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Points.

material be used along with the straw, to show the yet it gets 10 points. Again, price per horse-power ? length, i.e., a piece of soft wood, or slip of pine. This Why it seems the lowest-priced or the least costly make would be serviceable. The break or dynamometer will would win here, when generally the best-made engines prove the power absorbed, and the measure the quantity, are the most costly ; yet it has the 10 points. Con

Here a test Dressing Machines. — These, if possible, are more sumption of coal has something definite. varied in pattern and uses than chaff-engines. These can be applied ; so we will give the 10 or 20 points as machines should be made capable of performing all kinds these gentlemen suggest. In many machines similar reof dressing, from the foulest corn to fine seeds. The sults may be obtained. Thrashing-machines, dressingdynamometer readily shows the power used. The machines, chaff-engines and mills might possibly be so judges decide the work.

determined, because they each have many

" duties" Adjudication by Points. The last thing I shall notice to perform, and a given number of points might indiin this short paper is the novel mode suggested by several cate grades of merit, but it would be very indefinite. manufacturers for arriving at a satisfactory adjudication, division must be free and open ; it must be left to

If points are to be adopted as an index of merit, the viz., by the representation of a given number of points. the discretion of the judges to place such a number Take Messrs. Ransomes and Sims’suggestion as to points. of points to the merit as it is entitled to, and not

have it defined for them. What bones of contention ! 1. Durability, to count 20

Points-defined points—will never do ; they would fre2. Simplicity,

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quently bring inferior machines and implements first. I 3. Material and work

have often seen splendidly-made machinery which was manship,

20
100 points. of no practical use.

The mill I have named was preDuty done on 4. Consumption of coal, »

cisely of that class : it appeared of beautiful manufac5. Portability, 6. Price per borse-power, ,

ture, but the break proved it worthless. I see no true

way of solving these difficulties better than to trust to What work for judges, even with this defined for their the free unprejudiced judgment of really good practical guidance! What is to rule them? If one machine is men, aided, as they now are, by so many true mechanical somewhat better finished than another, is it to count 20 / and scientific powers. The power used can be depoints; and the other, of which the judges have a tecced to the greatest nicety by the dynamometer. The wavering opinion as to what is best, to count nothing ? quantity and evaporation of water can be ascertained by Again, the latter may be the most simple in construc- the water-meter. The coals can readily be weighed, tion by some slight difference, then it counts 20; the and other matters can be proved, 80 tbat, in fact, the first nothing, and so on. Then wbat are the tests of judge of implements and machinery is vastly aided in durability but material and workmanship? and so both coming to a decision ; and he has, for the most part, get the 20 points. Then again, what is portability; a mainly to exercise bis judgment as to the quality of the light frame on light carriages ? That would never do ; ' work performed.

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THE BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLAND COUNTIES FAT CATTLE

AND POULTRY SHOW.

As an agricultural exhibition, that at Birmingham, Society has so far had little to aid them in paying so even as a commercial speculation, should be eminently large a rent; and consequently, although they have successful. It enjoys, in a word, just double the at- done everything to ensure the attendance of visitors, tractions of any other such gathering. Quite as many, they have still had serious difficulties to contend with. or more, people go to see the Poultry than there do to There may be something of a lesson or a moral in this. see the Stock. Whereas at other meetings the cocks | There is scarcely a spectator or an exhibitor enters and hens are of little consideration, and half the visitors Bingley-hall but says at once, “Al! we ought to most likely never look at them. Birmingham, from have such a place as this for our London shows !" We the very first, has had a long lead in this respect that were told as much, over and over again, during this has never been approached. We have had Poultry past week. But yet a little reflection, ere we proceed Shows in Baker-street and at the Crystal Palace. The to such a step, may be not altogether unadvisable. Royal Agricultural Society itself has ventured on a few Whose money is to build? What shall we do with our mild accessories of the kind. Even exhibitors, however, hall when we have no fat cattle to put in it? And would think comparatively very little of them ; while on the it be sure to be a safe speculation in other ways? The other hand, taking the prize for the best pen at Bingley Birmingham Show has, we repeat, the best place for Hall is something equivalent to winning the Derby, its meeting of any we ever entered ; and the one great or the Gold Medal at Smithfield. Still, in the very face drag on the Society is this self-same capital place! of this, with everything as well done as it could be, It must not be supposed, however, that "the Midthe funds of the Midland Counties Show have land Counties" is in a desponding or declining connot been in too flourishing a condition. The fact | dition. The reverse of this is the case. The Council is, or was, the Society, like many an individual last year boldly faced their rent-difficulty, and, by a ere now, had over-housed itself. Bingley-hall is, little exertion amongst themselves, have, we believe, by this, proverbially well known as the best show- nearly conquered it. As for the Meeting, it is now yard in the three kingdoms; but then, unfortunately, better supported in every way than it hitherto has been. it is nothing more. For fifty-one weeks in the year The Society gives more money in premiums, the exthe Hall is little better than a dead letter. The Bound- hibitors enter in greater numbers, and the character of ing Brothers may occasionally, for a day or so, display Meeting is manife improving. The Poultry their athletic forms, or Madame Robinsino pirouette Show no longer depends on monstrosities or “rages,” from the back of a piebald steed. But beyond this the but is really what it should be—a collection of useful

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birds. As a gathering of stock, again, the weak places is hardly an illustration of early maturity, but is more have been gradually filled up, more particularly within like keepiug a plater to run on, as long as his legs will the last year or two; since care has been taken to avoid carry him. We did not notice that those of Mr. Potter's any further collision with the Smithfield week. The beast were failing him, so that most likely we shall Birmingham Meeting has still its own especial features meet him about for some seasons to come. By all in full force-its Herefords and Long-horn cattle, means let young animals be kept on to show how they Shropshire sheep, and Tamworth pigs. But it has, with will develop; but really, re-feeding or fattening an these, other sorts as well represented; and is, indeed, a animal over four or five years old sounds like an abMidland Counties Show no longer. You may look to surdity. The first prize Hereford steer, for example, the best of their breeds here almost as certainly as you a wonderful animal for his age, of great width and would in London; and we shall be by no means sur. weight, should be kept on another year, as most prised to see the Gold Medal beasts of Bingley Hall probably he will be. By that time he promises to be equally distinguished this week in Baker-street.

quite as good a beast as that of Mr. Shaw. It will be rather strange if they are not. Mr. Shaw's

The show of Herefords was right through, cows, Hereford ox and Colonel Towneley's shorthorn cow heifers, and all, a very capital one. We seldom are two as fine specimens of their several breeds as were remember a better class of cows, and the first and almost ever seen. Were it not for a little dip in the second prizes, of very even merit, had all the fine points back of the ox, or had the cow only a rather better

of the sort. When well-fed there is perhaps no so telling head, either might have been passed as perfect. Mr. a looking beast as the Hereford. The very way in Shaw's beast is a magnificent animal, of immense

which they are marked gives them a favourable appearlength and depth, with all the good points of the ance. By-the-bye, is there such a thing as a white Hereford beautifully developed. There was no mistake Hereford ? There was one entered and shown as such, about his claim to the Gold Medal; while it is a pleasure though we rather question whether, if he “ claimed to see this carried off by a new man. Beyond the local kindred here," he would “have that claim allowed.” shows of his neighbourhood, or as the exhibitor of a The Society is, notwithstanding, very strict in its few good sheep at this show, Mr. Shaw's name is not a regulations on matters of purity. Some very goodfamiliar one in the catalogue; and the only previous looking Shorthorns, including the prize one of Lord occasion, we hear, on which this ox had been shown, Lichfield, had to be entered in the extra classes from was at Rugby within the last fortnight, where of course the want of pedigree, or of some such proof of their he was also placed the first of his class. Colonel descent. On the other hand, there were soine leggy, Towneley, the owner of the Gold Medal cow, is far more patchy beasts in the classes proper, that in these times generally known as a successful exhibitor, and this cow we should have scarcely thought worth sending. In herself has some fame in our show-yards. She is, | fact, the Shorthorn oxen and steers were all below the moreover,

not only of the best looking, mark; while the cows were as good as the others but of the best bred of her kind. As were bad. Of seventeen Shorthorn cows and heifers recently as the end of last July “ Victoria”-for exhibited, sixteen had either premiums or commenda80 is she called

declared to be the best tions. The judges, to be sure, were very liberal in this Shorthorn cow at the Salisbury Great National Meet- respect, and commended occasionally where they had ing. She was also the best of her year at Chelmsford better, perhaps, have not left their sign. But this was in 1856. She is of capital proportions, roomy, and of not the case with the Shorthorn cows, all of which excellent quality. She is just four years old, and fairly merited the compliment. Indeed the cows were has had one calf. The first prize breeding boar all good, the Devons being another excellent class, at Salisbury was the first-prize fat pig at Birming- with the Prince Consort's heifer as the pick from ham. So that, in point of fact, the breeding stock amongst them. She is a most beautiful creature, and show of the Royal Agricultural Society is becoming does equal credit to the Prince as her feeder, and to a mere“ feeder" to our fat cattle shows of a few weeks Mr. Hole, of Dunster, as her breeder.

You are told to admire a magnificent beast or a The excellencies of the Longhorn are certainly not good pig, and think to yourself how much such ani

seen in a show-yard. The Highlanders and Welsh mals will do, now their merits are known, to improve cattle-both famous eating—were short in entries, and our breeds. Most impotent conclusion! By Christmas

no-ways so good as we have seen them; while the most day they will be selling as beef and bacon.

interesting cross was one exhibited by his Grace the There is another bad habit creeping into these meet- Duke of Beaufort, who seems fond of experiments, ings, that may be very appropriately noticed here. This was between a West Highlander and a Devon, in For the last few seasons the entry of Devon cattle has which some of the points of either were well preserved. been gradually getting better and better at the Midland It is satisfactory to see that the Longhorn is being fast Counties anniversaries. This year the improvement crossed into a Shorthorn. is very marked. Lord Leicester takes the two prizes The sheep show at Birmingham is seldom, at least in for the oxen or steers, with a pair of his own breeding. point of numbers, a very great one. Two or three of The first prize is one of the most evenly-fed oxen ever our favourite sorts are generally in the hands of two or seen, and both are admirable specimens of that multum three as well-known breeders. As, for instance, Mr. in parvo capability (of packing a great deal of meat in Foljambe and Lord Exeter enter from their Leicester a small compass) that so signally distinguishes the focks, and Lord Walsingham from his Southdowns. Devons. Mr. Heath supports his Lordship with this season Mr. Foljambe takes every premium another brace of very beautiful beasts, both highly awarded for the Longwools, and his Lordship is nearly commended; and then we come to a third, also highly as successful as he was last Christmas with his Downs. commended. This turns out to be nothing more or less But within a very few years Lord Walsingham has than the Gold Medal Smithfield Club ox of last Christ. made extraordinary progress with his sheep, and they mas, then the property of Mr. Heath, but now standing have now quite a characterof their own-beautiful beads, in the name of Mr. Passmore. So that this ox was fed straight backs, and great width behind the shoulder. for the meeting in December, then kept on for the Poissy So generally good, indeed, are they, that it was again Show in the spring, and now made up again for an- difficult to pick out the best of the lot, many going to other Christmas! He is getting on for six years old, a merely commended pen for him. The Cotsand has not improved in any way since last year. This wolds do not abound here, but their cross with

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the Southdown was seen to great advantage. pitched his easel opposite a prize animal; or for the People as yet have scarcely become familiar with its moment, as some right reverend enthusiast held forth on new title, but “the Oxfordshire Down" is a most useful. the many beauties of a bird he was anxious to buy-or looking sheep, for almost anything you require of him. to sell. He has here, however, some especially formidable op

PRI ZE LIST. position to contend with. The sort of all others entered in anything like numerical force is the Shropshire

FAT CATTLE. Down, a variety coming fast into fashion, and that

JUDGES:-Mr. Samuel Bloxsidge, Warwick. some think will soon be at the top of the tree. Still

Mr. John Tanner Davy, Ashtown House, South even the Shropshire Down does not stand quite on his

Molton, Devon. own merits. The purest bred sheep of this kind in the

Mr. Charles Stokes, Kingston, Kegworth, Derby. yard were perhaps those of Lord Aylesford; and the

HEREFORDS. best, once more, those of Mr. Smith of Sutton Maddock. The latter have a taste of the Southdown in them, im

Class I.-OXEN OR STEERS. ported from such men as Jonas Webb, Sainsbury, and

First prize £10, with extra prize of £20 as best Hereford, Lugar. Both the first prize pens of Shropshire, those and GOLD MEDAL as best of all the oxen, Mr. John Shaw, of Mr. Foster, as well Mr. Smith's, were of this im- Hunsbury Hill, Northampton. Silver medal to breeder, Mr.

Richard Shirley, Bawcott, Munslow, Shropshire. proved character. Originally they claim to be a dis

Second, £5, Mr. William Heath, Ludham Hall, Norwich, tinct breed of sheep, but now, like their cotem

Norfolk, poraries, the Hampshire and Oxfordshire, they have to

The Class generally commended. go to the thoroughbred Down as a refining medium. The Midland Counties show of pigs is always a great

CLASS II.-STEERS. one. The town and neighbourhood has a strong taste First prize, £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. John for the unclean animal; while such men as Messrs. Naylor, Leighton Hall, Welshpool. Watson, Mangles, and Wiley generally give their sup

Second, £5, Mr. William Child, Wigmore Grange, Leint. port. As we have already intimated, the first-prize fat

wardine, Herefordshire.

Commended, His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, pig was Mr. Mangles' “Bendigo," the prize boar at

Wiudsor Castle; the Earl of Aylesford, Packington, for two Salisbury, and a most successful cross between the

steers; and Mr. Joseph Phillips, Ardington, Wantage, BerkYorkshire and Cumberland breeds. His portrait ap. shire. pears in the Farmer's Magazine for this month: not,

CLASS III.-Cows. of course, as a fat pig at Birmingham, but as a breeding one at Salisbury. The prize list will show that most of Turner, The Leen, Pembridge, Herefordshire (had three calves).

First prize, £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. Philip our best varieties were well represented. The run,

Second, £5, Mr. Edward Thomas, Colebatcb, Bishop's Cashowever, was upon the Berkshires, of which Mr. Smith, tle, Shropshire (had two calves). of Henley-in-Arden, brought a pen of five unusually

The Class generally commended. good young pigs. Two or three rather cautiouslyworded certificates were handed in by the referees as to

CLASS IV.-HEIFERS. the ages of some of the pigs exhibited ; although it seems

First prize £10, and silver medal to breeder, Mr. Henry scarcely possible that gentlemen of character should com

Higgins, Woolaston Grange, near Lydney, Gloucestershire. mit themselves in this wise.

Second, £5, Mr. Samuel Walker Urwick, Leinthall Starks,

Ludlow. An excellent show of roots admirably arranged, and

SHORTHORNS. As usual, a most attractive one of poultry, complete the cbronicle. As we cannot find room for the awards in

CLASS V.-OXEN OR STEERS. this latter department, we will allow, as far as is possible,

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. William the judges to tell their own story. In addition, then, to

Eyton, Gonsal, Shrewsbury. infinite commendations, they declared the golden pen

Second, £5, Mr. John Robinson, Leckby Palace, Topcliffe,

Thirsk, cilled Hamburgs, to be " a very good class''--the golden

Commended, Mr. William Winterton, Wolvey Villa, Nunea. spangled Hamburgh to be an extraordinarily good class '--the silver pencilled Hamburghs "a very good shire.

ton; and Mr. Henry Roberts, Paxford, Blockley, Worcesterclass "--and the same of the silver spangled. The

CLASS VI.-STEERS. Polish they passed without comment, but the Spanish were “excellent”-“ meritorious and useful" and

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. Richard unusually good.” The coloured Dorkings

Stratton, Broad Hinton, Swindou.

Second, £5, Earl Spencer, Althorp, Northamptonshire. vellous !" and the whites “improving.” They deliberately pronounced the buff Cochins to be beautiful"

CLASS VII.-Cows. and the browns “excellent;' some of the game were also First prize £10, with extra prize £20 as best shortborn, "excellent," and to the bantams they gave one gene

GOLD MEDAL as best of all the cows, and silver medal as ral high commendation.” Of the game bantams they breeder, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Towneley, Towneley Park,

could not speak too highly.” The geese and Rouen Burnley, Lancashire (bad one call). ducks furnished “ good classes,” and the turkeys an

Second, £5, Mr. Robert Swinnerton, Weddington, Nuneaton “excellent one." We can only add to this, that there (had one call). were pigeons of such fanciful tonsure and fashion as to

Highly commended, Viscount Hill, Hawkstone, Shropshire

(had three calves), and Sir Thomas Whichcote, Bart., Aswarby utterly defy description. We can only hope such ex

Park, Falkingham, Lincolnshire (had one live calf and one quisites are never intended for pies. But still a layer dead). of Mr. Towneley's famous cow, with two or three couples

The Class generally commended. of prize Jacobins or Archangels over it, would be a

CLASS VIII.-HEIPERS. dainty dish to set before a queen.” We have often ere now had to speak to the good sham, Duncombe Park, Helmsley, Yorkshire.

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Lord Fevermanagement displayed in Bingley Hall. If it were possi- Second, £5, Mr. Robert Gell, Grimston Hill, York. ble to improve on this, it has been done. Even on the

Highly commended, Mr. Richard Thomas, Ryton, Dorringbest of the shilling days there was nothing like a crowd ton. or a crush. Rarely was there a difficulty to see anything Commended, Viscount Hill, and Mr. Joseph Phillips, you wanted to-having when just as Mr. Davis had | Ardiugton, Wantage.

mar

No entry.

BEING

DEVONS.

CLASS XXI.--Cows OR HEIPERS.
CLASS IX-OXEN OR STEERS.

Prize £5, Earl of Lichfield, Shugborough, (shorthorn, had
First prize £10, with £20 extra prize as best Devon, one call).
Lord Ward's prize of £25 for best ox bred and fed by an exbi-

SHEEP. biter, and silver medal as breeder, Earl of Leicester, Holkham

JUDGES :-Mr. Edward Gough, Gravel Hill, Shrewsbury. Hall, Norfolk

Mr. Joseph Holland Burbery, Kenilworth, War. Second, £5, The Earl of Leicester.

wick. Highly commended, Mr. William Heath (for two oxen), and

Mr. John Moon, Hurstbourne Priors, Whit. Mr. Joseph Potter, Witton, near Birmingham.

church, Hants.
The Class generally commended.

CLASS XXII.-LEICESTERS.
CLASS X.-DEVON STEERS.
First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, the Earl of

(Fat Wethers, not exceeding twenty-two months old.) Aylesford, Packington.

First prize £10, extra prize £10 as best of all the LongSecond, £5, His Royal Highness the Prince Consort. wools, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. George Saville Fol.

Commended, the Earl of Leicester, and Mr. Thomas White jambe, Osberton Hall, Worksop, Notta.
Fouracre, Durston, near Taunton.

Second, £5, Mr. Foljambe.
Class XI.-Cows.

Highly Commended, Mr. John Hopper, Bromptod, Picker

ing, Yorksbire. First prize, £10, Mr. John C. Halse, Molland, Devonshire ; silver medal to breeder, Mr. Thomas Halse, Molland (had five

CLASS XXIII.-LEICESTERS. calves).

(Fat Wethers, exceeding twenty-two, but not exceeding thirtySecond, £5, Mr. William Heath, Ludham (had two calves).

four months old.)
Highly commended. Mr. Abraham Umbers, Weston Hall,
Leamington (had six calves); and Mr. James Hole, Knowle
House, Dunster, Somerset (had one call).

Class XXIV. - LONG-WOOLLED SHEEP, NOT

LEICESTERS.
CLASS XII.--Heifers.
First prize, £10, His Royal Highness the Prince Consort;

(Fat Wethers, not exceeding twenty-two months old).

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mrs. West, silver medal to breeder, Mr. James Hole, Knowle House. Second, £5, Mr. Thomas White Fouracre, Durston, ncar

Green Hill Farm, Bletchington, Oxfordshire (Cotswold).

Second, £5, Mrs. West.
Taunton.
LONG-HORNS.

Commended, Mr. William Hewer, Sevenbampton, High

worth, Wilts. Class XIII.-OXEN OR STEERS.

Class XXV. Prize, £5, Mr. R. H. Chapman, Upton, near Nuneaton ; (Fat Wethers, es ceeding twenty-two, but not exceeding thirtysilver medal to breeder, the late Mr. Samuel Burbery,

four months old). Wroxhall, Warwick.

No entry.
CLASS XIV.-Cows or HEIFERS.
First prize, £10, Mr. Joseph Holland Burbery, Kenil-

Class XXVI.—South AND OTHER Down Sheep. worth ; silver medal as breeder, the late Mr. Samuel Burbery

(Fat Wethers, not exceeding twenty-two months old). (had one call).

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Lord WalsingSecond, £5, Mr. W. T. Cos, Spondon Hall, Derby (bad ham, Mertou Hall, Thetford, Norfolk. three calves).

Second, £5, Lord Walsingham. OTHER PURE BREEDS AND CROSS-BRED

CLASS XXVII.-SOUTII AND OTHER Down SHEEP. ANIMALS.

(Fat Wethers, exceeding twenty-two, but not exceeding thirtyCLASS XV.- Fat Oxex OR STEERS.

months old). First prize, £10, Mr. Richard Thomas Ryton, Dorrington, Shropshire ; silver medal to breeder, Mr. J. K. Smith, Rad

First prize £10, extra prize £10 as best of all the Short

wools, and silver medal as breeder, Lord Walsingham, Merton brook, near Shrewsbury (Short-horn, Hereford).

Hall, Thetford, Norfolk. Second £5, Lieutenant-Colonel Towneley (Cross-bred).

Second, £5, Sir Robert George Throckmorton, Bart., BuckCLASS XVI.-Far Cows.

land, Faringdon. First prize, £10, Mr. Robert Swinnerton, Weddington, Nuneaton; silver medal to breeder, Mrs. Caroline Williams

CLASS XXVIII.-SHROPSHIRE AND OTHER BLACK OR Bedworth, Nuneaton (Cross-bred-had one call).

GREY-FACED SHORT-WOOLLED SHEEP. Second, £5, Mr. Richard Machin, Papplewick, Nottingham. (Fat Wethers, not exceeding twenty-two months old.) shire (Long-horn and Short-horn cross-had one call).

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. Henry Class XVII.-FAT HEIFERS.

Smitb, jun., Sutton Maddock, Shiffnal, Shropshire. First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, the Duke of

Second, £5, Mr. J. B. Green, Marlow, Leintwardine, Beaufort, Badminton, near Chippenham, Wilts (West High

Ludlow, land Scotch).

Highly Commended. Mr. Holland, M.P., Dambleton Hall, Second, £5, the Duke of Beaufort (a cross between a West Evesham; Mr. William Orme Foster, M.P., Kinver-hill Highland Scotch cow and a Devon ball)

Farm, Stourbridge ; and Mr. J. B. Green, Marlow (for anoClass XVIII.--Scotch OXEN OR STEERS.

ther pen). First prize, £10, Mr. Ralph Sneyd, Keel Hall, Staffordshire Class XXIX.-SuROPSHIRE AND OTHER BLACK OR Grer(West Highland).

FACED SHORT-WOOLLED SHEEP. Second, £5, Mr. Ralph Sneyd (West Highland).

(Fat Wethers, exceeding twenty-two, but not exceeding thirtyWELSH BREEDS.

four months old). CLASS XIX.-OXEN OR STEERS.

First prize £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. W. 0. First prize, £10, Mr. William Heath, Ludham.

Foster, M.P. Second, £5, Mr. Richard Doig, Surney Farm, Long Buck

Second, £5, Mr. T. C. Whitmore, A pley Park, Bridgnorth. by, Daventry, Northamptonshire.

Highly commended, the Earl of Aylesford and Mr. H. Smith,

jun., Sutton Maddock.
E XTRA CLASSE S.
(For Animals pot qualified to compete in any of the preceding

CLASS XXX.-CROSS-BRED SIIEEP.
Classes).

(Fat Wethers, not exceeding twenty-two months old.) CLASS XX.-OXEN STEERS.

First prize, £10, silver medal as best cross-breds, and silver Prize £5, and silver medal as breeder, Viscount Dillon, medal as breeder, Mr. Adam Corrie Keep, Wollaston, WellDitchley Park, Enstone, Oxfordshire.

ingborough (South Down and Cotswold).

Second, £5, the Earl of Leicester (Down and Leices. Highly commended, Captain Robert Gunter, Wetherby ter).

Grange, Wetherby, Yorkshire; and His Royal Highness the Highly cominended, the Earl of Leicester (Down and Prince Consort. Leicester).

The following Certificates were given in reference to the Commended, Mr. John Woolston,' Wellingborough (South

pens of Pigs disqualified: Down and Cotswold); and Mr. John Bryan, Southleigh, near

"Birmingham, Nov. 28th, 1857. Wituey, Oxfordshire (Cross-bred or Oxfordshire Down).

"We hereby certify that one of the pigs in Pen No. 196 CLASS XXXI.-FAT WETHERS, EXCEEDING TWENTY-TWO,

bag a state of its dentition which indicates that the animal is BUT NOT EXCEEDING THIRTY-FOUR MONTHS OLD.

about eleven months old. First prize, £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. A. C.

(Signed)

"JAMES B. SIMONDS.

“ROBERT L. HUNT.Keep, Wollaston, Wellingborough (South Dowu and Cotswold).

"Birmingham, Nov. 28th, 1857. Second, £5, Mr. A, C. Keep, (South Down and Cotswold). pigs, Pen No. 198, indicates that the animals exceed the ages

“We hereby certify that the state of the dentition of the PIGS.

named in the exbibitor's certificate. JUDGES:-Mr. Edward Gough, Gravel Hill, Shrewsbury.

(Signed)

“JAMES B. SIMONDS.

" ROBERT L. HUNT.Mr. Joseph Holland Burbery, Kenilworth, Warwickshire.

“Birmingham, Nov. 28th, 1857. Mr. John Moon, Hurstbourne Priors, Whit

• We hereby certify that the dentition of the pigs, Pen No.

239, shows that the animals are of greater age than reprechurch, Hants.

sented in the exhibitor's certificate. CLASS XXXII.-Far Pigs.

(Sigoed)

" JAMES B. SIMONDS. (Fat Pigs of one litter, not exceeding ten months old.)

“ROBERT L. HUNT.First prize, £10, and silver medal to breeder, Mr. T. R. B.

PRIZES FOR ROOTS.
Cartwright, Aynhoe, near Brackley, Northamptonsbire.
Second, £5, Mr. Henry William Dasbwood, Dunstew, near

JUDGE.—MR. J. MATTHEWS, Edgbaston House, BirmingWoodstock, Oxfordshire.

bam. CLASS XXXIII.-Far Pigs.

Class I.-A Silver CUP VALUED 'TEN Guineas, (Fat Pigs of one litter, not exceeding fifteen months old.)

OFFERED BY THE MAYOR OF BIRMINGHAM, FOR THE

BEST COLLECTION OF THE FOUR FOLLOWING VARIEFirst prize, £10, and silver medal to breeder, Mr. Richard

TIES: LONG MANGOLD WURZEL, GLOBE MANGOLD Benyon, Englefield House, Reading. Second, £5, the Countess of Chesterfield, Bretby Hall,

WURZEL, SWEDES, AND CARROTS ; Sıx Roots or Each

TO BE SHOWN.
Burton-upon-Trent.
Highly commended, Lord Leigh, Stoneleigh Abbey, Keuil-

Mr. Richard Benyon, Englefeld House, Reading.
Forth ; and Mr. William James Sadler, Calcutt and Bentham,

Highly commended, Mr. A. W. Johuson, Manor House, Dear Crickdale, Wilts.

Gunnersbury, Ealing, Middlesex. Commended, His Royal Highness the Priuce Consort; and

Commended, Mr. Robert Fellowes, Bitteswell Hall, LutterMr. G. B Morland, Chilton Farm, near Abingdon.

worth; the Rev. Thomas Stevens, Bradfield Rectory, Read

ing; and Mr. J. B. Starkey, Spye Park, Chippenham. CLASS XXXIV.-Fat Pig.

CLASS II.-LONG MANGOLD WURZEL. (Exceeding Fifteen Months Old.)

Firat prize, £2 28., Mr. Charles Pratt, Stratford-uponFirst prize, £6, and silver medal as breeder, Mr. George Avon. Mangles, Givendale, Ripon, Yorkshire (Bendigo).

Second, £l 18., Mr. A.'H. Johnson, Manor House, GunnersSecond, £3, Mr. James Jobn Whiteman, Brownsover, War- bary. wiekshire.

Highly commended, Mr. J. H. Horsburgh, Bradfield, ReadHigály commended, Mr. William Hemming, Coldicott, near

ing Moreton-in-the-Marsh.

Commended, Mr. T. T. Stainton, Horsell, Woking, Surrey ;
Commended, Mr. William Parkes, sen., Camp Hill, Birming: Mr. Richard Benyon; and Mr. Saml. Robinson, Shaw House,
bam, (for 2 pigs); Mr. Geo. Mangles, (for another pig); and Melbourne.
Mr. Heury Thornley, Marston Hall, Birmingham.

CLASS III.-GLOBE MANGOLD WURZEL.
CLASS XXXV.-Pigs OF A LARGE BREED.

First prize, £2 2s., Mr. J. H. Horsburgh, Bradfield, Read(Fire Pigs of one litter, exceeding three, and not exceeding six ing. months old.)

Second, £1 ls., Mr. Richard Benyon.
First prize, £10, and silver medal as breeder, Mr Joseph Commended, Mr. A. H. Johnson (for twa lots).
Smith, Henley-in-Arden, Warwickshire (Berkshire).

Class IV.-SWEDES OF ANY VARIETY.
Second, £5, Sir F, L. H. Goodricke, Bart., Studley Castle. First prize, £2 23., Mr. Wm. Fletcher, Radmanthwaite,

Silver medals to Mr. William Hewer, Sevenhampton, High- Maastield.
worth, Wilts (Berkshire); Mr. T. B. Wright, Great Barr, Second, £1 1s., Mr. Robert Harrison Watson, Bolton Park,
Staffordshire (Berkshire; Mr. Edward H. France, Ham Hill,

Wigton, Cumberland.
Dear Worcester; Mr. Walter John Breach Scott, Queen's
Hotel, Birmingham; and Mr. Henry Howell, The Firs, Green

CLASS V.-COMMON TURNIPS.
Lapes, Birmingham (Berksbire).

First prize, £2 2s., Mr. Geo. Mangles, Givendale, Ripon, Highly commended, Mr. James Atty, Rugby; Mr. William Yorkshire. Brad ey Wainnan, Carhead, Cross Hills, Yorkshire; Mr. Wm. Second, £1 18., Mr. Samuel Druce, jun., Abbey Farm, Endall, Henley-in-Arden, Warwickshire (Improved Tam. Eynsham, near Oxford. worth); and Mr. Robert Overbury, Henley-in-Arden, War

CLASS VI.-CARROTS OF ANY VARIETY. wiekshire (Berkshire).

First prize, £2 23., Mr. George Saville Foljambe.
Class XXXVI. -PIGS OF A SMALL BREED.

Second, £l ls., Mr. George M'Cann, Graham House, Mal(Fire Pigs of one litter, exceeding three, and not exceeding six months old.)

Highly commended, Mr. Wm. Lay, Place Farm, Chilton, First prize, £10, and silver medal as breeder, His Royal

near Abingdon. Highness the Prince Consort.

Commended, Mr. George M. Kettle, Dallicott Howe, Second, £5, Mr. Samuel Wiley, Brandsby, York.

Bridgnorth. Silver medals to Colonel Pennant, Penrhyn Castle, Bangor,

CLASS VII.-Ox CABBAGE. North Wales ; Mr. Robert Harrison, Watson, Bolton Park, First prize, £2 2s., Mr. Samuel Robinson, Shaw House, Wigton, Cumberland (2); Mr. Samuel Wiley; Mr. George Melbourne. Mangles; and Mr. George Garne, Churchill Heath, Chipping Second, 41 ls., Mr. Robt. Fellows, Bitteswell Hall, LutterNorton.

worth,

D

vera,

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