Obrazy na stronie

the appearance of which promptly led the Senate of "murrain” being only the affection known as pleuroLubeck to interdict the passage of cattle into its pneumonia. territory, unless accompanied with a certificate of

SAXONY. their being in a perfect state of health, and This kingdom is perfectly free from rinderpest, and created also much anxiety as to whether the malady has been so for many years. Scarcely any apprehensions might not soon extend to our own country.


are entertained that the disease would reach the country, alarm, however, seems to have arisen out of the circum- even if it were to encroach very much more upon the stance that pleuro-pneumonia, which had occasionally Prussian frontiers of Russia and Poland, or prevail to a of late years affected the cattle in Mecklenburg, in far greater extent than it has recently done in Silesia, common with other continental states, showed itself

as the severity with which the preventive laws of those somewhat suddenly in March, 1856, at the village of countries is carried out is viewed as affording all the Great Görnon, near to Steinberg. Its outbreak is attri- security which is required. buted to the introduction of some cattle from Bavaria ; Eczema epizootica has been somewhat rife of late, and and it appears that the court cattle which were in the

many cases are still to be met with. Pleuro-pneumonia same stable' were subsequently attacked. After the

has only existed in a sporadic form in Saxony and Cen. death of several, the remainder of the animals were tral Germany, and bas, therefore, not excited so much killed, and buried entire.

of the public attention here as elsewhere. The laws in This summary proceeding appears to have arrested force with reference to cattle diseases are almost identithe disease in that particular village; but cases are said cal with those which have already been made mention of to have occurred in other parts of the Duchies. The in this report. interdict which was laid on the estate of Great Görnon

The investigations in Saxony completed our inspection concerning the “export, import, and transit of cattle, of the chief course of the river Elbe, and showed that immediately on the outbreak of the disease," was not, all the countries through which it flows were entirely however, removed until Oct. 1st of the same year, after free from the rinderpest, a result equally as satisfactory which time free intercourse was allowed.

as that which had previously been ascertained with reOn this fact being officially communicated to the ference to the Weser. authorities at Lübeck, and also that the whole of Meck

PRUSSIA lenburg was free from the disease, the Senate removed the restrictions which had been placed in the way of

Finding that the rinderpest had no existence in the cattle entering their territory; but, as has been ob

countries we had already passed through, we proceeded served in that part of this report which specially refers

to Berlin with a view of going to Konigsburg,and thence to Lübeck, these were again enforced in February of

into Courland, as, according to the information we were the present year, in consequence of the re-appearance of

at present in possession of, it was here that the malady the disease in the Duchies of Mecklenburg.

was prevailing to some considerable extent. On the 24th of December, 1856, the Commissioners

Arriving at Berlin, we first called on the prosessors of of our Customs published an order with regard to a

the Veterinary School, who, by virtue of their appointmore rigid examination by the Inspectors of Foreign

ments under Government, are always put in possession Cattle," with special reference to a contagious disease

of the latest information with regard to the existence called 'murrain,' which has recently broken out amongst

and extent of contagious diseases among domesticated the horned cattle of Mecklenburg." Count Bulow,

animals. From them we learned that the entire district Minister to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin,

we had proposed to visit was now perfectly free from the complained of this order to Lord Blomfield, her Mapest, and that, if it existed anywhere in Prussia, it would jesty's Ambassador to the Court of Prussia, and re

probably be found in the neighbourhood of Breslau, in quested that the attention of the Home Government

the province of Silesia. They further also informed us might be directed to it; and Lord Blomfield, thereupon study the nature and symptons of the pest in any part

that there was but little chance of our being able to sent a despatch to the Earl of Clarendon, to the following effect :

of the Prussian dominions, from the summary proceed“ Berlin, January 23, 1857.

ings which are invariably had recourse to, for its imme. "Mr LORD,- I have the honour to inclose to your lord

diate extirpation, and that for the purpose of seeing the abip berewith a copy of a communication which I have malady in its different stages, we should have to go received from Count Bulow, Minister of his Royal High into Austro-Poland, or some other part of the Austrian ness the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, requesting empire, where the laws are somewhat less stringent, and me to draw the attention of her Majesty's Government to

not so rigorously enforced as in Prussia. We ascerthe injarious effects which the publication of the Custom tained also that in all probability, in the event of our House order, published in London the 24th December, succeeding in obtaining an entrance within the Prussian 1856, respecting the importation of cattle, alleged to be military cordon, we should not be allowed to repass it in diseased, from the Mecklenburg States, is likely to have on a less period than three weeks, and even then we should the commerce of the country. Count Bulow states that most likely have to leave the clothes we had worn be'the cattle murrain," alluded to in this order as now existing in Mecklenburg, has only manifested itself twice, for a

hind us, besides having ourselves to undergo a disinfectshort period, during the years 1855, 1856; and that in

ing process: each case measures of such a stringent nature were taken

Under these circumstances we sought an interview as effectually arrested the spreading of the disease, inso- with Lord Augustus Loftus, her Majesty's Chargé mnch that since the lot of October last all the measures of d'Affaires, in the absence of Lord Blomfield, minister precantion that were in force for its prevention have been at Berlin, with a view of oblaining from the Govern. suspended by the official order to this effect, a copy of ment of Prussia the latest particulars with regard to the which Count Bulow has transmitted to me, and which, in location of the malady, and that amount of assistance original and translation, I have the honour to forward herewith to your lordship.

and protection which we needed for the fulfilment of “I have, &c.,

our mission.

This interview was at once granted, and we were From this and all the additional information which we most courteously received by his lordship, who manihave collected, it would appear that there was very little fested the liveliest interest in the question, and also excause for danger to be apprehended, and none in so pressed his willingness to do all he could in furtherance far as our country was concerned, from the state of the of our object. His lordship explained at some length health of the cattle of Mecklenburg, the so-called | his views as to the absolute necessity of keeping up of a

strict surveillance over all articles of commerce which Being now furnished with all the necessary letters of were likely to carry the materies morbi of the cattle recommendation, we made our way as quickly as possipest, and of the danger which would be incurred in the ble into Silesia ; and arriving at Breslau, at once reevent of its extension, by allowing the importations to ported ourselves to Baron Schleinitz, by whom we were go on from the great ports of the Weser and the Elbe ; also most courteously received, and who had already facts which have already been alluded to in the former prepared for our use a written account of the progress part of this report. Lord Loftus also dwelt on the which the disease had made in the spring of the present amount of danger which might probably arise from the year in his province. free importation of bones from Russia and the Baltic The Baron met us by somewhat facetiously remarkpoits, and instanced a case where an outbreak of the ing, “ that fortunately for Prussia, but perbaps very malady was believed to have depended on the convey. unfortunately for us, who had travelled so far to study ance of the bones of an animal dying with the affection the nature of rinderpest, it had no existence just now in into a stable in which other cattle were placed.

Silesia.” He traced, however, upon the map the difHis lorochip requested that I would write to him, ferent places where it had recently prevailed near to the stating the object of our inquiry and the requirements Polish frontier, and which he himself had visited. He we needed from the Government. He also promised likewise related several remarkable instances of the that be would put himself in immediate communication bigbly infectious nature of the disease, and of its conwith Baron Munteuffel, and would likewise write to his veyance from place to place by indirect means of conExcellency Sir Hamilton Seymour, her Majesty's am- tagion. The following is a translation of the report bassador at the Court of Vienna, to procure for us alluded to: letters of introduction and recommendation to the authorities in the Cracow division of Galicia, in the event of

Report of the Disease which prevailed among the Horned

Catlle in the Province of Silesia during the months of its being found necessary to go thus far to complete our

March and April, 1857. inquiry. A letter containing his lordship’s suggestions was

" The rinderpest, which in the present year has visited the thereupon forwarded to him, and to this I had the province of Silesia, has, with one exception, in which the pre

cise manner that the infection was carried to the premises honour of receiving the following reply with the sub

could not be satisfactorily ascertained, been clearly traced to joined enclosure:-.

the introduction of two herds of cattle from Galicia, of the “ Berlin, April 23, 1857. “Sir, I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 37. These beasts were purchased by different landowners,

Podolian or Hungarian breed, numbering respectively 44 and this date.

and were brought to their several estates in an apparently “I enclose to you herewith copy of a letter I bave addressed to Baron Manteuffel, requesting H. E. to give you a letter of healthy condition. Some of the animals have remained in

health, as, for example, those which were taken to L. Gutten. recommendation for the proper authorities at Breslau ; and I

tag, in the circle of Lublinitz, and to Blazeiowitz, in the shall not fail to forward to you without delay H. E.'s reply.

circle of Tost-Gleiwitz, but others of them became the sub" I shall likewise request Sir H. Seymour to procure for jects of the disease, you a similar introduction to the authorities at Cracow, and shall further beg him to forward the reply to your address,

THE GOVERNMENT DISTRICTS OP BRESLAU. “ Poste restante à Cracovie.' “ I have, &c.,


“ Eight oxen were brought to the domain or estate of Professor Simonds, Hotel Victoria, Berlin."

Furstenau, circle of Neumarkt, and were put into a stable

with some other cattle. In a few days the eight oxen fell ill, (Enclosure.)

and, on the disease being recoguized as the rinderpest, they “ Berlin, ce 23 Avril, 1857.

were immediately slaughtered. They had, however, already " MONSIEUR LE BARON,-Le Professor Simonds, Membre

infected the others, and, on several becoming diseased, the du Collége Royal Vétérinaire à Londres, vient d'arriver à Ber

whole herd, consisting of twenty-one animals, was likewise lio, étant chargé d'étudier sur les lieux la nature et le traite

slaughtered. On the same estate there were eighty cows, but ment de l'épizootie qni s'est manifestés en plusieurs endroits

these were living in other slieds, and did not come in contact

with the diseased animals; and, moreover in the same village sur la frontière de la Pruese et de l'Autriche. Se rendant Samedi prochain dans ce bât à Breslau, et désirant acquérir there are upwards of one hundred cattle-owners, but the whole la protection et l'assistance des autorités Prussiennes, il s'est

of the cattle were pre:erved by the summary measures had addressé à moi, me priant de solliciter de V. E. une lettre de

recourse to. The sanitary cordon drawn around the estate recommandation pour S. E. Monsieur le Président Supérieur

was removed twelve days since ; three weeks having elapsed de la Province de Silésie.

since the last case, and everything used about the animals "J'ai donc eu recours à l'obligéance si souvent éprouvée de being disinfected. V. E., en la priant de vouloir bien recommander le Professeur

“THE GOVERNMENT DISTRICT OF OPPELN. Simouds soit à la baute protection du Président Supérieur ou à la bienveillance des autorités compétentes de cette province.

“1. Twenty oxen were brought to the estate of Schweieben, “ Je dois avertir V. E, que le Professeur compte quitter

in the circle of Tost Gleiwitz, and on their arrival they were Berlin pour cette province Samedi prochain.

distributed to the different stations (farms) of the estate.

The disease also broke out among these animals, and, as they “ Je proite de cette occasion, &c., (Sigué) AUGUSTUS LOFTUS.

sickened, they were removed to a station where ouly shtep “ A. S. E. la Baron de Manteuffel.”

were kept, and here slaughtered. A military cordon was also

drawn around the place. Notwithstanding this precaution, His Excellency Baron Manteuffel most readily com

the disease spread thusplied with the request thus made, and in the eveningof "a. In Schweieben one ox was attacked, and he, with the same day Lord Loftus wrote as follows :

another with which he was standing, was immediately killed. “ Berlin, April 23, 1857.

The further progress of the disease was at once arrested, “SIR,-Barou Manteuffel has told me that be will forward, although there were 120 head of other cattle on the estate, or cause to be forwarded, though M. de Raumer, a letter of

and in the village also about a hundred cattle-owners. recommendation for you to the Upper President of the pro

"b. Stalion Radum.-An os which showed premonitory vince of Silesia, so that on your arrival at Breslau you may at

symptoms was immediately killed, together with another tbat once announce youreelves to Baron Schleinitz.

he was standing next to, and no other cases have occurred. “ I enclose herewith the despatch for Mr. Ward, her Ma- C. Station Wischnitz.—The appearance of the rinderpest jesty's Consul-General at Leipzic, to whom I likewise enclose at this station is very remarkable. It appears that either iour for you a letter of introduction. I am, Sir, &c.

or six of the Podolian oxen were sent here, and remained for a

“ AUGUSTUS LOFTUS. few days. These animals gave no evidence of being affected; " Professor Simonds, Hotel Victoria."

but twen'y days after their departure, one animal of a herd of


19, that they had been placed with, fell ill with the disease, and Thus it is recorded that, “ during the Russo-Turkish the whole were forthwith slaughtered.

war in 1827 and 1828, the Russian cattle which were "2. At Pouischowitz.-Twenty Podolian oxen came here on sent for the supply of the army carried the murrain with the same occasion, and they within a few days gave indica- them, and that it destroyed no less than 30,000 head of tions of being affected. Like the others, also, they had been pat with other cattle, 49 in number. On tbe occurrence of

cattle in Hungary, 12,000 in Galicia, and 9,000 in

Moravia." the outbreak the whole were killed, so that not a single head of cattle was le't on the estate. The place was likewise sui- Again in 1831, 1832, and 1833, in consequence of rouoded by a military cordon; but while the disease was the Polish insurrection, the disease committed great going on, a carpenter's apprentice, employed on the estate, ravages in that country, causing considerable distress. escaped the vigilance of the guards, and went to his father's At this period it also crossed the Prussian frontier, in bonse, which was distant about two thousand paces. While the department of Bromberg, and, although quickly exchanged the clothes he had worn at Ponischowite. The rinder terminated, swept away nearly 1,000 head of cattle. pest in consequence of this broke out among his fatber's cattle.

In 1849-50 the malady again prevailed to a very great The whole were thereupon killed, and a military cordon drawn

extent in Hungary, its introduction being due, accordaround the premises. It is now ten days since the animals ing to the official report of M.M. Renault and Imlin, were slaughtered.

commissioners appointed by the French Government to "3. At Slupsho, four of the Podolian oxen sent here were inquire into the subject, to the passage of the Russian attacked. They were likewise slaughtered, and the further troops from Wallachia by way of Transylvania. progress of the disease arrested. The cordon has been raised

Very shortly also after the army of Russia was here four weeks; the place baving been previously disinfected.

to occupy the Principalities, rumours of the cattle plague " 4. At Zawaiz, in the circle of Beuthen, at a totally isolated

became current ; and we find that as early as 1854 the farm, a case of sudden death occurred to an ox, which the sur.

disease bad made considerable progress both in Volhynia geon reported as happening from rinderpest; but there is con

and Podolia. From that period nearly down to the presiderable doubt as to this opinion being correct.

sent the malady gradually extended itself, until it “5. At Wohlau, in the circle of Pleas, close to the frontier reached most of the countries in Eastern Europe, and of Galicia, and into which no cattle had been imported, three some parts even of Asia Minor. From the Principalicases of the disease occurred, and all at peasants'. These ani

ties it can be traced in a northerly and westerly direcnals had come in contact with nine others, and all were con- tion into Moravia, Galicia, Poland, Prussia, Lithuania, sequently killed and a military cordon established. particular instance it was impossible to trace the cause of Crimea ; as also into Turkey, and to the southern shore

In this &c.; easterly into Bessarabia, Southern Russia, and the the introduction of the disease.

of the Black Sea. “These are all the cases of rinderpest which have recently occurred in the provinces of Silesia, and at the present time We have not been able to arrive at any correct esti. not a single suspicious case exists, owing to the means which mate of the immense losses these several countries susthe Goveroment has adopted to arrest its course. No sear tained in consequence of this visitation; but it has been need be entertained that the disease will extend from Prussia officialy reported that no less than 26,442 head of cattle to the neighbouring countries.

were destroyed in the Austrian dominions in the year “ (Signed) BARON SCHLEINITZ.

1856. And Consul-General Mansfield, in a despatch "Privy Councillor to his Majesty the King of Prussia,

from Warsaw, states that from May 9th, 1856, to the and Upper President of the province of Silesia. "Breslau, April 27th, 1857.

date of his report, March 29th, 1857, twenty thousand

beasts bad been sacrificed in Poland alone. It has likeIt will not be necessary to comment on this Report wise been said that the French army lost in Samsoun in this place, and more particularly as we shall have 8,000 beasts out of 17,500 in the space of nine months, hereafter to adduce some remarkable proofs of the con- and that we lost during the same time 4,000 out of lagious nature of the rinderpest. It is right, however, 10,000 from the pest-facts which may help to convey as several parts of Prussia have experienced during the an idea of the hundreds of thousands which were swept last two years different outbreaks of the malady, and as away. its extension in this kingdom especially is an object of

Mr. Radcliffe, M.R.C.S., who lately held a commis. much practical importance, as thereby a greater risk is

sion in the Ottoman army, reports that, while he was incurred of its reaching those countries which are in stationed at Sinope, the murrain was developed towards direct communication with our ports, that as complete the termination of the spring or early part of the summer a history of these recent visitations should be here given of 1855, and that in the month of June it reached its as we have been able to collect.

“ Scattered cases," he adds, “occurred, howThe RECENT OUTBREAK OF THE RINDERPEST IN

ever, from time to time until November, when, about

the second or third week of the month, the disease broke EASTERN EUROPE.

out again with great fierceness, spread rapidly among Throughout the late war, the movements of the Rus- the cattle in the depôt and in the town, reached a second sian troops necessarily called for the transit of large

acme about the termination of the month, declined durnumbers of cattle to those places which the army suc

ing December, and ceased altogether in January, 1856." Cessively occupied ; and it appears more than probable Among many others also, Mr. Walton Mayer, V.S. to that the wide diffusion of the steppe murrain" which has the “ Royal Engineer Field Equipment,' occurred within the last three years has depended en- during the war, attached to the Land Transport Corps, tirely upon this cause.

speaks of the existence of the disease in several parts of The ordinary traffic in cattle leads, it is true, to the Turkey, and in the immediate neighbourhood of Con. annual removal of large berds from the steppes ; and stantinople, in the summer of 1855. Early in the same hence the outbreaks of the rinderpest in those countries year, in consequence of a considerable part of both Auswhich are otherwise free from it can often be traced to trian and Russian Poland having become the seat of tbe the animals which find their way from the various fairs disease, much apprehension was shown lest it should and markets. No cause, however, is so potent in the cross the Prussian frontier. To prevent this the Prusspread of the disease as the outbreak of a Russian war ; sian Government took the precaution of sending detachand consequently, whenever circumstances have required ments of troops to all the points of egress below Thorn, the passage of her troops over the frontier, the pest has with a view of cutting off the communication with the manifested itself in a far more extensive form.

infected localities.


" who was,

M. V. Schleinitz, President of the department of of the Administration of the district by an express mes. Bromberg, in the province of Posen, in his official re- senger, of such cases of disease, provided they did not port, says, that " it was in the month of March, 1855, proceed from exterior injuries.' that we were obliged to order the frontier to be closed, “ These measures for prevention and cutting off inwhich was first effected in pursuance of the directions intercourse were in no instance abandoned before the exsection 2 of the law of 1836. In October of the same piration of the fourth week; and the carcases of the year we were under the necessity, in consequence of the cattle that had died of the pest, or had been killed in threatening approach of danger, of putting into force the consequence of its appearance in infected districts, no severer directions of section 3 respecting the closing of matter whether diseased or healthy, were always, after the frontier ; and when, at the end of that month, intel- their skins had been cut into pieces on all parts of the ligence, though not officially confirmed, arrived here re- body, buried in pits from six to eight feet deep, each garding the progress of the murrain, we caused the carcase being previously covered with unslackened lime." Polish district bordering upon our department to be At the first the chief execution of these preventive means thoroughly investigated by the veterinary surgeon of our on the several farms was intrusted to civilians, but very department within a distance of three miles from the early in the progress of the malady the military was em. boundary of our territory.”

ployed. The disease presently began to subside, but “ It being then ascertained that the disease was only despite every precaution occasional cases occurred, 80 2} miles from our frontier, we determined, at the begin that the department of Bromberg was not entirely freed ning of November, to close the same still more strictly, from it until the beginning of 1856. according to section 4 of the said law. At the same The cordon, however, on the frontier of Poland was time we ordered the district commissaries of police to

not raised; but on a decline of the disease in that couninform the mayors of the different places of the impend-try a removal of the impediments which had been placed ing calamity, who were not only instructed to exhort in the way of trade was gladly permitted. Individuals the inhabitants of their districts to use the greatest pre.

who could satisfy the officers of the urgency of their bucaution, but also to give immediate notice, per express, siness—which, however, must not be in connection with to the Councillor of administration of the district of cattle or cattle offal—were, by reason of a certificate every suspicious case of disease breaking out among the from the Councillor of Administration of the district, cattle."

allowed to cross the frontier, through the custom offices, As a further warning and instruction to the public, into Poland. Upon similar conditions foot passengers, we caused copies of the circular which was issued by the

who must, however, be furnished with only the most chief magistrate of our province, under the date of 28th necessary requirements, were likewise permitted to pass January, 1845, to be printed and distributed, to which

into the department of Bromberg from Poland. Neverwe annexed a description of the symptoms of the disease,

theless all individuals crossing the frontier, together and caused the same to be distributed as a supplement with their effects, were required to be disinfected in the to our official paper (Gazette). Besides this we prohi- establishments erected for that purpose at the boundary bited the attendance of persons at the weekly markets

custom place, under the superintendence of a gendarme. of the towns lying nearest to the threatened boundary Persons travelling post were likewise subject to the with those species of cattle, as well as with other things same regulations, and spun goods were not allowed to likely to convey infection, and which the law of 1833 enter. specially enumerates ; we likewise ordered establish- Early in 1856-namely, in the month of April—the ments to be erected for personal purification in the vil- | disease also broke out in the department of Breslau, in lages wherein the frontier custom-office is established ; the province of Silesia. For the particulars of this stationed gendarmes in the villages on our side of the occurrence we are indebted to Lord Loftns, to whom boundary situated nearest the infected Polish districts, they were officially communicated by the Prussian and charged the district commissaries in the immediate Government. The report states that “ for forty years neighbourhood, under pain of dismissal from office, with the department had been entirely free from the rinder. the execution of the preventive measures in case the con- pest, but that the disease had existed therein during the tagion should break out in our territory. We further War of Independence.' All investigations have empowered the Councillors of the Administration of failed,” it says, “ to show the precise manner in which the district to order the district veterinary surgeons to the outbreak occurred; but it appears that the disease inspect the villages and places on the boundary as often came from the circle of Schrimm, in the district of as necessity requ.red, and to watch over the state of Posen. The means of its extension from the circle of the health of the cattle there."

Schrimm are the more obscure, because those persons Notwithstanding these precautions were rigorously who might have been the cause of the conveyance of the adopted, the disease crossed the Prussian frontier; and infection are interested in not giving correct informain the latter part of November, 1855, it manifested it. tion. A knowledge of the existence of the pest only self in the circle of Inowraclaw, and shortly afterwards reached the authorities at Breslau after three different in the circle of Gnesen, near the town of Posen. The circles were more or less affected, which circumstance official report states, that on this occurrence “ general arose from the want of experience of the district measures were taken for closing the boundaries of the veterinary surgeons, none having had an opportunity of places infected, and special ones for the infected farm - previously seeing the disease. Subsequently, also, yards, by means of sentries posted under the superin. about a month elapsed before correct reports were obs tendence of gendarmes ; quarantine stables were esta

tained from the commissioners who were specially apblished, superintendents and cattle inspectors appointed, pointed for the investigation, arising from the great and these persons provided with written instructions distances they had to travel, and the difficulties which and bound by oath to their observance; all trade in were in the way of their making posl-mortem examinacattle was forbidden within a circuit of three miles, all

tions.' dogs chained up, and every proprietor of cattle within a “ The disease lasted for seven months; and its concircuit of two miles from the infected place was bound tinuance so long depended in part on the footing it upon pain of incurring the penalty of sec. 309 of the obtained while the investigations were going on, as Criminal Law, to give immediate notice even of the least aring this time many animals were inadvertently exsymptom of disease among his cattle, to the mayor of posed to the infection; and consequently they had the the place, who had forthwith to inform the Councillor malady incubated in their systems when the preventive





Total Loss.

in the

W oblau


7 35 77

828 487 4213

5 97 151

8 78 423

10 107 187

23 282 761








measures were enforced. Another cause of this long It was this immediate arrestation of the pest in this duration of the malady is to be found in the difficulties district which induced us, as has been previously obwhich were experienced in the adoption of the sanitary served, to alter our route and to go on to Silesia, laws, and the want of zeal on the part of the public in instead of Eastern Prussia and Courland, with a view of giving effect to them."

studying the nature of the malady. In October, the disease declined in the different From the preceding particulars it appears, then, that circles, and was nearly extirpated; but, about the since the latter part of 1855 the disease has entered the middle of November, it reappeared in the villages of kingdom of Prussia from adjacent countries in three of Braunau and Seitsch, which doubtless depended on a its different provinces, namely, in November 1855, in second communication being established between them the circle of Inowraclaw, province of Posen ; in March, and some of the still infected farms. The following 1857, in the districts of Tost-Gleiwitz and Lubinitz, table shows the number of the places affected, together province of Silesia ; and in the following April in the with the quantity of cattle kept, and the result of the villages of Bassnitzkehmen and Meldiglaucken, province outbreak :

of East Prussia ; besides having prevailed for several
months in 1856 in other parts of Silesia, coming there

from Posen.
Number Number Number
of Cattle

Infected Infected kept
Villages, Farms.

Leaving Silesia, we proceeded to Cracow, taking with
Villages. Diseased Healthy. us letters of recommendation from Baron Schleinitz to

Count Clam Martinitz, President of this division of GaSteinau..

licia. Waiting our arrival also, we found at the posteGuhrau..

restante a similar communication from G. H. Sey

mour, her Majesty's Ambassador at Vienna, which was 1066

accompanied by the subjoined letter :The report states, in conclusion, that, “ considering

“ Vienna, April 27, 1856. the extent of the circles, and the number of cattle kept

“ Sir,-In compliance with the request made in your behalf in them, together with the length of time which elapsed by her Majesty's Legation at Berliu, I at ouce applied to the before a correct diagnosis was arrived at, the loss is but Minister of the Interior for the facilities of which you stand in a trifling one, and especially when it is compared with need, and have now the pleasure of forwarding to you the enthe thousands of animals which are sacrificed to the closed letter of introduction for Count Clam Martinitz, Presi. disease in other countries."

dent of the Government of Cracow, who has already received Sabsequently to the extirpation of the pest from this instructions by telegraph to afford you every possible assistance part of Silesia, in November, 1856, the province conti

in the prosecution of the inquiries with which you have been

entrusted by the Agricultural Societies of Eugland, Scotland, nued free until the month of March of the present year, and Ireland, under the sanction of her Majesty's Government. when, as has been previously explained by the official

“ I am, &c., report wbich we have previously inserted on the authority “ J. B. Simonds, Esq.”

“ G. H. SEYMOUR, of Baron Schleinitz, some villages lying near to the frontier of Galicia were affected by the introduction of On calling at the official residence of Count Clam two herds of cattle from that country.” It thus appears Martinitz, we were immediately admitted to an audience, that Silesia has experienced two separate outbreaks, the when, on presenting our letters of recommendation, his first during the year 1856, and the second in 1857. Excellency expressed his entire concurrence in the object

By the extension of the disease northward Lithuania of our mission, and his readiness to afford us every faciand Courland became affected, the pest showing itself in lity in his power in its accomplishment. He explained the latter-named province in the autumn of 1856, and that, in his division of Galicia, the malady was fast continuing until January, 1857, with an estimated loss declining, but in the circle of Neu Sandec, and also of of 2000 head of cattle. Throughout the entire year of Jaslo, a few cases would probably be met with. He 1856, in consequence of the steady progress of the dis

likewise expressed an opiniun that we might bave to go ease in Russian Poland, the importation of cattle, skins,

as far as Lemberg to satisfactorily study the disease, as bones, hair, &c., was strictly prohibited all along the in that division of the country it prevailed to a much Russian frontier of Eastern Prussia.

greater extent. In the event of this being found necesOn the occurrence of cases at Kowno and Tauroggen, sary, he kindly promised to furnish us with all necessary and particularly at Lansayen and Georgenburg, places letters of introduction to the Governor of the Lemberg Dear to the frontier in the circle of Tilset, more severe

division of Galicia, as well as to the local authorities of measures were adopted; the driving of cattle along the

the places we should visit in his own governmental divi. right bank of the Niemen was interdicted, and all traffic sion, and also copies of the cfficial documents relating between the countries was suspended.

No persons

to the progress of the disease, and the instructions issued having to do with cattle were allowed to cross ; or if so,

by the commissioners of the sunitary laws. they had to undergo a quarantine, while mail passengers

In accordance with this arrangement, in the evening were fumigated at the borders. In the month of August of the same day we had the honour to receive the followthe authorities in the circle of Gumbinen were ordered ing letter, with its several enclosures, two of which we to stop all the cattle and horse fairs which were to be here insert, namely, the statistical return of the progress held in the succeeding months of September and October. of the disease, and the notice which regulates the pro.

By the strictest enforcement of these sanatary regu. ceedings of the sanitary commission. lations this division of Prussia was preserved until the

“ 30th April, 1857. spring of 1857, when the malady crossed the frontier, and showed itself in the villages of Bassnitzkehmen and

“Sir, I have the honour, according to my promise, to send Meldiglaucken on the 2nd and 3rd of April. The dis

you a letter for the Kreisbauptman of Jaslo, and another for

Count Gotachowski at Lemberg. I think it proper to join one ease, bowever, was at once arrested by the establishment

more addressed to the Kreishauptman of Tarpow (the place of a military cordon, and by the wholesale slaughter of where you are to leave the railroad), in case you should need the animals affected, as also of those suspected to be any assistance relating to your further journey. I send you diseased, and the burial of their carcasses in quicklime also the papers we have spoken of.

“ I am, &c., in holes 8 feet deep.

" J. B. Simonds, Esq."


« PoprzedniaDalej »