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In solitude with God :
In Zion's blest abode.
And live in endless love :
And seek repose in thee :
And live in purity,
Foretaste of heavenly bliss !
fortune, all to no purpose. Truth will sooner or later rush with fearful force upon your heart, hardened as it is. Then, perhaps, you may be induced to bend your steps homeward, in order to hide an aching head and guilty heart; there probably some of you find a distracted, heartbroken wife, with your offspring clinging round her, and vainly imploring her to give them the support nature requires, and which your prodigality alone deprives them of. Now, unless dead to every feeling of humanity, nature will speak, and “harrow up the very soul.” Conscience will not be ever dormant; remorse, relentless remorse, seizes on and preys upon your vitals : despair gains the mastery, and you, to complete their ruin and your own, meditate perhaps on self-destruction, as the only means of avoiding the horrors of want. How many, under similar circumstances, have rushed violently and unprepared into the presence of their Maker, an offended God! a God of purer eyes than to behold iniquity. Dearly beloved, let us fee temptation, while yet in our power; every heart has its predominant passion-a sin that most easily besets it. Let me entreat you to guard particularly against that sin; look not upon it; consider it, like the forbidden fruit, beautiful to the eye, but deadly in the indulgence. We have a balm for every wound: let us apply it, ere it be too late ; let us search the Scriptures - they will lead us to the all-sufficient, the heavenly Physician; let us dwell upon, and apply the promises of Him, who bath said, “ Seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you." Let us, I again say, dwell believingly on the promises of Him who giveth rest to the weary. The time of their accomplishment we know not; they may be slow, but remember they are sure. Let us seek, as the one thing needful, Christ and his righteousness, and we are assured all other blessings shall be added unto us; let us seek earnestly Christ's favour, until he give us the oil of joy for mourning, the spirit of praise for heaviness; let us go on from strength to strength rejoicing, until we can say, with pious Simeon, “Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word; for
have seen thy salvation.”—Mrs. Spoor. DUTY TO GOD SUPREME. But in the whole, the duty of zeal requires that we neglect an ordinary visit rather than an ordinary prayer, and a great profit rather than omit a required duty. No excuse can make lawful a sin; and he that goes about to distinguish between his duty and his profit, and if he cannot reconcile them, will yet tie them together like a hyæna and a dog, this man pretends to religion, but secures the world, and is indifferent and lukewarm towards that, so he may be warm and safe in the possession of this.--Bp. Taylor.
Hope.---We are never beneath hope while we are above hell, and never above hope while we are beneath heaven.—Bp Hall.
Sento che rivedervi." Alessandro Sappa. I saw her when the bloom of health
Play'd sweetly on her cheek,
So joyous, yet so meek.
Had laid those beauties low;
Was seal'd upon her brow.
Her fair and lovely neck;
Of former hopes the wreck!
and peaceful ray ;
When life had pass'd away.
With faith's unerring power
Was hers in that last hour.
COMMUNION WITH GOD IN SOLITUDE.
(Por the Church of England Magazine.)
The Christian seeks for peace :
He finds a short release.
THE CHRISTIAN WARRIOR. Stand but your ground, your ghostly foes will ly— Hell trembles at a heaven-erected eye: Choose rather to defend than to assailSelf-confidence will in the conflict fail : When you are challeng'd, you may dangers meet True courage is a fix'd, not sudden heat, Is always humble, lives in self-distrust, And will itself into no dangers thrust;
Shut out from this world's guiling power, He goes to pass one peaceful hour
As difficulty swells, it higher grows,
blacks and mulattoes—their misery, their filth, their Ennobled by the greatness of its foes;
nakedness, their disease, their howlings as they work, Has lively prospect of its heavenly crown,
the pitiless rigour with which they are treated, and the And makes God's glory only its renown;
premature death to which they are too often doomed,
are all things which, on an Englishman's first arrival, Contemns the world, has more exalted aim,
alternately chill bis heart with horror, and melt it with With a well-guided zeal is all on flame;
compassion. Yet so fatal is the influence of habit, so With patience can a lasting conflict bear,
invariable in its working is the familiarising process of Derives true magnanimity from prayer ;
association, by which we come at length to contemFights with a spirit present and sedate,
plate even misery, with indifference, provided it be
always before us, that ere I had been three months at No terrors can its constancy abate;
Rio, my susceptibilities became blunted, and my imIs meekly bold, with sweet behaviour brave,
pressions upon first landing were almost worn from Scorns to vile lust its spirit to enslave;
my mind.- Robertson's Letters on Paraguay. The martyr'd host with veneration eyes,
DEMONIACAJ. AGENCY.-On the whole, it appears And to their palms ambitious is to rise ;
that, in our speculations respecting miracles, we are Keeps Jesus in its intellectual sight
not required-because we are not enabled-to draw a
clear line of restriction round the agency of invisible He best can teach us conduct in our fight.
beings. But it also appears, that they who feel themDevote yourself to God, and you will find
selves compelled to admit the possible exercise of God fights the battles of a will resign'd.
superhuman power by beings not absolutely divine, An earthly coward is an odious name
have nothing to apprehend from this admission. The A ghostly coward an eternal shame.
only just inference from it is, that in this particular, as Love Jesus! love will no base fear endure
in many others, the divine government is profoundly
mysterious. Inscrutable, however, as it is, there is Love Jesus! and of conquest rest secure.
nothing in this department of it to unsettle our reliBp. KEN. ance on miracles performed for purposes obviously
unexceptionable and benevolent. There is in all the Miscellaneous.
dealings of God so much that is unfathomable by us,
that it must be dangerous to frame our views upon South AMERICA.--The population of South Ame
the presumption that this or that particular caurse of rica is of a very heterogeneous character. The highest things is incompatible with his perfections. Whether and most aristocratic class of it is descended from the
by the agency of men or demons, certain it is that original invaders, or marauders, who took over with
delusions of the most abominable kind have been them European mistresses, or wives. The next grade, successfully practised. But this, assuredly, does not or caste, is that descended from mixed Portuguese,
exempt us from the duty of exercising our judgment and Indian or African ancestors : then comes a sort of
on every case of miraculous evidence connected with dubious race, claiming descent from a European male
our salvation. And if we approach the task in a parent, but with very equivocal pretensions to it: your mulatto, of decidedly African caste, follows next: and
proper temper, we shall not fail to perceive, that the
arm of the Lord has been revealed to us in a way last of all comes poor Sambo himself, from Congo.
that puts to shame all the works of darkness, whether But the greatest dons are your real Europeans, men carried on by human or by spiritual agency. It may, who, having given up a wine-shop at Oporto, or
perhaps, be urged in reply to these remarks, that all abandoned a counter at Lisbon, are converted into
deviations from the course of nature, by whatever fidalgos in Brazil, and consider all classes of mixed blood as the dust beneath their feet. The hostility God, since they cannot take place without his permis
immediate agency, must be regarded as the work of between the natives of the mother-country and creoles
sion ; and that by such permission, he does no less is so bitter, that it is no uncommon thing to see a Eu
than make the acts his own. Every person, however; ropean father endeavouring to coerce his American
at all conversant with inquiries of this nature, must born son into all the degradation of bondage. What
shrink from the aid of so treacherous an argument as is worse, the Europeans, having always been compa
this; an argument, which, if admitted, would recoil ratively few in number, appear to have acted, from the
upon its employer with this dreadful consequence,first conquest of the country, on that intuitive and
that the most fearful prodigies of human wickedness constitutional fear which has at last proved to be well
and impiety may be ascribed to the special interfounded, that their own offspring would one day rise up
ference of the Almighty. For if by permitting the acts against them, and wrest from their fathers the soil
of demons, God must be supposed to authorise those which these obtained by conquest, and the others
acts, and to give them his positive and special sancpossess by inheritance. The population of Rio is as
tion, why may not the same be said of the most various in hue as it is jarring in principle. Of about gigantic atrocities of sinful men? But it is needless to one hundred thousand inhabitants, the amount of the
dwell longer on this most dangerous defence. It may population when I was there, at least fifty thousand
be difficult, indeed, for us, by any process of reasonwere negroes; twenty thousand mulattoes, one, two, or
ing, to discriminate between the active and permissive three castes removed from black; of native-born sub
providence of an omnipotent and perfectly independjects, descended from European parents, there were
ent Being. And yet, every one who has thought at about 20,000 ; and of foreigners and Portuguese, who
all on this unfathomable subject, must surely perceive had migrated from home, about 10,000. The European,
that nothing but the darkest confusion can result and especially the Englishman, when he first lands
from any attempt to identify them.-Rev. C. W. Le amid so motley a family, is struck with the desperate
Bas-Considerations on Miracles. inequality which exists between the black man and the white. The negro, in a state of almost complete nudity, does the work of a horse; and he carries home
London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, the earnings of the day to his heartless master, who, in Portman Square ; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. return, feeds him with farinha and banena, and drills Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town
and Country. him to hard labour by means of the thong or of the cane. Then, so great is the preponderance of the coloured population over the white, that in the streets you can scarcely believe you are not in a colony of
ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYX, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.
THE BENEFITS OF CHURCH PSALMODY;
authority, even that of the sweet singer of WITIE HINTS FOR ITS IMPROVEMENT.
Israel, for accompanying the voice with the
sound of musical instruments in the public By the Rev. Join Eden, B.D.
worship and adoration of the Almighty. It Vicar of St. Nicholas, Bristol.
is evident that he considers its introduction I.
as most expressive of our gratitude, even on The inspired composer of the book of Psalms the most solemn and sublime occasions; for exhorts the worshippers of God to call in he directs us thus to praise him in his mighty various musical instruments to aid their re. acts, to praise him according to his excellent ligious services. He plainly intimates, that greatness. And, indeed, in one of the mightiest vocal and instrumental music may, and ought of his acts, even in the creation of the world to be, employed together in the act of praising itself, we find, if I may so express it, an acand adoring the Creator. For, after mention- companiment of sacred music. For on that ing the names of several instruments, the grand occasion, when God Jaid the foundaexact character of which it would be difficult, tions of the earth, it is declared, in the book as well as unnecessary, to ascertain, he con of Job, that "the morning stars sang together, cludes his lofty song by saying, “ Let every and all the sons of God shouted for joy.” And thing that hath breath praise the Lord :" thus as at the first birth of man, at the mysterious instructing us, that the sound of music and moment when, by the power and goodness the voice of melody should, in the act of of God, he was called out of nothing, the public worship, flow in one mingled stream; angelic choirs expressed their exultation in that the delightful art which affords on other strains of harmony; so at that still more graoccasions so much innocent pleasure, should cious moment, when the coming of “one not be silent in the ministries of solemn de- greater Man restored him, and regained the votion, but be associated with the expression blissful seat" which had been forfeited by sin, of our thanksgivings to the Author of all the same lieavenly greetings were again exgood. The Psalmist calls upon heaven and pressed in the same harmonious strain, and a earth to unite in this holy exercise — to blend multitude of the heavenly host was heard the voice of jubilee with the sound of many praising God, and in songs of triumph proinstruments to the praise and glory of God: claiming, “Glory to him in the highest, and on " Praise ye the Lord : praise him in the sanc- earth peace, good will towards men.” tuary; praise him in the firmament of his The persuasion that the aid of music ought power;" that is, let there be, in the discharge to be employed in the solemnities of divine of this sacred duty, a communion of the saints worship, has been prevalent in every age and in heaven with those on earth ; let his temples country; and indeed there have been some here below send forth the incense of gratitude, whose admiration of this delightful art hath and let it ascend unto his throne together with transported them so far, that they have imthe songs of his heavenly host, who worship agined the universe itself to be one grand him in the courts above. Thus have we high instrument perpetually sending forth harmoVOL. VII. -NO. CXCV.
(London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 18 St. Martin's Lane.]
nious sounds, though to our grosser ears they more wretched than the state of that man's are as yet inaudible, and will only then be mind, who, in his last hours, bas to look back perceived by us, when we have put off this upon the misapplication of distinguished tarobe of mortality, and are admitted to the lents; who, having received high natural ensociety of the blessed. But whatever there | dowments, or (we should rather say) high may be in this idea---whether it be only a gifts from God, has wickedly prostituted them fond imagination of the enthusiast, or in any to the worst of purposes, by ministering to measure correspondent with the reality of the evil and sensual affections, and supplythings as yet unheard and unperceived-there ing fuel to the worst passions of our fallen is surely something pleasing in the thought; nature. Do not the minds of many of my something also, which might be turned to our readers instantly recur to one affecting inadvantage, if we could infer from it that this, stance of this kind of exquisite poetic genius and every other faculty which we possess, basely squandered, nay, impiously sold to the ought to be devoted to the honour of Him service of the enemy of God and man! How who endowed us with them ; and particularly great the misery of reflecting (if reflect he that this art and science of music can never did) that for ages to come he might be instrube employed so worthily, as in promoting the mental, by the malignant influence of his glory of God and the benefit of man. When, beautifully beguiling stanzas, in perverting as upon those well-known public occasions the principles and corrupting the morals of which annually take place in the metropolis, his fellow-men! How feelingly does one of its highest efforts are directed to the great the greatest of our poets lament such abuse object of awakening devotion and exciting of his transcendent powerssympathy-how have we been delighted and
“O gracious God, how far have we
Profan'd thy heavenly gift of poesy, affected by such an application of it! how
Whose harmony was first ordain'd above, have we rejoiced that this refined and noble
For tongues of angels and for hymns of love!" science should have thus administered to the Woe be to the man who thus degrades it from most exalted purposes, should have become its noble destination, who, by connecting subservient to the honour of God, and the sweet sounds with profane, impure, licentious relief of the distressed! These are, indeed, language, drags down this excellent faculty ends most worthy of its excellence.
from the province which Heaven had allotted We should scarcely be speaking too highly it, and turns the gift of God against the giver ! of it, when viewed in the exercise of this its But the young have especial reason to guard more elevated employment, were we to apply against imbibing poison from such sources of to it the language of the admirable Hooker, moral mischief. If at any time their ears are and say, that " its seat is the bosom of God, assailed, and their approbation solicited, by its voice the harmony of the world ; that all such evil agents, let them resolve to “have things in heaven and earth do it homage, both no fellowship with such unfruitful works of angels and men, and creatures of what con- darkness, but rather reprove them," saying, dition soever, admiring it as the mother of How can ye, like Belshazzar, profane the contheir peace and joy." Well might the royal secrated vessels of God's house ? or saying of Psalmist exult in the consciousness that he such talents, as God said unto Moses respecthad dedicated his talent to the honour of his ing the censers of Korah and his company, God, and address it, in connexion with his “ They offered them before the Lord, therefore vocal powers, as his glory: "My heart is they are hallowed.” Honour and blessing be fixed, O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing upon the head of him who consecrates supeand give praise. Awake up, my glory; awake, rior musical powers to the service of that lute and harp; I myself will awake right God from whom they are derived, and to the early. I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, promotion of that religion which is the only among the people ; I will sing unto thee foundation of our present and future hapamong the nations." The possession of such piness! Talents thus exercised, are truly a talent, when it is exercised in imparting in honourable to their possessor; the charms of nocent delight, but especially when directed music thus directed may be productive of the to inspire devotion, to awaken pity, to excite happiest effects. It was for this the Author benevolence, is really an high and enviable of our being made man susceptible of the distinction. Alas, that an art in itself so most refined and exquisite pleasure from pure, so dignified, so heavenly, should ever musical sounds, and, as it were, attuned his be otherwise employed; that it should ever frame to harmony, that delight and duty become the handmaid of vice, should be per- might go hand in hand; that here below he verted to the diffusion of seditious sentiments, might have some anticipation of that ecstatic to the excitement of unchaste desires, to the enjoyment, which the songs of angels will in encouragement of brutal intemperance ! another state afford him. And doubtless it
It is scarcely possible to conceive any thing was for this that God has gifted some men
with more distinguished talents than others, and stir our affections; there is that draweth that they may exert those in the cause of to a marvellous grave and sober mediocrity, virtue, and may make his public worship to there is also that carrieth as it were into be more frequented by rendering it more at- ecstacies, filling the mind with a heavenly joy, tractive. He who planted the ear made it and for the time in a manner severing it from capable of conveying to the soul the sub- the body. So that, although we lay altogether limest and most affecting sentiments of piety aside the consideration of ditty or matter, the to God and charity to men. He chose that very harmony of sounds being framed in due these feelings should be excited not by arti- sort, and carried from the ear to the spiritual culate language only, but also by musical faculties of our souls, is by a native puissance modulation, and the sweet accord of sacred and efficacy greatly available to bring to a sounds. Hence, to cultivate and improve the perfect temper whatsoever is there troubled, taste for sacred music, is but to discharge a apt as well to quicken the spirits as to allay debt of gratitude to Him who hath inspired that which is too eager, sovereign against that taste, to correspond with His gracious melancholy and despair
, forcible to draw forth purpose who designed this holy and delight tears of devotion, if the mind be such as can ful exercise to be a preparation for the still yield them, able both to move and to moderate diviner harmonies of another and a better all affections. state of being.
“ The prophet David having therefore sinI shall conclude the present paper with the gular knowledge, not in poetry alone, but in following beautiful extract from the judicions music also, judged them both to be things Hooker :
most necessary for the house of God; left “ Touching musical harmony, whether by behind him to that purpose a number of instrument or by voice, it being but of high divinely indited poems, and was further the and low in sounds a due proportionable dis-author of adding unto poetry melody in public position, such notwithstanding is the force prayer, melody both vocal and instrumental, thereof, and so pleasing effects it hath in that for the raising up of men's hearts, and the very part of man which is most divine, that sweetening of their affections towards God. some have been thereby induced to think that In which considerations the Church of Christ the soul itself by nature is, or hath in it, har- doth likewise at this present day retain it as mony. A thing which delighteth all ages, and an ornament to God's service, and an help to beseemeth all states ; a thing as seasonable in our own devotion. grief as in joy; as decent being added unto " In church music, curiosity and ostentaactions of the greatest weight and solemnity, tion of art, wanton, or light, or unsuitable as being used when men most sequester thiem- harmony, such as only pleaseth the ear, and selves from action. The reason hereof is an doth not naturally serve to the very kind and admirable facility which music hath to express degree of those impressions which the matter and represent to the mind, more inwardly that goeth with it leaveth, or is apt to leave, than any other sensible mean, the very in men's minds, doth rather blemish and disstanding, rising, and falling, the very steps grace that we do than add either beauty or and inflections every way, the turns and va furtherance unto it. On the other side, these rieties of all passions whereunto the mind faults prevented, the force and efficacy of the is subject; yea, so to imitate them, that whe- thing itself, when it drowneth not utterly, but ther it resemble unto us the same state wherein fitly suiteth with matter altogether sounding our minds already are, or a clean contrary, we to the praise of God, is in truth most adare not more contentedly by the one con mirable, and doth much edify, if not the firmed, than changed and led away by the understanding, because it teacheth not, yet other. In harmony the very image and cha- surely the affection, because therein it worketh racter even of virtue and vice is perceived, much. They must have hearts very dry and the mind delighted with their resemblances, tough, from whom the melody of psalms doth and brought by having them often iterated not sometimes draw that wherein a mind into a love of the things themselves. For religiously affected delighteth.” which cause there is nothing more contagious
(To be concluded in the next Number.) and pestilent than some kinds of harmony; than some nothing more strong and potent unto good. And that there is such a differ
SKETCHES FROM A TRAVELLER'S ence of one kind from another, we need no
PORTFOLIO. proof but our own experience, inasmuch as
No. XI.-The Exile. we are at the hearing of some more inclined
I met him first upon the sea-shore. It was a raw and unto sorrow and heaviness, of some more
gusty day; and the waves were dashing their white mollified and softened in mind; one kind crests with a hoarse murmur against the base of the apter to stay and settle us, another to move long ledge of rock, that I had climbed to see more