Obrazy na stronie
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Overwhelm all error, where'er 'tis found,
On infidel, Jewish, or holy ground.
Grow up and swell round the giant sin,
Who strives towards heaven with furious din;
Grow up and about him, till broken and tost
With thy billows of might, he sinks down a lost,
Corrupted, decaying, and withering thing,
No longer possess'd of power or sting,
No longer possess'd of the serpent's guile
To lure away man with his syren-emile.
Wicliffe ! thy word hath wak'd a strain
The world ne'er thought to hear again.
Religion hung her drooping head,
Her wan, cold cheek seem'd like the dead,

As she sank o'er her tomb alone :
In marbled, tapestried state she lay,
And through the crimson'd panes the ray
Of richly lustrous golden day

On her lovely form shone ;
But there it changed to a pale, pale hue,
And a sicklier cast o'er her features grew.
The arts in varied shape unite,
Each lending its peculiar light,
And gracing many a splendid dome,
They sought to make religion's home,
The pencil portray'd many a scene
That erst in Palestine hath been.
The virgin-mother and her Child
His foot upon the serpent wild,
Which writhing lay beneath his tread,
Crouching to earth his vassal head ;
While the Infant's gaze is fix'd above,
As careless of aught save his Father's love.
Again is shewn the lowly shed
Wherein the Almighty King was laid,
When come in his humility,
A sinful, captive race to free,
Redeeming many a wretched slave
From sin, and Satan, and the grave.
The eastern sage is kneeling there,
Presenting frankincense, and myrrh,
And gold, the type of sovereign power :
Thus dimly shewing forth the hour
When He, God-man, shall come again
To take his mighty power and reign.
Now they present a lovely form,
Pale as star in the dark night-storm,
Deep shame and anguish on her brow,
Her head in self-abasement low,
And sinking at the Saviour's feet,
As deprecating judgment meet
But uttering not a word or moan-
Her prayer is in her look alone.
The same pale face again is seen-

How changed is its expression now !
Traces of what she once had been

Are left upon her brow; But a tear of joy is in her eye, And her bosoin heaves a gladsome sigh, While the calmness of her look toward heaven Declares the peace of a soul forgiven.

Again, there is seen a council-hall,

The judge is on his throne :
The accusers around assembled all,
With curses and taunts, for vengeance call;

While Jesus stands alone
Alone, for none he lov'd are nigh,

They left him there to die.
Again, they shew forth Calvary's height-
The glorious Lord, the Lord of might,

Dying as sinful man ;
On the fell cross he yields his breath,
And dies a malefactor's death,

As under fearful ban.
See, on his head the thorny crown,
His face the blood is trickling down,

Death's glare is in his eye;
His head is sunk upon his breast,
He enters into final rest,

And heaves his latest sigh; While those whom he came to succour and save

Savagely triumph o'er his grave. But what are these ?--Oh, is religion there ?The art is excellent-'tis passing fair, Beneath the canvass we admiring stand; But 'tis the painter's bold, creative hand : We there behold Messiah newly born And think of Raffaelo's natal morn; We see the Saviour on the cross expireAnd Michael Angelo's fine touch admire. Oh what are these?-have they e'er rais'd a heart From this base world to take that Saviour's part?

Hark to the organ's pealing sound
It fills the lofty dome around ;
Hark to that noble symphony,
That swelling choral barmony !
And now it dies away~'tis mute-
Alone is heard the sweet soft flute.
Now voices beautiful proclaim
In thrilling tones the Saviour's name,
Mix'd with some opera-notes of fame.
The sounds have captive ta'en the sense,
All stand with listening ear intense-
Within them deep emotions glow,
Which like religious feeling flow:-
But, alas! it is only music's spell,
And passes away, like the sound of the bell
That tells of the young and the fair, who are gone

Down to the grave alone.
The tones of the song are lov'd far more
Than the name they are gather'd to adore.
Thus they deck'd out religion's fane.
With pomps and ceremonies vain
They seek to catch the sense the mind
In superstition's chain to bind.
But still the more she pines away;
And though they bring the poet's lay,
The sculptor's, painter's mimic art,
They cannot cheer her fainting heart;
And even music's witching strain
Falls upon her ear in vain.
As persons strive to light a hall

Made dark by some enchanter's spell,

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But the more the lights are hung on the wall, large number of Israelites from the States of Morocco The more the darkness seems to fall,

arrived at Marseilles, in order to embark there for the A darkness thick and fell ;

coast of Syria, and proceed thence on a pilgrimage to

Jerusalem.
So these false lights, the more they're spread,
But wreathe a darker spell around religion's head.

CHURCH OF THE LATERAN.-One of the most an

cient churches in Rome, in respect of origin, if not of 'Twas then that Wicliffe took the lyre,

structure, is that of the Lateran, famed as the seat of And struck it with a inaster's fire,

so many general councils of the Church, and one of

the four chief basilicas; it having been founded by For he sung the Gospel-strain :

Constantine in the early part of the third century. Religion heard the well-known sound,

The present structure, however, in front of which Her heart gave one responsive bound,

stands a lofty Egyptian obelisk, covered with hieroAnd wak'd to life again.

H. M. L. glypbics, was erected in the seventeenth century, and

exbibits the bad taste of that period. The principal front is later, having been built about 1735, by Alex

ander Galilei, an architect who has shewn far greater Miscellaneous.

taste in the splendid Corsini chapel, that forms one of Popery.*-Whenever popery is able to reach the the chief attractions of the interior. This last is of members of a purer Church, it crushes them indiscri extraordinary richness ; marbles, gilding, painting, minately, and knows not how to pity or spare. At a sculpture, all are profusely employed, yet so disperiod in which the genius of liberalism (strange to creetly, and with such elegance of taste, that the eye say) has taken under its special protection this levia finds no excess. The cloisters belonging to this church than, which it would persuade us has grown tame

form quite an architectural studio, being surrounded so lost its former habits, and contracted such a distaste by an arcade of small arches resting upon columns for blood, that we may now " play with it as with a placed in pairs - that is, one before the other, which bird,” and “ bind it for our maidens," — at such a exhibit exiraordinary variety both in their shafts and period, it is highly important to bring authentic do- capitals. Some of the shafts are twisted singly; others cuments before the public eye of what Romanism has compounded of two twisted together; some, again, always been, and must needs continue. A more dan with plain surfaces; others enriched by flutings, cagerous opinion cannot be well entertained-(and mortal blings, carvings, and different modes of embellishment; foes to religion and their country are those who pro- many of which might furnish ideas, even were they pagate it)--than the opinion that intolerance is a mere objected to as models. There are also other curiosiaccident of popery, and not its very essence. Re ties shewn here, of a more startling kind; among the peatedly has it been shewn from the authentic articles rest, a marble fragment, which passes for the identical of the Romish Church, from its legal constitutions,

stone on which the cock crowed at the time of St. and out of writers of the highest authority within its

Peter's denial of his Master !! Surely this must be pale, as well as by an overbalancing induction of his intended by the very Catholics themselves as a buriorical facts, that the spirit of the popedom never re

lesque upon those relics to which their Church atlents towards those who refuse it implicit obedience.

taches so much importance; if not, it is an instance of It is a stern, uncompromising, truculent despotism, fatuity that almost exceeds belief. - W. Rae Wiland cannot become otherwise than by ceasing to be. son, Esq. Since its growth was complete, and its form and cha Wallacuna is at present a nominally independent racter fixed, it has never altered its attitude, nor can principality, much under Russian influence; iis inhado so, without abandoning its fundamental pretensions. bitants are Christians of the Greek Church. Except Seated, as a god, upon a solitary throne, it plants its for groups of seven clumsy wooden crosses, which we foot upon the necks of mankind, and points its sword

every now and then passed on the way, I saw no difat the breaste of any who attempt to rise from their ference between Wallachia and Turkey; in truth, the abject position. It may yield to circumstances, and preference might, without injustice, be given to the put on the mask of conciliation and forbearance ; but latter country, the landscape of which is so much its its imperious nature is unchangeable. For political superior: exerting herself to rank with European purposes, it may assume the mild aspect “ of a lamb;"

powers would make the traveller expect more; and but when the season comes for discovering its real sen

yet not even a road, the primary evidence of civil timents, it will abundantly speak out “ as a dragon.” position, facilitates his progress ... These people From the narrative before us, we obtain conclusive speak a very corrupt Latin, called Romanisti, wlich, I evidence in support of these allegations ... Let the think, in many respects approaches the Italian. The reader attentively consider this record of the pro Wallachians affirm, (and I believe with some truth,) tracted martyrdom of M. Le Febvre-(for well may he that their race has been blended with the Roman be called a martyr whose life was abridged by a long legions who were encamped amongst the ancient Daincarceration and most inhuman treatment),-let the cians to subdue them : the language is, however, now reader look into this record as a mirror, in which the mixed up with a number of Turkish and Greek words. features of popery are far from being displayed in all I consider Wallachia more objectionable than Turkey; their enormity; and then say whether a judicial blind, since it affects to rank itself with European policy and ness must not fall upon a Protestant people before it professes Christianity; yet how lamentable is the tracan lend itself to the restoration of so malignant a veller disappointed at finding the same baekwardness, power, to replenishing its cup of sorceries, and to

the same indolence, and the same filth, in most cases “girding” it " with a new sword.”

even worse than Turkey: they seem a selfish and The Jews in PALESTINE.- According to a traveller boorish race; in short, things had only changed their who has recently visited that interesting quarter,

names, but not their nature.-Burton's Narrative. within the last forty years scarcely 2000 Jews were to be found in Palestine. They amount now to above

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, 40,000, and are increasing in multitude by large Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. annual additions. In the first days of this month a Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town

and Country. • From Preface, by Rev. J. N. Pearson, M.A., to the “ Narrative of the Sufferings and Death of M. Isaac Le Pebvre, a Pro

PRINTED BY testant of Chatel-Chignon, in France." London, Baisler. 1839. -A very interesting volume.

RODSON, LEVEY, AND PRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.

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every thing by prayer and supplication with FAMILY-WORSHIP.

thanksgiving make our requests known unto By the Rev. JAMES RAWLINGS, M.A. God;" and so again, if we would attend to

what the same apostle says in another place, Rector of St. Pinnock, near Liskeard, Cornwall.

“ praying always with all prayer," which There are many persons who are in a great means praying at all proper seasons, with all degree sensible of their obligation to establish kinds of prayer, as circumstances or situation family-worship, while at the same time they shall direct. But, not to dwell on the duty of do not perceive the various and great advan- family-worship, which I conceive to be intages accruing from the practice of it. It is volved in that of private or individual worone thing to be influenced by a sense of duty, ship,— which last no one who believes that and another to be animated and warmed by a there is a God, and that he himself is a refeeling of privilege. In order to the right sponsible creature, will for a moment dispute, performance of duties, there must, among - I will proceed to point out one or two adother requisites, be a distinct apprehension vantages resulting from the regular practice not only of what we owe, but also of what we of well-ordered family-worship. The conhope for. A bare abstract sense of duty is stant and devout performance of this great seldom, if ever, the chief moving and regulat- duty begets in our households a spirit of ing spring of human conduct. The hope and seriousness and reflection. It is hard to beexpectation of some remunerating good will lieve that the members of a praying family perhaps invariably be found to be the primary will go on in sin and rebellion, without some actuating principle of life. The duty of family remonstrances of conscience. Recalled at or household worship appears, after a little stated seasons, and at no long intervals, consideration, as undeniable and as urgent as morning and evening, to at least the recogthat of devotion in the closet. He who doubts nition of a supreme Being; “Thou, God, seest his obligation to maintain the first, will cer me," we may suppose will be a feeling actainly think but lightly of the last. Such are companying them in some degree throughout the relations in which a household exists, that the day. Who does not know the tendency the worship of individuals would scarcely be of religious exercises to avert the course of applicable to its state; and, however compre- licentious thought into purer and more conhensive, would fail to embrace the peculiar fined channels, and to soberise and calm down subjects of its prayer or praise. As social the unruly passions and inordinate affections bodies, we have joys and sorrows, wants and of the mind? The practice of this duty is blessings, of our own; so that if one member also advantageous, inasmuch as it promotes suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one the peace and good order of a family. What member be honoured, all the members rejoice is so likely to allay the little irritations, and with it." Family-worship seems, then, to be settle the little disputes, which will occasionabsolutely required of us, if we would, in ac- ally arise in almost every family, as the pecordance with the apostle's exhortation," in riodical approach, in prayer and praise, to the VOL. VII.-NO, CLXXXI.

(London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]

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footstool of that Almighty Being whom all assurance that afterwards he will receive us have grievously offended, and from whom all to glory, for Jesus Christ's sake. real blessings are received ? How shall we, with this petition just escaped from our lips, “ forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them MASSACRE OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY that trespass against us," rush from the family

AT PARIS.-A.D. 1572. altar to enter into quarrels, or to gratify the

No. II. spirit of revenge? “ Where envying and The king, it is stated, speedily felt the most violent strife is”—and these grow luxuriantly enough remorse for permitting the massacre. From the in the natural heart " there is confusion evening of the 24th Aug. he was observed to groan

much when informed of the cruelties that had been and every evil work;" but religion inculcates

perpetrated ; and at length, after some conversation order, and introduces peace. The God whom

with Ambrose Pare, his surgeon and a Huguenot, he we worship “ is not the author of confusion, forbade the continuance of the deed of blood. He but of peace.” But the aspect which family hoped to exculpate himself; for in letters sent by him worship bears on the everlasting interests of into the provinces, he threw the blame of the whole the members of our households, this -- this, proceeding on the members of the house of Guise.

But in eight days he changed his tone, declaring that beyond every other consideration, should the whole affair took place by his express command. weigh with us for the due observance of it.

It is certain that he was himself seen with a caraHeads of families should often consider the

bine in his hand during the massacre, which he is

said to have fired on the Huguenots. It is not less responsibility that attaches to them for, as far

so, that he went with his court to view the body of as practicable, the religious education of their Coligny while suspended at Montfaucon; and that households. If any one, whether child or when one of his courtiers observed that it smelt ill, servant, perish through our neglect or indif- he replied, " The body of a

he replied, “ The body of a dead enemy always smells

The number of Protestants massacred in ference, shall not God in righteous judgment eight days, over the kingdom, amounted to 70,000. require his blood at our hands? The Lord “ The last ferocious act of Charles, which grew imhas said, All souls are mine; and he has com mediately out of the St. Bartholomew," says Mr. Smedmitted them (of our servants and children) for ley," was a mock trial, instituted against the deceased

admiral and his adherents in the pretended conspiracy. a time to our keeping; and does he not say

The sentence passed against Coligny, as a traitor, inin effect to us, Keep this child or servant; and volved confiscation of all his property, perpetual inif by any means he be missing or lost, then famy, and the suppression of his name. His body, if it shall thy life be for his life? O let us begin, could be found (and if that were not possible, his effigy), or continue in, the important duty of family- gibbeted, first in the Place de Grêve for six hours, worship: let us no longer consider it as a afterwards on a loftier spot at Montfaucon. His duty only, but also as an inestimable privi- armorial bearings were to be dragged at a horse's lege. Let us remember that it is a silent tail through every town in which they might have proclamation to our households of the truth by the cominon executioner; his statues, busts, and

been set up, and to be defaced and broken in pieces of the religion we profess-a “ still small portraits, were to be demolished in like manner. His voice," which the most wayward and careless chief seat at Châtillon was to be razed to the ground; cannot always be deaf to, calling them off from no building was ever again to be founded on its site; a world that lieth in wickedness, to the con

the trees in the park were to be cut down to half their

natural height; the glebe was to be sown with salt ; templation of those things which make for

and in some central spot a column was to be erected, their everlasting peace. How many a first bearing on it this decree engraved in brass. His impression has it pleased God to make whilst children had escaped the fury of the king during the around the family-altar, which all life's devi

massacre ; but they were now proscribed, degraded

from their nobility, declared incapable of bearing ous wanderings failed to obliterate, and which

witness in courts of law, stripped of all civil priviat last, through the infinite mercy and grace leges, and the power of holding any public office, or of Him who began the good work, was

of enjoying any property within the limits of France

for ever. brought to perfection!

An annual public religious service and

procession was at the same time instituted, to comAs to any difficulties which may appear to memorate the mercy of Heaven, which had so signally lie in the way of our practising the great duty averted calamity from the kingdom on the festival of of family-worship, let us ever bear in mind St. Bartholomew. that God's grace is sufficient for us. Imbued

"It was not, however, on the dead only that the

vengeance of the court was content to wreak itself in with the spirit of true religion, every obstacle

these moments of subsidence. Two living victims which the world, the flesh, and the devil, can also were provided for sacrifice. Cavagne, a counthrow in the way will speedily be overcome, sellor of the parliament of Toulouse, and Briquemaut, and we shall be made “more than conquerors

who at seventy years of age had retired from the through Him that loved us.” Then, of a truth, profession of arms, in which he had long served with

honour, were arrested as Huguenots a short time God will bless us, for “he blesseth the habi after the massacre. The escape of Briquemaut during tation of the just.” The dew of his grace, we

the Parisian carnage was attended with remarkable

circumstances. may hope, will descend upon every member

Perceiving that every outlet was

blockaded, and that the murderers were in close of our family; and whilst he guides us by his pursuit, he stripped off his clothes, and throwing counsel here, we may rest in the delightful himself among a heap of bleeding corpses, lay upon

his face and counterfeited death. His nakedness at Lyons ? What did the sucking-children and their prevented examination and discovery by the wretches mothers at Rouen deserve ? at Caen ? at Rochelle ? who followed in the train of the assassins to rifle What is done yet, we have not heard; but I think their fallen victims; and at night, wrapping round shortly we shall bear. Will God, think you, still hiin such rags as were near at hand, he stole away sleep? Will not their blood ask vengeance? Shall unobserved, and took refuge at the house of the not the earth be accursed that hath sucked up the English ambassador. There he found employment innocent blood poured out like water upon it?” in the stables ; and he was dressing a horse at the In the general dispersion which succeeded these moment in which he was recognised and arrested. massacres, the Huguenots took refuge in England,

“ The charge brought against him and Cavagne, in the Palatinate, and a part of them in Switzerland. was participation in the admiral's conspiracy; with A remnant, however, still remained behind. the exception, therefore, of the merely personal “When intelligence of the massacre," adds Mr. clauses, their sentence was similar to that which we Smedley, "was first announced at Rome, the Vatican have just recited; and De Thou, who heard it read to gave loose to unbounded joy. The pope and cardinals them, notices the fortitude with which Briquemaut proceeded at once from the conclave in which the listened -notwithstanding the usual ignominy with king's despatches had been read, to offer thanks which one nobly born was adjudged to the gallows, before the altar, for the great blessing which Heaven till he found that in some of the penalties his children had vouchsafed to the Roinish see and to all Christalso were included. •What have they done to merit endom. Salvoes of artillery thundered at nightfall this severity ?' was the inquiry of the heart-broken from the ramparts of St. Angelo; the streets were veteran. Between five and six in the evening of the illuminated ; and no victory ever achieved by the 27th of October, the sad procession quitted the Con arms of the pontificate elicited more tokens of festiciergerie for the Place de Grêve. In the mouth of vity. The pope also, as if resolved that an indethe straw effigy, by which the admiral was repre structible evidence of the perversion of moral feeling sented, some heartless mocker had placed a tooth wbich fanaticism necessarily generates should be transpick, to increase the resemblance by imitating one of mitted to posterity, gave orders for the execution of a his common habits. At the windows of the Hôtel de commemorative medal. He had already been anticiVille, which commanded a near view of the scaffold, pated in Paris; and the effigies of Gregory XIII. and were assembled Charles (to whom his consort on that of Charles IX. may still be seen in numismatic cabimorning had presented her first-born child), the nets, connected with triumphant legends and symqueen mother, and the King of Navarre, who had bolical devices, illustrative of the massacre. been compelled to attend. A considerable delay took “The Cardinal of Lorraine presented the messenger place; and some proposal appears to have been made, with a thousand pieces of gold; and unable to restrain by which, even at the last moment, the condemned the extravagance of his delight, exclaimed that he might have purchased their lives, if they would have believed the king's heart to have been filled by a debased themselves by treachery and falsehood. When sudden inspiration from God when he gave orders at length the hangman had thrown them from the for the slaughter of the heretics. Two days afterladder, Charles ordered Aambeaux to be held close to wards he celebrated a solemn service in the church of their faces, in order that he might distinctly view the St. Louis, with extraordinary magnificence; on which variety of expression which each exhibited in his occasion, the pope, the whole ecclesiastical body, and parting agony. Suetonius does not record a more many resident ambassadors, assisted. An elaborate fiend-like anécdote of the worst of the Cæsars. The inscription was then aftixed to the portals of the populace imitated the brutality of their sovereign. church, congratulating God, the pope, the college of During the long and fearful pause which had occurred cardinals, and the senate and people of Rome, on the on the scaffold, and the many hours through which stupendous results and the almost incredible etfects the bound and defenceless prisoners endured that of the advice, the aid, and the prayers which had lingering expectation far more bitter than death itself, been offered during a period of twelve years.” their sutiering was heightened by cruel outrages

Y. inflicted by the rabble; who, when life was extinct, dragged the bodies from the gallows, and savagely tore them in pieces."

THE PARABLE OF THE SOWER: Sir Francis Walsingham was at this time the resi

A Sermon, dent ambassador from England. His interview with Catherine after the massacre was truly interesting.

BY THE Rev. W. HARRISON, M.A. He concealed not the disgust which would be felt by

l'icar of St. Oswald's, Chester. his royal mistress, Elizabeth, at such outrages; and his despatches notice the brutal sportiveness with

Mark, iv. 3. which the Parisians spoke of them as “a Bartholo

“ Behold, there went out a sower to sow.” mew breakfast, and a Florence banquet.” The detestation in which the name of the French court was

There are few parables which are more held in England, is thus described in a strain of rude, familiar to us, and few which have been yet powerful eloquence, by his friend and corre more frequently discoursed upon, than that spondent, Sir Thomas Smith, the queen's secretary: of which these words form the commence

"What warrant can the French make now, seals and words of princes being traps to catch innocents

ment—the parable of the sower. and bring them to butchery? If the admiral and all ticularly valuable, because it is one of those those murdered on that bloody Bartholomew - day which our Saviour himself condescended to were guilty, why were they, not apprehended, im- explain ; and it contains much of warning prisoned, interrogated, and judged? But so much and much of instruction, to pay serious made of as might be, within two hours of the assassination! Is that the manner to handle men, either regard to which it behoves us all. culpable or suspected? So is the journeyer slain by The parable itself is simply this: A sower the robber; so is the hen of the fox; so the hind of

goes out to sow, and his seed is received by the lion; so Abel of Cain; so the innocent of the

four different kinds of soil. The seed means wicked; so Abner of Joab. But grant they were guilty, they dreamed treason that night in their sleep; the word of God, and the soils represent the what did the innocent men, women, and children do different dispositions of those who hear it,

It is par

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