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being king over Israel.” In the pride of royal favour, the insatiable ambition of Haman would not rest, “ so long as he saw Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate ;” until he himself “ was hanged on the gallows,” that he had prepared for the object of his malice. In the pride of popular applause, Herod permitted himself to be saluted with divine honours ; and “ immediately an Angel of the Lord smote him, and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.” In the pride of wealth, the covetous man in one parable thought of nothing, but to “ eat, drink, and be merry ;" and the rich man in another thought not of the beggar that “ lay at his gate full of sores;” until the soul of the former was required of him that night ;” and the latter “ lift


his eyes in hell, being in torments.” In the pride of youth, Rehoboam threatened to “ chastise his subjects with scorpions ;” and was punished by the loss of his hereditary authority. In the pride of bodily strength, Goliah “ defied the armies of the living God;" and was slain by the hand of a stripling, whom he had disdained and cursed by his


gods. In the pride of female beauty and accomplishments, the heart of Herodias's daughter was hardened into the commission of an act of wanton barbarity in demanding the head of John the Baptist; and the crime was recompensed by the degradation and banishment of her partners in guilt, if not by her own untimely destruction. In the pride of learning, the Greeks esteemed “ the preaching of Christ crucified to be foolishness,” and were judicially “ given over by God to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient.” In the pride of a fancied equality and consequent disobedience to their rulers, Korah and his company rebelled against Moses and Aaron, and “ went down alive into the pit,” because they “ had provoked the Lord.” Proud of their spiritual privileges and of their descent from Abraham, the Jews despised, rejected, and crucified the Lord of glory; and “ his blood was on them and on their children;" and “ their house was left unto them desolate." Would we see even a more decisive and alarming proof of the origin of pride


and of its offensiveness to God, we may discover it in the disobedience of Adam, which entailed sin, misery, and death on all his descendants; or in the rebellion of the evil spirit, who first set the example of resisting the Almighty, and was the primary cause of the wretchedness of man. Of such a quality as this; so selfish and malignant; so contentious and over-bearing ; so impatient of control; so resolute in the attainment of its end ; and so unprincipled in the adoption of means ; of a quality so pernicious to all “ the fruits of the Spirit,” and so signally branded by the displeasure of God; surely of such a quality it may well and safely be affirmed, that “ it is not of the Father, but is of the world.”

Such being the nature, the tendency, and the consequences of pride, these considerations might be supposed capable of suppressing it, even if the matter, on which it feeds, were much more worthy of encouraging extravagant self-esteem, than it really is. But, as it hath been well observed,

" - Pride hath no other glass
“ To show itself, but pride :"

otherwise the mirror of reason and common sense, no less than the mirror of revelation, could hardly fail of exposing its folly and deformity.

We will survey it by these lights under its most ordinary forms; and 1st, What superior excellence is there for example in superior birth, so as to make it an occasion of pride to a sensible man or to a Christian ? Let me not be misunderstood. Let it not be supposed that I am holding up dignities to contempt. The due subordination of society, the maintenance of which is imposed upon us by the commandments of God, requires, that the possessor of hereditary honours should be regarded with respect and deference by those, who are placed in the inferior stations of life. But considering these honours, as they should affect the mind of him, who is invested with them ; what reasonable foundation do they lay for inordinate self-esteem ? Or how can it enhance the personal merit of a man in one age, that his progenitor was ennobled for military skill, or political sagacity, or (it may be) for some conduct of a questionable at least, if not of a vicious character, a hundred or a thousand years before? In truth, he who reflects with sober impartiality on the vices and follies of his ancestors, will often find reason to be ashamed, rather than to be proud, of those who have gone before him: and he who compares their virtues and excellencies with his own inferior qualities, will often find reason to be ashamed, rather than to be proud, of himself. The considerate Israel- ite must have blushed for the disingenuous artifice, by which the Patriarch, whose name he bore, imposed on the credulity of his aged parent, and fraudulently supplanted his brother in the blessing of primogeniture : and the stubborn infidelity of the Jews in the time of Christ was aggravated by a comparison with the faith of their more illustrious forefather Abraham, from whom they prided themselves in being sprung

2. Pride founded upon such distinction, as that which is conferred for personal me

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