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Matchless,

Lincolnshire Carl Kallion, the Property AT B.I. Hilduard Eeg de Anibam Hall, Newarks, for which the First Prize of 7 was awarded at the Alibur geliecting of the Role of England, July 1857,

London. Published by Rouson & Tafi 246 Strana 1853

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THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE.

APRIL, 1858.

PLATE I.
MATCHLESS;

A LINCOLN CART STALLION, THE PROPERTY OF MR. T. B. T. HILDYARD, OF FLINTHAM HALL,
NEWARK.

This horse took the first prize of 30 sovs., as the best of all the stallions for agricultural purposes, at the Salisbury Meeting of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. He was entered and shown at Chelmsford the year previous, but drafted out, as it was said, from not being a good mover. His action since then has been wonderfully improved, and certainly at Salisbury there was not a horse in his class at all equal to him in his paces. He stepped as light and lively as a pony. Matchless has, however, other strong recommendations-a splendid head, neck, and shoulders, good old-fashioned quarters, and extraordinary size and substance. His legs, perhaps, are not quite so clean as they might be. But the greatest of all his attractions, to the common run of sight-seers, is a most beautiful mane, fine in quality, and extraordinary for its length. As a show horse it certainly gave him a most imposing appearance; and as a picturesque noble-looking animal, the Suffolks and other mere utilitarians had no chance with him.

Matchless, bred by Mr. Haytoe, of Simperingham Fen, near Folkingham, in 1851, is by the King of the County, out of a Champion mare.

PLATE II.

THE LATE MR. THOMAS KIRBY,

OF YORK.

This well-known dealer and sportsman, whose name has for nearly sixty years been connected with English stock, was born at Osbaldwick, near York, in the August of 1770. As he was born and brought up a Catholic, the parish register contains no entry of his birth, and owing to the lapse of years, he has forgotten the exact date. From his very boyhood," the current of his being set to" horses; and when he was barely 21, he made his first voyage to Russia in charge of a cargo of them, and entered the service of Count Poltrowsky, who had upwards of 100 brood mares in his paddocks. For a long series of years his life consisted in perpetual Russian voyages, sometimes twice in a summer, and occasionally with two ship-loads of horses. His two sons as well as himself had once a very narrow escape from being "washed away in the flood" at St. Petersburgh, when every horse but one in his stable perished, and that was floated into a sort of garret, from whence its exit was of the most precarious kind. So great was the favour with which the Grand Dukes regarded him, that one of them entrusted him to smuggle over some English porter, and he was wont to carry it by a bottle at a time to the palace, when he went ostensibly to chat with them about horses. On one occasion the cork came out with a rush, and if the sentinel had not good-naturedly accepted his explanation, as to its being "frisky beer," he would, as the Grand Duke laughingly told him, have been sent off for a certainty to Siberia, for a season's wholesome meditation on " Barclay and Perkin's entire."

Orville was the first blood horse he ever purchased, 2,000 gs. being the price, and he proved a most successful venture. Lottery, whom he sold for £1,600, to go to France, was another immense favourite. Bourbon also came into his hands from Lord George Cavendish, for 1,100 gs., Brutandorf for 500 gs., Muley Moloch for 1,500 gs., St. Giles for 1,000 gs. (sold to the Americans for just the same price), General Chasse for 2,250 gs., Van Tromp for 2,000 gs., and Lanercost for 3,000 gs. Otterington's price OLD SERIES.] [VOL. XLVIII.-No. 4.

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was 800 gs., and he put him by for a year, and then finding his form was gone, sold him to Lord Jersey and Sir John Shelley, in whose stable he broke his thigh. He also purchased Phoenix from his lordship, and sold him to Mr. Ferguson, of Harker Lodge, near Carlisle; and it was to Lord Jersey that he effected his most successful sale of a yearling by Lottery out of Tambourine for 800 gs. His prices for yearlings seldom exceeded £200, and he generally sold the produce of his five mares at Doncaster. In his hey-day he engaged them pretty deeply, but he was very much sickened of breeding for the turf by the difficulties he encountered in making the vendees pay up the forfeits if the purchases turned out badly, or the contingencies when they won. Hernandez, whom he sold into France with Lanercost, was his last blood-sire purchased.

Mr. Kirby died at York of old age, on Sunday the 28th of last February. Two sons by his first marriage survive him; and about fourteen or fifteen years ago he had married the widow of Mr. Sykes, the well-known trainer. The Post and the Paddock will speak further to the adventures of this old English worthy, especially in his dealings with the Emperor of all the Russias.

BARLEY.

BY CUTHBERT W. JOHNSON, ESQ., F.R.S.

In this the time of barley sowing, at which we are again arrived, we can hardly direct our attention to a more useful agricultural theme. It will be to our advantage in several ways if we spend an April evening in such an enquiry. This will be the more practically useful since there are now several eminent chemists who have lately published the results of their valuable and most laborious investigations on the barley plant. These true friends of their country have examined, not only the produce of barley grown on the same soil for a series of seasons (both unmanured, and also manured with various fertilizers), but they have extended their researches to the varying composition of the seed of barley produced on different soils. It will, happily for the better understanding of our subject, be unnecessary to do more than epitomise the invaluable matter of reports, which ever and anon almost seem intended by their cloudy verbiage to test the farmer's ability in deep diggings.

The reader will, in the paper to which I am about to refer, find abundant materials of the highest practical value. He will ever, in commencing such studies, feel assured that although in the majority of instances the chemist's labours elucidate the correctness of long-established practices; yet in others they shadow forth new objects for the agricultural student's cautious trials; and, in any case, he will not forget the great truth, that although we have long been steadily increasing our knowledge of the habits of barley, yet that there are many questions, with regard to this plant, that yet remain to be explained -mysteries, which when hereafter made clear, will probably give rise to other equally valuable and interesting practical researches.

The growth of barley on the same land for a series of years is an important question, which has for

several years past occupied the attention of Messrs. J. B. Lawes and Gilbert "Jour. Roy. Ag. So.” vol. xviii, p. 454).

They set apart for these peculiar trials, which commenced in 1852, about five acres of ground at Rothamsted, in Hertfordshire. These were divided into nearly square plots, of about one-fifth of an acre each. The land had grown clover in 1849, wheat in 1850, and barley dressed with sulphate of ammonia in 1851. It was, therefore, as the reporters remark, "in a somewhat exhausted condition, as far as the after-growth of grain was concerned, and it was hence in a suitable state for testing the effects of different manures on the barley crop." In these trials two plots, one at either of the experimental land, were left unmanured, and it is the mean result of these that is given in the subsequent little tables.

The farm-yard dung employed was from the open yard, and not from highly-fed animals. The "mixed alkalies" comprised per acre:

300 lbs. of sulphate of potash.
200 lbs. of sulphate of soda.
100 lbs. of sulphate of magnesia.

The superphosphate of lime was composed per

acre of

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