Neuronal Man: The Biology of Mind

Przednia okładka
Princeton University Press, 22 kwi 1997 - 348

Over the past thirty-five years, there has been an explosive increase in scientists' ability to explain the structure and functioning of the human brain. While psychology has advanced our understanding of human behavior, various other sciences, such as anatomy, physiology, and biology, have determined the critical importance of synapses and, through the use of advanced technology, made it possible actually to see brain cells at work within the skull's walls. Here Jean-Pierre Changeux elucidates our current knowledge of the human brain, taking an interdisciplinary approach and explaining in layman's terms the complex theories and scientific breakthroughs that have significantly improved our understanding in the twentieth century.

 

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Spis treści

Organ of the Sourfrom Ancient Egypt to the Belle Epoque
3
BODY AND SOUL
7
PHRENOLOGY
13
THE NEURON
21
ELECTRIC CURRENT AND MEDICINAL SUBSTANCES
29
THE GOOD SENSE OF HISTORY
36
The Component Parts of the Brain
38
THE MACROSCOPIC VIEW OF THE BRAIN
39
THE CALCULATION OF EMOTION
158
SEEING MENTAL OBJECTS
161
THE SUBSTANCE OF THE SPIRIT
168
Power of the Genes
170
ANATOMICAL MUTATIONS
171
HEREDITY AND BEHAVIOR
175
THE SIMPLICITY OF THE GENOME AND THE COMPLEXITY OF THE BRAIN
180
THE AUTOMATON CELL
186

THE EXPANSION OF THE NEOCORTEX
43
MICROCIRCUITS
46
WIRING
52
MODULES OR CRYSTALS
58
FROM MOUSE TO MAN
65
Animal Spirits
67
CEREBRAL ELECTRICITY
68
THE NERVE SIGNAL
73
OSCILLATORS
77
FROM ONE NEURON TO ANOTHER
83
THE KEYS TO MOLECULE LOCKS
90
PSYCHIC ATOMS REEXAMINED
95
Into Action
97
TO SING AND TO FLEE
98
TO DRINK AND TO SUFFER
103
TO ENJOY AND TO BE ANGRY
107
TO REACH ORGASM
112
TO ANALYZE
115
TO SPEAK AND TO DO
120
FROM STIMULUS TO RESPONSE
124
Mental Objects
126
THE MATERIALITY OF MENTAL IMAGES
127
FROM PERCEPT TO CONCEPT AND THOUGHT
130
TOWARD A BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF MENTAL OBJECTS
134
ASSEMBLING THE NEURONS
140
PROBLEMS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
145
ATTENTION
151
THE EMBRYO SYSTEM
191
THE GENESIS OF THE CORTEX
195
THE PREDESTINATION OF THE BRAIN
202
Epigenesis
205
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IDENTICAL TWINS
206
THE BEHAVIOR OF THE GROWTH CONE
212
REGRESSION AND REDUNDANCY
216
THE DREAMS OF THE EMBRYO
220
BUILDING THE SYNAPSE
223
BY SELECTIVE STABILIZATION OF SYNAPSES
227
THE EXPERIMENTAL TESTING OF EPIGENESIS
229
HEMISPHERIC SPECIALIZATIONA GENETIC OR EPIGENETIC PROCESS?
235
THE CULTURAL IMPRINT
241
TO LEARN IS TO ELIMINATE
246
Anthropogenesis
250
MONKEY CHROMOSOMES
251
FOSSIL PUZZLES
255
THE WINKS OF THE YOUNG CHIMPANZEE
259
GENES FOR COMMUNICATION AND SELECTIVE STABILIZATION
264
THE GENETICS OF AUSTRALOPITHECUS
268
THE PHENOMENON OF MAN RECONSIDERED
271
The BrainRepresentation of the World
273
Glossary
285
Notes
293
Bibliography
301
Index
333
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Informacje o autorze (1997)

Jean-Pierre Changeux is Professor of Neurobiology at the Collège de France and Director of the Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. His books include Conversations on Mind, Matter, and Mathmatics (Princeton) with Alain Connes, and Raison et Plaisir.

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