Obrazy na stronie


died in the Bastile, others lived under the constant

says Milton, u

a fugitive and cloistered virtue, unex. dread of being poisoned.

ercised and unbreathed, that never sallies out and sees Meanwhile, those who have been described as com her adversary, but slinks out of the race where that posing the third class escaped unhurt. They were immortal garland is to be run for, not without dust known to be adherents to the Jansenists partly, but and heat." Happy that Christian who while using were saved by their high rank. Among these the most this world as not abusing it, intent above all things on remarkable was Anne Genevieve de Bourbon, duchesse promoting the glory of God, and furthering the salvade Longueville ; " that haughty princess," as she has tion of the soul, testifies in the various scenes of active been termed, “ whose beauty, whose wit, and whose labour in which he is engaged, that his conversation is talente, had hitherto been made subservient to the in heaven; and that the duties of life, to the performmost boundless ambition; that same person who ance of which he betakes himself with alacrity, are not plunged her country into the horrors of a civil war suffered to impede him in his journey towards the city to gratify her own disappointed pride-that heroine, of the living God.

Y. who had so long withstood the great Condé, had become suddenly an altered character." Impressed with a deep sense of religion, and bewailing her former con

The Cabinet. duct, she now sought to devote the remainder of her

THE BRIGHT Side.-In trouble, people try to perdays to God. Meetings were held at her house for deliberation as to the most effectual method of warding it will not return again; and this they call looking at

suade themselves that it will soon be over, and that off persecution. Under her protection the Archbishop

the bright side. Now the Bible tells us that “ man is of Sens, the Bishop of Chalons, with Arnauld and

born to trouble," that it is his daily portion; so we Mole, drew up a plan of pacification ; the duchess wrote herself to the pope upon the subject, Cle

must learn to get used to affliction, and not to be surment ļX., a quiet and peaceable man, who had just prised at it. We need not be afraid to see things as entered on the pontificate. He had long deplored the

bad as they really are, if, at the same time, we can wretched state of the Church in France, torn by fac

find real and strong consolation under them. The

times are bad. Yes; but if you are a Christian, my tions, religious as well as civil, and gladly sought to restore order and tranquillity: he accordingly issued a

poor friend, you are looking forward to a happy eterbrief of reconciliation in 1688.

nity. You suffer pain and sickness; but there is per.

feci health in heaven. You have difficulty in procurIn obedience to this brief, the imprisoned nuns were released, the confessors and deserted were restored,

ing bread to eat; but the Saviour of sinners speaks of

himself as the bread of life. You want clothes to and Port-Royal for a season surpassed its former emi

wear; but he offers you the garments of salvation. The greatest joy was manifested even by those who had taken no small share in the persecution. The

You may be a wanderer without an earthly home; but joy of the common people was unbounded; they had

in his Father's house are many mansions, and he will always regarded the Jansenists as saints, and had ad

prepare a place for you, if you believe in him. Now mired the sanctity of their manners and the purity of

is not this looking at the bright side of things? It their lives. The power of working miracles was claimed

does not want what the world calls learning, to look at by them not only at the earlier but even later period things (I would say it with reverence) even as God of their existence; and this circumstance added not a

looks at them. Do not think others to have no little to the veneration in which they were held. It is

troubles, and so wrong them; perbaps the richest

man you know has trials greater than any you have unnecessary here to point out the absurdity, if not the

ever felt. Only try to be content in the state in impiety, of arrogating to themselves such a power; and it is difficult to conceive how they could have

which God has placed you, and look forward to a been guilty of so doing: it cannot be denied, how

better world, and then you will be happy.--Job Nott. ever, that the supposition that they possessed it, Tue Way of SalyaTION.—Then, seeing that the added to the veneration in which they were held. heart of man is not right exactly, unless it be found in Unquestionably their piety caused them to be regarded all parts such, that God examining and calling it unto with respect; and the many beneficent acts which account with all severity of rigour, be not able once to they performed made their restoration to be hailed charge it with declining or swerving aside, (which abwith delight.

solute perfection when did God ever find in the sons We have much cause to be thankful to God that of mere mortal men ?)-doth it not follow, that all flesh clearer light has been vouchsafed to us in this blessed must of necessity fall down and confess, We are not Protestant land, with reference to religious subjects. | dust and ashes, but worse ; our minds, from the highHowever much the Christian may delight to commune est to the lowest, are not right; if not right, then unwith God in secret, and however much he may esteem doubtedly not capable of that blessedness which we it a privilege to be enabled, in imitation of his ador- naturally seek, but subject unto that which we most able Redeemer, to absent himself from the busy multi- | abhor-anguish, tribulation, death, woe, endless misery. tude for the purposes of private devotion, and serious For whatsoever misseth the way of life, the issue thereof reflection, and diligent self-examination, he will re cannot but be perdition. By which reason, all being member that each individual has his allotted sphere wrapped up in sin, and made thereby the children of action, in the diligent performance of the duties of of death, the minds of all men, being plainly conwhich he is to bear a part. Non-conformity to the victed not to be right,-shall we think that God hath world does not imply an entire abstraction from the endued them with so many excellencies more, not duties and occupations of the world ; God may be as only than any, but than all the creatures in the world acceptably served amidst the bustle of daily life and besides, to leave them in such estate, that they had the business of the crowded city, as in the remote val been happier if they had never been? Here cometh ley far from the haunts of man. The great point to in necessarily a new way unto salvation ; so that they be attained is, the entire subjection of the heart to his which were in the other perverse, may in this be authority—the aim that the life may be conformed to found straight and righteous. That the way of nature; his blessed will. We are not to seek to be taken out this the way of grace. The end of that way, salvation of the world, but to pray to be kept from the evil that merited, presupposing the righteousness of men's is in the world, and to endeavour in that situation in works; their righteousness, a natural ability to do them; which we may be placed to testify that the leading ob that ability, the goodness of God which created them ject of our pursuit is, “the kingdom of God and his in such perfection. But the end of this way, salvation righteousness." We shall thus be qualified to act not bestowed upon men as a gift; presupposing not their only a consistent but a useful part. “ I cannot praise,” righteousness, but the forgiveness of their unrighteous.

ness, justification; their justification, not their natural ability to do good, but their hearty sorrow for their not doing, and unfeigned belief in Him for whose sake not-doers are accepted, which is their vocation ; their vocation, the election of God, taking them out from the number of lost children; their election, a Mediator in whom to be elect; this mediation, inexplicable mercy; his mercy, their misery, for whom he vouchsafed to make himself a Mediator. The want of exact distinguishing between these two ways, and observing what they have common, what peculiar, hath been the cause of the greatest part of that confusion whereof Christianity at this day laboureth.-Hooker, Sermon on the Nature of Pride.

SIN THE STING OF DEATH.—The sting of death is sin, says the apostle. And what says the history of man, throughout all the realms and all the ages of heathenism? How was it in those days which the long-suffering of God winked at and overlooked ? And how is it at this day in those countries which still continue to weary his patience by the multitude of their abominations ? What was it that in ancient times demanded the fruit of the parent's body, but the sin of the parent's soul? What was it that caused the children of the idolaters to pass through the fire to Moloch? And what is it which at this day prostrates the eastern pilgrim beneath the chariot-wheels of a monstrous and mis-shapen idol? What are all these atrocities, but visible commentaries on the text of the apostle? What is there but the inward sense of wickedness, and a persuasion of the necessity of atone. ment, which can account for those prodigies of voluntary sacrifice and martyrdom? If death had no sting but that which it inflicts upon the body; if the sufferings of life, or the agonies of dissolution, were all that mortals had to apprehend,—why is it that fathers should ever consign their children to the fire, or their own bodies to extremity of torment? Throughout the world there is, and ever has been, a deep and indelible sense of guilt, which poisons every source of human enjoyment; which makes life restless, and the end of life terrible. It knocks at the door of the peasant, and thunders at the portals of monarchs. It tells the cottager at his meals, and the sovereign at his banquet, that he is weighed in the balance and found wanting. It whispers terror even to the sage in the retirement of his chamber, and turns his boasted wisdom into foolishness. And what is all the willworship, and all the voluntary humiliation, and all the superstitious vanity and corruption, which the world has ever seen,-what are they all, but expedients to blunt the sting which can never be taken out, and to deaden the anguish which its point is constantly inflicting? Why is it that man hath ever sought to bide himself in falsehood, but that he may escape that fearful looking-for of judgment, which shakes his spirit to its inmost recesses; which makes cowards of all alike; which reduces to one wretched level him that tills the earth in the sweat of his brow, and him that is canopied in grandeur and in power; aye, and him too that is endowed with might, which surpasses the glory of the kingdoms of the earth—the might of a capacious and commanding intellect?—Rev. C. W. Le Bas.

God's JUDGMENTS.—Though God's judgments may be secret, yet they cannot be unjust ; like the great deep, indeed, an abyss unfathomable: but though we have no plumb-line of reason that can reach it, our faith assures us there is justice at the bottom. Clouds and darkness are round about him, saith the Psalmist; but, as it follows, righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne : so much we may easily discern through all the veils and curtains that envelope him, that justice stands always fast by his judgmentseat--Archbishop Sancroft.

Poetry. ELIJAH IN THE DESERT. " And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the

Lord. And, behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the Lord was not in the earthquake : and after the earthquake a fire; but the Lord was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice... And behold there came a voice and said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah ?" - Kings, xix. 11-13,

(For the Church of England Magazine.)
Upon the mountain stood
Elijah once, the holy man of God,
Watching the fitful blast
That bow'd the lofty fir-trees as it past;
Watching the hallow'd gleam

That bathed the landscape in a fiery stream,
And touch'd the dazzl'd eye with glittering light,
Too pure and bright for all but consecrated sight.

Thither, to meet the Lord,
The Tishbite came, led by his holy word :
Snares for his life around
Were spread, and all to him was dangerous ground;
Yet there the prophet stood,

Confiding in the Lord to aid the good,
And anxious watch'd the wind and light to see
Whether the Lord of hosts, perchance, in them might

The blast swept o'er the plain,
And bent the trees, and cleft the rock in twain ;
And as the whirlwind past,
He sought the Lord within the roaring blast;
But as its angry course

It urg'd along, he heard its murmurs hoarse, That fill'd his heart with awe and holy fear“ If that thou seek'st the Lord, prophet, he is not

The earthquake rollid around,
And shook the hills, and rent the solid ground;
And from the mountain's height
Burst the volcano, with its blazing light:
But it was not the Lord,

Who in that earthquake shook the verdant sward ;
And though the bright volcano's mighty glare
Night seem to veil a God, Jehovah was not there.

Then came the “ still small voice"
That oft has bid the wicked not rejoice
Before the eternal God:
Elijah sunk abash'd upon the sod;
For in that voice He came,

Who was not in the blast, or the volcano's flame: Then struck the awful words upon his ear, “ I am the Lord thy God; prophet, what dost thou


DEVOTEDNESS. My heart I, Lord, devote to thee entire ; The victim light with thine own heavenly fire ; Preserve, employ, and form it as thine own: 0, change my frozen to a torrid zone ! Knowledge divine into my mind instil ; Be thou the constant magnet of my will ;


Do thou my senses guide, control, restrain : which devoured theni, and frogs, which destroyed 0, may thy love o'er all my passions reign!

them.” Some recent commentators accordingly are of All I design, endeavour, hope, desire

opinion that the Egyptian beetle (blatta Ægyptiaca) is

denoted in this plague. The beetle, it is well known, All that I am, or have, or shall acquire,

is every where a nuisance, and is particularly so in Without reserve I to thy will resign

Egypt. All the allusions in different parts of the Jesus! I am no more mine own, but thine.

sacred Scriptures concerning the arob apply to this Bishop Ken. species. It devours every thing in its way, even

clothes, books, and plants, and does not hesitate to

inflict severe bites upon man. And as it appears to Miscellaneous.

have been one of the great objects of the plagues to Ventilation. In the construction of houses and

chastise the Egyptians through their own objects of public buildings, there is, for the most part, but little

reverence or abhorrence, the beetle might have been

fitly employed for this purpose. Although it cannot care taken to provide for due ventilation; which is

be determined what place it held in their religious capable of being regulated on the strictest scientific

system, it is evident, from its figure occurring so freprinciples. Who has not experienced the ill effects of this neglect, in headaches, flushings, languor, and

quently in Egyptian sculpture and painting, that it debility, incurred by attending meetings of large

occupied a conspicuous place among the sacred crea

In the British Museum there is a remarkable numbers of persons ? These evils are caused by the inhalation of air from which much of its oxygen has

colossal figure of a beetle in greenish-coloured granite,

and it is also delineated in various specimens of Egypbeen abstracted, and which is thus unfit for the purposes of respiration. Persons of delicate health, es

tian antiquities preserved in that national institution. pecially those whose lungs are weak, ought to beware

At the same time, if the popular reading of flies be

retained, the preceding observations are equally apof frequenting numerous and crowded assemblies: the theatre, the ball-room, and other fashionable places

plicable. The Egyptians, we learn, were worshippers

of Zebub, or the god-fly. The land of Egypt," says of resort, have destroyed many a victim.-Curtis on Health.

Bryant, “ being annually overflowed, was pestered

with swarms of flies. They were so troublesoine, that The Flies or Egypt.-Swarms of lies came “into the people were in many places forced to lie on the all the land of Egypt, and the land was corrupted by roofs of the houses, which were flat, where they were reason of the flies.” The Hebrew word arob denotes obliged to cover themselves with a net-work. As the a mixture; and hence St. Jeroine, in the Vulgate, trans country thus abounded with these insects, it might be lates it omne genus muscarum,“ all sorts of Alies;" from thought that judgment was effected in a natural way, which, in our version, is the phrase grievous swarm if it were not that it was brought about, as was also (Ex. viii. 21); for the critical reader will observe that that of the frogs, in the coldest and most ungenial the words of flies are printed in italics in our version, season of the year in Egypt. These noxious animals and are not in the original. We are thus left to con could not have been produced at such a season by jecture what kind of fly is meant, or whether the natural means; it was contrary to all experience. plague really consisted of fies. Bishop Patrick, after They used to be produced at a different, and for the observing that flesh-flies, or dog-flies, are very trouble most part an opposite time of the year; and before some and venomous, says, that some think the He this season they were either diminished or extinct."brew word means a mixture of different insects, as Edinburgh Scripture Gazetteer, Jerome has translated it; and those who adopt that

JAPAN. - The Japanese are quite intolerant to father's view are supported by Josephus, who observes,

Christianity. The Catholic priests, who formerly that God “ filled the country full of various sorts of

lived in Japan, enjoyed every possible freedom, and pestilential creatures, with their various properties.”

converted a great number of the natives; but, at last, " Perhaps,” says Bruce, “this is the insect called zimb in those countries. As soon as this plague ap

the progress of the new religion gave rise to a dread

ful civil war. For this reason, after the extirpation of pears, and its buzzing is heard, all the cattle forsake

the Christians, the following inscription was placed at their food, and run wildly about the place, till they

the head of the stone tablets of laws, which are fixed die, worn out with fatigue, fright, and hunger.” The

up in all public places. " Whoever knows any fly of Egypt becaine proverbial; and Isaiah, in one of his predictions against Ahaz, says,

" It shall come to

individual who has taught Christianity, and can pass in that day that the Lord shall hiss for the fly hundred silver pieces.” There is likewise a law

convict him thereof, shall receive a reward of five that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt;" but if we attend to the reading of the passage in Exo

which prohibits masters from hiring servants, until

they receive from them a written assurance of their dus (viii. 24), “ the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm,” recollecting that the word flies is always anity had made the greatest progress, there is a stair

not being Christians. In Kangasaky, where Christiinserted in italics, and is nowhere in the original, we

case, on the steps of which are laid various ornaments must admit that it can hardly refer to a fly, properly and utensils of the Catholic Church, and on the first so called. We have indeed various historical facts proving that flies are an intolerable plague; many

step a crucifix. On new-year's day, all the inha

bitants of Nangasaky are obliged to ascend these places near lakes and pools having on their account been deserted and rendered desolate. Such, according trample on the articles. It is said, that many Chris

steps; and, as a prout that they are not Christians, to to Herodotus, was the fate of Myus in Ionia, and of

tians who live at Nangasaky comply with this regulaAtarnæ: the inhabitants being compelled to abandon

tion from interested motives. These facts, we presume, those cities, unable to withstand the swarms of flies

are true ; but it is mournful that the intrigues or bad and gnats with which they were infested: the emperor

conduct of these papal missionaries should be identiTrajan was obliged to raise the siege of a place in the

fied with Christianity.-Christian Observer. Arabian peninsula on account of the swarms of those insects; and Moses, in a much more early period, informs us that the hornet drove out the Canaanite; London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, which means that before the conquest by the Israelites Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. several cities had been deserted from terror of this

Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town

and Country. insect. But in the 78th Psalm the arob is described as devouring the Egyptians, which is not applicable to a fly: “ He sent divers sorts of lies among them,



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when, speaking to the Ephesians of their THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE GLORY OF GOD. being sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, By The Rev. J. Fawcett, M.A.

he calls it “ the earnest of their inheritance ?" Perpetual Curute of St. Cuthbert's, Carlisle.

(Eph. i. 14.) Some must have it in a greater,

some in a less, degree ; but in all who were II.

thus sealed, it was the earnest of that inSuch a manifestation as that referred to inheritance, something of heaven enjoyed bea former essay is not made to one in a forehand. What else does Peter mean when thousand, -I might even say, not to one in he asserts of the dispersed and afflicted Christen thousand; yet if we want to examine tians," that believing in Him, whom having an object correctly, we should contemplate not seen they loved, they rejoiced with joy it where it is found in large dimensions - unspeakable and full of glory?" (1 Pet. i. 8.) just as when we want to ascertain the exact Or what views of the Divine glory had David, form of a minute insect, we magnify it. when he said, “Whom have I in heaven but The parts thus magnified are seen distinctly; thee? and there is none upon earth that I yet they are nothing else but the very same desire beside thee?" parts, in the very same shape, and with all Let not, then, any man despise such manithe same appendages, which exist in the festations as enthusiasm ; but let him greatly creature so small as to be invisible to the court them, and diligently seek them : they unassisted eye. So, though not a man in are akin to the joy of heaven itself, and a ten thousand has so bright a manifestation preparation for it. Nor let any one who is of the glory of God as Brainerd had, yet seeking thus to be visited with God's salvaevery man, who has any manifestation at all, tion be discouraged, though he seem very has one of the same kind. If his views and far from it-cold, and dark, and even unable feelings could be increased to the same in- to pray. Let him still breathe out the desire, tensity as those of Brainerd, they would be “ I beseech thee, shew me thy glory;" and like his ; and if they could be increased still when he feels himself in the deepest darkfurther, and made more and more intense, ness, he may be on the confines of a marwithout being at all changed in their nature, vellous light, which will ere long break in they would be like the views and the feelings upon him, to the joy and refreshing of his of saints in glory; for what else is it that soul. Paul means when he speaks of “ the peace It remains only, that I shew the blessed of God, which passeth all understanding ?" effects of such manifestations. (Phil. iv. 7.) What else means he, when In the first place, wherever there is any he tells the Corinthians, that we, “ behold- degree of such manifestation, and in proporing as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are tion to the degree of it, there will be an inchanged into the same image from glory to ward reverence for God; it will be a reverglory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord ?" ence not unmixed with awe, but chiefly a (2 Cor. iii. 18.) What else does he mean, delightful blending of admiration and love. VOL, VII. NO, CLXXXVIII.

(London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]

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Now this is the very best state of mind in Lastly,- I would remark, that he who has which a creature like man can be ; it is one had a sight of the glory of God in the face which becomes his condition and character. of Jesus Christ will be able to conceive of It humbles him ; it exalts God. It makes nothing higher or better in heaven itself than him see how mean and evil he is; how great to bave God for his everlasting portion. He and holy, God. The approaches of such a can enter into the meaning of David, when one to the footstool of the Most High will he says, “ As for me, I will behold thy face be such as suit his circumstances, and the in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I relation in which he stands to so gracious a awake, with thy likeness” (Ps. xvii. 15). He Being. He will wonder almost that he is can understand the language of John: “We permitted to draw nigh, and will say, “Be know that, when he shall appear, we shall hold, I have taken upon me to speak unto be like him; for we shall see him as he is" the Lord, who am but dust and ashes" (Gen.(1 John, iii. 2). Nothing can be imagined xviii. 27).

by him as promising such a fulness of joy as Another effect which will follow from such to be at God's right hand, to see face to face, manifestation, and proportioned to the degree to know even as he is known. Every pleaof it, is self-surrender. He who has this sure of sense, all the glory of this lower knowledge of the glory of God will rejoice world, seems poor and beggarly in the comto see himself, and all his concerns, in such parison, and God alone capable of filling the hands. When troubles come upon him, the soul with substantial bliss. bitterness will be almost taken out of them If such a glimpse of the Divine glory as when he looks upon them as the appointment he can catch on earth be so ravishing, what of so glorious a God. Can such a God err? must the perfect vision in heaven be? Then Can he ordain any thing but what is wise, the blissful communion will not be interrupted and right, and good? Would his weak, erring by withdrawment or desertion on the part of creature dethrone him, and alter his arrange God, or by dulness of understanding and ments? Far from it. He feels so sure that coldness of affection on his,

The joyous, all which proceeds from God is as it should holy fellowship will not be disturbed by be, that he would not change one thing. It temptation, nor saddened by affliction, nor is his satisfaction to lie in his Father's hands. polluted by sin; it will be a perpetual lightHe accepts willingly the good or evil of the an unclouded brightness a sun which shall present time; and resigns himself confidently never go down a moon which shall not for the future, prepared to receive, with meek withdraw itself; for the Lord himself shall and cheerful submission, whatever a God so be the light of his people, and their God glorious shall appoint. Nor is it for time their glory. Thus in heaven the view of the only that he thus resigns himself to God; it Divine glory will not be, like the best that is for eternity—his soul, as well as his body good men are favoured with below, a transient and estate ; his soul to be accepted in Christ, vision, a momentary glance; it will be etersanctified by his Spirit, preserved from falling, nal; the days of mourning will be ended ; and at last made perfect in glory.

every enemy being put under the feet of It is easy to see that obedience will follow. Jesus, death, the last of them, will be deThe will of that Being, whom the favoured stroyed; and the victory and triumph of the soul sees to be so glorious, will be sacred to redeemed complete and everlasting. him. He will be sure that every

command proceeding from him will be excellent; the Iine of duty enjoined by him the best and the

ZEAL FOR GOD'S GLORY. happiest that could possibly be. He will be

In meditating on the Lord's prayer as containing the sure that he cannot depart from it a hair's expression of the primary elements of piety, we have breadth, but he must depart for the worse. found that it gives utterance, in the first place, to that He will not only obey from gratitude, be- elevating sense of confidence in God's relation to us, cause God is his benefactor, though he will

the enjoyment of which is so prominent a characteristic

of the children of God. feel this ; or from love, because God is his But they who recognise God as their Father-their Redeemer, though this will be a constraining heavenly l'ather -- cannot but be filled with filial zeal motive; or because the path of obedience

as well as with filial confidence. The relation of

parent and child, as it is the closest which can exist, leads to heaven, though this consideration

so it most entirely identifies the interests of each, and may worthily weigh with him. But he will makes the desires, purposes, and plans of the father, also obey, because he is well pleased that so to live again, as it were, in the son. Him whom we glorious a God should in all things command

love, we reverence and obey; and himn whom we reverhim. He feels it an honour and happiness

* From a very interesting work, just published, entitled "The to be doing the will of such a God; and Lord's Prayer; contemplated as the Expression of the Primary longs to do it perfectly, even as the saints

Elements of Devoutness.” By the Rev. Thomas Griffith, A.M.,

Minister of Ram's Episcopal Chapel, Homerton, author of The and angels in heaven.

Spiritual Life," &c. &c. London, 1839. Burns.

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