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a separate kingdom ? Popery using and request the Liberals to explain democracy as its instrument. What the anomalies there existing. is now disturbing Ireland ?-Popery It is well known that Lower Canapretending to peculiar Liberalism. da is chiefly peopled by Roman CaWhat is exciting Prussia ?-Popery tholics. Their number is not less in alliance with revolutionary doc. than 450,000, and they are distin
What caused the Canadian guished as the populations of Popish revolt ?-Popery availing itself of de- countries always are) by the lowest mocratic theories and popular discon- superstition and the most profound ig. tents. Poor Lord Glenelg is answer
The established religion is able, certainly, for the late events in Roman Catholic. There are five PoNewfoundland, but the extent of his pish Bishops with large incomes. offence is infatuation. He believed all Each parish has one or more priests, Popery professed, he believed all its with incomes averaging very nearly fine and plausible professions, and he L.300 a-year. The parish churches continues deluded even after it has are Popish and the cathedrals; and thrown off its disguises, and changed heavy grants have been made by the from adherence to democracy—to prac- local legislature for Popish purposes. tical despotism. Chief-Justice Boulton Now look on that picture and on this. differs nothing whatever from Baron In Upper Canada and Lower Canada Smith, save in name. Against both together, the Protestant population the Papists have made virulent as now amounts to very nearly half a saults; both have been dragged before million of souls. The whole number partial tribunals to give account of of clergy is only eighty-nine, and conduct on the Bench; both have these are now chiefly supported by been acquitted of the charges, and both voluntary contributions from Engpersecuted. It is true that, by the land. In Upper Canada the number energy of the Conservatives, Baron of persons to each clergyman is not Smith (whose case is doubtless in the more than 5000, but the number of recollection of our readers) was saved ; square miles to each minister is not but Chief-Justice Boulton fell by the less than 1,600! Under these cir. oppressive mandate of a new Star- cumstances, what has Lord Glenelg Chamber—a certain new court of done to remedy an evil so enormous ? Privy Council, at whose bar it now He has first, by a piece of thimblerig appears the most distinguished sub- trickery, ingeniously contrived to cheat jects are liable to be dragged and dis the Protestants of two thousand a. graced. And this, forsooth, is liberal year which formerly went to the Bigovernment! This is popular free shop of Quebec. It seems that the dom! We bid the man in this country late Bishop, a most pious and zealous who has any thing to lose to look now man, found himself towards the end at Newfoundland, and see there, in full of his life unable to fulfil his onerous and fair operation, the very princi duties, and applied for a coadjutor. ples to which so many men of property Accordingly, a new bishopric (that are now unfortunately assenting. We of Montreal) was created, and L.1000 bid the Voluntary, who, for his narrow, fixed as the annual salary. Soon after, petty, and sectarian purposes, is now the Bishop of Quebec died, and then foolish enough to confederate with Lord Glenelg refused either to fill up Popery, to look at that once peaceable the See, or to give the L.2000 a-year colony, to see what has been the con the late Bishop enjoyed, to the Bishop sequence of such a confederacy there, of Montreal. The inhabitants of Upand to enquire seriously and earnestly per Canada, upwards of 300,000 in whether similar unions at home can number, then applied for a bishop for have any different result. Above all, that district, as there was a Popish we appeal to those who call themselves Bishop of Kingston. The petition enlightened, who tell us so confidently was unbeeded, the See of Quebec that the days of religious intolerance abolished, and the L.2000 a-year reare gone, and talk so glibly of all Po tained by the Liberal Government. pery is now capable of doing, to con Secondly, by an equally creditable sider the lesson that Newfoundland proceeding he has thrown nearly the teaches. If that be not sufficient, we whole of the sixty clergymen in Upper turn then to Canada and Nova Scotia, Canada on the charity of the English
public. Formerly a grant was an L.15,000 has been withdrawn from the nually voted of L.15,000, by the Protestant clergy at the very time it House of Commons, to the Society was most needed. Between the first for the Propagation of the Gospel for attack on the grant in 1830 and its the Upper Canada Clergy. In 1830 cessation in 1835, 300,000 persons had this grant was first opposed by Lord emigrated to Canada. Sixty thouHowick, a person who seems distin. sand more persons were annually enguished by nothing except a most tering the colony, and L.4000 less bitter, ravenous, and wrong-head was granted each year to the clergy! ed hostility to Protestant establish Nor was Canada alone in feeling the ments every where. In 1831, Lord effects of Whig-Radical Government. Althorp promised that thegrant should A college for the education of young be reduced L.4000 a-year till it men in the poor but important colony ceased. This scheme was carried out, of Nova Scotia had for a long time and in 1835, under Lord Glenelg's been supported by an annual grant sanction, the grant ceased, with the from the House of Commons. But it exception of a small sum remaining had one fault; it was a Protestant for the lives merely of a few old cler. school, under the patronage of the gymen. Thus the means of subsist. Bishop. An assault was therefore ence on which the sixty clergymen of made on it, and Lord Glenelg, in obeUpper Canada almost entirely relied, dience to the commands of his supto a very great extent ceased, and porters on the Treasury benches, they were thrown upon a fund of about withdrew the grant. Windsor Cola L.2000 a-year, called the Clergy Re- lege, long a seminary for sound educaserves, a small sum from Government, tion, long a most useful institution, and the liberality of the English peo inust now fall, because the Bible has ple. Accordingly, the Upper Canada been the foundation of its system, and Clergy Society was established, and the Church of England Catechism has Mr Beltridge and others were sent been taught to its inmates. It is not over here as a deputation to obtain difficult to predicate that had another voluntary and charitable aid from the mode of education been adopted, no public. We believe the simple truth word whatever of anger would have to be, that while in the two provinces escaped the lips of the Reformers, and of Canada, the Protestants and Ro.' no sentiment of “ hunger-bitten ecoman Catholics are about equal in nomy," would have been allowed to number, it is no exaggeration to say cause its demolition.
Its fate was that the former have not nearly one different. It taught the religion Lord tenth the amount of public money en, Glenelg professes, and Lord Glenelg joyed by the latter. We have heard destroyed it for that reason. Wonderof abuses, but never did we disco- ful magnanimity! Marvellous liberaver one worse than this. We have lity! We need scarcely say that the heard of reform, but never could we Dissenters in Parliament very warmly hear of a case more urgently de- approved of its doom. Mr Baines, for manding reformation. It is said that instance, was exceedingly eloquent, Lord Durham, in that wonderful according to his fashion, on this and wisdom of which we hear so much similar topics. When the vote for the and see so little, is preparing a plan “ Church in Canada," came before the for establishing a police force in Mon- House, and Mr O'Connell, with protreal. Perhaps, when that weighty found dissimulation, knowing full well and statesmanlike undertaking is ac how richly the Canadian Papists were complished, his Lordship will deign to endowed, independently of their porgive a moment's attention to the star- tion of that grant, declared his oppoving Protestant clergy and the abo- sition to paying them any thing, and lished bishopric; or more probably, avowed his friendship for the Volunhe will, with true liberality, see whe- tary principle, Mr Baines rose up to ther another “heavy blow” cannot be laud the learned Jesuit's consistency, dealt to the Protestant interest, and and to protest against “ Dissenters still more money procured for the paying for the Established Church in Popish professors of the pure Volun Canada.” It mattered not to this tary principle. But, bad as all this “ conscientious Dissenter" how much undoubtedly is, it will appear far Popery received; he said not a word worse when it is remembered that the even about the considerable share of
Popery in the petty grant then under follows will, therefore, be no matter discussion. Oh no! he merely could of surprise. Sir Richard Bourke, who think of the “ Established Church in was Governor in 1833, addressed the Canada," meaning to hit hard at the then Secretary for the Colonies in a Church of England, not knowing that despatch on the subject of ecclesiasall the time he was striking at Popery, tical establishments and education, for to that system does the “ Esta This person appears to be tainted, in blished Church in Canada" alone be
no ordinary degree, with the fallacious long. Had he known that, no word, liberalism of the present day. He no murmur would have escaped him ; says,* “I would observe that in a new he would have voted for it readily and country, to which persons of all relizealously; yes, as readily as he supports gious persuasions are invited to resort, the endowment of the Popish College it will be impossible to establish a doof Maynooth. We do, indeed, marvel minant and endowed Church without not only at this gross inconsistency much hostility, and great improbabi. (though we know not why we should lity of its becoming permanent. The be surprised at any thing this Baines inclination of these Colonists, which may choose to say), but also at the con. keeps pace with the spirit of the age, duct of the Dissenters in general with is decidedly averse to such an institureference to Lord Glenelg's colonial tion, and I fear the interests of religion misgovernment. If in any parish would be prejudiced by its establish. there be a proposition to make a ne ment. If, on the contrary, support were cessary church-rate of a penny in the given as required, to every one of the pound, being a charge, perhaps, on three grand divisions of Christianity ineach dissenter therein of about two differently, and the management of their shillings a-year, how earnest, how churches left to themselves, I conceive active each individual becomes—how that the Public Treasury might be, in violently he protests against the prin. time, relieved of a considerable charge ; ciple of endowment! So, if there be and, what is of much greater importa plan to endow new churches in ance, the people would become more peopled deserts, how loud, how eager, attached to their respective churches, how determined, is the opposition of and be more willing to listen to and every voluntary to the scheme ! But obey the voice of their several pastors." then change the scene. Bring forth He then goes on to propose that, in-a plan to endow Popery—to endow stead of the Church of England being dissent—to contribute to dissenting re-established, an equal hand should plans of education, or dissenting cha- be extended to all sects and persuasions pels, or Popish systems ofeducation, and alike--that the salary of the Popish Popish priests, colleges, and bishops, bishop should be doubled—that the away goes all the zeal, away goes all grants should be withdrawn from the the determination-silent is all the cla. Church of England schools—and that mour-and from one end of the king the material system of education now dom to the other, no petition, no whis, used in Ireland should be introduced to per, no discontent, is discovered. New South Wales. It will be seen by
An instance of this kind occurs in the plan, and by our quotation from the case of New South Wales, another the despatch, that the Governor was theatre of Lord Glenelg's proceedings. a supporter, and a shallow one too, The Whigs, in 1833, were pleased to of the Voluntary principle. If the dissolve the church and school corpora Church of England and the Church of tion preparatory to new arrangements; Scotland were established in New but, in consequence of frequent changes South Wales as they are in England, in the Colonial Office, no despatch on what deception and what injury is the subject was sent out till Lord there in inviting persons of all perGlenelg was made Colonial Secretary suasions to emigrate to the colony ? in 1835. The animus of his govern, Nay, is it not clear that it is the duty ment may be best understood from the of the Government, as far as possible, fact that he has lately sent, as Chief to make cach colony, as well in its Governor, to Sydney, a Roman Ca- ecclesiastical as in its civitinstitutions, tholic cousin of Mr O'Connell. What similar to the mother country? But
* Despatch of His Excellency Sir Richard Bourke, No. 76, 30th September, 1833.
Sir Richard Bourke thought different. Protestantism is to see its professors ly, and so did the Earl of Ripon. educated in schools where the Bible is They absolutely abolished the Esta- held up as a book to be read only by blished Church, destroyed its charter, license. And this system is adopted confiscated its property; and then pro- in a colony with 80,000 European inceed in grand style to make a new habitants, of whom only 20,000 (and code of laws for the future manage- those chiefly convicts) are Papists! ment of the colony. Then came Lord One petition signed by 80, and another Glenelg's part of the work. In his petition signed by 1300 respectable despatch,* in answer to Sir Richard persons, were presented against this Bourke's, he apologizes for two years' innovation, but without avail; and delay, and then proceeds, in his New South Wales, therefore, has, at characteristic and peculiar manner, the present moment, a system of Poto get rid of as much trouble as pish education, as many Popish as possible, by begging the Governor Protestant ministers, and all for the and Legislative Council to do as they behoof and benefit of one quarter of please. He makes no stipulation for the population. Besides this, there is a the Church of England, no objection Popish college at which the sons of to Popery being placed on a level with Irish convicts are educated as missionit; and scruples not to hand over all aries and teachers. the churches then in existence, to trus On this statement there are two retees, after the manner of dissenting marks to be made; first, as to the Dischapels in this country. Every thing senters, and secondly, as to the Church. Sir Richard Bourke says, he almost Wedesire to know from the Dissenters, literally echoes, even to the modest how it happens that they, who are so proposal of withdrawing all the means eager for the fray in trifles, who are so of education from the Church, and earnest against endowments, do not handing them over to a new board protest against these Colonial endow. with liberty to mutilate the Bible. ments of Popery? In India there are The result has been, that the charge not less now than fifty Popish priests for the Popish religion, which in 1833 paid by Government; while by an exwas only L.1500, is now rather more press clause in the India Charter Bill than doubled; and L.3000 more has (Lord Glenelg's production), the Presbeen voted for the national or rather byterian chaplains are limited to a Popish system of religion, against small number. In New South Wales which, four out of seven of the non there are now a bishop, and many official members of the Legislative Popish priests entirely supported by Council had solemnly protested, and Government; in Newfoundland the against which Bishop Broughton had same, in Canada and Ceylon the same, protested also. It must be observed, and we may add a similar statement that previously to Lord Glenelg's ob- of nearly every other colony. How taining power, the mode of educating then, we repeat, is it that no conscienthe people was precisely similar to tious compunctions afflict the Dissenour own in this country. For in- ters, so ready with their convenient stance, besides a grant to the Church scruples in this country? Is the voof England's schools, L.800 to the luntary principle only for home conScotch Church College, and L.800 to sumption ?' Or is it not true, after all, the Popish schools, were voted in that in fact it is not the conscience 1833. But mark how liberalism steps which is afflicted by endowments, but in to reform. The English and Scotch the ambition which is now excited by schools are shut up, the Popish schools the position of parties? We guess so. are comparatively neglected, for At any rate, it is strange that we hear what? To establish other schools in nothing whatever of complaint as to which Popery is to make no compro endowments abroad, even though Po. mise, in which all the compromise is pery enjoy them, while anything of to be on the Protestant side, for Po- the kind at home (so long as it does pery is only to give the children such not come to Dissenters, as part of the portions of the Bible as it chooses, and annual education grant does, and the
* Despatch of the Right Hon. Lord Glenelg, dated November 3Cth, 1835. † We have never been able to understand why the Dissenters take a grant from Go.
grant for poor Dissenting ministers, solemnly have sworn to be idolatry, and the regium donum grant) is held is alone endowed, as it is in some places up to public indignation with all imagi- --that is, instead of providing what is nable violence, and with unscrupulous good, or nothing, when something exaggerations. To the churchmen of grievously wrong is provided! In the both England and Scotland, we have very best of our colonies, all that can a more important observation to pro be truly affirmed is, that absolute induce. We ask them to look at New difference exists, so that, in the eye of foundland, Upper Canada, and New the State, all religions are alike right, South Wales, as specimens of all the or alike wrong ; in some the case is colonies ; and then to judge if our even worse, for error is supported; and present Government has not betrayed in India, under the vain pretext of conand abandoned the principle of Esta- ciliating the natives, Government blishments ? In some places no notice sanction is given to heathenism ; and whatever is taken either of Episcopacy the officers, both in the army and the or Presbyterianism; emigrants are in- civil service, are compelled to join in vited out, and they arrive to find nei. some of its abominations. It can be ther place of worship nor minister, no matter of astonishment, when these neither school nor Bible. Is this con- things are done by the home Governduct_befitting a Christian country? ment, that the local Legislatures folSir Richard Bourke may affect to below the example. It would be wonscandalized at the dreadful idea of derful if it were otherwise. But reaemigrants finding in New South sonable and natural as it is, there can Wales what they had in England—an be no doubt that there exists in the cirEstablished Church ; but we certain cumstance much to lament, and much ly feel that, instead of an evil, it is which may hereafter be regretted. a benefit, and peculiarly so when the On looking at the Catholic Magazine choice is between a Church Establish- of the present month (October), we ment and no public means of grace find that a certain Bishop of Agna has at all.
The Irish Protestant who been paying an apostolic visit to the emigrates (as many have done) from West Indies. He says that there are the force of persecution, and who goes wanted six more Popish priests in Trito a distant colony where he hopes to nidad, and that the local Legislature find peace from Popery, either finds has offered to pay four of them in no religion, no churches at all, or Po- addition to the present establishment. pery, on a par with every other per- In Granada he asked for three more; suasion, if not, as in Newfoundland, in St Vincent for one only, in St Lucia LowerCanada, Trinidad, &c., domi- for seven, which the local Legislapant and triumphant. This is too ture promised to provide ; in Dominibad, and should be altered. We hold ca for four, and for a sum for chapels, that Great Britain does not carry out and both were guaranteed ; in Montthe intention of an Establishment un. serratt he obtained a promise from less she provide means of religious in the governor of an additional chapstruction to every being existing be- lain, and one also for Barbadoes. În neath her sway: but what shall we call each of these islands there is a large that system, which ships off thousands, Popish population, amounting altoyea, perhaps hundreds of thousands gether, we believe, to very little less yearly, to places called British colo- than 100,000 souls.* In Jamaica, alsn, nies, where there is neither freedom the Papists are working with extraordinor religious observances ? And fur- nary zeal, endeavouring to avail themther, if that be disgraceful, how much selves of the opportunity presented by worse is it, when, under pretence of the recentemancipation, to obtain a hold providing for those observances, Po. of a still larger portion of the ignorant pery, which our rulers and Queen population, and if the local Legisla
vernment towards their schools. If the Voluntary principle be so efficacious, how is it that the people of this country remained in ignorance till Government gave a premium to Voluntary endowment ? Or is this far-famed principle conveniently applicable only to religion ?
Some other of the West India islands (and indeed the principal ones) are entirely Popish, as for instance, Martiniquo, Guadaloupe, St Domingo, Cuba, &c. &c.