« PoprzedniaDalej »
upon them like a snare." It is commonly thought operation of secondary causes, and are apt to allege they are unwilling to have that sleep disturbed; but for the vicissitudes of events any reason except the how seldom is it attempted! The missionary-meet- determinate councils of Him against whose governing is thronged with earnest and interested hearers ; ment they rebel. It is true the purposes of God are the Sunday school filled with kind and pious teachers; ordinarily effected by human agency; still, we are and the cottages of the poor continually frequented not to lose sight of his controlling power. We posby anxious and disinterested visitors : but how seldom sess in the Bible a treasure of knowledge concerning is this anxiety for the salvation of others displayed in the history of the world, and should not shut our the immediate circle of social influence! The kind eyes upon the past and present dealings of God acquaintance, the long-tried friend, and even the towards man, as though it was a matter which conbeloved relation, are but too often suffered to tread cerned us not. Our ear perhaps is not open to hear the downward path for years, without one word of the trumpets of prophecy whilst they are sounding; remonstrance, one affectionate entreaty or expostula but we are permitted to trace the majestic march of tion. It is true that the Iloly Spirit alone can change events, which has long brought to pass the things conthe heart of man ; but it has not now to be said for cerning which it was written that they “should be ;" the first time, that the Christian who makes that an and to watch with deep attention the course of human excuse for withholding his own efforts, is like the affairs, which appear to tend towards the hastening of husbandman who should refuse to sow the seed those of which it is still written that they “ shall be." because he could not cause it to grow, or ensure the It is, however, still more profitable and useful to harvest. It pleases God sometimes that the seed ourselves to be observant of the providence of God should be sown without the aid of human means ; as relates to the daily occurrences of life. This knowthat it should spring up far from all kindred soil, like ledge is not only desirable for its excellency, but for the Shittah-tree in the desert; but oftener, perhaps, the peace and comfort it instils into the heart. Our it seems good in his sight to employ the instru Saviour has said, “ Even the very hairs of your head mentality of others; and it is the bounden duty of are all numbered :" we cannot therefore for a mothe people of God to view all unconverted persons ment doubt, that we have a right to console ourselves with whom they may associate, not with indifference with the assurance that God is ever watching over us. as those differing from them in the object and pursuits If we studied the lives of individuals recorded in the of life, still less with dislike - but with the sympathy Bible, we should find then replete with lessons upon with which the shipwrecked sailor brought safe to this subject; and we should there see every thing shore would view the sufferers yet clinging to the ascribed to the ordering of God. The life of David, sinking vessel, and with the same anxiety that they being given more at length than that of most others, also should be saved. Not that shipwrecked sailors is full of instruction; and it is a useful study, especan be compared to souls alienated from God, and cially for those who are careful and troubled about under the dominion of sin ; for the former are con many things, to note the several occurrences recorded scious of their danger, which the latter are not; they concerning him, and compare them with the Psalms are rather like the inmates of a lonely huuse, asleep of mingled prayer and thanksgiving which he comin perfect fearlessness of evil, whilst the waters of | posed upon those occasions - such as the following: the swollen river, which has overflowed its banks, rise 1 Sam. xxii. 1, Ps. lvii.; 1 Sam. xix. 2, Ps. lix.; higher and higher, cutting off more effectually every 1 Sam. xxi. 10, Ps. lv. ; 2 Sam. viii. 3, 13, 1 Chron. moment the retreat of the unhappy inhabitants, who xviii, 3, 12, 1 Sam. xxiii. 14, 15, Ps. Ixin. Amongst are insensible to the impending danger. The light the number with which the Bible abounds, the life of that burns in the quiet room shews no movement Hezekiah might also be selected as an example of the within, betokening either their knowledge of their many, practical lessons which may be learnt from situation or their fear; all is hushed in calm and studying scriptural biography. When he ascended fatal security, until the flood shall come and take the throne, strong in the confidence hc reposed in them all away (Luke, xvii.); or until perhaps, God, we see him setting at nought the favour or the awakened too late, their cries for help shall be heard fear of man, cutting down the groves, destroying the with awe by those who rest upon their beds in peace. images, and removing the high places,—although he Thus it is with all who have no hope in God: the must by so doing have drawn down upon himself the food of time rises higher and higher every hour, and hatred and enmity of numbers,-and breaking off all will soon carry us away:
Let it then be the desire of alliance with the heathen nations, according to the every Christian, that they who sleep the sleep which commandment (Deut. vii, 2, 4), although the almost is the precursor of spiritual death, should be awakened. certain consequences were the immediate invasion of It is the office of the ministers of Christ to preach his territories; " and the Lord was with him, and he the Gospel ; but it is also written, “Let him that prospered.” For fourteen years he appears to have heareth say, Come.”
reigned in peace. So greatly was he favoured, that But if it is the duty of a Christian to be thus intent we see him interceding with God for the pardon of upon the welfare of others, he is also especially called the people, and he was heard (2 Chron. xxx. 20). But to watch upon his own post. A warfare, a race, a when Sennacherib, with a mighty host, came against pilgrimage, are comparisons continually made use of him, the faith of the king of Judah failed; and he in the Bible to describe the situation of the people of rested bis hope of deliverance, not upon God, but God in this world; each of them denoting danger, upon himself, and purposed to buy the forbearance of privation, and the necessity of constant exertion. the Assyrian king with a tribute of gold and silver. Watch, then, through all the trying scenes of life; But when this vain resource failed, and the heathen watch for the hour of death; watch for the day of host encamped near Jerusalem, Hezekiah, in the judgment “Religion,” as it has been remarked, " is extremity of his danger, returned unto the Lord, and the tie which binds man to God, and implies both a sought and found deliverance (2 Kings, xix. 14, 20): knowledge and love of him." The Christian, then, thus exemplifying the words of the prophet Jeremiah lives in the world mindful of God; he is awake to (xvii. 5-8). We next beholl him sick unto death, his purposes, so far as they are disclosed in the written and receiving from the prophet the warning that he word, with respect to the present circumstances and should "not live ;' but Hezekiah turned his face unto future destination of man. The veiled Fates, whom the wall, and prayed; and before the prophet had the heathen set up as queens over the destiny of the reached his own dwelling, he received a commandment human race, have lost but little of their power in the to return, and announce the acceptance of the prayer ; eyes of those who, far from regarding the world as and Hezekiah joyfully praised the Lord.“ It is exunder the government of God, refer all things to the ceeding pleasant,” says Flavel, in his excellent treatise
upon the mystery of Providence, “to behold the resur unto Jesus;" the faithful watch must be a watch unto rection of our own prayers and hopes as from the prayer. Still this should be an incitement to diligence, dead;" but, alas, when they rise up in the likeness of not indolence, in our Christian calling: we know that blessings, we are apt not to recognise them. The all the bones of our frame were knit together by him ; giving of thanks is constantly inculcated upon us; that in him " we live, and move, and have our being ;' “Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with and without him we could not draw another breath ; thanksgiving" (Col. iv. 2). There is often, however, yet we do not hesitate to make ample use of all our a great disproportion between our prayers and our physical powers directly there is a desired object to be thanksgivings; we continually sit down in the quiet attained.' So let it be with the faculties of our soul: enjoyment of the very things we have prayed for, with we know they are entirely dependent upon God, and out one grateful acknowledgment for them. Like the that we cannot "come to Christ,” nor walk in his ways, nine lepers, we go away healed, without returning to “except the Father draw us ;" yet our Saviour hath give glory to God; and this, not so much perhaps said, " Seek, strive, watch." Let us then be earnest, from want of faith, as from want of Christian watchful active, diligent, to grow both in Christian grace and ness; that the events of life pass us by, not indeed knowledge, and to make a good use of our time and unnoticed-for we are anxious and careful enough-opportunities, and of every gift which has been enbut not looked upon through the glass of God's provi. trusted to us, that we may be enabled to say, “ Lord, dence, with a view to their design, or their effect upon thou deliveredst unto me two talents: behold, I have us, or our right use and improvement of them. It gained two other talents besides them.” And while we has been said,
confess, with the deepest humility, that without Christ “Salvation
we can do nothing, let us also rejoice in the assured Comes mounted on the wings of meditation ;".
confidence that “all things are possible to him that and certainly vigilance is an absolute requisite in
believeth." Christians, as well to enjoy their privileges as to improve them. There are several other incidents in the life of Hezekiah capable of affording us practical
THE CAMEL. lessons in the common duties and temptations of every-day life ; but the subject is too extensive to Of all animals, the camel perhaps is most exactly be more than slightly alluded to in the limits of these adapted both to those peculiar regions of the earth columns.
in which it is principally, if not exclusively, found ; Acknowledging the total dependence of man upon and to those purposes for which it is usually employed God, and living in the remembrance of it, let us also by man, to whose wants indeed it is so completely watch in the ordinary concerns of life to do what God accommodated, and apparently so incapable of existing requires of us. As no events should be referred to without his superintendence, that while, on the one secondary causes only, so no actions should be done hand, we find the camel described in the earliest with a view to secondary motives. To please God in records of history, and in every subsequent period, as all things should be ihe constant endeavour of a in a state of subjugation to man, and employed for Christian : " whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to precisely the same purposes as at the present day; on the Lord, and not unto men.” The lives of the gene the other hand, it does not appear that the species has rality of individuals pass away in trifling actions ; but ever existed in a wild or independent state. With to him who is on the watch to do them as unto God, scarcely any natural means of defence, and nearly they are no longer trifling; nor are they even so in useless in the scheme of creation, (as far as we can themselves as regards mankind. The vast amount of judge,) unless as the slave of man, it forms a remarkhuman sin and transgression may be said to be com able parallel to the sheep, the ox, and other of the posed of the atoms of individual character. Our ruminating species, which are also rarely, if ever, Saviour hath said, " he that is not with me is against found but under the protection of man, and to that me; he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.” protection alone are indebted, indeed, for their existThere is no neutrality: if we are not employed in ence as a distinct species. Let us compare, then, the doing good both to ourselves and others, we are cer form, and structure, and moral qualities of the camel, tainly employed in doing mischief, whether we know with the local character of the regions in which it is it or not: we are either contributing the mite of our principally found; and with the nature of the services individual character to the advancement of holiness, exacted of it by man. The sandy deserts of Arabia are to the spread of that light which, Christ has com the classical country of the camel; but it is also extenmanded, should shine before men, that they may see sively employed in various other parts of Asia, and in our good works, and glorify our Father which is in the north of Africa : and the constant communication heaven; or we are putting out our hand, however that exists between the tribes which border on the feeble and slight its force may be, to help the multi- intervening sea of sand could only be maintained by tude who are dragging the triumphal car of the idol an animal possessing such qualities as characterise the Mammon through the world. As it is among the camel-"the ship of the desert,” as it has empha
mmon duties and ordinary concerns of life we are tically been called. Laden with the various kinds of daily tempted to serve sin, it is amongst them we must merchandise which are the object of commerce in that watch against it. The faithful porter who keeps the region of the world, and of which a part often passes gate does not probably expect an army to besiege his from the most easterly countries of Asia to the exmaster's dwelling. Temptation does not always come treme limits of western Europe, and from thence even in the likeness of an overwhelming host: it oftener across the Atlantic to America, this extraordinary presents itself day by day amongst common cares and animal pursues its steady course over burning sands common duties. One sin, however small, which is during many successive weeks. And not only is it constantly admitted and indulged, is like a traitor in a satisfied with the scanty herbage which it gathers by garrison, who, if he be but a child, can open the door to the way, but often passes many days without meeting the mighty enemy without. To be effectual, this watch with a single spring of water in which to slake its fulness must also be persevering: the Christian who is thirst. In explanation of its fitness, as a beast of burapt to lay it aside, is like a man who has been long den, for such desert tracts of sand, its feet and its rowing against the stream, and, pausing to rest upon stomach are the points in its structure which are his oars, is suddenly carried far back again by the principally calculated to arrest our attention : and its strength of the current. It must also be in the spirit feet are not less remarkably accommodated to the of constant dependence upon God, a daily "looking road over which it travels, thán is the structure of its • George Herbert.
• From Dr. Kidd's Bridgewater Treatise.
is most naturally referable,) by which, after having thirsted seven or eight days, it perceives the existence of water at a very considerable distance ; and it manifests this power by running directly to the point where the water exists. It is obvious that this faculty is exerted as much to the benefit of their drivers, and the whole suite of the caravan, as of the camels themselves. Such are some of the leading advantages derived to man from the physical structure and powers of this animal. Nor are those advantages of slight moment which are derived from its docile and patient disposition. It is no slight advantage, for instance, considering the great height of the animal, which usually exceeds six or seven feet, that the camel is easily taught to bend down its body on its limbs, in order to be laden; and, indeed, if the weight to be placed on its back be previously so distributed as to be balanced on an intervening yoke of a convenient form, it will spontaneously direct its neck under the yoke, and afterwards transfer the weight to its back. But it would be found, upon pursuing the history of the camel, that, while under the point of view which has been just considered, this animal contributes more largely to the advantages of mankind than any other species of the ruminating order, it scarcely is inferior to any one of those species with respect to other advantages on account of which they are principally valuable. Thus, the Arab obtains from the camel not only milk, and cheese, and butter, but he ordinarily also eats its flesh, and fabricates its hair into clothing of various kinds. The very refuse indeed of the digested food of the animal is the principal fuel of the desert; and from the smoke of this fuel is obtained the well-known substance called sal ammoniac, which is very extensively employed in the arts; and of which, indeed, formerly, the greater part met with in commerce was obtained from this source alone, as may be implied from its very name.*
stomach to the drought of the region through which that road passes. The foot of the camel, in fact, is so formed, that the camel would be incapable of travelling with any ease or steadiness over either a rough or a stony surface; and equally incapable is it of travelling for any long continuance over moist ground, in consequence of the inflammation produced in its limbs from the effect of moisture. It is observed by Cuvier, that these circumstances in its physical history, and not the incapability of bearing a colder temperature, account for the fact, that while the sheep, the ox, the dog, the horse, and some other species, have accompanied the migrations of man from his aboriginal seat in central Asia to every habitable part of the globe, the camel still adheres to the desert. And now observe how its interior structure meets the difficulty of a region where water is rarely found. As in the case of all other animals which ruminate or chew the cud, the stomach of the camel consists of several compartments, of wbich one is divided into numerous distinct cells, capable of collectively containing such a quantity of water as is sufficient for the ordinary consumption of the animal during many days. And, as opportunities occur, the camel instinctively replenishes this reservoir; and is thus enabled to sustain a degree of external drought, which would be destructive to all other animals but such as have a similar structure: nor is any other animal of the old world known to possess this peculiar structure. But if we pass to the inhabited regions of the Andes in the new world, we there meet with several species of animals, as the lama, the vigogna, and the alpaca, which, though much smaller than the camel, correspond generally in their anatomy with that animal, and particularly with reference to the 'structure of the stomach : they resemble also the camel in docility ; and, to complete the parallel, they were employed by the aboriginal inhabitants in the new world for the same purposes as the camel in the old.
Of the two species of camel, the Bactrian and Arabian, the latter is that with the history of which we are best acquainted ; and though there is reason to believe, that whatever is said of the qualities of the one might with truth be affirmed of the other also, on the present occasion whatever is said is referable to the Arabian species.* The camel, then, not only consumes less food than the horse, but can sustain more fatigue. A large camel is capable of carrying from seven to twelve hundred weight, and travelling with that weight on its back, at the rate of above ten leagues in each day. The small courier-camel, carrying no weight, will travel thirty leagues in each day, provided the ground be dry and level. Individuals of each variety will subsist for eight or ten successive days on dry thorny plants; but after this period require more nutritious food, which is usually supplied in the form of dates and various artificial preparations ; though, if not so supplied, the camel will patiently continue its course, till nearly the whole of the fat of which the boss on its back consists is absorbed ; whereby that protuberance becomes, as it were, obliterated. The camel is equally patient of thirst as of hunger; and this happens, no doubt, in consequence of the supply of fluid which it is capable of obtaining from the peculiar reservoir contained in its stomach. It possesses, moreover, a power and delicacy in the sense of smell, (to that sense at least such a power
• The Bactrian species, which has two bosses on its back, is more peculiar to Tartary and northern Asia. The Arabian, which has only one boss, is not confined to the country from which it is named, but is the same species with that which prevails in northern Africa. As in the case of all domesticated animals, the varieties of these two species are numerous : and it is a variety of the Arabian species, of a small height, to which the ancients gave the name of dromedary, from its einployment as a courier; but in the magnificent work of St. Hilaire and Cuvier (Hist. Nat. des Mammifères), the term dromedary is adopted, in a specific sense, for all the varieties of the Arabian camel.
Tht Cabinet. ConformITY TO Christ.-If we have in us any truth and sincerity, and do not vainly prevaricate in our profession of being Christ's disciples, and votaries of that holy institution, let us manifest it by a real conformity to the practice of him who is our Master, and Author of our faith. If we have in us any wisdom, or sober consideration of things, let us employ it in following the steps of that infallible guide, designed by heaven to lead us in the straight, even, and pleasant ways of righteousness, unto the possession of everlasting bliss. If we do verily like and approve the practice of Christ, and are affected with the innocent, sweet, and lovely comeliness thereof, let us declare such our mind by a sedulous care to resemble it. If we bear any honour and reverence, any love and affection to Christ; if we are at all sensible of our relations, our manifold obligations, our duties, to our great Lord, our best Friend, our most gracious Redeemer; let us testify it by a zealous care to become like to him,. let a lively image of his most righteous and innocent, most holy and pious, most pure and spotless life be ever present to our fancies; so as to form our judgments, to excite our affections, to quicken our endeavours, to regulate our purposes, to correct our mistakes, to direct, amend, and sanctify our whole lives. Let us with incessant diligence of study meditate on the best of histories, wherein the tenor of his divine practice is represented to us; revolving frequently in our thoughts all the most considerable passages thereof, entertaining them with devout passions, impressing them on our memories, and striving to express them in our conversations : let us endeavour continually to
• Ammon, an ancient name of that part of the African desert situate to the west of Egypt, supplied formerly much of the sal ammoniac of commerce.
walk in the steps of our Lord, and " to follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth.” Which that we may be able to do, do thou, o blessed Redeemer, draw us draw us by the cords of thy love-draw us by the sense of thy goodness-draw us by the incomparable worth and excellency of thy person-draw us by the unspotted purity and beauty of thy example-draw us by the merit of thy precious death, and by the power of thy Holy Spirit," draw us,” good Lord, “and we shall run after thee."-Dr. Isaac Barrow.
THE Burder or Sin.-As it happened to the paralytic man, so does it happen to us. When Christ had said to him, " Thy sins are forgiven thee; arise and walk," he arose and took up his bed, and went to his home. Thus we too are naturally palsied and lame and halt with sin; but when Jesus says to us,“ Repent, and your sins shall be forgiven," we too are strengthened and encouraged to arise and walk in the paths of righteousness. We leave our burden of sin behind us, and take up our bed, and carry it along with us; that is, in our duty we find our rest.
Let none of you say within himself, “ This is all very well for gross and open sinners; but it does not apply to decent, well-behaved persons, such as I am." "Remember that a man may sleep upon his burden instead of carrying it; and then to be sure he does not feel it. Yes, he may so sleep, and may even dream that he is moving onward; but he who moves only in a dream will not make much way. Besides, his dream must come to an end; he must awake at last. Does not St. John tell us, that “ If a man say he has no sin, he deceives himself, and the truth is not in him?" Does not St. James say, “ In many things we all offend ?" Surely these texts are plain enough. He who has never felt the burden of his sins, and his need of pardon, will do well to ponder and consider them. Want of feeling is no proof of life and health, but the contrary.- Rev. A. W. Hare.
Though not the Bridegroom, at bis voice,
Amidst the earthliness of life,
All meet as brethren, mix as friends ; Nature her general groan suspends; No cares, no sin-born labourers tire; F'en the poor brutes thou bidst respire : 'Tis almost as, restor'd awhile, Earth had resum'd her Eden-smile, I love thy call of earthly bells, As on my waking ear it swells; I love to see thy pious train Seeking in groups the solemn fane : But most I love to mingle there In sympathy of praise and prayer, And listen to that living word Which breathes the Spirit of the Lord; Or at thy mystic table placed Those eloquent mementos taste Of thee, thou suffering Lamb divine, Thy soul-refreshing bread and wine ; Sweet viands, kindly given to 'suage The faintness of the pilgrimage !
Sever'd from Salem, while unstrung
But if on earth, so calm, so blest,
BY CHARLES BAYLY.
(For the Church of England Magazine.) When affliction casts o'er us her mantle of grief,
And sorrow and pain waste our spirits away, In Jesus alone can the heart find relief,
To Jesus with patient devotion can pray. Thou, Lord, wilt not suffer the penitent's cry
Unheard to ascend from his tear-moisten'd bed; For thou in the moment of anguish art nigh
To all who to seek thee in earnest are led.
Let thy arm bear us up, and refresh us again; From thy fountain of grace, dearest Lord, may we
drink, Then to live will be pleasure, to die will be gain. And when these frail bodies to dust we resign,
And our spirits soar back to their glorified Lord, Cloth'd anew in immortal efl'ulgence to shine,
Let thy love be through ages eternal ador'd.
SUNDAY. Return, thou wish'd and welcome guest, Thou day of holiness and rest; The best, the dearest of the seven, Emblem and harbinger of heaven:
Where all is holy bliss, that knows
expressions, are constantly occasioned by the pestiNor imperfection nor a close ;
lent practice of gaming. Even gain at first may bring Where that innumerable throng
to the winner ruinous losses afterwards, as it excites Of saints and angels mingle song;
a spirit of covetousness to gain more, and in that
endeavour every thing is often lost. No parent can Where, wrought with hands, no temples rise, have the least confidence in a child, nor master in a For God himself their place supplies ;
servant, when this pernicious and ruinous habit, the Nor priests are needed in th' abode
love of play, as it is called, is once formed in the Where the whole hosts are priests to God!
mind. It has tempted many to supply themselves
with money for the gaming-table by robbing their Think what a Sabbath there shall be,
or some other mode of fraud has been The Sabbath of eternity!
invented and practised, which at length has been Rev. T. GRINFIELD.
detected, and ihe delinquent has fallen into deep
distress, and perhaps under condign punishment. Atliscellaneous.
Many horrible suicides in high life have been the
effect of losses at the gaming-house. Those who St. SPIRIDIONE.* -The principal church, or rather acquire an inclination for gaming will find little the cathedral of Corfu, which contains the relics of St. inclination for business. The disposition for the one Spiridione, is superbly ornamented and enriched with is quite the opposite to that for the nther. Caution, many valuable paintings. There, too, the body of the frugality, modesty, self-denial, strict honesty in word saint is preserved entire within a shrine; and although and deed, must all meet together to form a respecthe died in Cyprus seven hundred years ago, his flesh able tradesman; but the very reverse of all these at this day yields to the touch. This valuable treasure good qualities belong to the gamester. He soon is deposited in a silver coffin set with precious stones; becomes extravagant, fraudulent, licentious, and inand the Corfiots assert that the Venetianz made many temperate in every thing. He, therefore, that would efforts to remove the body to Venice, and were only not expose himself to shame, punishment, and ruin, prevented by the miraculous interposition of the saint must be careful not to spend his time in cards, dice, himself. It is well known that fanaticism attained a billiards, &c. “ Wealth gotten by vanity shall be lamentable height during Venetian domination in these diminished; but he that gathereth by labour shall islands, when the superstitious bent the knee but too increase" (Prov. xiii. 11). Let my young reader, often at the shrine of Spiridione. It was then ima. therefore, avoid all such company as may lead to this gined that money, jewels, and worldly riches, were deadly evil of gaming, as he would avoid offending esteemed by the saint, and would procure his inter God. Obtain all that you spend in an honest way, cession in heaven for the repentant sinner. This led and not by the loss or the pain of others, as you to the accumulation of vast treasures in the cathedral would stand high in the credit and esteem of your of this little island city. On Spiridione's festival-day, master, and enjoy a quiet, peaceful conscience. No the wretched remains of the saint, if a fragment of the money will wear well that is not gotten honestly, original body could remain, are taken from the shrine, placed in a glass case resembling a sedan-chair, and INTOXICATION.-If we may justly condemn that borne in procession through the principal streets.
powerful body of men professing themselves to be. The face is placed sufficiently close to the front of Christians, who, with whatever motives, and under the case to admit distinct observation, and presents a
whatever mistaken views, make a trade of idolatry, and miserable, nay, contemptible exhibition, calculated to
raise a large annual income by the profits of pilgrimdeceive those, and those only, over whom a victory is ages to the temple of Juggernaut, and the maintenance no triumph. Returning to the cathedral, which is of other cruel and licentious rites of paganism, (and dedicated to the patron saint of Corfu, the body is
we trust that few disinterested men will be found to again enshrined, and all around are placed cande
defend such practices as these in this enlightened age labra and lamps of solid gold and silver-offerings of
and country,) —then assuredly that government will not fanaticism, superstition, and bigotry, that have been
be held guiltless, who, professing to deprecate the made there from time to time.
misery and depravity of the lower orders, and to uphold
the laws and religion of the country, yet act in such a GAMBLING.T-Games of mere chance with dice, or
manner as to afford encouragement to that very vice, with cards, or other things, in which money is won or which is confessedly the parent of almost every other lost merely by play, have been viewed by all sober
offence against religion and morality; who take under minded men as a most pernicious pleasure; and very
their protection those receptacles of the wicked and severe laws have been enacted to prevent, or depraved of both sexes, the beer-shops and jerry-shops punish public gambling, even in respect of the no of the country; and foster, by their legislation, the bility and gentry. One of the articles of the appren- growth of those stately temples of iniquity, the gintice's indenture expressly forbids the practice, under palaces of the metropolis. Mr. Pownall, a highly the penalty of losing the freedom of the city. Gam
respectable magistrate of the county of Middlesex, bling is an offence, from its consequences, of a very informs us, that no less than 3000 children, under the grievous nature against God, your employers, and age of fourteen, were committed for crimes, arising out yourselves. It is a sad waste of time, and is a source of drunkenness, during the last two years; and when we of distraction to the mind. It leads people to become learn, from the same authority, that there are at preconnected with swindlers of every description, and it sent not less than 45,738 beer-shops in the country, promotes idleness, theft, and sensuality of all sorts, as well may we shudder at the awful system of demoraliit generally associates itself with the most profligate sation which is thus carrying on under the licence, habits. One person can only gain as another loses ; and, so far at least, with the sanction, of governand therefore deceit, and evil tempers, and bad ment.-Whytehead's Claims of Christian Philanthropy.
• From “The Shores and Islands of the Mediterranean; a Series of Views from Nature, with Descriptions.” By the Rev. G. N. Wright, M.A. Fisher, London and Paris.-- About London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, eight parts of this very interesting work are published; the en Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. gravings are beautiful, and tlic descriptions good. We recom Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town mend it to our readers' favourable notice.
and Country. + From "Affectionate Advice to Apprentices," &c. By Rev. H. G. Watkins, Rector of St. Swithin, London-stone. Sceleys. -- This is an excellent little work, and especially deserving the attention of masters and apprentices.
ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.