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similarly victorious. But, beside these gold medals, First prize, £2 2s , Lord Leigh, Stoneleigh.

singling out the best ox or steer and the best cow or Second, £l 1s., Mr. James Howard, Tarleton, Chorley, Lau. heifer (t of any breed or age" (that is, the best in the casbire.

Show), just as at Baker-street, a competition is also The Judges for Poultry were:

established between animals of the same breed, but Mr. George James Andrews, Dorchester.

of course of different sex—"extra prizes" being Mr. John Baily, Mount-street, Grosvenor-square, London, awarded to the best Hereford, the best ShortMr. Thos. Challoner, Burnt Leys, Whitwell

, near Worksop. horn, and best Devon; that is, to the most meMr. Edward Hewitt, Eden Cottage, Sparkbrook, near Bir- ritorious animal in each breed, no matter whether mingham.

it be aged or young ox, steer, cow, or heifer. And this The Rev. Robert Pulleine, the Rectory, Kirby Wiske, near Thirsk.

year Lord Ward (the President) has given a piece of

ornamental plate for the best ox or steer of any breed For PIGEONS.

or age, “bred, as well as fed, by the exhibitor;' beMr. T. J. Cottle, Pulteney-villa, Cheltenham.

sides which, there is a sweepstakes in the Hereford, Mr. Edward Hale, Handsworth.

Shorthorn, and Devon classes for the breeders who are REFEREE FOR THE AGES OF Pigs.

also the feeders and exhibitors. Would not some new Professor Simonds, Royal Veterinary College, London.

honours of this kind be advisable in the next Smithfield


We shall not enter, in this place, into any criticism Mr, R. L. Hunt, Caunon-street, Birmingham.

of the various classes; but what a magnificent cow is that of Colonel Towneley! her breadth and depth are

wonderful! her back, chine, and rump splendid. How The Birmingham exhibition has grown into such im- compact she is-how level ! and what a rare touch she

has! Her girth is 8 feet 6 inches; and Mr. Suinnerportance in nine years, that it deserves even an ad

tou's second-prize cow, one ycar and five months ditional notice beyond that embraced in our regular

older, girths just the same. The small Devons took report of the Mooting.

the palm away from the large animals, as witness the In the first place, what a magnificent building for first-prize ox, which girths 7 feet 9 inches; while the the purpose is that Bingley-hall: with ample room and second-prize one girths 8 feet 1 inch, having a much every convenience of arrangement, and even with ele- deeper chest and a larger frame. gance in the construction of the roof and the array of

It was gratifying to find the Shropshire Down sheep pillars, in the ornamentation and blazing chandeliers !

come up in such force. This breed is fast rising in And this year how comfortably have the enlarged num. faine, in spite of their alleged special liability to footbers of stock and poultry been accommodated, by dis- halt. Originally descended from a hardy mountain tributing the stalls of roots and seedsmen's specimens breed, and inheriting an excellent constitution, they throughout various parts of the great area! Would are not only enabled to thrive on exposed moorlands, that a similarly covered space existed in the metropolis ! but on better pastures evince an unsurpassed rapidity It would be most valuable and useful during other

of growth and a tendency to a heavy weight at an months than December. Cannot a site be found ?

early age. In frame and synimetry they have been so where is the spirit to begin; and who will find the improved as to be noted for deep chests, famous legs bricks and timber? Does the Smithfield Club answer

of mutton, and fine dark-brown heads; while their wool best to a coaxing, or a roasting ? Or is it quite buldis of the first-class for its thick pile and length of staple. enough to venture on such a spec. (after the example And equally pleasing was it to see such a splendid show of young Birmingham) were it only a little more

of cross-bröd sheep ; Mr. Keep's beautiful and indeet liberally fed with funds?

wondersully-fed wethers proving the value of the Look at the show in Bingley Hall : we had 36 cross between Cotswold and Southdown. It should be classes of stock-including 135 entries of cattle, against noticed that this breeder's first-prize older sheep com109 last year; 53 of sheep, against 46 last year; and peted closely with bis shearlings for the silver medal, 103 of pigs, against 101 last year. There were 8 the latter taking the honour principally on account of classes of roots-comprising 130 entries, against 119 last year: 69 classes of towls, ducks, gecse, and turkeys, We were glad to see that the veterinary inspectora with 1,498 pens of birds, against 1,416 last year.

were unflinching in the discharge of their duties in the Six hundred exhibitors this year-an increase of 46

pig classes. In one class we saw a pen of most beauover last time-contributed toward the excellence of

tiful pigs, which would undoubtedly have gained the the show; and while we had the presence of the very prize had they not been disqualified because “the highest class of fat stock and unsurpassed poultry, it is state of their dentition" indicated that their age exremarkable that so many of the honours were carried ceeds that stated in the exhibitor's certificate. off by new competitors, or else by those previously low

It is impossible to estimate too highly the value of in the scale : an evidence this of the extension of firstclass breeding and feeding; while the old standard

the Birmingham Poultry Show, standing, as it does,

alone and above all others; for even at the Crystal prizemen keep up their pace of improvement.

Palace Show, it must be remembered that the birds In examining the different classes, we did not forget are not exhibited in all the glory of their winter how good the Herefords were last year; what a greatly plumage, as they are here; and besides, this year's improved, and indeed unsurpassed show of Devons we chickens have time to develope themselves before the had; while the Shorthorns, as a whole, were not so grand show. Bingley Hall is the best possible guide for as on some other occasions. Yet, as a testimony to poultry keepers; as the fowls, are all classified, their individual merit in different breeds, it should be points of excellence or demerit reduced to a system, remembered that, while the Shorthorn gained the gold and their individual deserts determined by the men medal, the Hereford and Devon prize steers were also who best understand them. And the public are not the judge's candidates for it. Last year one gold medal simply taught which are the most profitable breed for went to Mr. Stratton's Shorthorn ox, and the other to diferent districts or purposes; but they are instructed Mr. Pitt's Hereford heifer; and this time Mr. Shaw's in the more minuto characteristics of each variety Hereford ox and Colonel Towncley's Shorthorn cow are and in all the abstruse excellenci's of a perfect speci

their age.

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men, which make poultry-fancying almost a science. or chickens among the junior members of their family. Thus, high condition, quality, beauty of plumage, Every part of the show was most satisfactory and parity of race, and uniformity in the markings, combs, successful ; and we would also offer a word of praise and other characteristics of the fowls, are taken into con- to the admirable arrangement of matter in the bulky sideration by the judges, in a greater degree than mere catalogue. In addition to the descriptive particulars weigbt, without these distinctions. And the immense of the animal, birds, and specimen of produce (and number of pens of almost perfect birds proves the bear in mind that the details of the cultivation and extent to which these shows have spread the know- punuring of each lot of roots is published for our inledge of good breeding and proper management. With struction, as well as the sorts of food given to the live a view of weeding-out inferior poultry, which might stock), there is a separate index for each of the two degrade the exhibition into a mere market, there is a great divisions of the show. In the first you find not rule furbidding any exhibitor showing more than four only the name and address of each exhibitor, but pens of fowls, ducks, geese, or turkeys, or six of pigeons; whether he shows cattle, sheep, pigs, or roots, and also the subscription for entry is high; an extra charge is the “ number” attached to each of his animals. In levied on each pen shown; and 10 per cent. is charged the other list are the poultry and pigeon exhibitors, on every sale effected in the Hall. Yet there are more with similar convenient references. Here, again, exhibitors than last year, and fully three pens a-piece might not our Smithfield Club managers follow with were sent in; some apparently managing also to mono- advantage a society which has in so many respects polize room by parcelling the ownerships of their ducks imitated them ?



The third annual exhibition was held at Cirencester, on Second best, £5, Mr. W. G. Bennett, North Cerney, CirenThursday, November 26th, when the following prizes were awarded

For the best cow, in-calf or in milk, £6. the gift of Robert

Stayner Holford, Esq., M.P., Mr. Wm. Stedman, Bedstone SHORT-HORNS AND OTHER BREEDS, EXCEPT Hall, Aston-on-Clun, Shrewsbury. HEREFORDS AND DEVONS.

Second best, £3, Mr. J. E. Lloyd Hewer, jun., Vern House,

Hereford. For the best Bull above two years old, the gift of the Right

For the best pair of heifers, in calf or in milk, under three Hon. Earl Ducie, £10, Mr. William Hewer, Sevenhampton, years old, bred by the exhibitor, £10, the gift of Robert Dear Highworth,

Stayner Holford, Esq., M.P., Mr. William Stedman, Bedstone Second best, £5, Mr. William Slatter, Stratton, near

Hall, Aston-on-Clun, Shrewsbury. Cirencester.

Second best, £5, Mr. Thomas Pope, Horniogsham, WarCommended.--Mr. W. A. Elston, Bugbrook, Weedon.

minster. For the best Bull above one and under two years old, £10,

The whole of this class commended. Mr. Richard Stratton, Broad Hinton, near Swindon.

For the best pair of Breeding Heifers under two years old, Second best, the gist of W. P. Price, Esq., M.P., £5, Mr. bred by the exhibitor, the gist of James Ackers, Esq., £8, Mr. J. W. Brown, Uffcott, near Swindon.

William Perry, Cholstrey, near Leominster. For the best Buil, Cow, and their Offspring, £10, Mr,

Second best, £4, Mr. Thomas Pope, Horniogsham, War. Richard Stratton, Broad Hinton, near Swiodon.

minster. Second best, £5, J. H. Langstoo, Esq., M.P., Saraden

Highly commended.-Mr. William Taylor.
House, Chippiog Norton.

For the best cow, in-calf or in-milk, £6, J. H. Langston,
Esq., M.P., Sarsdon House, Chipping Norton,

For the best Fat Steer of any breed, the gift of the Hon. Second-best, £3, Mr. Richard Stratton, Broad IIinton, W. L. Bathurst, £6, Mr. Aaron Pike, Mitton, near TewkesSwindon.

bury. For the best pair of heisers, in-calf or in-milk, under three

Second best, £4, Mr. Richard Stratton, Broad Hinton, near years old, bred by the exhibiter, £10, Mr. Richard Stratton,

Swindon. Broad Hinton, Swindon.

For the best fat cow, having bad a call at its full time, £6, Second-best, £5, Mr. John Lane, Cirencester.

Mr. Thomas Garne, Broadmore Farm, near Northleach. Commended, Mr. Edward Bowly.

Second best, £4, Mr. Aaron Pike, Mitton, Tewkesbury, For the best pair of breeding heifers, under two years

LONG WOOLS. old, bred by the exhibiter, £8, the gist of Edward Holland,

For the best five breeding ewes not more than 35 months Esq, M.P., Mr. Edward Bowly, Siddington House, Ciren- old, £8, the gift of the Hon. Ashley Ponsouby, Mr. William

Smith, Bibury Second best, £4, Mr. T. R. B. Cartwright, Aynho, near Second best, £4, Mr. Thomas Beale Browne, Hampen, Brackley.

Andoversford. Highly commended.-Mr. John Lane, and Mr. R. Stratton. For the best five breeding theaver, not more than twentyHEREFORDS AND DEVONS.

three months old, £8, Mr. Wm. Smith, Bibury. Por the best Bull above two years old, £10, the gift of the

Second best, £4, to the Royal Agricultural College, Ci

rencester. Right Hon. Earl Bathurst, Mr. Jobu WalkerWestfield House, Holmer, Hereford.

Commended.-Mr. Thomas Beale Browne. Second beat, £5, Mr. James Ackers, Prinkuash Park, £5, Mr. James Newman, Calmsden, Cirencester.

For the best five Ewe Lambs not more than 11 months old, Paiosaick. Coramended.-Mr. J. E. Lloyd Hewer, jun.

SHORT WOOLS. For the best Bull above one and under two years old, the For the best five Breeding Ewes not more than 35 months gift of Sir C. W. Codrington, Bart., M.P., £10, Mr. J. E. old, the gift of the Right Hon. Earl of St. Germans, £5, His Lloyd Hewer, jun., Vern House, Hereford.

Grace the Duke of Beaufort. Second best, £5, Mr. Wm. Taylor, Showle Court, Lower Second best, £2 10s., Sir Robert G. Throckmorton, Bart., Eggleton, near Ledbury.

Buckland, Faringdon. For the best bull, cow, and their offspring £10, the gift of For the best five Breeding Theaves not more than 23 the Right Hon. Earl Beauchamp, Mr. William Perry, Chols- months old, £5, Sir Robert G. Throckmorton, Bart., Buckstrey, Dear Leominster.

land, Faringdon,


Second best, £2 10s., Mr. Thomas Pope, Horningsham, bier Parry, Esq., £4, Mr. Wm. Hewer, Sevenhampton, near „Warminster


Commended.-Mr. Edward Bowly.
For the best five breeding theaves, not more than 23 months For the best three sow pigs of the same litter under 4 months
old, £5, Mr. William Hemming, Coldicott, near Moreton-in- old, the gist of T. B. Lloyed, Esq., £4, Mr. J.H. Elwes, Coles-

bourne Park, Cirencester. Second best, £2 10s., Mr. John King Tombs, Langford, The wbole of this class commended. Lechlade.

For the best sow pig for breeding purposes, the gift of J. FAT SHEEP.-- LONG WOOL.

H. Elwes, Esq., £3, Mr. Wm. Hewer, Sevenhampton, near For the best three shearhogg not more than 23 months old, Highworth. £5, to Mr. William Hewer, Sevenhampton, near Highworth. For the best sow and pigs her own produce, the pigs uoder

Second best, £2 10s, to the Royal Agricultural College, 10 weeks old, £3, Sir Robt. G. Throckmorton, Bart., BackCirencester.

land, Faringdon. For the best five wether tegs not more than 11 months old,

HORSES. £5, Mr. James Newman, Calmsden, Cirencester.

For the best mare and foal (her own offspring) for agriculFor the best three fat ewes, £5, Mr. George Fletcher, Ship- tural purposes, £'8, Mr. Henry Baily, Wallgaston, near Berketon, near Andoversford.


Second best, £4, Mr. Edward Holland, M.P., Dumbleton For the best three shearhogs not more than 23 months old, Hall, Evesham. £5, Mr. Edward Holland, M.P., Dumbleton Hall, near Eves- Commended--Mr. Samuel Bidmead. ham.

For the best stallion, for agricultural purposes, above 2 years CLASS I.--FAT SHEEP-CROSS BREED. For the best three shearhoge not more than 23 months old, old, £10, Mr. William Edmonds, Wroughtov, near Swindon. £5, Mr. John Plumbe, Ashton Keynes, near Cirencester,

For the best filly, for agricultural purposes, under 3 years Second best, £2 108., Mr. Charles Hobbs, Maisey Hampton, old, the gift of Robert Gordon, Esq., £5, Mr. William Smith, near Cirencester.


Second best, £3, Earl of Radnor.
For the best boar pig under one year old, the gift of T. Gam- Commended-Mr. Richard Waine.


Famous as the agriculturists of Rutland have been for the number of hunters for the premium given by the Marquis of last 26 years for their exhibition of stock in the Riding House Exeter, but nothing to call for particular notice was exhibited. at Oakham, it is questionable whether a more splendid show The show of pigs was limited, but the animals were of a supeof cattle of all kinds ever graced that building than took place rior kiud; one, a year and three months old, exhibited by R. at the anniversary on Wednesday, Dec. 2. It was acknowledged W. Baker, Esq., as extra stock, was a perfect specimen of the by many who have attended these gatherings for a number of porcine breed, and was highly commended, In the root-crop years that a finer array of stock, both in regard to numbers department the increase of prizes brought a corresponding inand quality, was never seen in this county : so meritorious in crease in the number of competitors. Some first-rate turnips, every respect was the exhibition, that to say more in general mangolds, and cabbages, were shown outside the gatea. The praise would only detract from the excellence of what might first prize in class 8 was awarded to the Hon. Col. Lowther; be justly termed a "little Smithfield.” If we may venture, and Messrs. Painter, of Burley, carried off the silver cup givet however, to notice ivdividual claims, the first-class steer shown by the Hon. G. J. Noel, M.P., for swedish turnips in quanby Mr. Wortley, of Ridlington, and which took the prize of 15 tities of not less than ten acres. sovs., was generally acknowledged to be a fine specimen. Mr. During the morning a large number visited the RidingWortley was very successful this year, having taken four prizes house. A good sum was taken at the doors. Amongat tbe in this departinent. The second prize ox shown by Mr. Lyon, company we noticed Lord Aveland, Viscount Campden, the of Stroxton, also attracted considerable notice. In class 2 the Hon. Col. Lowther and M188 Lowther, the Hon. G. J. Noel, prize ox, 3 years and 9 months old, shown by the Marquis of M.P., the Hon. G. H. Heathcote, M.P., Geo. Finch, Esq, Exeter, came in for its share of well-deserved admiration. It Gen. Fludyer, R. W. and W. H. Baker, Esqs., Jao. Eagleton, is intended to exhibit this beautiful animal at Leicester and Esq., the Rev. H. Fludyer, Rev. Wm. Jackson, Rev. T. Smithfield. Next in order stood in class 3) a first-rate steer Davidson, &c., &c. shown by R. W. Baker, Esq., of Cottesmore; this animal,

THE JUDGES. although small, was perfect in every respect, and met with a STOCK.—Thomas Townsend, Esq., Ilmorton-hall, Warwickvery large share of commendation from practical men. A one- shire; Chas. Bosworth, Esq., Dishley, Jeicestershire; R. year-and-nine months-old heiser, in extra stock, belonging to B. Richardson, Esq , West Firsby, Lincoloshire. C. 0. Eaton, Esq, was a first-rate animal, and obtained the HUNTING Horses.--S. Hunt, Esq.; W. W. Tailby, Esq.; silver medal given by the Duke of Rutland. There was a W. A. Pochin, Esq. large show of sheep, and in these classes a spirited competition VEGETABLES. Mr. R. Ward, Harringworth ; Mr. J. Grimes, took place between Mr. C. J. Bradshaw, of Burley, and Mr. Pickworth ; Mr. J. Liuney, Thistleton. Wortley: the former, however, seems to have inherited the spirit of his father, who for a number of years figured so con

AWARD OF PREMIUMS. spicuously and successfully in this department at Rutland and Oxen or steers, of any breed or weight, under five years of elsewhere. On the present occasion Mr. Bradshaw, jun., age. Open to all England. First prize, £15, to Mr. E. carried off four first prizes and one second prize; Mr. Wortley Wortley, of Ridlington; second, £7, to Mr. R. Lynn, of obtained second prizes in three classes. The most extraordi- Stroxton; W. De Capell Brooke, Esq., and Mr. R. Jones nary specimen in the show was a Leicester ewe (bred Mr. commended. R, L. Bradshaw, and exhibited by his son), which competed Oxen or steers, of any breed or weight, under four years of for the silver medal offered by the tradesmen of Oakham; this age. First prize, £10, to the Most Noble the Marq.iis of animal was acknowledged to be the best ewe that has been | Exeter, K.G.; second, £5, W. De Capell Brooke, Esq., of seen at any of these shows: it will be entered for competition Geddington-grange. at Smithfield, and will, we think, be & match for any one of its Cows or heilers, of any breed, age, or weight. Open to all kind hat can be taken to the metr polis. In the same class England. First priz', £10, to R. W. Baker, Esq., of Cotteswas a ewe, 13 years and 8 months old, exhibited by Mr, T. more ; second, £5, to Mr. E. Wortley, of Ridlington; W. De Swingler, of Langham; this, considering its great age, was Capelí Brooke, Esq., and Sir Thos. Whichcote, Bart., comallowed to be a first-rate specimen. There was a large mended.

To the owner, being a tenant farmer, of the best steer, under silver medal, value £3, to C. 0. Eaton, Esq., Tixover Hall; three years of age. First prize, £7, to Mr. Thos. Swingler, of W. R. Morris, Esq., of North Luffenham, w. De Capell Langham ; second, £3, to Mr. E. Wortley, of Ridlington. Brooke, Esq., of Geddiugton Grange, Mr. R. Lynn, of Strox

To the owner, being a tenant farmer, of the best steer, under too, Mr. C. Chapman of Exton, commended. two years of age. First prize, £5, to Mr. R. Lyon, of Strox

Offered by the Tradesmen of Oakham. too ; second, £3, to R. W. Baker, Esq., of Cottesmore. To the owner, Feing a tenant farmer, of the best heifer, silver medal, value £3, to Mr. J. c. Bradshaw, of Burley-on

To the exhibitor of the best sheep shown as extra stock, a above two and under three years of age. First prize, £6, to the-Hill; Mr. R. L. Bradshaw, jun., Tinwell, Mr. R. Lynn, of Mr. C. J. Bradshaw, of Burley-on-the-Hill; second, £3, to Mr. T. W. Fowler, of Exton ; Mr. E. Wortley and Mr. J. lington, commended.

Stroxton, Mr. T. Swingler, Langham, Mr. E. Wortley, of RidWoods commended. To the owner, being a tenant farmer, of the best heifer,

EXTRA STOCK. under two years of age. First prize, £4, to Mr. T. Chapman R. W. Baker, Esq., of Cottesmore, a pig, one year and of Whitwell; second, £2, to Mr. E. Wortley, of Ridlington three weeks old, bred and fed by himself on wheat and barley Mr. T. Swingler and Mr. J. Pears commended.

meal, commended. Offered by Stafford O'Brien, Esq.

ROOTS AND VEGETABLES. To the owner, being a tenant farmer, of the best cow in

Offered by the Right Hon. Viscount Campden. milk, £5, to C. 0. Eaton, Esq., of Kelthorpe ; second, £2, to

For Swedish turnips cultivated on any system, £7, to the R, W. Baker, Esq., of Cottesmore.

Hon. Colonel Lowther, of Barleythorpe; second, £3, to Mr. To the exhibitor of the best bull, above two-and-a-half and

W. Berridge, of Barrow. under five years old, £5, to Mr. R. Lynn, of Stroxton; second, £3, to Mr. T. Suter, of Brook.

Offered by the Hon. Gerard James Noel, M.P. To the exhibitor of the best bull, above one and under two

For the best specimen of Swedish turnips, a silver cup, value and-2-ball years old, £5, to the Right Hon, the Earl of Gaing.

£10, to Messrs. J. and R. Painter, of Burley. borough ; second, £3, to Mr. R. Lynn, of Stroxton.

Offered by the Society. To the exhibitor of the best mare, £3, to Mr. J. Hack, of

For the best specimen of mangold wurtzel, £2, to Mr. T. Egleton.

Sater, of Brooke. To the exhibitor of the best yearling gelding or filly for

Offered by the Hon Roden Noel. agricultural purposes, £3, to Mr. W. Hammond, of Barrow, For best specimen of mangold wurtzel, £3 to Mr. T. GodOffered by the Right Hon. the Earl of Gainsborough.

frey, of Glaston Lodge. (To the tenant occupier of not more than thirty acres of land

Offered by the Society. in tbe district.)

For the best specimen of cabbage, £1, to W. Fabling, Esq., To the owner of the best cow in milk, £5, to Mr. J. Wil.

of Burley. iamson, of Langbam; second, £2, to Mrs. J. Harris, of Lang

Offered by the Tradesmen of Oakham. ham; Mr. R. Mills, of Whitwell, commended.

For the best specimen of white turnips, £7, to Mr. J. G. To the owner of the best heifer, under two years and-a- Bos rth, of Gre am. half old, £4, to Mrs. J. Harris, of Langbam; second, £2, to

Offered by R. W. Baker, Esq. Mr. J. Edgson, of Langham ; Mr. P. Healey, of Burley, com- For the best specimens of ten Swedish turnips, mangold, mended.

wurtzel, and cabbages, 10s. each. Turnips, Messrs. Painter ; To the owner of the best heifer calf, £2, to Mr. W. Hubbard, mangolds, Mr. Fabling; and cabbages, Mr. Rudkin. of Langham; second, £l, to Mrs. J. Harris, of Langham.

Offered by the Right Hon. Lord Aveland. Long-woolled fat wether sheep, £10, to Mr. C. J. Bradshaw, of Burley-on-the-Hill ; second, £5 (offered by the Society), to | ENGLAND WILL NEVER BE FARMED Mr. E. Wortley, of Ridlington. Offered by the Society.

AS IT OUGHT TO BE, UNTIL WE HAVE Long-woolled fat wether sheep, £7, to Mr. C. J. Bradshaw,

A TENANT-RIGHT BY LAW. of Burley-on-the-Hill ; second, £4, to Mr. E. Wortley, of Ridlington,

SIR, --The old adage says, “Out of evil cometh good ;" To the owner of the best breeding ewes, £5, to Mr. C. J.

and the case of Mr. Breedon Everard, of Groby Hall, LeicesBradsbaw, of Burley-on-the-Hill; second, £3, to Mr. T.

tershire, will open the ears and eyes of thousands of farmers Swiogler, of Langham.

in Great Britain, and cause them to think for themselves, and Long-#oolled theaves, £4, to Mr. C. J. Bradshaw, of

not to lay out their money so freely as Mr. Everard has done, Burley-on-the-Hill; second, £2, to the Hon. Colonel Lowther,

upon the estates of others, without tenant-right, alias justice of Barleythorpe.

for unexhausted improvements made on the farm by the tenant. Long-woolled wether lambs, £3, to Mr. E. Wortley, of Rid

It is plain Mr. Everard has ruined bimself by improving the lington ; second, £2, to R. W. Baker, Esq., of Cottesmore.

estate of a noble lord, after which he is turned out by his To tbe owner of the best long-woolled ewe lambs, £3, to

lordship without stating any reason why, or allowing him comR. W. Baker, Esq, of Cottesmore; second, £2, to Mr. C. J.

pensation for the vast improvements made on the farm. In Bradshax, of Burley-on-the Hill.

ihe Mark Lane Express of the 26th October, it was stated To the owner of the best pig of any breed, £4, to Mr. T.

that Mr. Everard " had, in fact, in a space of five years, laid Bowles, of Great Hale ; second, £2, to R. W. Baker, Esq., of

out £5,000 in improving a farm of something over 300 acres.” Cottesmore.

The above treatment of the noble lord to his diligent and adTo the owner of the best fat pig, £3, to Mr. T. Suter, of

mirable tenant, in the great age of discovery and improvement Brook ; second, £l, to Mr, W. Benskin, of Rearsby.

is monstrous : such a feudal system must soon either be ended Offered by the Right Hon, the Earl of Gainsborough.

or mended. The tide of reason long delayed, long checked To the owner of the best fat pig, £2, to Mr. J. Stimson, of

and obstructed, has neverthtless set in, in North Lincolosbire, Egleton.

in the shape of tenant-right, which is wise, just, reasonable Offered by the Society.

and profitable, but more so to the landlord than the tenant. To the owner of the best in pigged or suckling now or yelt, century back, rabbit warrens and wildernesses the principal

Lincoln Heath, and the Lincolnshire wolds, for instance-a £2, to Mr. T. Rudkin, of Langham Lodge; the Right Hon. the Earl of Gainsborough commended.

part of them --- what do they produce now under tenant-right? Offered by the Most Hon. the Marquis of Exeter.

Why great crops of corn, clover, and turnips, and some of the

heaviest-woolled sheep in the kingdom. The great improveTo the owner of the best half-bred four years old hunting

ment of the said wild land under tenant-right is a fine example mare or geldiog, £10, to Mr. G. Tipping, sen., of Saltby;

to all the world. I hope the Groby Hall case will be the second (offered by gentlemen of the Cottesmore Hunt), £5 to

means of causing a tenant-right to become the law of the Mr. P. Healey, of Mantoo.

land, to protect such useful and ornamental tenants as Mr. Offered by his Grace the Duke of Rutland,


SAMUEL ARNSBY, To the exbibitor of the best beast abown as extra stock, a

Peterborough. Nov, 5,

were :

20 40




Extra ............


yet seen. Now we do not at all detract from the merits As very erroneous impressions of the relative nume

of Mr. Wortley's gold medal ox when we say that there rical strength of the different cattle classes, as compared have been other animals which are remembered as being with last year, may arise from mere inspection and re.

grander in their day and generation. By affirming that collection, we give the following figures, stating in the

the best ox once was better than the best is now, we are closest form which breeds have come up in unwonted

not implying the deterioration of all; because, now, the force, and which of the new classes have contributed prize animal is not so far beyond all compeers as he most to the increase of our present show. The entries used to be-or, at any rate, there is far greater merit in

every beast in his class than was the case a very little 1855. 1856. 1857.

time back. Devons 17 21 32

The prize Shorthorn ox will remind many persons of Herefords

21 36 the famous Durham ox, and is remotely descended, te Shorthoros..

hear, from Earl Spencer's celebrated stock. What an Scotch, Irish, and Welsh 16

18 extraordinary length and breadth, and yet most beauti. Other pure breeds.... 3

ful symmetry and compactness of form; his chine and ribs Cross-bred

7 12

most wonderfully expanded, bis immense weight of flesh 13 17

most evenly laid on, and of first-class quality; and his

head and bone fine, and very handsome. The only deTotal...... 112 140 176

ficiency appears in his thigh and twist, which might have An increase, it appears, of one-third, both in the been better in proportion. His measurement is extraHereford and Devon classes, has been the principal ordinary, the girth being no less than nine feet two inches, item in swelling the catalogue and filling the show- and the length nearly six feet. Now that Mr. Wortley yard, though the Shorthorns still remain a long way has made such a glorious debut at Baker-street, winning ahead of the other breeds. The total number of cattle golden opinions with his real golden honours, and also, in is very much greater than on any other occasion. addition, a third prize for his Shorthorn cow, likewise of

As to excellence, we have no hesitation in pronounc- his own breeding, we hope to welcome him in future ing this exhibition the best ever collected together in as an annually successful competitor. Baker-street Bazaar. Class after class presented an Last year the Shorthorns were obliged to yield one array of animals of remarkably high character, with of the gold medals to Mr. Heath's superb Devon; but rarely an inferior beast; and, as we might anticipate the year before, they carried off both, just as on the from the extension of good breeding of late years, the present occasion. Colonel Towneley's splendid cow, four quality is almost universally of a superior description, years and one month old, and having bad one calf, is and the huge monstrosities of fat once wondered at and far before any other animal in her exceedingly good ridiculed have given place to animals of a more class, and is, indeed, one of the finest we ever saw ; profitably-feeding, early-fattening, and valuable kind. not, however, for an immense frame or an extravagant The standard of merit is not now simply the amount of degree of over-fatness, but because of her level and flesh, except in the judgment of some old-school autho- regular feeding, her unsurpassed touch and quality of rities; but the symmetry, quality, and valuable charac- meat, united to a faultless symmetry, beauty, fine offal, teristics of the animal are taken into consideration, and neat head. But the visitors to Salisbury, York, notwithstanding the circumstance of this Show being Birmingham, and elsewhere, know her so well that purposely designed for fat stock intended for the we need not extend our expression of admiration. butcher. And we trust this principle will be persevered | We would only add, that if any proof were wanted of in-namely, to encourage such a fatness as may indicate the importance of fat stock shows, it is here in the fact the profitable nature of a breed, rather than mere that an animal of the very purest and best breed has weight, regardless of expense and time wasted in its won the day against all others, in the production of the attainment.

largest quantity of most valuable beef. But is she a As to individual merit, we must own that, while the bona fide fat animal for the butcher? Or will she be universal excellence proves how our various breeds are taken bome, and, if possible, again used as a breeding progressing, instead of deteriorating, the two best ani- cow ? Colonel Towneley also gains a second prize for an mals in the yard cannot be set up as nobler and more exceedingly good steer in the cross or mixed-breed magnificent specimens than were ever seen before. If class ; this steer and the cow being the only animals we were to compare the gold-medal ox or cow this year exbioited by him, with those of many years back, we should undoubtedly The show of Shorthorns, as a whole, was very satisfind that a great advance has been made ; but to expect factory; and we particularly admired the class for steers that every year's prize animal is absolutely to eclipse the or oxen above three years old, comprising some espepreceding one, is to consider breeding as purely mecha- cially good animals, and the class of cows which connical. Whereas Nature bestows her gifts of form and tained some amazingly good and meritorious. Yet it beauty, and constitution and kindly habit, capriciously, will be observed in the list of awards that the judges as far as world-renowned marvels of excellence are con- have given the Shorthorns little more encouragement or cerned, and sometimes only at rare intervals gives us a approval than they were compelled to administer, only Master Butterfly or a Durham Ox. Hence the relative two commendations being accorded - one to Lord Southmerit of individual animals from one year to another is ampton's ox, and the other to Mr. Garne's white cow of less importance tban the amount of improvement or The latter is very handsome, very fat, and had she been otherwise marking an entire class, or, indeed, a whole less patchy, and with more meat on her neck, would show. And, of course, the larger the number of first. have been entitled to a prize. class animals bred, the greater the chance of obtaining In the steer class, Mr. Lynn's prize animal has a an ox more perfect or astonishing than the world has wonderfully good fore-quarter, but struck us as being

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