the Trusand effects of the late Mr. John Owens, tees, the then Dean of Manchester, capable of being devoted by will to since dead, and it appears that the precharitable purposes, is now invested sent Dean is not legally constituted a in Consols. The process of collecting Trustee. We learn, however, that a and realizing the remainder is still pro- deputation from the Trustees have ceeding satisfactorily, considering the waited on the Lord Bishop of Mandepression of the times, and commercial chester and on the Very Rev. the Dean, difficulties both at home and abroad. requesting to have the advantage of The qualified and acting Trustees are their advice and assistance in the conabout ten in number, and a few weeks sideration and adoption of the scheme ago, just before the departure of Mr. for the government and regulation of James Heywood, M.P. (one of their the new College; and that both digninumber) for Canada, they assembled taries have expressed their willingness to consider whether any and what steps to aid in the promotion of so important could be taken to promote the object and desirable an object as the establishof the testator's
bequest. It was unani- ment of a collegiate institution on the mously acknowledged that these were broad and liberal basis indicated in not the times for any appeal to the the will of the founder. The draught public liberality for donations and sub- scheme is not a mere outline ; but, we scriptions requisite for the erection of understand, comprises the general dea suitable edifice for the intended Col- tails of the proposed institution. Speaklege. In the present state of the law, ing without any authority, but only the will of Mr. Owens states, he inten- from what is believed to be the general tionally abstained from directing the desire of the Trustees, we may say that investment of any part of his said resi- there is a strong probability that, in duary charitable Trust fund in the the course of the next few months, purchase or erection of any lands or measures will be taken to hire a suitbuildings for such institution; but the able building, to engage the different will gives the power to hire buildings Professors, and to open, on a scale of for the purpose. It was stated by one usefulness worthy of the founder's liof the Trustees that he doubted not, berality, and of the city wherein this when prosperity should again visit our seminary of learning is to be seated, commerce and manufactures, there the Owens' College, Manchester. would be found at least a hundred gentlemen in Manchester who would each contribute £1000 to a building fund;
Unitarianism at Devonport. and it was decided that towards the It is with much pleasure that we accomplishment of this part of the ob- report a very happy revival of the ject nothing could be done at present. Unitarian congregation at Devonport. Meantime, a draught scheme for the The substance of the brief report of a proposed College was laid before the meeting of the Plymouth and Devonmeeting, and it was agreed that a port congregations held on Monday printed copy of it should be furnished evening, December 11, 1848, is taken to every Trustee, in order to give to from that liberal and spirited journal, each the opportunity of making sug- The Devonport Independent. gestions as to any alteration, addition, The meeting was held at the Meor improvement; the draught being chanics’ Institution. The Rev. J. C. prepared merely as the nucleus round Woods, B. A., occupied the chair, supwhich the suggestions of the different ported by the Rev. W. J. Odgers, of Trustees could be collected, for future Plymouth, the Rev. W. James, of Brisdeliberate and mature consideration. tol, Captain Parker and other gentleThis draught scheme has been printed, men. The tea having been concluded, and a copy furnished to each Trustee; a resolution was proposed by Mr. Perry and we believe that when Mr. Heywood and seconded by Mr. Rundell, congrareturns to England, the Trustees will tulating Mr. Woods on his ministry in be again called together for its further Devonport, and the congregation on consideration, and also to consider the his coming among them, at the same propriety of hiring some building- time referring in the kindest terms to which, by the will, must be within Mr. Gibbs. In returning thanks, the Rev. J. C. Woods said—“I am sorry attacks of any opponents, though I that the bad state of his health prevents confess the indifference of friends would my venerable friend Mr. Gibbs from be deeply wounding to my feelings. occupying the position which I now The cause of our principles is a common hold, as Chairman of so large a meet- cause. It is not mine, any more than ing as the present. I cannot fail to that of every individual of our comfeel highly gratified by the resolution munion present. It is not that of the which has just been proposed and se- minister, any more than that of the conded, and received with such mani. people. Think not I wish to complain. festations of sympathy by all. I am On the contrary, I have reason to redelighted to hear the terms in which joice, and I do rejoice. But let us all you express your regard for my worthy, be more zealous than we have hitherto amiable and respected friend Mr. Gibbs. been. Let us all consider ourselves as It would be absurd that I, who am a Christian missionaries. Let us all feel comparative stranger among you, should that we have a great work to do in the point out the reasons for your honour. world, and let us do it. Let us feel ing my esteemed predecessor; for, conscious that if we do not win success, when I know that although engaged in we have at least endeavoured to deserve a laborious and arduous secular pro- it. There are many prejudices against fession, he has devoted for many years us. Most people prefer to go to a more almost all of what might have been his fashionable church than ours, although leisure hours--in sickness as well as I fear they cannot find any fashionable in health, in good report and evil re. way to heaven. Let us, however, conport, in prosperous and in adverse tinúe firm and steady at our post of times—to the promotion of your moral duty, uninfluenced by public opinion, and spiritual improvement, and that when we think this public opinion is he did this without remuneration, wrong. Let us endeavour, with all our aye, without even the desire of thanks might, not only to preach down, but to -I say, when I take these things into live down these prejudices. Thus we consideration, I feel that the individual shall enjoy both the felicity which is who would not reverence such a cha- ever possessed by those who do good, racter as this, must be void of all per- and the satisfaction of knowing, that ception of the beautiful and the noble by the manifestation of the beautiful in human conduct. I am consoled in fruits of our Unitarian principles, we the regret I feel on account of the ab- may have been the means of diffusing sence of Mr. Gibbs from this meeting, more widely around us peace, truth, by the fact, that I have been enabled comfort and happiness.” to refer to his merits; for his modesty, The Rev. W. James and the Rev. which is one of his chief characteris- W.J. Odgers, Mr. Harris, Mr. Sanders tics, would have been offended, had he Harris, Mr. T. Gould, Mr. Rundell, been here, even by the truth which I Mr. Edgcumbe, Mr. J. James, and other have spoken. I am extremely grateful gentlemen addressed the meeting, and to you for that part of the resolution resolutions and sentiments referring to which is couched in language so flat- the means of the social and intellectual tering to myself. When a man feels elevation of the people, were proposed most deeply, he is often least capable and adopted. Among them was the of giving expression to the emotions of following: “H nour to the good and his heart. I thank you most sincerely the true who, in every age and in perilfor your kind wishes for my happiness ous times, have stood forward as the and success. I trust in God that, while dauntless defenders of Civil and ReliI am among you, I may be able to gious Freedom. And in this tribute promote your religious improvement of our homage, most fitting is it that Separated as I am from my family, my we should particularly mention those only hope of happiness is the prospect who in our day nobly risked power of increasing that of those committed and place in the successful endeavour to my charge. I believe that there is to secure the passing of the Dissenters' great scope for ministerial usefulness Chapels Act-a measure which, in the in this town—and that, if we are only words of the eloquent Sheil, was intrue to ourselves, our cause—the cause, tended to secure the property of a I am convinced, of truth, of Christ, comparatively small and unpopular and of God-must advance, as it has Christian denomination from the nefaadvanced already far beyond my most rious designs of orthodox solicitors, ardent expectations. I fear not the and the rapacity of acquisitive divines."