Lenin's Terror: The Ideological Origins of Early Soviet State Violence

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Routledge, 2012 - 260
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This book explores the development of Lenin's thinking on violence throughout his career, from the last years of the Tsarist regime in Russia through to the 1920s and the New Economic Policy, and provides an important assessment of the significance of ideological factors for understanding Soviet state violence as directed by the Bolshevik leadership during its first years in power. It highlights the impact of the First World War, in particular its place in Bolshevik discourse as a source of legitimating Soviet state violence after 1917, and explains the evolution of Bolshevik dictatorship over the half decade during which Lenin led the revolutionary state. It examines the militant nature of the Leninist worldview, Lenin's conception of the revolutionary state, the evolution of his understanding of "dictatorship of the proletariat", and his version of "just war". The book argues that ideology can be considered primarily important for understanding the violent and dictatorial nature of the early Soviet state, at least when focused on the party elite, but it is also clear that ideology cannot be understood in a contextual vacuum. The oppressive nature of Tsarist rule, the bloodiness of the First World War, and the vulnerability of the early Soviet state as it struggled to survive against foreign and domestic opponents were of crucial significance. The book sets Lenin's thinking on violence within the wider context of a violent world.

  

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Spis treści

ideology and violence
1
the genesis of a militant Marxism 18941907
25
ideological purity and the Great War 19071917
46
the revolutionary imperative 1917
60
October 1917summer 1918
77
5 The Red Terror
100
the strengthening of dictatorship 1919
120
from Civil War to NEP 19191921
141
the contradictions of NEP
159
Lenins terror
184
Notes
193
Bibliography
237
Index
251
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Informacje o autorze (2012)

James Ryan is a Government of Ireland Postdoctoral CARA Mobility Research Fellow in the Humanities and Social Sciences, based at the Department of History, University of Warwick, UK and School of History, University College Cork, Ireland.

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