Meanings of Life
Guilford Press, 1 sty 1991 - 426
In this extraordinary book, an eminent social scientist explores what empirical studies from diverse fields tell us about the human condition. Meanings of Life draws together evidence from psychology, history, anthropology, and sociology, integrating copious research findings into a clear and conclusive discussion of how people attempt to make sense of their lives. In a lively and accessible style, emphasising facts over theories, Baumeister explores why people desire meaning in their lives, how these meanings function, what forms they take, and what happens when life loses meaning.
The volume includes a review of interdisciplinary literature that covers what the social sciences say about such matters as happiness, suffering, and death. It explores people's need for a sense of purpose, values, control over their lives, and a sense of self worth. Divorce and religious conversion are also examined. The book attempts to analyze the myths of fulfilment and higher meaning, illusions of eternity, the suppression of female sexuality, the failure of the work ethic, why death is more threatening to us than it was to our ancestors, and how suffering stimulates the quest for meaning. It demonstrates how happiness depends more upon one's interpretation than actual circumstances, and shows that the keys to happiness are attitude, judicious comparison, a bit of luck and a healthy dose of self-deception.
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Who Says Life Has No Meaning?
Coming to Terms with Meaning
The Four Needs for Meaning An Existential Shopping List
The Myth of Higher Meaning
Looking for Answers
SelfIdentity and the Value Gap
Work Work Work Work
Passionate Love Domestic Bliss
Suffering and Unhappiness
Meanings of Death
Changes in Meaning
Life Change Adding and Subtracting Meanings
Why Women Once Disliked Sex
The Work Ethic
The Parenthood Paradox
19th century accept achieve anorectic attitudes basis Baumeister become behavior belief career century chapter Christian cognitive dissonance conflict context cult culture death desire divorce effects efficacy emotional emphasis especially ethic evidence example existentialists experience extrinsic extrinsic motivation failure faith false permanence feel fulfillment goals happiness human ideas illusions illusions of control implications important individual involves justify learned helplessness levels life's meaning linked Little Richard lives loss of meaning major marriage married meaning vacuum meaningful modern moral motivations myth of higher needs for meaning negative notion one's oneself pain parenthood parents pattern perhaps person positive powerful probably problem promise purpose regarded relationship religion religious response role satisfaction seems self-esteem selfhood sense sexual simply slaves social society source of meaning spiritual stable success suffering tend things tion traditional typically unpleasant value base value gap Victorian woman women
The Construction of the Self: A Developmental Perspective
Podgląd niedostępny - 1999
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