« PoprzedniaDalej »
should prescribe poison to all his patients, he cannotlarly of a superior; introduce ; exhibit; offer ; be justly punished, but is answerable only to God? give, or put into the hands ceremoniously; disSo long a prescription supposes an acquiescence in tinguish with gifts ; lay formally before a court
or high authority : a present, something offered; the other claimants; and that acquiescence supposes something given; something given ceremoniousalso some reason, perhaps now unknown, for which ly; a letter or mandate, per præsentes : presence the claim was forborne.
Johnson, Yet half mankind maintain a churlish strife
is, state of being present or together ; approach
face to face, or into view, particularly of a supeWith Him, the Donor of eternal life, Because the deed, by which his love confirms
rior; a number assembled before a superior; The largess he bestows, prescribes the terms. Cowper. room in which a superior shows himself; the Prescription, in English law, is a title ac
superior so shown; port; air; mien; readiness; quired by use and time, and allowed by law; as aptitude: the two compounds that follow are when a man claims any thing, because he, his obvious in their meaning: presentaneous is, ancestors, or they whose estate he hath, have had quick; immediate: presentable, what may be or used it all the time whereof no memory is to presented : presentation, the act of presenting ; the contrary: or it is where for continuance of exhibition; particularly the act of giving any one time, ultra memoriam hominis
, a particular per- ble in an ecclesiastical sense : presentee, one pre
an ecclesiastical benefice : presentative, presentason hath a particular right against another. There is a difference between prescription, cus
sented to a benefice: presenter, one who pretom, and usage. Prescription hath respect to a
sents: presential, supposing actual or real certain person, who by intendment may have presence: the noun-substantive corresponding : continuance for ever; but custom is local, and presentiate, to make present : presentific (obalways applied to a certain place; as time out solete), making present: presently, soon after ; of mind there has been such a custom in such a
and (obsolete) at this time; now: present place, &c. And prescription belongeth to one or
ment, the act of presenting or thing presented; a few only; but custom is common to all. representation in law: presentment is a de l'sage differs from both, for it may be either to
nunciation of the jurors, or some other officer, persons or places : as to inhabitants of a town offence enquirable in the court to which it is pre
as justice, constable, searcher, surveyor, of an to have a way, &c. A custom and prescription are in the right; usage is in the possession; and a
sented.—Cowell. Presentness is quickness at prescription, that is good for the matter and sub- emergencies; readiness of mind, arising from for
titude. stance, may be bad by the manner of setting it forth: but where that which is claimed as a cus
The shepherd Dorus answered with such a trembtom, in or for many, will be good, that regularly ling voice and abashed countenance, and oftentimes will be so when claimed by prescription for one. so far from the matter, that it was some sport to the Prescription is to be time out of mind; though young ladies, thinking it want of education, which it is noi the length of time that begets the right made him so discountenanced with unwonted preof prescription, nothing being done by time, sence.
Sidney. although every thing is done in time; but it is a The towns and forts you presently have are still presumption in law that a thing cannot continue left unto you to be kept either with or without garso long quiet, if it was against right or injurious risons, so as you alter not the laws of the country.
Id. to another. PRE'SEANCE, n. s. Fr. preseance. Priority And to the presence mount, whose glorious view
By them they pass, all gazing on them round, of place in sitting: Not used.
Their frail amazed senses did confound. Spenser. The ghests, though rude in their other fashions,
Tell on, quoth she, the woeful tragedy, may, for their discreet judgment in precedence and
The which these reliques sad present unto. Id. prescance, read a lesson to our civilest gentry.
Carew's Survey of Cornwall. Prayers are sometimes a presentation of mere dePRESEN'SION, n. s. Lat. præsensio. Per- sires, as a mean of procuring desired effects at the
hand of God.
Hooker. ception beforehand. The hedghog's presensio of winds is exact. Browne.
To speak of it as requireth, would require very
long discourse; all I will presently say is this. Id. PRES'ENT, adj., v. a., & n. s.)
Fr. present ;
He sent part of the rich spoil with the admiral's PRES'ENCE, n. S.
Latin præsens. ensign, as a present unto Solyman. Knolles. Pres'ENCE-CHAMBER,
In company ;
To-night we hold a solemn supper, PRES'ENCE-ROOM, face to face; And I'll request your presence.
Shakspeare. PRESENTA'NEOUS, adj.
at hand ; rea I know not by what power I am made bold, PRESENTABLE,
dy ; quick in In such a presence here, to plead my thoughts. PRESENTA’TION, n. s. emergencies;
Id. PRESEN’TATIVE, adj.
attention; now An't please your grace, the two great cardinals PRESENTEE, n. 3.
existent or now
ld. Henry VIII.
Plain Clarence! PRESEN’TER,
( specified ; not PRESENʻtial, adj.
past or future:
I will send thy soul to heaven, PRESENTIALITY, n. s.
If heav'n will take the present at our hands. PRESEX'TIATE, V. a. used for now,
Shakspeare. Re it known to all men by these presents.
Id. PRESENTIF'ic, adj.
or, at the pre
He knows not what he says; and vain is it, PRESENTIF'ICALLY, adv. sent time: to That we present us to him.
Id. King Lear. Pres'ENTLY, adv.
present, is to
When comes your book forth?
-l'pon the heels of my presentment.
Shak pea e.
Covotous ambition, thinking all too little which He made effectual provision for recovery of adpresently it hath, supposeth itself to stand in need of vowsons and presentations to churches. Id. all which it hath not.
Raleigh. Perhaps I have not so well consulted the repute of Virtue is best in a body that is comely, and that my intellectuals, in bringing their imperfections into hath rather dignity of presence than beauty of as. such discerning presences.
Glanville's Seepsis. pect.
Bacon. Errors, not to be recalled, do find If a man write little, he had need have a great me Their best redress from presence of the mind; mory ; if he confer little, he had need have a present Courage our greatest failings does supply. wit; and if he read little, he had need have much
They that are to love inclined,
To the first that's fair or kind,
Make a present of their heart.
Id. And let not proud and factious men
The whole evolution of times and ages, from everAgainst your wills oppose their mights. lasting to everlasting, is collectedly and presentifickly
Ben Jonson. represented to God at once, as if all things and acThe Lady Anne of Bretagne, passing through the tions were, at this very instant, really present and presence in the court of France, and espying Chartier, existent before him.
More. a famous poet, leaning upon his elbow fast asleep, Since clinging cares and trains of inbred fears, openly kissing him, said, “We must honour with our Not awed by arms, but in the presence bold, kiss the mouth from whence so many sweet verses
Without respect to purple or to gold. Dryden. have proceeded.
Peacham. Nor could I hope in any place but there, Mrs. Gulston, possessed of the impropriate par
To find a god so present to my prayer.
Id. sonage of Bardwell, did procure from the king leave
Somewhat is sure designed by fraud or force;
Id. to annex the same to the vicarage, and to make it Trust not their presence, nor admit the horse. presentative, and give them both to St. John's College That courted long, at length are forced to woo. Id.
He now presents, as ancient ladies do, in Oxon.
Octavia presented the poet, for his admirable elegy Which once they knew authority did bear. on her son Marcellus.
Should I present thee with rare figured plate, Some plagues partake of such malignity, that, o how thy rising heart would throb and beat.' id. like a presentaneous poison, they enecate in two hours.
These presentations of fighting on the stage are Harvey. necessary to produce the effects of an heroick play.
Id. Be not often present at seasts, not at all in dissolute company; pleasing objects steal away the heart.
A good bodily strength is a felicity of nature, but
Taylor. nothing comparable to a large understanding and Now every leaf, and every moving breath ready presence of mind.
L'Estrangei Presents a foe, and every foe a death. Denham,
'Tis a high point of philosophy and virtue for a
man to be so present to himself as to be always proA present good may reasonably be parted with, vided against all accidents.
Id. upon a probable expectation of a future good, which
Men that set their hearts only upon the present, is more excellent.
without looking forward into the end of things, 'are
Id. Keener courage, and presentness of mind in danger.
The thing was acceptable, but not the presenter. Clarendon.
Id. Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse,
If these nerves, which are the conduits to convey Wisdom thy sister, and with her did'st play
them from without to their audience in the brain, In presence of the Almighty Father, pleas'd
the mind's presence-room, are so disordered as not to With thy celestial song.
perform their functions, they have no postern to be To her the sov’reign presence thus replied. Id.
Locke. Thou future things canst represent
How great his presence, how erect his look, As present.
Howev'ry grace, how all his virtuous mother When he saw descend
Shines in his face, and charms me from his eyes ! The Son of God to judge then, terrified
Smith. He fled; not hoping to escape, but shun
The fancy may be so strong as to presentiate, upon The present ; fearing, guilty, what his wrath
one theatre, all that ever it took notice of in times Might suddenly inflict.
Grew. Say, heav'nly muse, shall not thy sacred vein By union, I do not understand that which is local Afford a present 10 the infant God ?
Id. or presential, because I consider God as omnipresent. On to the sacred hill
Norris. They led him high applauded, and present Thou spendest thy time in waiting upon such a Before the seat supreme.
Id. Paradise Lost. great one, and thy estate in presenting him; and, Thou therefore now advise,
after all, hast no other reward, but sometimes to be Or hear what to my mind first thoughts present. smiled upon, and always to be smiled at. South.
Milton. This eternal, indivisible act of his existence makes Thus I hurl
all futures actually present to him ; and it is the My dazzling spells into the spungy air,
presentiality of the object which founds the unerring Of power to cheat the eye with blear illusion, certainty of his knowledge.
Id. Sermons. And give it false presentments, lest the place Tell him that no history can match his policies, And my quaint habits breed astonishment. Id.
and presently the sot shall measure himself by himself. But neither of these are any impediment, because
South. the regent thereof is of an infinite immensity more Who, since their own short understandings reach than commensurate to the extent of the world, and No further than the present, think e'en the wise such as 13 most intimately pre with all the beings Speak what they think, and tell tales of themselves. of the world. Hale.
Kneller, with silence and surprise, them into a congregation, under the title of conWe see Britannia's monarch rise,
gregation of our Lady. They lived under the rule And aw'd by thy delusive hand,
of St. Augustine. As in the presence-chamber stand. Addisor.
PRESENTATION OF THE VIRGIN, a feast of the The state is at present very sensible of the decay Romish church, celebrated on the 21st of Noin their trade.
vember, in memory of the Holy Virgin's being Our laws make the ordinary a disturber, if he presented by her parents in the temple, to be does not give institution upon the fitness of a person there educated. Emanuel Comnenus, who presented to him, or at least to give notice to the began to reign in 1143, makes mention of this patron of the disability of his presentee. Ayliffe.
feast in his constitution. Some imagine it to Incumbents of churches presentable cannot, by have been established among the Greeks in the their sole act, grant their incumbencies to others; eleventh century; and think they see evident but may make leases of the profits thereof. Id.
proofs of it in some homilies of George of NiThe moments past, if thou art wise, retrieve
comedia, who lived in the time of Photius. Its With pleasant mem'ry of the bliss they gave ; The present hours in present mirth employ,
institution in the west is ascribed to Gregory XI.
in 1372. Some think it was instituted in meAnd bribe the future with the hopes of joy. Prior. Folks in mudwall tenement,
mory of the ceremony practised among the
Jews for their new-born females ; corresponding
to the circumcision on the eighth day for males. To those might better spare them ten. Id. PRESENTMENT, in law. A presentment, proA graceful presence bespeaks acceptance, gives a perly speaking, is the notice taken by a grand force to language, and helps to convince by look and jury of any offence from their own knowledge or posture.
Collier. observation, without any bill of indictment laid The present age hath not been less inquisitive before them at the suit of the king; as the prethan the former ages were.
sentment of a nuisance, a libel, and the like; Woodward's Natural History. What, shall the curate controul me? have noe i upon which the officer of the court must after
wards frame an indictment, before the party the presentation ?
Gay. That he put these bishops in the places of the de- tion of office is the act of a jury, summoned by
presented can be put to answer it. An inquisiceased by his own authority is notoriously false ; the proper officer to enquire of matters relating for the duke of Saxony always presented.
to the crown, upon evidence laid before them. So ladies in romance assist their knight,
some of these are in themselves convictions, Present the spear, and arm him for the fight. and cannot afterwards be traversed or denied ;
Pope. and therefore the inquest, or jury, ought to hear The grand juries were practised with, to present all that can be alleged on both sides. Of this the said pamphlet with all aggravating epithets, and nature are all inquisitions of felo de se; of fight their presentments published for several weeks in all in persons accused of felony; of deodands, and the newspapers.
Swift. The ample mind keeps the several objects all sheriff's tourn or court-leet, whereupon the presid
the like ; and presentments of petty offences in the within sight, and present to the soul. Watts. Lectondes's memory is ever ready to offer to bis be afterwards traversed and examined; as par
ing officer may set a fine. Other inquisitions may find something out of other men's writings or conversations, and is presenting him with the thoughts of ticularly the coroner's inquisition of the death of other persons perpetually.
Id. a man, when it finds any one guilty of homicide; We have always the same natures, and are every for in such cases the offender so presented must where the servants of the same God, as every place be arraigned upon this inquisition, and may disis equally full of his presence, and every thing is pute the truth of it; which brings it to a kind of Equally his gift.
Law. indictment, the most usual and effectual means This much I believe may be said, that the much of prosecution. greater part of them are not brought up so well, or accustomed to so much religion, as in the present in
PRESERVE', v. a. &n. s. Fr. preserver ; stance.
PRESERVA’TION, n. s. The present moment like a wife we shun,
PRESER'VATIVE, adj. &n. s.
To keep; And ne'er enjoy, because it is our own. Young.
defend; The ideas of pain, and above all of death, are so protect from decay : as a noun substantive, somevery affecting, that whilst we remain in the presence thing so protected, as “preserved fruit' : preserof whatever is supposed to have the power of inflict- vation is, the art or care of preserving: presering either, it is impossible to be perfectly free from vative, preventive; having the power of preserv
ing; that which has this power : preserver, a defenPRESENTATION, in ecclesiastic law. See Ad- der or protector; one who keeps from ruin or Vowsox, and PATRONAGE.
mischief; he who makes artificial preserves. PRESENTATION OF Our Lady, the title of two orders of nuns. The first was established in God sent me to preserve you a posterity, and save
Genesis xlv. 7. France, about 1627, by Nicholas Sanguin, bishop your lives. of Senlis; it was approved by Urban VIII. and preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom,
The Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, This order never made any great progress. The
2 Timothy. second was established in 1664, when Frederick
Of all wild beasts preserve me from a tyrant ; Borromeo, being apostolical visitor, in the Valte- And of all tame, a flatterer. · Sir P. Sidney. line, was intreated by some devout maids at If we think that the church needeth not those anMorbegno to allow them live in community in cient preservatives, which ages before us were glad to a retired place; which he granted, and erected use, we deceive ourselves.
low Lat. præser
Nature does require
furnished with a piece of strong tape, the two Her times of preservation, which, perforce, ends of which are sewed to the edge of the bag I give my tendance to.
where it is joined, about two or three inches on Shakspeare. Henry VIII.
each side of the middle, where the cock is firmly Sit, my preserver, by thy patient's side.
fastened and made perfectly air-tight; this piece
Shakspeare. It hath been anciently in use to wear tablets of of tape is just sufficiently wide to admit the head arsenick, as preservatives against the plague ; for that, easily between it and the bag, and, when put on, being poisons themselves, they draw the venom from it causes the latter to hang down from the neck the spirits.
a little below the breast, and to pass immediately Every senseless thing, by nature's light, under the arms round to the back, where it is Doth preservation seek, destruction shun. fastened by two other pieces of tape sewed to
Davies. the two ends of the bag ; these pieces may be Bodies kept clean, which use preservatives, are likely made long enough to allow them to be brought to escape infection.
Harvey. round and fastened in front to prevent accidents He did too frequently gratify their unjustifiable in the event of their loosing behind. A small designs, a guilt all men, who are obnoxious, are piece of tape about two inches long is likewise liable to, and can hardly preserve themselves from.
fastened across the bag at the middle, to allow We can preserve unhurt our minds. Milton.
the other tying pieces to pass through and to Were there truth herein, it were the best preserva- prevent them from slipping below the bag, and tive for princes, and persons exalted unto such fears. occasioning the slightest apprehension of danger,
Broune. in the management of the apparatus. The air All this is easily discerned in those fruits which may be introduced into the bag either before or are brought in preserves unto us.
Id. after it is placed round the body and fastened ; Our allwise Maker has put into man the uneasi- if it hold more air than what is necessary to supness of hunger, thirst, and other natural desires, to port the individual using it in water, he will be determine their wills for the preservation of them- the best judge of the proper quantity by inflating selves, and the continuation of their species.
it before he puts it on; but if it just hold the
Locke. To be indifferent which of two opinions is true
exact quantity, or very little more, it is quite im.
material whether it be inflated before or not; is the right temper of the mind, that preserves it from being imposed on, till it has done its best to find the though we are of opinion it is always better to truth.
follow the former plan. There is not the smallest To be always thinking, perhaps, is the privilege fear of bursting the bag in any case, because, as of the infinite Author and preserver of things, who soon as it is full, any individual will find that he never slumbers nor sleeps; but is not competent to can blow no longer, and will be obliged to desist. any finite being
Id. With an apparatus of this kind, which may be The fruit with the husk, when tender and young, had at a very trifling expense, a man may throw makes a good preserve.
Mortimer. himself into the sea with perfect safety, and he Andrew Doria has a statue erected to him, with may float 100 or 1000 miles with his head and the glorious title of deliverer of the commonwealth ; shoulders above water, without the least inconveand one of his family another, that calls him its nience, save what he would suffer from hunger or preserver.
Addison. The most effectual preservative of our virtue is to
cold. He will not find it necessary to make the avoid the conversation of wicked men.
smallest exertion to keep himself in a proper po
Rogers. Every petty prince in Germany must be intreated sition; for owing to the manner in which the apto preserve the queen of Great Britain upon her paratus is placed, and to the equal distribution throne.
of the air all round his body, he will preserve Molly is an Egyptian plant, and was really made nearly an erect posture as long as he pleases ; by use of as a preservative against enchantment. making the smallest exertion, however, he may
Broome. take any other position he may find most agreePRESERVER. M'INTOSH'S PATENT WATER- able: he may lie at his ease on his back, or on PROOF LIFE PRESERVER. This is a simple but one side, or lean forward just as he has a mind; ingenious adaptation of air-bags, made of water- do what he may he cannot sink, unless he chooses proof cloth or canvas, to the support of the to open the cock, and then he must go to the body in water. It consists of two strips of bottom unless he can swim. waterproof cloth, each about four inches broad
PRESIDE', v. n. Fr. presider ; Lat. praand a yard long, or just what will easily sur Pres'IDENCY, n. s. sideo.' To have authority round the body, fastened together at the edges in
Pres'IDENT, over; be set over : presithe form of a narrow bag without any opening,
PRES'IDENTSHIP. dency is superintending: save a small aperture at the side, into which a president is, one placed in chief authority; a gocock is inserted for the admission of air. To vernor; prefect; tutelary power : presidentship, render it perfectly air tight, the cloth is water an office or station. proofed while the bag is making, and it is com When things came to trial of practice, their paspletely fastened by folding the stripes over each tors' learning would be at all times of force to overother at their junction. The air is simply intro- persuade simple men, who, knowing the time of their duced by blowing with the mouth through the
own presidentship to be but short, would always stand cock, which is to be turned as soon as a sufficient in fear of their ministers' perpetual authority.
Hooker. quantity has been admitted, and it may then be
How might those captive Israelites, under the applied round the body for use. The proper oversight and government of Assyrian presidents, be place to fasten it is immediately under the arms able to leave the places they were to inhabit ? and across the breast, for which purpose it is
Brereuood on Languages.
As the president of my kingdom, will I The experience of his goodness in her own deliAppear there for a man.
verance, might cause her merciful disposition to take Shakespeare. Antony and Cleopatra. so much the more delight in saving others, whom the This last complaint the indulgent ears did pierce, like necessity should press.
Hooker. Of just Apollo, president of verse. Waller. Grittus desired nothing more than to have con
Some o'er the publick magazines preside, firmed the opinion of his authority in the minds of And some are sent new forage to provide. the vulgar people, by the prest and ready attendance
Dryden. of the Vayoud. Knolles's History of the Turks. What account can be given of the growth of plants The Turks gave a great shout, and pressed in on from mechanical principles, moved without the pre- all sides, to have entered the breach. Knolles. sulency and guidance of some superior"agent?
Once or twice she heaved the name of father •
Ray on the Creation. Pantingly forth, as if it prest her heart. Shakspeare. The tutor sits in the chair as president or mode Come with words as medical as true, rator, to see that the rules of disputation be ob Honest as either, to purge him of that humour served. Watts. That presses him from sleep.
Id. O'er the plans
For every man.that Bolingbroke hath pressed Of thriving peace, thy thoughtful sires preside. To lift sharp steel against our golden crown,
Thomson. Heaven for his Richard hath in store PRESS, v. a., v. n. & Fr.
A glorious angel.
Lat. presser ;
Id. Richard II. PRESS'ER, (n. s. presso.
Shakspeare. PRESS GANG, compress ; constrain;
I make bold to press PRESS'INGLY, adv. crush; drive with vio
With so little preparation.
Id. PRESS'ion, n. s. lence; compel; urge; These letters are of the second edition ; he will PRESS'ITANT, adj. make earnest; force print them out of doubt, for he cares not what he PRESS'MAN, 11. s. into naval or military puts into the press, when he would put us two in. PRESS'MONEY, service : as a verb neu
ter, to act with or un Who is it in the press that calls on me? Prest, adj. & n. s. der compulsive vio
Id. Julius Cæsar. lence; go forward with violence or energy ;
Creep into the kiln hole. -Neither press, coffer, crowd ; come or go importunately or vehement- chest, trunk ; but he hath an abstract for the remem
brance of such places.
Shakspeure. ly; urge with vehemence; influence strongly; infade: a press is, an instrument used for squeez- sowced gurnet ; I have misused the king's press.
If I be not ashamed of my soldiers, I am a ing, crushing, or compressing; particularly the
Id. machine for printing books; a crowd ; tumult;
From my memory violent tendency; commission for impressing
I'll wipe away all trivial fond records, men in a military sense: a presser and pressman, All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past, one who works a press ; also one who forces That youth and observation copied there. Id. away another : pressgang, a crew of men aiding Concerning. the musters and presses for sufficient a military press-officer: pression and pressure mariners to serve in his majesty's ships, either the mean, the act of pressing, or force with which care is very little, or the bribery very great. Raleigh. any thing is pressed ; impression; stamp; op
Let them be pressed, and ready to give succours pression; distress: pressitant, gravitating ; heavy: to their confederates, as it ever was with the pressmoney, money given to bind to military Romans ; for, if the confederate had leagues defen
sive, the Romans would ever be the foremost. Service : prest is, ready; not dilatory; this is
Bacon. said to have been the original sense of the word
The less blood he drew, the more he took of treaprest men; men, not forced into the service, as
sure; and, as some construed it, he was the more now we understand it, but men, for a certain sparing in the one, that he might be the more presssum received, præst, or ready to march at com- ing in the other. mand. Johnson: also, neat; tight : as a noun A wise father ingenuously confessed, that those, substantive, a loan.
which persuaded pressure of consciences, were comThe grapes I pressed into Pharaoh's cup. Genesis. monly interested therein.
Id. He pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in. He required of the city a prest
marks; but he could obtain but two thousand The posts that rode upon mules and camels, went pounds. ogt, being hastened and pressed on by the king's Each mind is prest, and open every ear, commands.
Esther. To hear new tidings, though they no way join us. The press is full, the fats overflow. Joel iii. 13.
Fairfar. For he had bealed many, insomuch that they Mine own and my people's pressures are grievous, fressed upon him for to touch him. Mark iii. 10. and peace would be very pleasing.
King Charles. Good measure pressed down, shaken together, and Only one path to all ; by which the pressmen came. running over, shall men give into your bosom.
Chapman. Luke vi. 38. The one contracts his words, speaking pressingly I press toward the mark for the prize. and short; the other delights in long-breathed acPhilippians.
Houel. More wealth any where, to be breefe,
The endeavour to raise new men for the recruit of More people, more handsome and prest the army by pressing, found opposition in many places. Where find ye? Tusser's Husbandry.
Clarendon. She held a great gold chain ylinked well,
He pressed her matron lips Whose
With kisses pure.
end to highest heaven was knit, And lower part did reach to lowest hell,
His obligation to read not only classick authors, And all that press did round about her swell, but the more recent abortions of the press, wherein he
Fell. To catchen hold of that long chain. Spenser. proved frequently concerned.