A Grammar of Speech
Oxford University Press, 1995 - 264
This book provides an innovative analysis of English grammar in the spoken form. Hitherto, most grammars of English have relied heavily on the written language, and this excludes much normal spoken discourse. This work offers an alternative view of the structure of spoken English based on naturally-occurring language data. A Grammar of Speech has relevance for many areas related to linguistics, such as Artificial Intelligence, computational linguistics, and machinetranslation. First Prize English Speaking Union's Duke of Edinburgh Book Competition
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Product and process
Four and fiveelement chains
Sample of data
Suspension in simple chains
The relationship between elements
Talk about talk
More talk about talk
What can go wrong?
Indeterminacy and ambiguity
Nonfinite verbal elements
Sample of data
Modals and the plain infinitive
Verbal element do
Same or different referent?
Zero realization in finite second predications
Selection by predication
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achieved adverbial element alternative amazing story asking exchanges car park chain-initial Chapter circumstances communicative value concerned condition constituents conversation daughter described discourse earlier event examples expected fact finite follows function further giddy going happens hearer Hurst Street indeterminacy Initial instance interaction Intermediate intonation kind labelling language linear linear grammar linguistic listener little old lady look modals multi-storey car park narrative nominal elements non-finite forms non-finite verbal elements notion occur open selector participants particular phatic possible post-nominal potential preliminary present communicative need probably proclaiming tone produced prominent syllables purpose question reason recognize reduplicative referring tone relationship relevant represent require rule system satisfy search your car second predication sense selection sentence grammar sentence grammarian sequencing rules similar sitting situation situationally speaker specify subchain suspensive Target telling increment thing tone unit users utterance verbs words zero realization