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nothing that the young mind can rest out." I have entitled these Lectures, upon till it has wrought out independent “A Supplementary Course on Christian support for itself,-especially at a time Principles, Doctrines and Institutions." when there are so many temptations to I shall be gratified by the Committee's one-sided extravagances of all kinds. Con acceptance of my proffer of an additional siderations of this sort, long dwelling on Course, and still more by finding that my mind, have induced me to draw up they think it calculated to add to the comthe accompanying Synopsis of a Course pleteness and efficiency of our whole sysof Lectures, which I am desirous to un. tem of Tbeological Instruction. After dertake, and which I shall feel obliged by the enclosed Synopsis has been submitted your submitting to the approval of the to the Committee, and you have made Committee. It contains the sort of review what use of it you think proper, I shall which would form the natural termination be obliged by your returning it to me, of my History of Christianity; but from as it is the only complete copy of my its great practical importance, I wish to scheme that I possess. anticipate it. Still, though I beg the I received from Mr. Aspden, a few days Committee to admit this Course as merely since, a request from the College Commitan extension of the work properly belong tee, that I would preach a sermon in Upper ing to the Department I already fill

, it is, Brook-Street chapel on behalf of its funds. all intents and purposes, a distinct I will take the liberty of saying to the Course, looking at Christianity from quite Committee through you, that I shall be a different point of view, and cannot happy to concede the use of my pulpit supersede, but must go on along with, for this purpose to any gentleman whom the lectures on Ecclesiastical History. I they may think proper to select; but propose to give one lecture a week in the that, as well on general grounds, which Ath and 5th years only, commencing next I need not here further specify, as from session; which will make a very slight my connection with the Institution as a addition to the work of the Divinity stu- salaried Teacher, I must decline very redents, especially if the proposed extension spectfully making any such appeal in my of the Theological Course to three years own person. be adhered to. In working out my idea, I have taken up, my dear Sir, a great for the sake of theoretical completeness, deal of your time; and now subscribe I have, in the accompanying scheme, ap- myself, with sincere regard, and hearty proached in some places the limits of the good wishes for the prosperity of the Departments of my colleagues. These several Institutions in which we have a parts of my Course I should do little more common interest, ever truly yours, than indicate, accepting the results of my

JOHN JAMES TAYLER. colleagues' labours, and referring my pu- Rev. R. B. Aspland, pils to their classes for details. I mention Sec. of Manchester New College. this to avoid misapprehension. I have

No. II. thought it right, before submitting this plan to the Committee, to consult my Supplementary Course on Christian Princolleagues in the Theological Depart- ciples, Doctrines and Institutions. ment, as well as the Principal of the

1.-Principles. College. They have all expressed their §. (1.) Investigation and determinaapproval of the plan, and their sense tion of Christianity as an existing fact of its desirableness : Mr. Robberds very What is the distinctive character of the kindly and cordially in verbal communi. belief so designated, which is still active cation; Mr. Smith in a letter which I take as a principle of sentiment and conduct the liberty to enclose. Mr. Kenrick fa- in some portion of the inhabitants of the voured me with a full and friendly cri- Western world—Not to be inferred from ticism of the scheme, of which I shall creeds, usage or profession, since these of course gladly avail myself in reducing may be dead and formal. it to practice. After suggesting the pro- å. Induction from the aspirations and priety of abbreviation in certain parts, he efforts of eminently religious persons in adds, “I do not doubt that, whether you all denominations, and from the aim and condense your scheme according to my tendency of sects which, since the Refor. recommendation, or work it out in its mation, have effected from time to time amplitude, you will produce a very inte- a great revival of the Christian life, esperesting Course of Lectures. You are at cially in the period of their first fresh full liberty to say to the Committee, that energy and zeal — Observation of the I approve of such an addition to the Theo- points of thought, feeling and action, logical Course, and generally of the plan wherein such individuals and sects agree which you have sketched for carrying it Elimination of the peculiarities which

obviously result from local or transient tion of the Old and New Testaments— influences, and produce exaggeration or Messianic expectations-Origin and deone-sidedness.

velopment of the idea of a Christ-its 6. Further limitation of the idea of a signification and wide diffusion-in what common Christianity still existing among sense fulfilled by Jesus of Nazareth-His. men-in the objections made to secta. torical reality and personal influence of ries and spiritual innovators, by earnest the Christ of the Gospels. and religious members of long-established §. (5.) The Religion of Christ ex. and quiescent Churches.

pressed in bis Person and his Life, and c. The distinctive features of the idea in the Apostolic conception of themof Christianity so obtained, brought out Analysis of it, as so disclosed in the New and placed in still clearer light, by con. Testament-Spiritual principles of pertrast with Deistical systems of belief and manent authority and application involved practice, with the religious life of Jews in it [a, Habitual consciousness of the and Mohammedans, and of such edu presence of a Heavenly Father-b, Entire cated and intelligent Heathens (Parsees, self-abandonment in submission and enBuddhists, &c.,) as may still be found in deavour to His requirements and guidthe countries of the East.

ance-c, Energetic and trustful co-operad. General Result-Christianity a con- tion with God, from the belief that good secration of the whole life-will, affec- must prevail over evil in the issues of His tions, habits — to God, through faith, providence-d, To be and do good, and holiness and love, brought home to the to make others good, Man's chief busi. believer's mind, and implanted as living ness in this life, the brotherly tie which principles within him, by the mediation unites him to the family of God-e, Sin of Christ.

the only separation between Man and §. (2.) Relation of Christianity to Re- God-f, Death no proper object of terror ligion in general—Origin and foundation to good men, but only the means of tran. of religious belief: intuitive or inferen- sition from one state of existence to anotial ?-Worship the sympathy of Spirit ther (o aiúv oŭtos, aiúv o uéllwv-Tà with Spirit, modified by a sense of de- {vesūra, pédlovra), where they that pendence and awe-Definition of Spirit, are worthy will be admitted to closer inInquiry whether any and what attributes tercourse with Christ and God) — The can be absolutely predicated of all Spirit whole Person and Life of Christ invested as such, so as to afford a ground for à with the power and the wisdom of Godpriori conclusions as to the character and Significance and efficacy of his Deathpurposes of the Sovereign Spirit-Impor. Relation of Christ's word and work to pre. tance of these, if attainable, as completing sent believers in Him-Analysis of the the d posteriori argument from the evi- nature and operations of Christian Faith dence of design-What is meant by the -its transforming influence on the affecPersonality of God — Discrimination of tions and the will. proper Monotheism from Pantheism. $. (3.) Ordinary distinction of Natural

II.-Doctrines. and Revealed Religion—to what extent $. (1.) Distinction between Principles valid—Investigation of the idea of Reve- and Doctrines-Doctrine the conception lation (atrová vpis)-Scriptural uses of of Principle, as modified by the idiosyn. the term-Inspiration (analysis of such crasy of individual minds, or by adapterms as θεόπνευσος, θεοφόρητος, πνεύμα, tation to the ideas and beliefs of a partiTvõua äylov, tvevuarinós, &c., &c.) - cular condition of society-Doctrines as its source and evidence-inward witness well as Principles contained in the New -outward effects—Prophecy, Miracle — Testament—hence a basis for Biblical Ultimate grounds of belief — Extent of Dogmatics—Discrimination of the Tranauthority external to the believing mind sitory and the Permanent in the Christi-required proof of it - Christ's words anity of the New Testament-Distinction (John xv. 16), “ Ye have not chosen me, of Form and Spirit in the religious utterbut I have chosen you."

ances of Christ and his Apostles-Differ$. (4.) Source of the Christian Reli- ence between simple Exegesis and the gion, immediately, the writings of the New practical application of Christian PrinciTestament; mediately and ultimately, the ples. mind and life, or, in one word, the spirit $. (2.) Review of Doctrines and Insti. of Christ-Evidence that we have in the tutions indispensable to a full compreNew Testament a trustworthy representa- hension of the historical fact of Christition of the spirit of Christ—Genuineness, anity-Doctrines taught in the Scriptures, authenticity and credibility of the Chris- or deduced by different Christians from tian Scriptures-Idea of a Canon--prin- them, conveniently referable to three principles operative in its formation - Rela- cipal heads-God, Christ, Man.

380

Intelligence.Bolton District Unitarian Association.

1. God-bis nature (question of the this respect-Constitution of the AposTrinity — review of its origin and pro- tolic Churches-Independency-Presby. gress), his character and relation to his tery-Episcopacy-Non-recognition of a creatures-a, Examination of Scripture separate Ministry in some Churches Testimony on this head—b, Exhibition Quaker system— Relation of Minister and of the Articles of Faith of different Con. People-Source and seat of ecclesiastical fessions - C, Comparison of them with power, so far as needful for the mainteeach other and with the Scripture doc- nance of order and discipline. trine-d, Residual truth, its value and $. (5.) Means of religious influencesignificance, and relation to the funda- Preaching in the pulpit and elsewheremental principles of Christian belief. private visiting-indirect promotion of

2. Christ—his nature, rank, office, work religious objects—final aim the awaken(Pre-existence, Mediatorial function, King- ing and preservation of a true Christian dom of Christ or Heaven, Atonement, Sa- life—all methods of action to be modified tisfaction, &c.)—a, Scripture—b, Articles by circumstances. of different Confessions—c, Comparison $. (6.) Relation of the Church to Soof the same-d, Residual truth-A. Sup. ciety at large and to the Civil Powerplementary Inquiry into the nature and Education-Philanthropic Organizations operations of the Holy Spirit-relation --Question of Religious Establishments. of λόγος and πνεύμα in the Jewish theology.

3. Man-his relation to God and Christ -nature and condition (Divine Decrees,

Bolton District Unitarian Association. Original Sin, Grace, Free-will, Faith, Re- The half-yearly meeting of this Assopentance, Conversion, Regeneration, &c.) ciation was held at Bolton, April 26th. -duties (outline of Christian Morals) The devotional service was conducted destination (Future Judgment, Heaven, by Rev. Archibald Macdonald, M. A., Hell, design and duration of Future and a sermon was preached by Rev. Punishment)- a, b, c, d, as under the C. B. Hubbard, from John vii. 48, former heads.

“Have any of the rulers or of the Pha4. Supplementary. Demonology of risees believed on him?" From these Scripture and the Church, with the asso- words the preacher advocated the claims ciated beliefs.

of Revelation as the word of Truth.

He contended, 1st, that the rejection of III.-Institutions.

the Scriptures by individuals of emi. $. (1.) The Church–Idea of a Church nence or station did not prove them ---its need and reasonableness---founded unworthy of belief; 2ndly, that their in the spiritual capacities and affections of rejection by men of learning and genius the human soul-its equivalents under the was insufficient to invalidate their Mosaic Dispensation and in Heathenism claims to a divine origin; and, 3rdly,

- Church and State—their relation and he insisted that objections from such reciprocal influence.

sources ought only so far to exercise $. (2.) Worship-simplicity of the ear- an influence over our minds as to stiliest forms-Synagogue model (Justin mulate us in the search after truth, Martyr)—influence of Heathenism in in- and, if our convictions were strengthtroducing pomp and terror-predominance ened, to make us hold fast that which of the sacrificial idea-Canon of the Mass is good. -Return to primitive simplicity-Ques- The members of the Association astion of Free Prayer and Liturgies-Admis- sembled afterwards at the Temperance sibility of the Arts for the embellishment Hall, where tea was provided, and upof Worship.

wards of three hundred persons partook §. (3.) Ordinances. Analysis of the of it. The Rev. Franklin Baker, the idea of a Sacrament-Seven Sacraments minister of the chapel, presided over of the Catholic Church-Reasons for the the meeting, and was assisted by his retention of the Ordinances observed by brethren, the Revds. John Ragland, Protestants—a, Baptism–6, Lord's Sup. John Cropper, Franklin Howorth, F. per-Question how far the Spirit of Chris- Knowles, C. B. Hubbard, W. Probert, tianity might beneficially revive or insti. Henry Clarke and A. Macdonald, many tute other occasions of rejoicing and so- of whom addressed the meeting. Two lemnity-e.g. Confirmation of the Young Petitions to the House of Commons -Service at the Settlement of a Minister were adopted - one for the admission (Nature of the will-worship condemned, of the Jews to the councils of the naColoss. ii. 23).

tion, the other for the substitution of $. (4.) Modes of Church Government international arbitration for the de-How far Scripture furnishes any rule in structive and costly arbitrement of war,

The proceedings were enlivened by

University Reform. beautiful glees and anthems, sung by

(From the Edinburgh Review.) the choir belonging to the chapel.

The autumn meeting of the Associa- Towards the close of last year, to the tion will be held at Park Lane on Oct. astonishment of those without and the 4th, when the religious services are partial horror of some within her gates, expected to be conducted by Revds. the University of Cambridge herself Henry Clarke and C. B. Hubbard. pronounced against the system which

she had so long maintained, in favour Padiham.

of one more liberal, and more wise, and The annual Sunday-school sermons in its spirit, we believe, more ancient. were preached here by the Rev. J. The non-academic world is aware that, Wright, of Macclesfield, on Sunday, under the mysterious operations of such May 6th. The congregations were cabalistic words as Syndicates, Graces, very good, that in the evening quite Triposes, an important change of some crowded ; the collections amounted to sort has been introduced at Cambridge £21. 148. 3d., a large sum, when it is into the academical system of England. remembered that the congregations of The change, translated into ordinary that district consist entirely of persons language, is in substance as follows: In · belonging to the humbler classes, and the first place, every candidate for the that they were not, on this occasion, degree of Bachelor of Arts, in addition assisted by any wealtheir friends from to the amount of mathematics and classics a distance.

required for a degree at present, must It would be well for some of our attend the lectures of one or more of friends who are almost disheartened the professors of the moral or natural with the present state of our denomi- sciences, during one term at least, and nation, or who think that “the old must produce a certificate from the Unitarianism” has done its work, and professor of having passed a satisfactory that we require some new thing for the examination. In the second place, two present day, to pay a visit to Padiham. new Honour Triposes are established, They would there find a large congre- one for the moral, the other for the gation, destitute of wealth, but full of natural sciences; the candidates for zeal, - without artificial cultivation, these honours being arranged in three but abounding in native intelligence, classes, according to their aggregate - independent thinkers, industrious merits in all the subjects, with parreaders, and, better than all, full of ticular marks of distinction in each class devotion, and leading, spotless lives. for eminent proficiency in particular They would find no lack of philan- subjects. The sister University is prethropic effort, no coldness or deadness, paring to follow, though more slowly, and yet an earnest sense of the value and at a little distance. The Oxford of the doctrines of Unitarians, and a scheme, which we are sorry to say has warm interest in their dissemination. been as yet only partially accepted by We are much mistaken if they would convocation, was a little different in its not come away better from such a details, but its principle and object were visit, with more hope for the issue of the same; each University proposing the present state of things in the esta- to retain the distinctive elements of its blishment of truth, more faith in man previous system at the moment of enand in religion, and quickened affec- larging them. * The alteration tions for the really great and noble, as looks a simple one, and is so. But it distinguished from the conventional. imports a recognition of the great fact,

Every one who visits this district is that, in the present state of knowledge struck with the rich field it offers for and of society, something more is remissionary effort. Neglected as it is, quired in a college education than fresh congregations are springing up mathematics and classics ; and it adin it; were one labourer enabled to mits, for the first time, the professors, spend all his time upon it, it would by whose learning and abilities the not be long before the whole commu- University has hitherto been more nity might be evangelized, and thou- adorned than aided, into their just insands of souls, now sickening under the fluence in its system and its degrees. * * influence of Methodism, or pining in a The Universities have done far less barren scepticism, might be brought to for the education of the youth of Ena rational belief and a piety and zeal gland than they might have done; but awakened by truth and founded on the majority of students whom they knowledge.

have trained are neither barbarous ignoramuses nor contemptible dunces- The education of the upper classes some of them, indeed, the most accom- is strikingly improved within the last plished of men. Their common error twenty years—miraculously within the was their exclusiveness. Meantime the last half century. This has been partly manner in which, both at Cambridge brought about by the action of the old and Oxford, this their common error Universities themselves; partly, and was followed out, was so different, that more than is generally acknowledged, two such opposite courses could scarcely by some of the public schools ; partly possibly be right; and the reformations also by rival and ambitious institutions, now in progress are as much of an like the London and Durham Univer admission as generous censors will re- sities ; partly, and perhaps chiefly, by quire that they have both been wrong. the impossibility of standing any longer The illiberality of one University was still, in the midst of an advancing abundantly reciprocated by the illibe. world. * • Henceforward, let us rality of the other. We have seen high hope, the Cambridge, and soon we trust wranglers who could not for the life of also the Oxford, graduate will be in them have construed the first chapter some measure qualified by his college of St. John's Gospel: on the other career to enter on the functions of hand, we have also gazed upon first- his “ faculty;" to contend successfully class men who could not have worked with ignorance and presumption; to a rule-of-three sum, and who would disabuse prejudice, to refute error, and have been perplexed to explain how to illuminate the darkest dens of bigotry two sides of a triangle are together with a torch lighted at the altars of greater than the third. Beyond this Science and Humanity. Henceforward, there was little or no choice. The Uni- let us hope, England will owe to her versity of Cambridge, in senate-house splendid and time-honoured instituassembled, has resolved at length that tions, a long race, not only of scholars, the time was come when its circle of divines and mathematicians, but also knowledge must be enlarged. It has of chemists and geologists, jurists and declared that it is no longer fitting that political economists. it should limit its instruction to mathematics, or even to classics and mathe. * We certainly share the “Country matics only: * The time has come Schoolmaster's" admiration of the exwhen an ordinary Oxford scholar, in ad- amination-papers set in this institution. dition to his Aldrich and Greek Testa- Comprising, as they do, questions in ment, must have some opportunity of the elementary points of geometry, learning accurately the import of those arithmetic, algebra, geography, church mystic terms, “pump," " lever," "pul- history, Scripture history, English hisleys,” “ galvanism,” &c. &c., or of that tory, and agricultural chemistry, we strange language which deals in the doubt whether one half tūv rokūv at symbols, "rent, value,” “exchange- Oxford or Cambridge could answer able value," “ labour,' currency, them creditably off-hand. The “Coun“ taxes." * We hope that an try Schoolmaster” is a zealous Oxonian, Oxford classman will not much longer and complains bitterly that in the have just cause for repining, as a course of many years he has not been “ Country Schoolmaster” does, when able to provide himself from Oxford he contrasts the standard of his Uni- with an assistant competent to instruct versity examination with that of the his boys in the elements of natural Training College at Battersea.* science.

MARRIAGES.

April 25, at the Presbyterian chapel, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Edward Gee Cross, by Rev. James Brooks, Mr. MARSH, of Dover. GEORGE SLATER to Miss MARY NEWTON, April 29, at Bank-Street chapel, Bolton, both of Flowery Field. At the close of by Rev. Franklin Baker, M.A., Mr. Sathe service, the minister presented to the MUEL RAMSDEN to Miss JANE DARBY. bride a handsome Bible, in commemora- SHIRE, both of Dam Side, near Bolton. tion of the first marriage solemnized in May 8, at the Old chapel, Mansfield, the new chapel.

by Rev. J. G. Teggin, Mr. JOHN JESSE April 26, at the Old meeting-house, HANDLEY, of Mansfield, to MARY ANNE, Bessels Green, by Rev. John Briggs, Ber- eldest daughter of Mr. J. Birks, of the NARD PIERCE BRENT, Esq., to LAURA, same place.

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