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NORTON FARMERS' CLUB. Report of the Judges (Mr. L. Furnisa and Mr. J. J. Rowley), we say, as appointed judges, it is the monkshood of Norton

on the farms which competed for premiums in October husbandry. "And we do most earnestly recommend the club last:-

to abandon the growth of these exhausting plants, and substi"In examining the farms contesting for the premiums given tute instead some of the genus colewort, such as the branching by Messrs. Henry Rangeley, J. Dodson, and Wm. Staniforth, rape, the Scotch kale, and last but not least, the cow cabbage. the judges had an agreeable and pleasing, yet difficult duty to We admire the plants we have mentioned, but we saw few perform. They had pleasure in witnessing the industrial efforts

Some attempts to grow them were visible, but like to cultivate and improve the soil of a district generally tena- 'angels' visits,' they were ' few and far between.' From Windy cious and frequently hilly; and in a sharp contest, they felt a House to the Lees, from Birley to Bowshaw, these useful esdifficulty in adjudicating according to the exact terms of the culents were rare, and might really be looked on as exotics, premiums offered. Having this difficulty before them-where and supposed to require a glass-house to grow them. No such the merits of each are so nearly balanced-it seems only reathing; we tell you that, like the daisy, they blossom anywhere sonable and fair that the several competitors should have some and everywhere. We tell you, wherever the dock will grow, mark of distinction to show a degree of merit, so that, if one 80 will the mangold; and it is a great fact that the rape and competitor should win (to use a sporting phrase) by half a the thistle will grow on the same soil, but not at the same neck, the judges might have the privilege of placing the se. time and place. If farmers wish to grow thistles, they ought cond and third in the race. For the reasons above stated, we to be in rotation; and part of the course of husbandry purrecommended this arrangement to Mr. Rangeley, who gener- sued on the farm, and not at the same time and place as other onsly consented to give us a discretionary power in awarding root crops or legumes

. Thistles and docks might be grown in his premium of £5 to be equally divided between the several alternate rows with mangolds or colewort; but we do not recom. competitors-Mr. John Plant, of Birley; Mr. William West, mend it ; and unless it could be proved that this course would of Windy House; and Mr. Thomas Parker, of Bowshow. suit the balance sheet when stock is taken, we advise the club “We commenced the inspection of these farms on Tuesday, be gathered from these remarks, that in the inspection of the

not to patronise or follow it. Still, it is followed; and it may the 13th day of October, 1857. There had been a similar in- farms contesting for the prizes offered by the Norton Club spection in the previous year, and the system of cropping and and its members, we complain that these beef and mutton general husbandry on these farms having been already de producing plants receive but little or no attention in the disscribed and published, it does not appear necessary on the pre-trict. They are to the farmer 'the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin sent occasiou again to notice it. But we bave much pleasure of the school-boy.' But when understood and cultivated, they in recording our entire satisfaction in the cultivation of these farms, as adapted to a locale immediately surrounding Sheffield,

are the classical as well as the practical and useful in busbanand not having any analogy to the cultivation of farins situate dry. We have digressed, and must now leave the grumbling, in a district strictly rural. Hence the difficulty of prescribed

to notice other things more agreeable in our report. rules of husbandry and the laying down of a code and system

" In class 36, where the premiums are given by Messrs. of cropping, which ought to vary and will

vary according to Dodson and Staniforth, for the best cultivated farme under 60 circumstances and situations. Climate and soils will have

acres, we found three competitors–Mr. Hutton, of Ridgeway; their effect; the quantity of rain falling, the proximity to

Mr. Joseph Wragg, of Norton Lees; and Mr. George Rogers, mountains and towns, all exert an influence on cultivation, and of Lightwood. These farms, considering the limited time we give a wide scope for judgment ia determining the course of had at our disposal, were carefully inspected, with a view to do husbandry to be followed." We are witnesses to these import- justice to the gentlemen who had generously offered the preant elements in the cultivation of land, and hope we may say

miums. without vanity that, having had some experience in these On inspection of Mr. Hutton's farm of 28 acres, we found matters, we are privileged to make any remark of praise or the land in a good state of cultivation; the farmery well arcensure. Indeed, it may be expected that we should, in our ranged and in good order; the whole of a character creditable perigrinations through the district, cast a farmer's eye, with to the occupier. furtive glance, over bedges and across the stubbles, where grow “Next in succession in this class of farms we visited Mr. J. the stately thistle, the hardy couch grass, and the umbrageous Wragg's farm, of Norton Lees, consisting of 324 acres. Judgdock-giving unmistakable evidence that in the 19th century ing from the produce of this farm, the crops must have been these upas trees are cultivated in the parish of Norton, and at very good; the root crops exceedingly clean and well aran easy distance from the metropolis of Hallamshire. But the ranged, bavivg been highly manured, as evideuced by the cultivation of these plants is not the rule, it is the exception; weight of the crops. The whole of the land on this farm is in and if there be much to condemn, there is more to commend a high state of cultivation, the fences in a very creditable conand applaud. Still they are cultivated; their seeds are sowo dition, and present a neat appearance; stock numerous and by inattention and neglect, and by the ignorance of natural good; farming premises very orderly, and every department of Jaws bearing on good husbandry. In truth, the growth of the farm showing evident signs of presevering industry. these plants on the farm may be aptly stated as a disease of "Mr. George Rogers' farm, at Lightwood, consisting of 30 the skin, which, as in men and animals, affects the whole body acres (20 occupied since March, 1856). On inspection of this corporate; the best remedy for which is cleanliness, and the farm we were very much pleased with the substantial character application of purgatives, as administered by Dr. Bentall and of the improvements effected by the occupier iu so short a time. others celebrated at the present day for the cure and eradica- A considerable sum must have been expended. 15 acres eftion of cutaneous poison plants. It is not, however, the plants fectually drained with pipe, tile, and stone. Depth of drain, which are grown, to which we desire to call attention, it is 30 to 33 inches, five yards apart. A considerable length of the plants which are not grown, but which ought to be grown. old, neglected hedges plashed, the sides grubbed close up to There is a similarity in leafy appearance between the dock and the fence. The root crops highly creditable, being very good the mangold. In the language of the ancient writer, we and well arranged; additional buildings put up at the farmery ; cleave to one, and despise the other. The couch grasses and the house renovated and much improved ; new gates introItalian grasses are similar in genera, but their effects are dissi- duced. The whole of the operations carried out in a most demilar and wide as the poles asunder. Like homeopathic termined and skilful manner. Having seen this farm when treatment, as propounded by Dr. Habnemano, a very small dose first entered on by its present occupant, it being them in a most of couch grass will drive out Italian grass, and establish a dilapidated condition, great praise is due to Mr. Rogers for the cutaneous disease, tbat we imagine will rup speedily over a mauy and great improvements made in 80 short a time. hedge, across a turnpike rond, or even a canal; such are its “To conclude, we can only add one remark, and that will powers of contagion, or infection, or both. The thistles may apply to all the farms in this class. We saw proofs of good be a stately plant-it is a Scottish emblem --but to our notion, busbandry, neatness, and cleanliness throughout. Capital and

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labour had been judiciously expended; and when the contest | years as my assistant, but when my health failed I sent him. was sharp, and on nearly equal terms, we did not quite agree Other men used to go with me to show particular implemente, in our views and opinions. The matter in dispute was left to On the 2nd of August he did not ask me to allow him to rethe arbitration of one of the competitors, who generously de- main. I did not say that when he left the room he would no cided against himself, that Mr. Wragg should be No. 1, and longer be my servait. After we had made our arrangements Mr. Rogers No. 2.

I understood from my son that he was desirous of remaiuing. “In offering the above report and animadversions on what on the 4th of August I wrote a letter, in consequence of an we saw and examined, we trust that they will be received in application from him, stating that “W. Woolnough knew R. the same spirit in which the men of the Norton Club always | Garrett's views, and when he was prepared to fall in with their receive good intentions."

views R. G. would see him." Had not made any arrangements for substituting him as a seller of implements, but as a foreman. On the 4th of August he wished to leave, but in

consequence of bis behaviour I could not allow it. I did try SUFFOLK LENT ASSIZES.

to make an arrangement to keep bim as salesman, but failed.

On the 10th of August defendant received a letter from my son, BREACH OF CONTRACT.

(The letter stated he could only be received back on R. Garrett's GARRETT V. WOOLNOUGH.

terms.) The terms were that he should show the implements This was a Special Jury case.

and buy timber, and should have £50 a year for buying tim. Serjeant Wells and Mr. O'Malley for the plaintiff, and ber and 108. a day when he attended market. I thought I Mr. Couch for the defendant.

should make his income as much as formerly. Mr. Neere The action was brought for breach of contract.

came to me and asked me to take him back under the old coeMr. O'Malley having opened the case,

tract. We appointed three men the same day to take Woola Mr. Garrett deposed: I am the senior partner of the firm nough's place as foreman. They were paid a common workof Garrett and Sons, Leiston Works. At first I carried it

men before, but their wages were advanced £l and 10s.a week.

Re-examined : I received his letter on the 31st of July, but on myself, and then took my sons in. The defendant was formerly in my father's service, and continued with me

did not proceed to make arravgements to fill his place until down to 1855. He occupied the post of foreman over a

the next day. I could not put the defendant as foreman over small portion of the manufactory and salesman up to April,

a number of men after he had abused me before the men with. 1854. He had a salary of £150 per year and a house. In

out any cause wbatever. November or December, 1853, the defendant reminded me borated the previous witness as to the conversations which

Mr. E. Cottingham, brother-in-law of the plaintiff, corrothat the agreement terminated, and that he wanted an ad- took place between him and defendant on the 1st and 2nd of vance of salary. I agreed to advance him £50 per year. He afterwards wished that the £50 should be paid for five

Angust.

Cross-examined : Mr. Garrett never said, “When you leave years in advance, to which I agreed, and an agreement was drawn up. He suggested that it should be bioding for ten

this room you are my servant no longer." I advised Mr. Gar. years, so that at the end of five years I should pay him an

rett to give defendant the agreement and settle, but he would Other £250. The £250 was paid on the 6th of April. On

not. I also advised the defendant to settle it. the 31st of July, 1855, the smith's foreman showed me

James Kirrage deposed : I was in plaintiff's service in July, some ironwork which Woolnough had sent back, and on the

and Wooloough said to nue Ludbrook was the man to be put 1st of August, as I was standing at the counting-room door, 2nd of August the defendant came to my house and said, “I

foreman over the smitbs' department. On the evening of the the defendant came up to me, and in abusive language said he would not be humbugged any longer; he was going

bave left Mr. Garrett's service, that's certain, and will stand away. I turned round and said, * What's the matter?"

no more of their humbug.” I asked him not to be too fast. He was in a passion, and I told him to go home and consi

Mr. Taylor deposed : I have beeu with Mr. Garrett thirty der the matter. I said, “There is an agreement between

years. On the 31st of July Woolnough came to me to settle us, you had better look to that.” On the following day I

with him for his expenses to Carlisle. I refused ; and he said

he was off, he would have no more of it. sent for defendant, and he came to my counting-house, and Crc89-examined : I refused to settle the expenses, as I heard I asked him if he had considered what he said the day be. fore, and he said " Yes, he was going.” The 31st of July, Garrett. As the firm bad advanced money to him I did not

there had been some unpleasantness between him and Mr. was a critical period, being after the Royal Agricultural know whether he had money to pay or receive. Society's Show, and we had many orders, particularly in

This being the plaintiff's case, defendant's department. After some conversation, I told him he must pay me back the proportion of the bonus; but

Mr. Couch contended that no breach of covenant had been he laughed, and patted his hand on his pocket, and said he

proved. should keep it. Í suggested he should go and ask advice as

His Lordship held that the defendant had not left the plainto that of some man of business. The day after he came

tiff's service; but was ready to perform the agreement, only again, and said he had been for advice and found he must

he would not let him. return the money; and he would pay it me if I would give Mr. O'Malley objected and his Lordship reserved the point. a receipt in full of all demands and cancel the agreement. Mr. Couch was addressing the jury, when his Lordship sugo I refused to take the money on these terms. (The receipt gested that a juror should be withdrawn on the delendant payo which Mr. Garrett proposed reserved to himself any rights ing the proportiou of the bonus £184, Mr. Garrett promising he might derive under the agreement.) He would not pay if any balance was due to the defendant it should be deducted the money on this receipt, and went away. The defendant from £184. had a son-in-law named Sudbrook in the smiths' department. The defendant had been of great use to me in the ley objecting, it was agreed that the money sbould be paid

Mr. Couch applied for time for payment; but on Mr. O'Mal. sale department, and after he left me my sons were obliged under a rule of court in a month. to attend to the getting proper foremen into Woolnough's department instead of the general supervision. We tried to

Mr. O'Malley stated that there were three other actions get persons to suit us as salesmen, but could not, and we

pending for infringement of patent, and bis client was willing lost very much commercially. I employ 600 or 700 hands,

to refer the cases to any three respectable men. 60 or 70 of whom were under the defendant's supervision.

Mr. Couch declized to do so. I would rather not state the loss, but I would have gladly given another man a larger salary as a user and seller of implements.

SIMPLE TEST FOR GUANO.- A bushel of guino, il Cross-examined. – I don't think we received any damage pure, weighs almost exactly 70 lbs.; if adulterated with light from his leaving us as foreman. We made better

implements substances (which is rarely

the case), it will, of course, weigh without him than we ever could have done with him, but we less. If clay, marl, sand, &c., have been used, the weight will had to neglect the selling department, and lost more by that. be materially increased, and, so far as this test applies, gros It is very difficult to replace a foreman to sell implements and adulterations will be easily detected. -Cameron's

Chemistry of show them to the best advantage. He had been with me mapy | Agriculture.

AGRICULTURAL REPORTS.

of

GENERAL AGRICULTURAL REPORT FOR , The English wool trade has been in a state of great depression, MARCH.

and the fall in prices during the last six months has been fully Since we last wrote, the weather in nearly all parts of the forty per cent. This decline arises, in some measure, from the United Kingdom has been very favourable for out-door farm almost total absence of the usual Continental orders. This Jabour, in wbich, consequently, great progress bas been made. year's clip is turning out unusually large, even in districts not Much of the light wheats, and most of the spring corn, bave geuerally considered crack ” ones. Advices from Australia pow been sown even in our backward counties, and the land bring great heaviness in the wool trade, and a fall of from ld. bas been everywhere in fine condition for the reception of the

to 1 d. per pound in the quotations. seed furrow. So far, therefore, everything is in a satisfactory

In the value of bay and straw very few changes have taken state ; but when we consider the wheat trade, the continuous place. Meadow bay has realised £2 10s. to £4 48.; clover do., decline in prices, and tbe future prospects of the growers,

£3 10s. to £5; and straw, £1 5s. to £i 10s. per load. there is reason to anticipate a state of things—as respects

Toroughout Scotland farming operations have progressed wheat in particular--almost without a parallel. The effects of steadily, and the wheat trade has ruled heavy, at drooping the late severe panic in the commercial world--a panic that currencies. Fat stock has likewise fallen in value. has led to a decrease in our aggregate shipments during the

In Ireland, the transactions in all kinds of produce bave first two months of the present year, compared with last sea- fallen off, and prices have ruled in favour of buyers. The shipson, of pearly four millions sterling-have, to some extent, ments of grain to England have been very small for the time produced a declioe in the cousumption; there is literally no

year. speculation going on, either in home or foreigo produce, notwithstanding that money is upusually abundant and cheap ; and great apxiety continues to be shown by the holders of REVIEW OF THE CATTLE TRADE DURING foreiga grain to sell at almost any price. The result of the

THE PAST MONTH. last year's wheat harvest in this country shows an enormous yield, and an unusually large quantity on hand, both in bara Notwithstanding that only moderate supplies of fat stock and stack. Throughout France the produce seems to be have been on offer in the Metropolitan Market, the greatest equally large ; and the same state of things prevails in the heaviness has prevailed in the trade generally, and a serious United States. The consequeace is that we have had all sellers decline has taken place in the quotations. T'he continuous and very few buyers, except for immediate consumption, and fall in prices bas led to the opinion in various quarters that forced sales of graiu bave continued, to the prejudice of the the consumption of food in London is rapidly falling off. value of home-grown qualities. Again, in order to compete Such, however, is not the fact, and the cause of depression with French flour—which may be had as low as 34s. per in the currencies may be easily traced. That an unusually 280 lbs., free on board, at Nantes—the town millers have re. small amount of butchers' meat is now being cansumed in duced their top price to 403, and country marks have fallen in the manufacturing districts, is obvious from the enormous an equal proportion. The value of wheat has, too, declined supplies which have reached London by railway, and fully 4s. per quarter, and the question generally asked is, which, in a general way, would bave been sent to ManchesWhen will the downward movement cease ? We cau scarcely ter, Birmingbam, &c. These supplies - which, in some assume that wheat can be much lower than it now is, because weeks, have amounted to twenty thousand carcasses-have it would be better for the wealthy growers to withhold sup- been overwhelming; so large, indeed, have they proved, plies altogether, and take the chance of future markets, than that the greatest difficulty has been experienced in effecting sell at present quotations ; but, at the same time, it is very sales on any terms. Had they been only moderately exo evident that any advance cannot be anticipated at present. tensive, secing that the consumption of meat in London is The last official averages show a fall in the quotations, com- still large, prices would not have run down to their present pared with the same time last year, of about 12.. per quarter, low point, and great losses, on the part of those who bought and, in the present tone of the trade, that difference seems store stock at high values, would have been prevented. On likely to increase than diminish. From France, the north of the part of the foreigner there has been very little competiEurope, and from the United States, we are threatened with tion, as the surplus produce of both Holland and Germany is heavy importations in the face of great abundance at home, and still directed to France. In February there were imported there is not the slightest appearance of speculative investments into that country 19,119 oxen and sheep, against 23,513 in

The want of speculation bas compelled the foreign houses to the corresponding month in 1857, and 23,050 in 1856. It sell on their own account; cousequeutly there has been no ac- is true that these figures show a slight falling off when cumulation of supply in warehouse. However, there is no compared with the two previous years; yet they prove that question but that the downward movement must have a limit, the production of live stock in France is considerably less and that ordinary prudence on the part of our farmers, and of than the consumption. Our dependence upon the foreigner, shippers generally, will bave its accustomed influence upon the as will be seen by our statistical details, is now reduced to demand.

a nominal amount, and the reduction in our importations The barley trade has continued healthy, and prices have shows a steady onward progress in our prodnction, both as ruled steady. Oats, beans, and peas have likewise commanded regards number, weight, and condition. The high prices extreme, to rather advanced, rates; and these articles are likely prevailing in this country up to a recent period have, no to sell well, and at full quotations, during the remainder of the doubt, operated as a stimulus to production; and our impres, season.

sion is that there is now more stock, both in England and A further advance, owing to their scarcity, has taken place Scotland, than has been known for many years past. in the value of the best potatoes. We, however, continue to Perhaps, however, our remarks may be more strictly apreceive large supplies from the Continent, in fair coodition, plied to beasts, the breeds of which are now undergoing and which have changed bands at from 80s. to 105s. per ton changes of great importance. In Norfolk the shorthorns Evidently, the extent of our growth last year—though we ad have been more generally introduced, not only as a separate mit that a large portion of it has turned out upåt for human breed, but they have been mixed with Scots, until the pure consumption has been much under-rated, as, even now, the breeds of the latter have become much less numerous than supplies on hand are extensive,

formerly; in point of fact, the Scots in Norfolk are not now The result of the last Colonial sales is quite as satisfactory kept up, as tormerly, by direct arrivals from Scotland, owing as could have been anticipated, considering the dulness of trade to the Scotch breeders keeping their store animals at home, in our manufacturing districts. Fine wools sold at ld. to 11d. and the shortborns have been more generally introduced per pound more money; but inferior qualities went lower. I into that and the adjoining counties as fresh blood; hence,

8. d.

..

6

0.

..

of late years, noble-looking and heavy Scots, to all appear-out of the wool, have rapidly increased. The general quoance, have arrived from Norfolk ; whereas it has been re- tations have ruled thus:

S. d. s, d. cently discovered that they are crosses with the shorthorns.

Beef,

from 2 10 to 4 6 The supplies of really pure Scots now derived from Scot

Mutton........................

3 0 5 2 land for the Metropolitan Market are gradually falling off :

Lamb

60-70 the size of the stock is increasing, and yet no fault can be

Veal

4 0 5 2 found with the quality of the meat. Scotland, therefore,

Pork

3 0 4 4 arising from the steady increase in the growth of the root crops, is now furnishing more meat than at any given period

COMPARISON OF PRICES. during the present century. To some extent, these re

March, 1855. March, 1856. March, 1857. The old Irish breed, marks may be applied to Ireland.

s. d. s. d. 8. d. S. d. generally a slow feeder and a large consumer, is making

2 10 to 4 10.. 3 4 to 5 0 way for English blood. Crosses are now the general fashion, Beef, from 3 4 to 5 0

Mutton.. 3 4 - 5 2 3 2 5 2 4 2 - 6 and we are, consequently, enabled to draw stock from most

Veal 3 10 - 5 4 4 10

4 4 - 5 8 of the Irish ports during each month of the year. We will

Pork 3 2 5 4 3 4 4 8 3 6 5 2 not now stop to argue the question whether this

comparative neglect of pure blood will eventually reduce our supplies of The month's arrivals of beasts from Norfolk, Suffolk, food ; but, to all appearances, the system up to this point | Essex, and Cambridgeshire have amounted to about 10,610 has worked well, and greatly increased the amount of con- Scots and shorthorns; from other parts of England, 2.600 sumable food.

of various breeds; from Scotland, 1,720 Scots and crosses; Compared with the corresponding period last year, prices, and from Ireland, 1,350 oxen and heisers. almost generally, show a fall of nearly Is, per 8 lbs., but we

Immense supplies of each kind of meat have been on see no reason to apprehend any further important decline. True, we have bread at very low figure--yiz., from 4d, ruled heavy in the extreme, and a considerable fall has taken

offer in Newgate and Leadenhall. The trade generally has to 71d. per 4 lbs. loaf ; but, on the other hand, potatoes of place in the quotations. Beef has sold at from 23. 10d. 10 good and sound quality are very scarce and dear. frequently happens, however, that whilst the commerce of the

4s.; mutton, 3s. 100. to 4s. 4d. ; lámb, 4s. 8d. to 6s. ; veal country is in an active state, and whilst the price of wheat

3s. 8d. to 4s. 8d.; and pork, 3s. to 4s. 4d. per 8 lbs. by

the carcase. is low and drooping-such being the case at this momentthe effect upon the value of other kinds of food is important; that a change of day will improve the trade of the Metro

The City authorities—under, we presume, the impression and it is just possible, even though the trade of the country politan Market towards the close of the week-have deter: rather low quotations during the next two or three months, mined to change the day of holding the market from Fri: unless there is a considerable falling off in the arrivals of of stock, when compared with Smithfield, and the enormous

days to Thursdays. The continued falling-off in the supplies dead meat per railway.

In nearly the whole of our grazing districts the health sums lavished upon the new market, have rendered of the stock has continued good, and very few losses have cessary to double the tolls; and now, in order to attract been sustained by disease. The lambing season has passed additional supplies and more buyers, a change in the day is off remarkably well, the weather having been highly fa

considered necessary. The authorities should bear in mind vourable for it, and the fall has been larger and stronger

that double tolls will have the effect of reducing the supplies than for many years past.

shown-that ever since the market has been removed : The following return shows the importations of live stock

smaller number of stock, taken in the aggregate, has been into the United Kingdom during the past month :

brought forward-and that any change in the day ought to

be taken into consideration by purely practical men. We Beasts

666 head. are told that the butchers require more time to get ther Sheep

318

stock home and slaughter it for Saturday's business; but Calves

527

surely every man at all acquainted with the trade must be

aware that the butcher-more especially as he has now to Total ...

1,511

travel several miles of additional ground-finds it necessary Same time in 1857

to visit, in one day, not only the Metropolitan (or live) 1856

1,842

market, but also Newgate and Leadenhall. Now, in hat 1855

2,103

weather, this would be impossible; and it is quite clear to as 1854

8,409

that the change--as was the case many years since-wil 1853

10,884

prove a complete failure, and that eventually only one mar

ket day will be held in each week, because unquestionably 1852

6,747 1851

8,381

the butcher's interest must be consulted, or he will turn bis 1850

attention to local markets, which are now rapidly increasing

in importance. The above comparison shows that last month we imported a smaller amount of supply than during the last eight years ; but this falling-off has been more than made good by increased production at home-a fact which appears to be AGRICULTURAL INTELLIGENCE, worthy of special remark. The total supplies of stock shown in the London market,

FAIRS, &c. derived from all sources, have been as under :

CARMARTHENSHIRE FAIRS.-Cattle fairs have been Beasts.

17,821 head. held at Haverfordwest on the 20th, at Narbeth on the 22nd, Cows

476

and at Newcastle Emlyn and Cross Inn on the 23rd of thy Sheep and lambs

74,410

month. The show of store beasts was considerably under the 704

average of former years, and the dealers purchased sery Pigs ......

sparingly at from 12 to 15 per cent. lower than last year's COMPARISON or SUPPLIES.

prices. Fat cows sold readily at from 5d. to 6 d. per Ib., & March. Beasts. Cows. Sheep. Calves. Pigs.

cording to quality, sinking the offal. The few cows with

calves shown, sold at highly remunerating prices. Horres 1857.... 17,345 490 74,880 1,118 2,230 and colts were scarce, and sold at very high rates. The small 1856.... 22,623 470 100,700 797 2,140 number of bacon pigs and porkers sold at from 5£d. to 6d. per 1855.... 18,644 380 88,790 835

3,765 lb. dead weight. A fair number of store pigs were on offer; 1854.... 20,588 532 93,060 1,091 2,780 those sold rather sluggishly at lower prices. 1853.... 19,228 360 85,680 1,614 2,780 The few lambs on offer have sold slowly, at from 6s. to, few exceptions the animals exhibited were of a middling cat

DERBY FAIR.—The horse fair was very small, and with in some instances, 78. per 8 lbs. ; and the supplies of sheep racter. In horned cattle and sheep very little business was

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done. The attendance was onnsually scanty, and the fair is figure. Mr. Sim, Scotsburn, sold a lot of black-faced hoggs described as being upon the whole “ very poor."

at 13s. A fine lot of ball-bred wethers, belonging to Mr. MacDURHAM FAIR. -- Buyers were numerous.

Colonel lennan, Tomich, were intercepted on their way to thr InverTeasdale attended as a purchaser on behalf of the Govern- pess steamer, by which they were to be sent to Edinburgh, ment. Superior horses sold at about 100 guineas; army

and were bought by Mr. Jackson at 853. 2-head. Mr. Machorses, £25 to £30, and in some few instances, £35; best

kay, Cape Wrath, bought Cheviot wether hoggs at 198. ; Mr. cart horses, £30 to £35 per head; commoner animals were a

Mackenzie, Baluabeen, sold the Mulcbaich shoţ Cheviot drug. Prices are 10 to 15 per cent. lower than last year,

wether hoggs at £16 per clad score, The market on ThursDealers and farmers state that prices are yet likely to fall considay was duller than on Wednesday, and at a late hour little derably.

or nothing had been done. Porty cattle were on the ground, EAST RETFORD FAIR.-There was a good attendance fifty horses, and seventy-six pigs, besides a large portion of the of buyers and sellers. There was a very large show of agri- changed hands, and most of the pige ; but, so far as we could

sheep exposed on the previous day. A good many horses cultural and draught horses of a superior description. There were but few hacks shown, and but little business done in

learn, there was not an offer made for any of the lots of cattle, either description of these animals. Prices ruled, for really

and nothing further was done in sheep. Horees were greatly useful sorts of draughts, from £33 to £40; hacks, £20 to £30.

down from last year, and pigs were selling at something like As usual there were plenty of “ offal” horses on sale. There

20 per cent. less than at the correspondior market of 1857. was a large supply of cattle, but very little fat stock on sale.

NEWARK FAIR.—There was a moderate supply of store Drapes and steers readily sold from £9 to £14, according to

beasts, which sold as well as was expected, at prices consider

There was a size and quality. Milkers and store beasts went off sluggish. ably below those realized this time last year. There were but few calves. Beef sold at 8s. per stone, and good supply also of milking cows, but prices were not so high mutton at 6d. per Ib. Hogs realized 37s. fully. Few sheep

as at previous markets. We had a good show of sbeep, which were penned.

sold off much lower than last year; bogo fetched about £2 HELSTON FAIR.-Purchasers were not willing to give so

each. Not many lambs were shown at the stock market on high prices as ruled for some time past. Towards the close of

Tuesday: the show of sheep was good. Prices were 6d. the fair, however, a good amount of business was done. A

per lb. out of wool, and 70. in wool. Beef realized 78. to 78. fine lot of bullocks, fire in number, reared by Mr. John

6d. per stone. Tyacke, of Merther, was sold by auction, and realized good

ROSS FAIR was not so well attended as it generally has prices,

been. Beef fetched 7d. per lb., mutton 64d. There were very HEXHAM FAIR.-A moderately light show of cattle,

few horses offered, apd the sales were generally dull. which met a brisk demand at good prices, exceptivg milk

UPTON FAIR.—The supply of stock was larger than cows, which sold slowly at drooping prices. Horses a very

usual. Useful cows and calves sold at from £13 to £14 &good show; demand slack, prices lower, and many left unsold. piece ; bar.ens about £11 or £12 each; wether sheep averaged Pigs a numerous show, at lower rates, and part left uosold,

from 30s. to 40s. a-head. Store pigs were numerous,

and HORNCASTLE HOG SHOW AND FAIR-Was the

were disposed of at a considerable reduction in price from last largest that has ever been known, the recent favourable altera- year's value. tion in the weather having brought sellers of stock into the

WREXHAM FAIR was exceedingly well attended by market in large numbers, in expectation of a rise in prices. business men, but the tendency of prices for all kinds of stock, Both beasts and sheep partook of the upward tendency, and with the exception of sheep, was downwards, and in consealthough the market was rather lower than was anticipated,

quence not a very large amount of business was done. The the stock exbibited was gradually disposed of. There was a

show of fat stock was good, but barrens fetched the best prices strong interest excited in the competition for the silver cup,

comparatively. Sheep were scanty, both fat aud store, and given by Mr. Stanhope to the exhibitor of the best pen of he

prices were firm. Of horses there was a larger show, especially hogs; the competitors being Mr. Parker, of Walmsgate, Mr.

of cart-horses, amongst which there were many fine animals, Jos. Walter, of Edlington, and Mr. Jos. Davey, of Fulletby.

the prices ranging from £30 to £50. Pigs were plentiful, and Mr. Parker was again fortunate enough to bear off the prize, cheaper than ever known in Wrexham. and obtain a companion to the cup he won last year. The YORK FAIR.--Very few lean beasts were shown, and judges were Jos. R. Kirkham, Esq., Andleby, Mr. Harwood

business trilling. A noderate supply of horses had slow deMackinder, Langton, and Mr. Mayfield, Dogdyke.

mand, at rates much below last Palmsun sair. ILSLEY FORTNIGHTLY MARKET.-There was about

IRISH FAIRS.-BALLINAKILL: There was a good an average supply, and a fair attendance of dealers. The sleep this season are in good condition, and handled remarkably well.

average display of stock. Prices ruled pretty much as during The trade was dull , but eventually nearly the whole was die Store pigs sold a shade lower than previously. At ATHLONE

the past month, and good store stock were in demand. posed of at about Is. to 28. per head reduction from that day fortnight.

Fair there was large supply of prime cattle, for which LEOMINSTER FAIR was well supplied with most de- Leinster buyers. The supply of pigs was very large, but

there was little demand, in consequence of the absence of scriptions of stock, but the trade ruled bull except for steers the demand was slow, and prices were very considerably and good barren cows, and those were ip demand at bigb | down from the January fair. Carlow : There was a good rates. Cows and calves met with customers and remunerative supply of stock, principally stores ; but there was a disincliprices. Beef averaged 6}d.; and wether mutton, in the wool, nation on the part of graziers to purchase, unless catile of 74d. per lb. Pigs were low. Really good horses in demaud good quality. Fatstock manifested a downward at high rates; inferior animals lower.

tendency

prime lots brought good prices. MUIR OF ORD FAIR.-3,689 sheep, chiefly Cheviot Mr. Joseph Fishbourne sold two three-year-old stallhoggs, were for sale. Last year the number on the same day fed heifers for £17 per head. Major M.Mahon received for was 3,690. On this occasion the sheep were in fair condition, a lot of lat heifers £13 58. per head. A large lot of stores, but not equal to last year; and in estimating the fall of prices, two and a half years old, were sold by Mr. B. B. Feltus to some allowance must be made for this fact. The want of keep P. Maher at £10 per liead. Beef may in general be quoted throughout the country, and the depreciation in prices, told from 50s. to 553. per cwt. for prime. Strippers and dry cows heavily on the market. Until about three o'clock ouly two were numerous, and those of a good quality sold well; inferior transactions were reported; these were two lots, each of from classes were not much in request, prices ranged from £13 to 300 to 400 Cheviot wether hoggs, in good condition and well- £16. Mr. Browne, of Ballyraggan, county Kildare, sold a lot bred, which were sold at a guinea a-head--Mr. Scobie, Lochin- of three-year olds for £10 12s. 6:1. per head; and Mr. Browne, ver, and Mr. Clarke, Eribole, being the purchasers. They of Corbally, a lot of three-year-old bullocks, at £11 178 6d. The were reported to be the best lots on the ground. After three sheep fair was thinly supplied, but some lots of excellent quao'clock Mr. Scobie gave the market a little activity by pur-lity were exhibited. Mr. Thomas Dowse sold a prime lot (fat) chasing several lots of boggs, at from 18s. to 20s., which were at £3 102., the top price; Mr. Peter Salter, a lot of wethers counted cheap at the money, and sold from want of keep at at £279. per head. The average price of hoggets was from home. Mr. Fraser, Mauld, bought a lot of Cheviot hoggs 359. to 423. Store pigs from 20s, to 259., bonhams 78. to 128. from Mr. Rogs, Fairburn, at 11:.; and another lot at the same

per couple,

some

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