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the first, the second, and the third requisite of and Co. were so gratified with the condition of the wheat, authorship-a thoroughly practical and judiciously they sent me a case of very superior claret as a present. enlightened knowledge of the business he engages The following was the entire cost incurred upon the wheat : to illustrate, with a modest and candid statement

£ S. d. of views and recommendations. He has compiled

Drying 50 qrs

1 5 0 Mixing and trimming the whole

1 a work that is equally useful to the commissioner

0 0 of roads, the surveyor, contractor, toll-collector,

The wheat laying thick, and not requiring

turning, occupied less than half the and the labourer; each party will find a valuable usual floor, and a store was let by the something for their direction. This varied utility year at £20.

40 00 forms a high recommendation. And he has done Matting windows and labour

0 0 0

Screening over when measured up.. 1 very great credit to the relationship with the author

Loss in measure, 12 bush.

3 0 of “Rents and Tillages," where sound practice and enlightened views have carried the work into

£46 15 0 seven editions with an unqualified approbation. It is of the utmost importance to the agricultural inThe present work is a most worthy companion. terest that a safe system of storing corn should prevail.

Capitalists would not then object to invest money in wheat, as they now do on account of the expence and loss in con

dition. Had I wheat now to warehouse, I think I could WAREHOUSING OF WHEAT.

improve upon the plan. I shall be happy to reply to any Sir,-I lately observed some remarks in your excellent inquiries that may be made upon this subject. paper on the warehousing of wheat, which recalled to my

I am, sir, your obedient servant, recollection a plan I adopted, many years ago, with a cargo

B. S. SAWDEN. of 500 qrs. of wheat, which succeeded admirably. I will Badlington Quay, King-street. first state the reason for adopting the plan. I had seen numerous instances where wheat was put into granary, say, for one or two years, and, at the end of the time, I have found the wheat with a chamber smell, and full of weevils,

GREEN CROPS FOR MANURE. and a logs of condition from three to five shillings per qr.

I am much gratified to notice the increased attention which The following would be something like the charges and loss is being accorded by farmers generally to this subject. Every on the old plan :

one, in fact, who examines this subject attentively, must be £ 8.

speedily conviuced of its utility, especially when turned in as 2 years rent on 500 grs, at 4d. per last., 85 18 8 Turning and feeing for 2 years

an enrichment of exhausted soils. There is obviously no method

10 0 0 Loss in condition, 3s. per qr.

by which the agriculturist can economise more, or more rapidly

75 0 Loss in measure from weevils, &c., price

increase the seriility of the soil, than by turning in, as a dress£2 per qr.-one per cent...

10 0 0 ing, such crops as derive a portion of their aliment from the

air: no matter how impoverished or sterile the soil, he may, £180 18 8

by a judicious and persistent pursuit of this means of amelio. The loss of condition and the weevils is caused by expo- ration, casily make it rich. There are many plants well-adapted sure to the damp atmosphere of our uncertain climate to this purpose, among which are millet, buckwheat, peas, and which acts as follows:- The surface of the wheat imbibes clover, all of which are bighly valuable, operating both mechamoisture; then comes the warehouseman and gives it a nically and chemically, by their decomposition upon the soil, turn, putting the damp below, and bringing up the dry especially when containing much acid. grains to undergo the same process; and so a fine dry But it may not be improper here to remark that in making parcel is used, until the whole is lowered in condi- choice of crops to be turned in, we should invariably give pretion, and rendered a very fit receptacle for all the ference to such as derive at least a portion of their pabulum moths that choose to fly in at the open windows, from the air. The vegetables enumerated above are all of this to deposit their eggs, &c. I determined to exclude class, and consequently take much less from the staple of the damp and weevils at the same time by adopting the soil than those which are of course less adapted to this use. following plan : 500 grs. of wheat was put into my hands Of these, buckwheat and clover are perhaps the most valuable to warehouse, probably for a long period, as the old corn -the haulm being more vigorous, and at the same time much law was in force. The management was left entirely to more succulent, and yielding much more readily to the laws of my discretion. 50 qr3. of the wheat was dried over a clear chemical afliaily when inhumed beneath the soil. There is slow fire, and, when cool, carefully mixed with the bulk; also another cause of preference, particularly in the case of the 50 qrs. was not dried for being damp, for the whole buckwheat, the crisp nature of its stalk contributing greatly to cargo was in excellent condition, and weighed 63 lbz. per the facility of toroing it down, especially where the roller is bushel, but to enable the bulk to be laid above six feet used to precede the plough. On very poor land buckwheat thick. The windows were boarded, and carefully matted may be grown with better success, perhaps, than any other to exclude damp air and light. The wheat was then trim- grain crop, and will produce a more abundant yield both of med above 6 feet thick ; the door of entrance, which opened haulm and grain. When sown to be turned in, unless the into another store, was also matted up, and thus it remained soil is calcareous to a degree rendering it unnecessary, the for more than two years. I had it tried each year by a corn application of quick lime before turning in the wheat will be tryer, through slides in the floor above. When sold and of great benefit. From two to three casks will ordinarily sufmeasured up, I never saw a parcel of warehoused wheat that fice for an acre; but if the ameliorating process is designed to had kept so well, free from smell, and weevils ; and, in mea. prepare the land for the production of crops belonging to the suring the bulk, all run freely to bushel. This cargo was ship- order of lime plants, and which require a large amount of this ped from this port to Havre, in France, and Messrs. Lafeette mineral for their successful development, treble and even quad

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ruple the above quautity may be economically applied. It is WEEKLY AVERAGE PRICES OF WHEAT, BARLEY, AND not of cssential cousequence whether the application precedes


ING March 27, 1858. the turning down of the crop, as is accorded subsequently, the

(From the London Gazelle.) principal object being to supply an important coustitutioual

Wheat. Barley. Oats. deficiency to the interests of the operator bs limiting the acre

d. $. d.

d. able product of the crop.

April 10, 1857.. 54 8.12 47 3.490 23 6.297 Clover is preferred by many to a'l other crops for this pur- 17,

53 11.034 45 9.378 24 4.209 24,

53 0.271 44 7.130 pose, and, takiog all things into cousideration, it is, perhape,

23 5.978 May 1,

53 2.494 43 7.751 22 9.074 not easy to say wberc prcfereoce should rest. The quantity of


54 3.661 43 4.355 23 3.800 soluble matter contained in the clover plant, when arrived at 15,

55 10.934 43 5.895 23 3.455 the period of inflorescence, is unquestionably large-larger,


57 5.367 43 6.934 24 9.349 probably, than in most other plaats. Its roots, also, when

57 9.340 42 8.857

24 11097 June 5,

57 8.242 41 10.577 25 3.890 mature, are large and succulent, and contribute very ma


58 9,332 41 8344 26 2977 terially to the fertilizing effects of the crop wheu turned

60 0.794 38 9.678 26 5.318 down at maturity ; but it will be scen that where a speedy 23,

GO 1.469 38 11.225 26 7.971 amelioration is required the plants do not commonly have July 3,

616.004 37 7.360 27 9.148 time to attain their maximum development, and every one is

63 5.140 39 0967 27 3.979 17,

63 10 425 37 8.150 27 2.259 aware that, in its youth!ul state, the clover plant con:ains a far


63 8,028 37 9 505 27 9.193 larger quantity of fluid than of solid matter. Millet, if sown


62 7.113 38 3.447 27 8699 broadcast, will probably produce a greater quantity of readily Aug. 7,

59 8,318 38 5.031 28 7.780 soluble matters than either clover or buckwheat; but whether

58 10.281 39 ].641 28 2760 21,

59 2.255 40 0.043 its sertilizing action upon the soil is so great is a question that

27 8831 remains to be decided: one thing, however, may be relied on


59 10 023 39 10.737 27 11.516

60 4.881 42 8.239 27 8.491 as certain—any plant produced by the soil will, if turued in by Sept. 4, the plough, contribute more or less to its enrichment. The


58 4.365 42 7.444 26 7.079 families of the yuccas, and eren the comparatively worthless


55 8.870 42 5.774 26 1713 cryptogamous vegetation, which is produced parasitically on


56 9.270 42 3 873 26 5,202 rocks and in boggy swamps, have been ascertained to possess


57 6.529 42 11.368 25 6.394

9, principles favourable to vegetable development, and when re

56 3 726 43 4.817 27 0.229

16, duced by putrefaction, of aiding, very essentially, the pheno

55 8.979 43 0.657 25 6.884 mena of vegetable life. Nothing, in short, is worthless, in the


55 10.801 43 0.872 25 6.319 great laboratory of nature; and it is there, over the crucible

55 6.971 43 5.991 25 3.096 and alembic, that we receive these important lessons which so

Nov. 6,

53 11,645 43 1.090 25 0.965 materially assist us in the numerous and multiform duties of


52 6314 42 3.176 26 4.148 practical life; here we discover the adaptation of means to


51 8.876 41 3.487 25 3.447 ends, and become familiarized to the operative principles and

51 3.527 39 10.066

24 1.550 laws with which we were before perfectly unacquainted and

Dec. 4,
49 8.154 37 7.179

23 10.064

11, scarcely deemed to exist.-Germantown Telegraph,

48 3.913 35 9.824 23 0.352 18

49 5.408 36 5.330 23 3.704 25,

49 3.694 37 0.894 22 8.789 Jan.

1, 1858.. 47 5758 35 11.915 23 2717 LADY-DAY CORN AVERAGES.


47 7.882 35 7.575 22 3.484

15, SIR, -As at this period of the year it may be interesting

47 10.765 36 3.985

22 8.057 48 8.451 37 0.637

2.2 1 596 both to your agricultural and general readers to know the


48 9.845 37 6.838 22 4,480 average prices of whea!, barley, and oats in England and

Feb. 5,

47 6.940 Wales for the 52 weeks ending on the 27th of March,

37 1.166 23 1926 12,

46 9.337 36 8.262 23 0.718 1853, I beg to annex the weekly averages from the London


45 8.896 36 3.917 22 8,089 Gazelle, and to state the result, which is as follows:


44 6.449 35 9.159 Wheat, 53s. 10d. per imperial qr.; barley, 39s. 11d. per im

22 10.484 March 5,

45 0.375 35 1] 227 22 4719 perial qr. ; oats, 248. 10d. per imperial qr.


45 6.119 36 7.289 In the annexed return it will be observed that the high

23 4.271 19,

45 3.390 36 6.920 23 3.968 est price of wheat was on the 17th of July, 1867-yiz., 63s.


45 6.654 36 9.511 23 4.510 100: per imperial qr.; and the lowest on the 26th of Feb

April 2,

45 2.398 ruary, 1858—viz.., 44s. 6d. per imperial qr.

37 3507 23 4.724 The fluctuations in the price of wheat since the passing of the Corn Bill on the 26th of June 1846, may be seen in

52) 2,799 11.861 2,075 9.484 1,295 4.579 the following abstract:

53 10.150 39 11.028

24 10.93
In the year ending Average Highest |Lowest
Price. Price. Price.



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Michaelmas 1847 71 3 102 5 49 6 52 11

1848 51 3 56 10 46 10 10 0
1849 46 7 52 3 41 9 10 6
1850 40 3 44 1 36 11 7 2
1851 39 6 43 6 36 7 6 il
1852 39 10 44 9

9 3
1853 45 7 59 5 37 10 27
1854 72 10 83 3 52 2 31
1855 71 10 78 2 356 7 21 7
1856 73 1 83 1 64 4

18 9 . 1857 59 2 66 4 53 0 13 4 I remain, sir, your obedient servant,

CHARLES M. WILLICH, Actuary, University Life Assurance Society. 25, Suffolk-street, Pall-mall, s, W., April 5.


CALVES. In your excellent publication of date the 13th instant, “ A Subscriber" complaing that he has been losing his calves in a ten acre field of dry grass, with shelter sheds, "close to the north-east side of the coltage-houses, sixteen in duaber." Your correspondent states that, instead of growiog like " mushrooms," as he expected, the calves in a few weeks commenced coughing, and went daily back, and that they appeared to die of a decline. You suggest to the “Subscriber" that the aorth-east exposure was the cause of the illness, aggravated by the smoke of the 16 houses.

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Having had for twenty years considerable experience in the the houses and courta, where there is generally plevty of room rearing of cross-bred calves, and having lately observed that when everything else is at grass. If they get plenty of cut several of your correspondents have put similar questions on grass besides their milk (and cake or meal if you please) they this subject, I venture to address a few remarks to you. will thrive more rapidly than they would do in the field ex

The disease which your correspondent describes is evidently posed to sun through the day and rain at night, and will lose bronchitis. It is a most serious one, very common among nothing at the fall of the year. calves before winter, most destructive to their condition, and Calves reared in this way never bave coughs. Calves tbat in most cases fatal. A good many years ago I lost the half are off their milk entirely before going out in Jane, if proof my lot (40) from this disease, and in consequence my atten- tected from the sun through the day (and in sunuy weather tion was drawn to the nature of the complaint, and the means they will go into shelter sheds fast enough), often do very well of preventing it. I called in the aid of a veterinary surgeon at grass, and thrive rapidly ; but as far as my experience goes, (bred under Professor Dick), but he seemed to be able to those which are drinking milk make bad grazers, and would throw little light upon the subject. We, however, tried all be far better with cut grass in the courte. Calves are frethe ordinary cures that are recommended in books, and put quently allowed to lose much of their condition wbilst learning setons into the necks of all the calves. I do not think that to eat turnips ; and condition, once lost with them, is not easily the north-east exposure would injure your correspoudent's regained. The common way is to throw the turnips on the calves much if they were kept warm and dry through the night, ground with the shaws on, and many weeks frequently pass and at all times protected from bad weatber; por do I think before the weakest of the calves break them sufficiently ; and that the smoke of sixteen cottages in a ten-acre field would all this time they are kept in a small space of ground, or shut have any effect. Su my own case I became convinced that ex- into an open shed, and are supposed to be doiog well because posing calves to wet and storm in the months of September they are getting turnips, when in reality they are half-starved and October was the cause of much bad health, and I have If turnips are cut with a sheep-cutting machine, or, what is seldom found any coughing among those that were housed better, pulped, and given in troughs, stock will eat them greecarefully at night at this period of the year, and not packed dily in two or three days. The ten-acre field of your correstoo closely, or allowed to lie on wet litter.

pondent would be very useful as an exercise ground, either in A man may put up shelter-sheds, but unless he takes care summer or winter. It is not good for the calves' feet or joints that the stock are shut in, he has no certainty that they remain to be confined always to soft litter, perhaps wet with urine ; in through the night and during rain. It is often a very diffi- but I would not recommend them to be ont in winter longer cult affair to get young stock into sheds early in the season ;

than three to four hours a-day, and this dependent on the extra feeding will scarcely tempt them ia; but even after they state of the weather, and in summer the time of the day should are used to it, they will frequently go into the shed and dance be regulated by the beat of the sun. One very important out again after having consumed their feed of turnips or cake. I thing to be attended to is to keep the sheds that the calves have very often, after labouring, with the aid of several people,

are confined in cool and dry, and of an even temperature. I to get young stock into an open house at the darkeping, visited believe that almost as much harm is done to young stock by them again at night, and found them lying down under the allowing them to become too warm, as would be done by turnrain in the most exposed part of the field. This is easily ing them out altogether. accounted for. After eating their food they probably lie down These remarks are intended to apply to calves crossed from for a while, and then wander out; a storm comes on, and the Shorthorned bull. Galloway and Highland calves, being ratber than face it they fly from it, and at leogth find them- more hardy, can stand more exposure, and now-a-days the selves at the end of the field farthest from the shed, where best of both these breeds are allowed to follow their mothers, they probably remain till morning. I have kuown horses with whom they remain late in the season, and thus become wintered in a field with an open house in it, that almost no very strong and hardy.

AGRICOLA. power could get into the house, although some of them were -North British Agriculturist. old brood mares that had been stabled all their lives. I remember heariog of a geutleman of my acquaintance being complimented upon his shelter-sheds for young horses, whose reply was, “ Yes, they are very well, but the devils won't go ROOK FLIGHTS.-I have frequently been very much into them,” and this has been exactly my own experience. amused by the conduct of a colony of rooks in the fine elms Of course, after a long winter, storm and cold and hunger will of our meadow, a few years ago; for I am sorry to say force stock into such places ; but early in the season, when that decay bas begun among the trees, and, true to their the grass is green, young beasts will not go into open houses, instincts, the rooks have now nearly deserted their old haunt. and this is just the time when young calves lose their condi- When the rookery mustered about fifty pair of birds, the tion. Shelter-sheds to be of any use to young stock at this music was in full chorus, and, generally, one or two birds season require to be subdivided and protected by a wall or whether from catching a cold or not, I cannot tell, but their other fence at least half their length in front, with a hurdle voices would break into falsetto, contrasting very prettily upon the other hall, to be shut at night or in bad weather. with the general harmony of thirds, fifths, and octaves Yonog stock should never be put so closely together as to blended together. A very curious custom was followed by make their beds very damp from urine or the place too warm these birds in the latter end of autumn and winter. The rookfor their breath.

ery was only used as a breeding place, and the roosting trees It is a difficult thing to carry calves well through the first were situated about two miles away, where several colonies half of the winter. From not being honsed in time they are would congregate to pass the night. In the morning the whole generally allowed to fall of a good deal between August and of the birds betook themselves to their regular feeding grounds November, and they seldom recover fully till spring. The and a considerable muster passed over the Maidstono best way in my opinion to make good calves (next to letting rookery, perhaps two hundred of them. The Maidstone them follow their mothers) is not to put them out at all the birds would then separate from the grand flight, and drop first summer, excepting for exercise, but to confine them to down to the old familiar spot, where they held a very ani. mated discussion upon some subject unknown to me. In is thoroughly mixed. This plan, although tedious, will cure about fifteen or twenty minutes, all would proceed to their your sheep, but do not trust them again or breed from the feeding grounds with business regularity. In the after- ewes; fat them off at once, and get a fresh flock. The Gintnoon if food had been plentiful) an evening visit would ment is extremely useful to keep by you during the lambing take pace; but this was differently conducted, for all sat season, as, alter straining, it allays inflammation by applicasolemniy perched, and no cawing, nor any disturbance, was tion to the parts, and in difficult cases facilitates the getting allowed This was a Quaker meeting; and after a short time

away of the lamb.

A FARMER. spent in a quiet orderly manner, a gradual dispersion took -Sussex Express. place in twos and threes, and, before dark, they bad joined the metropolis, where would be heard a grand burst of cawing as every detachment arrived. I fully believe that questions were asked and replies given ; but I doubt if we shall CALENDAR OF AGRICULTURE. ever master the rook-tongue. Perhaps a Chinese might make out some of it, but then the grand difficulty would be

The planting of beet and potatoes must now be to understand John Chinaman.- Correspondent of the quickly finished, if any remain undone from last Family Friend.

month. Horse and hand-hoe all drilled crops : allow not a single weed to be seen.

Turn over the heaps of winter-prepared dung; FOOT ROT IN SHEEP.

and fermentation will readily commence. During This disease is, I believe, but little understood by farmers its progress, lay the dung in drills. Reverse the generally, except those who have been brought up on flock ridglets, and sow the seeds of Swedish turnips farms, and have made the nature and diseases of these animals immediately, which will derive mucb benefit from their special study, and foot-lameness arising from over-driving, the near contact with the fermenting dung. In or wetness of pastures, is often mistaken for it. The real foot the first place sow common swedes, then Laing's rot

, which is a terrible complaint if you once get it among your and Matson's Hybrids, and follow with Aberdeen fock, is easily detected by a peculiar smell arising from the diseased feet that does not attach itself to the common foot. Yellows. In dry weather, roll the drills immelameness, although I have no doubt if neglected, that complaint diately : in moist, showery weather, it may not be will ultimately resolve itself in the foot rot. The stench arising required. from the parts affected is so unlike any other that if you once Plant cabbages, kohl-rabi, savoys, and winter smell it you will never after mistake it, but can no more be broccolis from the seed-beds, on drills three feet described than a Yankee hunter can describe the stink of a skunk. Foot-lameness frequently causes discharge, but not apart, and the sets two feet asunder along the of that fætid nature that characterizes the real disease, and drills. Apply very moist half-rotted dung in a may generally be cured by simple remedies ; but if you detect large quantity on strong clay loams, and dibble in the discharge an indescribable fætid smell, depend on it you the plants into the ground during the wettest weahave got the foot rot among your sheep, and in that case put ther in which work can be performed, as the plants them on your dryest pastures, or if possible under cover, and require much moisture. Fill up blanks with fresh feed and fat as fast as you can; but by no means allow sound plants, in order to procure an even crop. Som sheep to come upon the land tainted by the diseased ewes for some time, or the complaint will arise again among your fresh flock, early turnips for an early crop, as Tankards and and especially upon wet soils, which seem to retain the power whites; and sow rape, to be consumed on the of inoculation much longer than dry ones. It is a difficult ground, as preparatory for wheat. thing to get rid of a diseased flock, except by fatting ; and it Pare and burn rough lands, and spread the is a very dangerous experiment to sell them to a feeder if you ashes, in order to cool their warm condition. Prehave the slightest symptoms of it among them; but if they pare the fallows for green crops, and also clay were thoroughly diseased it is equally difficult to fat them well; I fallows for wheat. and then, after having found that simple remedies do not check the disease, I should advise the adoption of the following

Stall-fed cattle will now be disposed of-the fat measures, which I have known successful when all else have animals to the butchers : the leaner will

to the failed. Let your shepherd examine the sheep singly, and, after pasture-fields, to be fattened on grass; but the cleansing the diseased foot thoroughly, drop on the affected milch cows to pasture of permanent grass, adja. parts one or two drops (not more) of butter of antimony. Incent and convenient, provided with water and two or three days again examine them, and take a small quan- shelter, and improved by frequent top-dressings tity of blue vitriol, and add it to a pint of white vinegar, varying the strength of the dilution according to the violence of the and the sowing of clovers and of strong perennial disease, and dress the foot slightly with this mixture. You grasses. But a rich natural quality will not require will soon see that the sheep improves in appearance, it treads any assistance. The oldest calves may go to the more soundly, and the eye gets brighter, having a more fresh grass paddock; and if the grass be scanty, assistappearance altogether. And then with the following oiutmentTake of lard and soft soap balf-a-pound of each, and simmer

ance must be given in racks, with clovers and

vetches. gently over a slack fire; add 2 oz. of rosin wbile it is cooling,

A shelter-shed and a supply of fresh and when nearly cool simmer again, adding, while simmering, water are indispensable. a quarter of a pint of green oil ; while it cools, put in a small

The latest lambs will now require much attenbottle of balsam from the chemists, and stir the whole until it tion, and must have the best pasture on the farm,


in order to raise an equality with the foremost. Finish the sowing of grass-seeds on the barleyThe equal condition of animals, as well as the tilths. Sow by machine, and cover with light breeding, shows the proper management of harrowing and a heavy rolling. animals.

Dig hop-plantations, and tie the bine to the The ewes and lambs that are eating vetches and poles. Shut up watered meadows for hay. rye must have fresh food every two days. Begin Wash sheep by hand in a clear running stream; the soiling of horses and cattle in the yards. The and, for preventing the maggot-fly, sprinkle the milch cows will need assistance in green food, if animals from head to tail, from a dredging-box, the pasture be scanty. Feed the store pigs with with a mixture of hellebore-root powder and of clovers and vetches ; and afford ample littering to black brimstone-{lb. to 13lb. all animals. As the early soiling green crops are Weed young quicks. Set thorns in hedges, but consumed, plough the land for turnips.

not to expose the roots quite bare to the sun's Put mares to the stallion, and get colts; though rays in dry situations. Rather leave the weeds to this operation may be more safely performed the moisten the roots, provided the upward growth be previous autumn.

not checked.

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AGRICULTURAL INTELLIGENCE, FAIRS, &c. BLAIRGOWRIE FORTNIGHTLY MARKET was had changed hands than had been known for many years. well attended, but business was/dall. There were 124 cattle The attendance of horse dealers this year has been very on the ground, the best of which sold at from 6s. 9d. to 8s. large, including all the principal English and continental per stone. Milch cows were on demand, and sold readily buyers. France was largely represented— far more so thao at from £6 10s. to £12 103.

during the Crimean war, and this may be taken as an indiCHESTER FAIR — The supply of milking cows and young cation of the high estimation in which English horses are stock was large, but not a fat beast was to be seen. The held among the

French breeders. The business on Monday prices for sheep and barreps were a sbade higher. In the

was confined to first-class animals, which, however, were by horse fair there were some good animals, but the business was

no means readily to be met with. Second and third-rate not brisk.

hackneys, and carriage horses were a drug, dealers refusing CORWEN FAIR was very well attended by buyers. A

to comply with anything like the demands of sellers. The great numher of cattle was exhibited, and there was a better Tuesday, owners of second-rate horses still refused to accept

business was throughout the day extremely slow. On demand for barrens than for any others, their prices varying the prices offered by buyers, and the business effected was from £9 to £11. Few horses were shown, and those not being limited. On Wednesday there was a very large show of of the best qualities, but a small business transacted. Store horses, the unsold

ones and the new arrivals

, which conpigs were lower than usual ; sucklings from eight to ten weeks sisted chiefly of cart and farm horses, making the supply old, from 79. to 10s.

far more than equal to the demand. As the day progressed, DEVIZES FAIR was very largely supplied, sheep only a little more life in the trade was manifested, and several being an average number, about 5,000 having been penned. good hack horses changed hands at prices ranging from £30 The sheep, which were mostly tegs, sold at from 30s. to 36s.

to £50. All but the very best hung heavily, and prices for each ; and couples at from 42s. to 48s.; the trade being rather all descriptions must be quoted fully 20 per cent below the better than at late fairs. There were a few fat sheep, shorn, prices of last year. The sheep fair on Thursday was a sold at 6d. to 7d. per lb. The supply of heifers and calves

very large one : at least 60,000 were penned. The average was very large; trade was dull, and prices 259. to 30s. &-bead quality was decidedly good, far better than could have been lower, from £15 to £20 being about the range. Beef sold at expected, considering the long dry season and the scarcity from 10s. to lla, a score, Horses were numerous, and of all of keeping. In the early part of the fair, prices ranging from qualities, except the best.

£2 to £216s. per head were demanded, the high prices of DULOE FAIR.—There was a good supply of well-fed last year evidently being very prominent in the recollection of cattle, which found a ready sale at £3 per cwt, for beef, and sellers; but priine wether hogs of the same description 71d. per lb. for mutton. The fair being remarkably brisk which last year commanded prices as high as 70s. per head, there was a good amount of business done.

could not be sold at a reduction of 30 per cent. The busiEAST GRINSTEAD FAIR.-Business was brisk in horned ness done, however, was very limited, and nearly half the stock. Yearlings and two yearlings were in demand, and pens remained unsold at a late hour. The current prices there was an improvement in prices. Fat stock was not so, for good useful hogs were 40s. to 45. Mr. Howard, of and rather hung in hand; sheep were sought after, particu- Dunholme, sold a pen of splendid hogs for 56s. a head. Jarly good Downs, but the samples of sheep at the fair were There was a good show of fat sheep, which sold at a slight not of that character. There was a short supply of good cart decline on the prices of last market day, the extremely hot colts. Pigs were not so numerous as usual, and prices were weather causing the butchers to purchase with caution. A rather lower. On the whole there was a good share of busi- few lamb-hogs were in the market, but the high prices ness transacted, and trade was brisk.

asked were not paid. As a whole, the fair must be proFENNY STRATFORD FAIR was the largest we have nounced the dullest known for many years past. seen for many years. A great number of cattle, sheep, and

SHIPSTON-ON-STOUR FAIR was well supported, but pigs were on sale, most of whicb changed hands.

trade was dull, owing to the great reduction in the value of

first-rate horses ; prices varied from £25 to £60. There was GLOUCESTER MONTHLY MARKET was well supplied also a good supply of sheep and cows; beef realized 6d. with every description of stock. The beef trade ruled heavy, to 6fd. ; mutton, shorn, 5d. to 6d. Some pens of sheep, and the number of sheep penned was fully equal to the de- sold by auction by Messrs. Bull and Son, the property of Mr. mand. Beef, 6d. to 6 d.; mutton, in the wool, from 7d. to Sheldon, of Brailes, realized 699. a-head. 7.d.; shorn sheep, 6d. to 6d. per lb.

SOMERTON FAIR was not so large as usual, and LINCOLN FAIR, as far as business is concerned, shows prices generally ruled dull. Fat beef from Is. 6d. to 10s. a decided falling off. 'Up to Wednesday night less money '6d. per score; fat sheep, 6d. to 7d. per lb.; cows and calves,

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