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family of God that one portion of his children minstrelsies be not-audible, as of old, to morwas in disgrace. They knew too well the tal sense, that we should be rapt into bliss, or joys of his presence, and the terrors of his entranced with wonder' by their voice, yet wrath, and therefore hailed with rapture this may they draw from their golden harps those symptom of returning tenderness. And how ecstatic tones which may mingle with our shall we express our gratitude for such un- orisons, strengthen the volume, and sweeten merited, such unexpected, such unexampled the harshness of our praise. May we at least goodness? Peace may once more dwell on copy their recorded song of adoration, and so earth – peace with our offended Creator, carry the music of it in our hearts through all peace with all our brethren, peace from the the din and turmoil of the coming year, that cares and anxieties of life, peace in the hour at its close we may repeat the strain with of death, peace, yea confidence, in the day of better feelings, or else be summoned to take judgment. Good will has been marvellously our part in the richer melodies of heaven. shewn to man while he was far from God; and therefore we feel assured it will never be withdrawn from those that value and im

INVOCATION OF SAINTS.* prove it. This is the true light in which the Gospel-message should be viewed. God is As the result of an investigation of the Scriptures has just, and yet the justifier of them that believe proved that there is no manner of authority to justify in Jesus. Had he left us to our fate, 0,

image-worship, so, if we search throughout the numer

ous passages of the word of God, we shall not find a might abide the day of his coming, or who single verse or portion of the written word from which might stand when he appeareth ? Had he any inference can be drawn, that prayers to angels forgotten his threats, and indolently flung should be addressed, or the intercession of saints is

required. We read of their employment, indeed, in mercy to us, we had lost our confidence in

heaven ; but as to any communion with, or knowledge his promises, and our admiration of his holi

of us on earth, the Scriptures are silent; and it is Besides, the believer is not like a reck- quite impossible for us to advance any thing for cerless and hardened criminal, who seeks only to

tain on such a subject, so far removed from human escape the penalty of his guilt, careless that apprehension and human judgment. But this we may

say, without hazarding a hasty and dangerous specuhis impunity is derived from some lation, that all their occupations are of a heavenly naquibble about the evidence, or some flaw in ture, and that all their thoughts are so absorbed by the indictment; careless that the law is doing God's will, as to leave them not a moment's leisure cheated of its honour, and society robbed of ledge extended beyond the confines of the heavenly

for earthly concernments, even supposing their knowits security. We long to be sanctified as well

mansions, or that they knew aught of what was transas pardoned ; to be loved as well as glorified: acted in a world with which death had dissolved their The evil of sin, and the love of God, become

counexion and intercourse. From what we can collect daily more apparent, more purifying, more

of the heavenly world, we image it to ourselves as a

region of consummate blessedness; but it may well consolatory; yet we feel we had never known

admit of a question, whether such a representation half the evil of sin, had not the Son of God would be just, whether the blessedness of angel spirits come down from heaven to atone for it; nor would be consummate and unalloyed, were they to half the love of the Father, had he not sacri.

have cognisance of all that is passing in this lower ficed that Son in order to deliver us from the

region. Delightful it is, in one sense, to entertain

such an idea, that all communion between the saints curse. It is from this alone that we can esti.

and us has not been abrogated by death; and sweetly mate the value of the soul, the torments of scothing as it is to the spirit bowed down to the hell, the delights of heaven, the mercies of earth by some family bereavement, and mourning for

some dear and valued member of the domestic circle, the Almighty, and the responsibilities of man.

to believe that the intercourse is still continued, yet - May the consideration of these subjects, it is too much to conceive of them that they would wliich' the Church has brought this day pro know their duty so little, and wax in their attachment minently before us, quicken us from our spi

to their Redeemer so languid, as to interpose their ritual insensibility, or stir us up to greater

prayers and services in that department which has

been so exclusively consigned to him,--that of being diligence in the work of our salvation. May the one only Mediator between God and man, whose we date from this day a new course of holi mediation is our all in all, to which we can alone ness, and purity, and benevolence; new faith trust for having our prayers heard, our persons ac

cepted, our services received, and our offences parin God, new hopes of heaven, new sentiments

doned. They surely would not be so little sensible of charity to all mankind. I know not but

of what they themselves owed to the same mediation, that the song, which stole upon the shepherds' as ofliciously to assume the office of mediator, and ear, may even now be ringing through all the trench upon the department of the one Mediator, the

man Christ Jesus. We conceive not so of these tried vastnesses of creation. I know not but that

and blessed spirits ; nor that, had they the knowledge even here, where two or three are gathered of what is passing here, would they be so unwise as to together in the Saviour's name, some portion press a suit which is in fur better hands when advanced of the angelic host may be hovering round us by Ilim who hath been retained from on high as our on their viewless wings, and shedding odour

• From " Increase of Popery." By the Rev. James Rudge, and whispering gratulation. And though their

D.D.

counsel to advocate our cause and propitiate our ser observed, that oft-times on a sudden, he knows not vices.

how, most vigorous, powerful, affecting thoughts of But we need not dwell on such suppositions--the eternity, and the great concerns of religion, have whole stream of Scripture flows contrary to such a seized and possessed his soul : such affecting thoughts, doctrine as that of the invocation of the saints or as at other times, when he composes and sets himself angels. The doctrine of the Scriptures is this, and to think of those matters, he cannot, without very no other, that all prayer must be addressed to God, in great difficulty, if at all, command and retrieve. the name and through the mediation of Jesus Christ But, not to dwell on this delightful speculation, no that the interposition of none other but that of him thing can be proved from the ministry and employis required—that the service of no angels, or saints, ment of angelic beings with ourselves in serving God, or of the blessed virgin, is requisite — that no other that worship should be paid to these superior intelliadvocate but Christ is necessary; that, in short, if any gences. And if not to them, assuredly not to others, man sin—and this is the doctrine of cardinal import who are called saints in the Roman calendar; and still ance and blessing to sinners—“if any man sin, we less to the dead, who have been canonised as saints, have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the to whom invocation should be made, and intercession righteous, and he is the propitiation for our sins." offered. Dead! Yes, indeed, as death left, so judg. And here the doctrine must rest on this pivot, and on ment will find them; and if any canonisation will this alone. Whatever men may advance, and Churches happily take place respecting them, that must be admay ordain, the pious and judicious believer, who is judicated only at the judgment-day; for the great instructed in things pertaining to the kingdom of God Judge is not the Judge of the quick only, but of the out of the Scriptures, will here repose on this rock his dead; and if any of the dead now wear the crown, and confidence and faith, nor suffer them to be shaken have received the kingdom, methinks much of the therefrom by any plausible theories, or unauthorised duties of the Judge will be, and have been, abridged, interpolations of God's blessed word. In apostolical and he will be the Judge of the living only, or of such language, then, I say to one and all of you, “Let no as shall be found alive at his second coming to judge man beguile you of your reward, in a voluntary humi the whole world. ... lity, or senseless prostration of the body to images and From the above reflections, then, and more parpictures, and worshipping of angels, intruding into ticularly from the Scriptures, you will perceive that those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by saint-worship has no authority by which it can be his fleshly mind; and not holding the head, from which justified. all the body by joints and bands having nourishment To the worship and reverence with which the meministered, and knit together, increaseth with the mories of departed saints were regarded, are owing increase of God.”+ You will perceive from this inany of the corruptions that grew up in the Church, passage,—and the authority of St. Paul is not one to and a “train of error and fraud ensued, which ended be lightly esteemed, -that the worshipping of angels in the grossest creature-worship." Yet, in its origin, even, who are a higher order of celestial beings, and this was natural and salutary. "He whose heart is not ordained to minister in holier things, even to do ser excited upon a spot which a martyr has sanctified by vice before the presence and to attend at the altar of his sufferings, or at the grave of one who has largely the Lord Jehovah in heaven, is prohibited. Who the benefited mankind, must be more inferior to the mulangels are, is a question to which no other answer can titude in the moral, than he can possibly be raised be given but such as is authorised by the written word; above them in his intellectual nature. Could the and the intimations respecting them are so slight, Holy Land be swept clean of its mummeries and suthat it requires the reins of a sound and sober judg-perstitions, the thoughts and emotions to be experiment, when we expatiate upon their nature, and enced there would be worth a pilgrimage. But it is describe their offices. In all probability they were the condition of humanity, that the best things are created at the time, and within the period, in which those which should most easily be abused. The prayer the Almighty was engaged in constructing this fabric, which was preferred with increased fervency at a and in completing this world of ours; and at different martyr's grave, was at length addressed to the martyr periods since their creation, have they been employed himself; virtue was imputed to the remains of his as harbingers of peace, or as executioners of justice; body, the rags of his apparel, even to the instruments and even at this moment their ministry is exercised, of his suffering; relics were required as an essential in a marvellous, but sufficiently intelligible manner, part of the church-furniture ; it was decreed that no to give consolation and succour to the heirs of salva church should be erected unless some treasures of tion, as they are wending their way among the vales this kind were deposited within the altar, and so seand ascending the hills of this lower world, in which cured there, that they could not be taken out without their guidance is so necessary to keep all of us from destroying it; it was made a part of the service to the briars and thistles which encumber our path, and pray through the merits of the saint whose relics were their might is so indispensable to countervail the there deposited ; and the priest, when he came 10 this various mines which the malice of the devil and the

passage, was enjoined to kiss the altar. hand of mischief have fabricated at every turn of our pathway heavenwards. And oh, who can doubt but that it is to the ministry of a holy angel that the traveller heavenwards owes much of his guardianship by

The Cabinet. night, and of his preservation by day; much of the good thoughts he entertains, the good resolutions he

The House of Prayer.—How great is the mercy forms, and many of the known and the unknown dan of God in providing these houses of prayer, where two gers from which he has been rescued. There is no or three may meet together in his name, and find their man exercised in the ways of religion but must have gracious Lord in the midst of them, saluting them, as

in the days of his flesh, with his accustomed benedic• It was, perhaps, a good ordinance of one of the ancient tion, “ Peace be unto you!" What a relief is it to Churches, secing the purposes to which images and pictures in

come into these hallowed walls, out of the strife and churches would be abused: “ Placuit in ecclesiis esse non debere, ne, quod colitur aut adoratur, in parietibus depingatur."

turmoil of the world, and commit our cause, and our + It is the judicious remark of Dr. Clark, that the earthly hopes, and our fears, to the care of God! What a relations, and even the mother of our Lord herself, were con comfort to leave behind us for a brief interval all the stantly treated by him after such a maliner as to repel the idea that they were capable of doing, or suffering, or interceding

conflicting interests and the entangled devices of this any way meritoriously for us; as if it were on purpose to guard | perishable life, and to raise our thoughts to that bapagainst those gross superstitions which our Lord foresaw would prevail in the latter ages of the Church.

Sce Southey's admirable work, " The Book of the Church."

Hlush'd is the strain; the shepherds' ears

Have heard those words in deep amaze ; And, lo, as morning light appears,

What pomp salutes the warders' gaze ! Robed in the stole of Tyrian dye,

The Magian kings their ranks unfold, Their gorgeous bondmen bearing high

The myrrhi and frankincense and gold. Whom seek ye, with this proud display

of perfumed ore and glittering gem? “ Led by yon planet's mystic ray,

We seek the Babe of Bethlehem.

pier time, when brother shall no longer strive with brother; when men shall be all of one mind in one house ; when none shall hunger or thirst, neither sliall the heat nor sun smite them by day, nor the cold by night! What a miserable scene of incessant struggle and worldliness would this land be without its Sabbath and its house of prayer! Abused as are these blessings by so many, despised and trodden under foot, and desecrated, as are too often the holy things of this house and of the Lord's own day, they yet shed a light and a religious cheerfulness over this world's scene, even in our imperfect observance of their duties, which those who value Christian privileges prize as their bread of life, and the best sustenance of the soul. They are the salt of our land ; they keep alive the fire of religious feeling in the altar of the heart; they give a respite from earthly cares, and open a glimpse of heaven to our sight; they speak, as it were, a perpetual protest against infidelity and vice; they set up a standard for the Gospel ; they oppose a temporary check to the foes of the soul ; they remind man that there is no peace or spiritual prosperity, but through reconciliation with God, and in communion with him. -Bishop Sumner.

HERESY AND Schism.-They which are saved must be sanctified in truth; they which are of the truth must be consummate and made perfect in one. They are no better than soul-murderers, be they never so painful in their teaching, that teach such doctrines as do either poison the Church with heresy, or dismember and rend it asunder with schism. Of heretics, St. Paul, forewarning the Church of Ephesus, saith, “I know that after my departure there will be ravening wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock." Of schismatics he writeth in most earnest manner, as well to the Church of Corinth as of Rome. To the one, “I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all say one thing, and that there be no schisms among you.” To the other, “Mark them diligently who cause divisions." These serve not the Saviour ; they serve the destroyer of the world. Archbishop Sandys.

Existence or Evil.—Could we view this globe as it came from the hands of the Creator, when every thing which he made was very good, we should have cvery where around us, not only the evidence, but also the effects of his unbounded beneficence. But the earth on which man is placed is no longer as it was framed; it has been cursed for our sin. portion of our physical and mental creation, in the soil upon which we tread, the body in which we live, the thoughts and actions of the soul, we are pierced by the thorns and thistles, and taste the sorrows of the death whichi, by our rebellion, we have incurred. No huinan reasoning can account for the presence of evil; no human argument can reconcile the existence of evil to a system of beneficence. Nothing whatever but the unqualified acceptance of the whole word of God, the whole scheme of redemption, as declared in and by that word, can give us any comfort or confidence in God's mercy, or account for such an inscrutable mys. tery.--Sir Francis Palgrave.

“ Low laid in Judah's lowliest town,

Its lowliest hostelry beneath,
We seek the Heir of David's crown,

The Conqueror of sin and death.”
Well may ye bow the turban'd head,

Well with your richest gifts prepare ; All glorious is that humble shed,

For Israel's hope is cradled there. Veil'd in the cloud of human birth

Deep mystery, which angels scan! The incarnate God descends to earth,

Creation's Lord obscur'd in man.

Reader, rejoice with fear and love,

And nobler offerings hither bring ; A life whose thoughts are fix'd above,

A death whence faith hath torn the sting.

Thus rescued from a state forlorn,

By mercy saved, by grace forgiven, Be thou amongst those bless'd re-born,

Whose names the Spirit writes in heaven.

NATIONAL BALLADS.-No. IX.

THE BIBLE THE POLE-STAR OF THE REFORMATION.

In every

BY MISS M. A. STODART.

(For the Church of England Magazine.) A STERN, proud king, with searching eye,

Bent o'er God's blessed word ;
And men of prayer were standing nigli,

With eye towards the Lord :
A kingdom's weal, a kingdom's woe,

Seem'd on that moment hung,
They pray'd the streams of life might flow

To slake the thirsting tongue. And popish priests were also nighi,

With bitter, scornful look ; They liked not that their sovereign's eye

Should rest upon that book;
Yet all, unwittingly, they paid

Their tribute to its worth ;
Then, in God's name," King Henry said,

“ Through England send it forth." And in God's name that holy book

Was sent throughout the land; For eagerly those men of prayer

Caught up their king's command:

Poetry.

CHRISTMAS.

BY THE RIGHT REV. AUBREY G. SPENCER, D.D.

Lord Bishop of Newfoundland,

(For the Church of England Magazine.) Music is in the midnight air, i Strange sounds delight the holy hill, "And seraplı-melodies declare

Sweet "peace on earth, to man good will."

On village-desk, with binding chain,

reluctance, and the contagion of seductive example, That precious book they rear ;

unquestionably demanded that miraculous aid, which Men, women, children, circle round,

we know to have been administered. Exclude the The way of life to'liear.

agency of Heaven, and their whole story is obscure, and

inconsistent, and incredible--cause and etfect have King Henry's deed was mark'd on earth,

no intelligible relation or proportion to each other ;'Twas mark'd by angel-eye ;

admit it, and consistency is at once restored. If

the Israelites yield to disobedience or idolatry, the There rose a movement in the land,

meanest of their neighbours, Moabites, Midianites, For truth an earnest cry;

Amalekites, even the subject and tributary Canaan. And gallantly and steadily

ites, can rise in arms to their discomfiture and degraWent forth our noble sires

dation. Let them serve the Lord faithfully, and "one" The truths first heard in village-church

of them may “chase a thousand," and "the daughter

of Zion may shake her head” at the countless hosts of They seal'd in martyrs' fires.

“the great king, the king of Assyria." — Professor We hear the tale! I glance around,

Godfrey Faussett.

Copberr's TESTIMONY TO THE CHURCH. - Get And grieve o'er what I know;

upon a hill, if you can find one, in Suffolk or Norfolk; Yet bend we not to mournful sound,

and you may find plenty in Hampshire, and Wiltshire, But onward let us go :

and 'Devonshire ; look at the steeples, one in every It is no time for empty sighs,

four square miles, at the most, on an average. Imagine Children of martyr'd men !

a man of some learning, at the least, to be living in a Our fathers' blood upon us cries,

commodious house, by the side of one of these steeples;

almost always with a wife and family; always with And shall it cry in vain ?

servants, natives of the parish, gardener, groom, and

all other servants. A huge farm-yard ; barns, stables, They bid us prize the blessed book

thrashers, a carter or two, more or less glebe, and of They dearly priz'd and lov'd;

farming. Imagine this gentleman having an interest They bid us bind it to our breast,

in the productiveness of every field in his parish, By might of man unmov'd ;

being probably the largest corn-seller in the parish, They bid us stand right steadfastly,

and the largest rate-payer; more deeply interested Nor yield one inch of ground;

than any other man can possibly be, in the happiness,

morals, industry, and sobriety of the people of his Then“ Forward," let the watchword be,

parish. Imagine his innumerable occasions of doing And firm and loud the sound !

acts of kindness, his immense power in preventing the strong from oppressing the weak; his salutary influ.

ence coming between the hard farmer, if there be one Miscellancous.

in his parish, and the feeble or simple-minded labourer. CHURCHES OR GAOLs ?- The following observation,

Imagine all this to exist, close alongside of every one taken from Mr. Collins's statistics of church-accom

of those steeples, and you will at once say to yourself

,

“ Hurricanes or earthquakes must destroy this island, modation in Glasgow, is scarcely of less interest to

before that Church can be overset.” And when you the political economist than to the zealous Churchman.

add to all this, that this gentleman, besides the ex. “ This is an age of economy; and if the state can secure the peace and order of society more cheaply his life and conversation are constantly keeping before

ample of good manners, of mildness, and of justice, that by extending the means of religious instruction to the

the

eyes of his parishioners,—when you add to all this, people, than by extending the police and other criminal establishments of our country, would it not be together to sit in silence, to receive his advice, his

that one day in every week, he has them assembled a wise economy in the state to adopt the one in preference to the other? The truth is, the people will

admonitions, his interpretations of the will of God, as cost us, whether we will or not. If we do not build applicable to their conduct and their affairs, and that

too, in an edifice rendered sacred in their eyes, them churches, we must build them gaols and bride

from their knowing that their fore-fathers assemwells." Have any accurate calculations been yet made

bled there, in ages long passed, and from its being to shew that the amount of crime differs in towns or

surrounded by the graves of their kindred ; when this parishes of equal population, according to the greater

is added; and when it is also recollected, that thre or less amount of church-accommodation provided for

children pass through his hands at their baptism; that the inhabitants ? Within thirty years, from 1800 to it is he who celebrates the marriages, and perfortas 1831, about four millions were spent upon gaols and

the last sad service over the graves of the dead ;-wheu lunatic asylums. Again, in the last ten years we are

you think of all this, it is too much to believe it told that the sums collected as poor-rates fall little

possible that such a Church can fall. short of fifty or sixty millions sterling. Who shall say how far this expenditure would have been di

SILENCE.—Most men speak when they do not know minished by an outlay of one-twentieth part of these

how to be silent. Seldom do you see any one silent sums in support of the Church of England parochial

when to speak is of no profit. He is wise who knows system, by multiplying schools, churches, and clergy?

when to hold his peace. Must he then be dumb? No; -Staffordshire Guzette.

for there is a time to speak, and a time to be silent;

and if we must give an account for every idle word, The Jews.— The early history of the Hebrew nation take care lest you have to answer also for idle silence. is one unbroken series of Divine interpositions. Their Tie your tongue, lest it be wanton and luxuriant; whole career is conducted in defiance of obstacles keep' it within the banks : a rapidly towing river insurmountable to human apprehension or by human soon collects mud.-SI. Ambrose. means. Their rescue from the power of Egypt; their protracted existence in the barren wilderness; their

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portinar Street, conquest of the more warlike and powerful possessors Portman Square ; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. of their promised land; their primary consent, and

Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town permanent submission, to the unprecedented burdens

and Country. of their law; and their eventual preservation from heathenism, notwithstanding their own backsliding

ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE

PRINTED BY

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THE VALUE OF PRESENT MERCIES.

garded ; and it is not until some one of them

has been removed, that we are led to discover J.

its true worth and importance. Among many prevailing maxims, there is not If this be found a truth in reference to our one, perhaps, more truly founded on experi- temporal affairs, it will also be equally applience, than that “we know not the value of cable to our spiritual concerns. Sunday after any thing while we have it in possession." Sunday, for instance, arrives, and each brings No, we cannot appreciate the worth of pre- with it renewed opportunities of furthering, in sent enjoyment: this is, alas, the case with a more especial manner, the welfare of our all our blessings; and the consequences are, immortal souls, and of using those appointed that not duly estimating our comforts and means which are able to make us wise unto privileges, we cannot feel that gratitude and salvation. Now it may be that we receive love to the Author of them, which their right these repeated blessings with a spirit of consideration should inspire and maintain in thankfulness and joy; but should we be our minds, or bring forth that fruit in our visited by any of those casualties under lives which the advantages and “means of which thousands suffer, and thus be degrace" so amply provided, are intended and prived of regularly attending these means of expected to produce.

grace; or should the hand of disease incapaSurrounded by the necessaries of life, we citate us for the uninterrupted discharge of can little understand the horrors of priva- our duties, or render us totally unable to tion. We may fancy, from contemplating the enjoy the privileges of "the courts of the effects of water, and by seeing the absolute Lord's house;" we should find that these necessity of it for the existence of creation, precious blessings were not, while we posand by feeling, perhaps, some sentiments of sessed them, properly estimated : the degratitude for the abundant supply of this privation of them has taught us their true element with which we are blest, that we value, so that we now consider the position know its intrinsic value; but how poor, how of the very sparrow an enviable one, who immeasurably short do our feelings and know- had “found a house, and the swallow a nest, ledge come, when compared with theirs who where she may lay her young, even thy have traversed the burning desert, where altars, O Lord of Hosts, my King and my every blade of verdure is scorched, and every God." And we are now able to enter into spring exhausted ; whose tongues, from thirst the beauty of those expressions of the Psalmand heat, have hung black and swollen from ist, when he says that he has a desire, a their mouths ; and who, consequently, know longing, and a thirst, to come to appear befrom experience the true value even of one fore the presence of God (Ps. xlii

. 1, 2; drop of water !

Ixxxiv, 2, 3). We may reasonably suppose The many advantages and circumstances that the true value of mercies and privileges which contribute to our social as well as to is known to the soul that is lost : surely, the our personal happiness, are too often disre- anguish of this state must be augmented by VOL. VII.NO. cc.

GG (London : Robson, Levey, and Frauklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.)

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