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recent Discoveries in the Geography of Unitarians and their Literature.


Of another highly important work, It is, we fear, a just charge against now ready for the press, and only the Unitarians of England, that they awaiting the call for its publication by render a tardy and very inadequate a sufficient body of subscribers to prosupport to their own religious litera- tect its author from actual loss, the ture. They ought to regard the sup- announcement is for the first time made port of those of their own body who in our Advertising sheet this month. devote their time and talents to the The “Sketches of the Lives and Writpromotion of truth and Christian litera- ings of distinguished Antitrinitariture, as a sacred duty. It is one of the ans,” by the Rev. Robert

Wallace, is a many penalties of their nonconformity work greatly needed. The materials to the popular creed which Unitarian for it lie scattered through several hunauthors have to pay, that their books, dred English and Foreign books, some however excellent, are proscribed and of them extremely rare. The biograshunned by the mass of religious read- phical and historical sketches which

Of this some striking facts have Mr. Wallace has prepared will contain recently come within our own know. matter of very deep interest. Few ledge. Here and there a learned and men are so well qualified as he is, by eminent man steps out of the ranks of exact scholarship, patience in research, the orthodox party and offers a helping a calm temperament, soundness of judghand to a heterodox brother. But the ment, and a lucid style, for writing rule of exclusion is not broken by the ecclesiastical history. It will be reexception. Why is it that such sterling membered by our readers that to our works as Mr. Kenrick's “Essay on early volumes Mr. Wallace contributed Primæval History," and Mr. J. J. Tay- a most interesting series of papers, enler's “Retrospect of the Religious Life titled, “ Historical Sketch of the Trini. of England,” still linger in their first tarian Controversy from the Accession edition, though one has been published of William III. to the Passing of the three and the other four years? If Blasphemy Act.” Those papers were, Unitarians alone had done their duty, we believe, extracts from the work a second edition of both would before which Mr. Wallace now proposes for this have been required.

publication. Should he not be encouWe are led to the subject by our raged to publish his “Antitrinitarian anxiety for the success of two appeals Biography,” the loss to religious hisnow in the course of being made to torical literature will be deplorable, and the public, the proper answer to which, the present generation of Unitarians if made at all, must be made by the will not be free from reproach. We Unitarian body. Of the first of these, feel a very deep interest in this matter, Dr. Beard's proposed " Library of and venture to make an appeal to the Christian Literature,” we have before Unitarian ministers of England to give spoken. How rich it is in promise to a helping hand. If they will generally the Christian scholar is proved by the take the matter up, and shew to the fact, that the names of Dr. Pye Smith more wealthy members of their congreand Dr. Vaughan are enrolled in the gations how much now depends on list of its supporters. After having their timely assistance, the success of been some months before the public, both undertakings will be ensured. the proposals for publication have been seconded by a list of subscribers by no means adequate to the merits of the

Cathedral Abuses. work, and, we regret to add, not suffi- The result of the attack which the cient to ensure its completion. Unde- Dean of Bristol lately made on the terred by lukewarmness, the editor is Cathedral service there (see C. R. for going on with his accustomed earnest- last month) remains to be told. ness with his preparations, and an- The Minor Canons, indignant at havnounces as nearly ready the first pub- ing an incompetent brother thrust into lication of his series, which will be their body, and still more offended at entitled “Scripture illustrated from the impudent attempt to follow up this breach of the statutes by another, and design, extent, use and present applithus to destroy the very character of cation. The subject demands inquiry, the Cathedral service, appealed to the and loudly the present state of things Bishop as visitor. One of them (the calls for reform.

E. T. Rev. James Carter) refused to obey the order of the Chapter, and continued to chant the service as usual.

Services at Mill-hill Chapel, Leeds.

The Chapter hereupon met again and re

The religious services in this beautiscinded their former order, which the ful edifice have continued to be attended Dean forth with re-issued in his own by very large and deeply-interested conname.

gregations since the opening day.* The The appeal was heard before the place is resorted to by many strangers, Bishop (Monk) on the 27th Feb., when and at one of the evening services it the cause of the Minor Canons was very

was almost inconveniently full. Subably advocated by Dr. Badeley, who sequently to those of Dr. Hutton and contended that the Dean had no power Rev. J. H. Thom, all the services have to alter the statutes of the Cathedral, been conducted by the Rev. Charles by which he had sworn to govern it; Wicksteed, whom his attached flock are that any such violation of them was truly happy to see and hear again in not only a criminal offence, but that it his own pulpit. By the kindness of a rendered him liable to the forfeiture of correspondent, we are enabled to give his property in that church. He then a hasty sketch of his recent addresses shewed that the recent appointment to his people. and the order which followed were in The Sunday mornings in the month direct violation of the statutes and of of January were occupied with sermons immemorial custom, and prayed the on the aims and duties of a Christian Bishop to annul the Dean's order, church. The first of this series bore which, he contended, was in itself naturally on the union and agreement worthless.

of the outward circumstances in which The Dean's reply was as foolish as the congregation met, with the inward it was impudent, and amounted in fact principles in which they still rejoiced. to an exaltation of his opinion above The entrance on the ordinary services the statutes.

of the new temple was contemporaneous The Bishop, who was assisted by with the entrance upon a new year, and Dr. Phillimore as assessor, gave his the customary retrospects and prospects judgment on the following Thursday,– of the season received more than usual

1st, declaring the mandate of the solemnity from this circumstance. A Dean to be “null and void, and of no considerable portion of the congregation validity whatever."

then remained to consecrate the occa2nd, ordering the monition served on sion, and bind their hearts anew togethe Rev. James Carter (which com- ther, by joining in the communion of manded him to read the service) “to the Lord's Supper. be annulled and rescinded."

The second sermon developed the 3rd, ordering “ the Dean and Chap- growth and the meaning of the several ter to uphold and maintain the celebra- constituent parts of a public religious tion of the choral services in the Cathe- service. It was shewn that this was dral Church of Bristol according to essentially a joint and social office, that accustomed usage and practice." it required attention, earnestness and

It is to be hoped that this decision preparation in the hearer as well as in will have the effect of teaching Deans the preacher. The influence of men and Chapter a salutary lesson, and of upon each other, even in the silence of putting an end to the disgraceful prac. the House of God, and still more in the tice of appointing incompetent persons response of praise, was pointed out, to Minor Canonries. They have learn- and urged as a motive to constancy and ed to disregard their oaths, but when seriousness. they are warned from high authority The third sermon was devoted to that a violation of their duty puts the considering the end and object of Chrispossession of their very offices in jeopardy, they will probably think it ex- * We are glad to learn that Dr. pedient not to despise such a caution. Hutton has yielded to the urgent request

It is very much to be regretted that of his friends at Leeds, and committed some independent Member of Parlia- to the press the sermon from the introment does not take up the question of duction to which we gave copious ex. Cathedral endowments--their origin, tracts.


2 K

tian Association-namely, the present- of February, the ordinary morning sering to the Lord a "glorious church," vices were renewed, and the evenings "a peculiar people," " zealous of good were devoted to a course of lectures, works.” The impure mixture which ist, on the Christian Duty and in so often debased the character of Chris- creasing Practicability of International tian churches, and made of them Peace (in preparation for a town's worldly associations, was exposed and meeting of the inhabitants the next day repudiated. The sincere individual under the presidency of the Mayor); effort of each member of it, the conse- 2nd, on the General Assembly and cration of his own life to his Master, Church of the First-born, in proof of was dwelt upon; and the peculiar posi- the Gates of Heaven being by general tion of the Unitarian with respect to confession wider than Creeds in their church organization, was explained; Straitness admitted ; 3rd, on the Posithe liberty

of thought and action, and tion of the Unitarian in the Christian the independence of character and mind, World, and his Defence from the Charge which the principles professed by Uni- of Schism ; 4th, on the Common Basis tarians tended to form, rendering the on which all Theories of Christian Salcommon organizations, the spiritual vation had necessarily to rest. surveillance of other sects, utterly inap- The Sunday evenings of the month plicable to them, and calculated, as of March have been devoted to explathey would fear, to interfere with that nations of passages of Scripture—Ist, liberty with which Christ had made those affecting the Trinitarian Controthein free.

versy; 2nd, those affecting the doctrine In the fourth lecture were laid down of Christ's Deity; 3rd, those affecting the forms of organization and co-opera- the Old Testament doctrine of Sacri. tion which were consistent with prin- fice; and 4th, those affecting that of ciples of spiritual freedom, and which the New. As far as we can learn, this were practicable to and obligatory on series of services, though attended by every society of Christians. The preach- large audiences, excites no hostile efer shewed how a church did not aim forts from the orthodox pulpits in the at being a proud and prosperous and town, though doubtless the "erroneous worldly-happy community, but an as- way

calls forth many private and sociation of strong and weak, of in- social expressions of warning and sorstructed and ignorant, of happy and distressed, of rich and poor, and of good and evil, that the former elements The Church-rate Question in Parliament, might give of their abundance to the

(From the Wakefield and West-Riding latter, and thus the defective be not

Examiner.) turned out of the way, but rather healed. Some people don't know when to The greatest triumph of a Christian accept a good offer. The Church can society was, not the being without vice never have a better than that which and poverty and carelessness and sor- was made on Tuesday last, in the form row, but the aiding in the conversion of Mr. P. Wood's amendment on Mr. and remedy of these evils. The various Trelawney's resolution on Churchforms of good, the institutions and societies expressly connected with the The resolution was to the effect, congregation, in some one or more of “that it is expedient to abolish Churchwhich each person might take an inte- rates.'

." The amendment was, "that it rest or a part, were then enumerated, is expedient to exempt Dissenters from and the light in which members of paying them.". The amendment was Christian churches should look upon rejected by 183 against 20; and the their own machinery and agencies for original resolution by 119 against 84. social religious good, was shewn. These 84 names stand thus pledged to

Contemporaneously with these ser- the abolition of Church-rates; and Mr. vices in the morning, discourses of a Bouverie complained that he and sevemore general character were in course ral others who had not voted on the of delivery to the congregation and first division, were locked out and prepublic in the evening. The subjects vented from voting on the second. were as follows: The chief Elements The Church-rate question is not setof the Christian Faith and Character- tled, though burked for the present, A Review of the Life of Christ in its The best lovers of the Church would Application to Human Lot-On Reli- have done well to promote Mr. Page gious and General Prejudice-On the Wood's offered settlement of it; and Active Power of Faith. In the month all friends of religion and decency must



desire to have it speedily settled, one pressions. Mr. Page Wood's resoluway or another.

tion, followed by a Bill containing the Nothing can be imagined more mode. same words, would effectually redeem rate and conciliatory than Mr. Wood's this pledge. Surely Lord John Rusproposal, to exempt all persons who sell does not regret the resolution of register themselves as Dissenters, from 1839, nor doubt the possibility of carliability to Church-rates,-exempting rying out its purpose. them, at the same time, from all right The friends of the present system to pews in the Church or administra- of strife and contention rested chiefly tion of its affairs. Surely the Church upon the argument which Mr. Denniwould be well rid of such adherents. son rode so hard in his late electioneerIf she still insists on regarding them ing career ; namely, that property has as Churchmen, she must bear with been bought and sold subject to Churchher undutiful sons; but we think she rates, and therefore the rate is a fixed would be wiser and would consult bet- charge upon property, without regard ter for the peace of the rest of her to the future will of the owner. But family, if she would grant their wish it is notoriously not a fixed charge, to be let alone in things spiritual. and the owner has a voice at least as

We believe the opponents of Church- to its amount. If Lord Denman's law rates would, generally speaking, be is sound, "that the minority can lay quite satisfied with Mr. Wood's

plan. a rate," so is his law sound that the They do not object to an optional rate, majority can fix the amount of the but to a compulsory one. They would rate.” So that property has been be satisfied with being let alone, and bought and sold, Mr. Dennison and would on no account wish to hinder the rest ought to say, subject to the liaChurch-people from paying Church- bility of a rate from a farthing upwards rates. Some few may, indeed, sym- as the majority may decide, or to no pathize with Mr. Bright, who objected rate at all if the Church wardens choose, to the amendment, as putting it out of or if Parliament interfere. the power of Dissenters to take part,

One would think it must be in pure as citizens, in any future arrangement love of quarrels and ill-blood that so of Church affairs for the public good. easy a settlement of the Church-rate But those who feel thus, need not, and question is refused. The Harry-ofof course would not, register their own Exeter spirit would explain the result exemption. They would continue to of Tuesday's debate, if one could suppay and protest, to vote against com- pose it to possess the 119 senators. pulsory Church-rates, and to devise I'hey have decreed that Church-rate plans for the reformation of the Church contests shall continue to disgrace this Establishment.

country; that it is for the good of The Ministers, through the mouth of religion to wage this annual warfare Lord John Russell

, resisted both the in the vestry, the chancel or the yard resolution and the amendment, as not of our parish churches; that it has a proposing any substitute for the rate. good moral effect for Churchmen to They declared they would not object make their Church odious to Dissento Mr. Trelawney's bringing in a Bill ters; that it is beneficial to the Church on the subject, as they could then dis- to invite Dissenters to her councils on cuss its actual provisions ; but a reso- matters of finance; that a farthing rate lution without a Bill, they said, might on the population is sweeter than a be pledging the House to something penny rate on zealous Churchmen ! impracticable.

Our own preference is for peace and This might be a fair reason against the quietude and good citizenship. We resolution, but certainly not against wish the true sons of the Church and Mr. Wood's amendment. That amend the lovers of religion may soon have ment, simply exempting registered Dis- another equally good opportunity of senters, would have required no sub- settling this vexed question of Churchstitute for a rate to be proposed. The rates. Nothing but mischief can come rate would be thenceforth laid by of it till it is settled. And no one need Churchmen and paid by Churchmen. look to the Consolidated Fund as its What could be more simple? What settlement. more evidently just? Mr. Trelawney reminded the House, that they had The Chapel at Killinchy. pledged themselves in 1839, by resolu- The attention of our readers is retion on John Thorowgood's imprison. quested to the “case of great hardship' ment, to provide against similar op- detailed in our Advertising sheet. After


Intelligence. - Liverpool and Leicester Domestic Missions.

being harassed by legal proceedings of they are not exactly the objects of the seven years' duration in defence of their Mission, yet having become acquainted ancient house of prayer, the Presby- with such parties, I keep up an interterians of Killinchy were at length course with them, as much for my own driven out of it by their orthodox per- sake as from any other consideration. secutors. The congregation have built Occasional visits to the houses of the for themselves a new place, for which religious poor give tone to the spirit their own subscriptions and those of and energy to the faith, that might their friends on the opening day would become debilitated by constant contact have sufficed; but the cost of persecu- with depravity and wretchedness. I tion in the shape of law (with which, have never found such visits at all misbut for the Dissenters' Chapels Act, understood. They are received in the our Courts would have been rife) swal. same spirit in which they are made ; lowed up a large portion of their sub- and in seasons of trial and sorrow, I scription, and the result is that the have sometimes been asked to give chapel is burthened with a debt which voice to the feelings of the household is to them heavy. By the appointment in prayer. I have no fear, therefore, of the Remonstrant Synod, Messrs. of being looked upon as labouring for Fletcher Blakely and Glendy are about party objects, or in opposition to any to solicit subscriptions in England section of the Christian church." for the liquidation of the debt. Mr. Mr. Bishop strongly censures indisBlakely is well known as one of the criminate almsgiving. His attempts most zealous and successful advo- to redeem mendicants from their percates of Unitarian Christianity in the nicious calling were in no case successNorth of Ireland. Mr. Glendy was ful. He adduces some facts to illusone of the Irish brethren who served in trate the close connection between the the memorable Parliamentary campaign sanitary and the moral condition of a of 1844, and by his assiduity and judg. district. The Provident Society he ment materially helped the passing of loudly extols, as a powerful lever to the Dissenters' Chapels Act. We well raise the poor to self-dependence. In know that he is remembered with re- six months he collected in a small part spect and affection by his colleagues of of the Mission district £90. He dwells the Presbyterian Union Committee. on the usefulness of personal inter

course between rich and poor in breakDomestic Missions-Liverpool and ing down class antipathies. Tracts Leicester.

have been most useful auxiliaries to The Twelfth Annual Report of the Mr. Bishop's mission.

He regrets, Liverpool Society is the first-fruits to however, that so many religious tracts the public of Mr. Bishop's labours as a are greatly below the average intelliDomestic Missionary, and shews him gence of the working class. Against to possess eminent qualifications for intemperance he has directed all his usefulness in his philanthropic office. strength, as the most deadly enemy of He has found encouragement in the the class whose welfare he has at heart. veneration expressed for the memory To rescue some of them from gin-shops, of his predecessor, the much-lamented public-houses and saloon concerts, he Mr. Johns. Mr. Bishop's experience has promoted the establishment, in the does not confirm the charge against the worst part of his district, of a reading. poor that they want gratitude. His room, well supplied with newspapers visits, which each week include more and other periodicals. To the efficacy than a hundred families, have been of Ragged Schools he bears a willing well received. He is often appealed testimony. He has formed a Juvenile to for counsel and advice, and invited Temperance Society, which numbers to act as mediator and peace-maker. 100 members. Once a week he meets He introduces religious topics to his an adult class. He has opened the humble friends slowly and cautiously. Harrington school as a place of worDoctrinal controversies but seldom ship, and preaches in it twice each cross his path, and party-spirit has Sunday: The evening attendance is thrown no hindrances in his way. The good. A Sunday-school has been comfollowing passage in the Report we menced, which numbers more than 60 must give entire :

children. This outline of the Report, “Some of the families with whom slight as it is, will suffice to shew I have acquired an intimacy, are seri- how abundant have been Mr. Bishop's ous and attached members of various labours, and how truly Christian the religious communities; and though spirit in which he has entered on them.

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