Reasoning: The Neuroscience of How We Think

Przednia okładka
Academic Press, 13 lis 2017 - 352

Reasoning: The Neuroscience of How We Think is a comprehensive guide to the core topics related to a thorough understanding of reasoning. It presents the current knowledge of the subject in a unified, complete manner, ranging from animal studies, to applied situations, and is the only book available that presents a sustained focus on the neurobiological processes behind reasoning throughout all chapters, while also synthesizing research from animal behavior, cognitive psychology, development, and philosophy for a truly multidisciplinary approach. The book considers historical perspectives, state-of-the-art research methods, and future directions in emerging technology and cognitive enhancement.

Written by an expert in the field, this book provides a coherent and structured narrative appropriate for students in need of an introduction to the topic of reasoning as well as researchers seeking well-rounded foundational content. It is essential reading for neuroscientists, cognitive scientists, neuropsychologists and others interested in the neural mechanisms behind thinking, reasoning and higher cognition.

  • Provides a comparative perspective considering animal cognition and its relevance to human reasoning
  • Includes developmental and lifespan considerations throughout the book
  • Discusses technological development and its role in reasoning, both currently and in the future
  • Considers perspectives from not only neuroscience, but cognitive psychology, philosophy, development, and animal behavior for a multidisciplinary treatment
  • Contains highlight boxes featuring additional details on methods, historical descriptions and experimental tasks
 

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Spis treści

1 Introduction to Reasoning
1
2 The History of Reasoning Research
13
3 The Neuroscience of Reasoning
41
A CrossSpecies Perspective
71
Human Development During Childhood
101
6 Reasoning Over the Lifespan
131
7 Disorders of Reasoning
155
8 Reasoning About Contingencies Correlations and Causes
177
9 Deduction and Induction
199
10 Analogical Reasoning
227
11 Decision Making and Abductive Reasoning
255
Reasoning With Others
283
Emerging Technology and Cognitive Enhancement
313
Index
339
Back Cover
345
Prawa autorskie

Kluczowe wyrazy i wyrażenia

Informacje o autorze (2017)

Dan Krawczyk is an Associate Professor & Deputy Director of the Center for BrainHealth®, and the Francis Chair in Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Dr. Krawczyk is also an Associate Professor in Psychiatry at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. His extensive multi-disciplinary research has investigated the neural basis of reasoning in veterans, healthy adults, adolescents, and individuals with disorders including dementia, brain injury, and autism spectrum disorders. His Department of Defense-funded research with U.S. military veterans has helped to provide a greater understanding of how reasoning strategies can enhance rehabilitation of brain functions after traumatic brain injury. He has also received support from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to evaluate social reasoning skills across cultures. Dr. Krawczyk holds a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles and was previously a Ruth L. Kirschstein postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. He has appeared on television, radio, & frequently in print media. He recently spoke at a TEDx talk https://youtu.be/J3ktgPQbUvo & Perot Museum of Science, Dallas, TX. https://youtu.be/wcgS77KlUPE. For more up to date information on Dr. Krawczyk visit https://www.danielkrawczyk.org/

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