日本刀21世紀への挑戦

Przednia okładka
Kodansha International, 2002 - 255
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Unparalleled in its deadly cutting power, strength, and enduring elegance, the Japanese sword is a triumph of both technical merit and mythical appeal. For a thousand years the Japanese sword was the linchpin of the warrior class, the mainstay of social order, and the definitive weapon on the battlefield.

Now incongruous with modern warfare and society, its practical role has been consigned to history. But the sword has retained its artistic and symbolic power. Most of the qualities that are considered aesthetically pleasing in the sword, from the intricate patterns on the steel itself to the blade's characteristic curvature, derive from its function as a weapon. The sword must embody both lightness and durability, and the blade requires a toughness that is not too brittle or its effectiveness as a weapon would be compromised. The perfect harmony of these conflicting elements characterizes the swordsmith's art.

The history of swordmaking was interrupted in the wake of World War II, when the occupying forces banned all activities associated with the Japanese sword. Many of the old swords were destroyed and, for those remaining, their status as weapons was changed forever. Today's working craftsmen form a new chapter in this history as they revive the art form and find a vital, meaningful role for the sword in modern society.

In this insightful volume, noted sword expert, journalist, and editor, Tamio Tsuchiko, explores the world of gendaito, visiting its practitioners and sharing views and ideas. Through close-up interviews with twenty gendai-tosho, and dialogues between smiths and polishers, Tsuchiko presents the reader with a fascinating and enriching array of experiences, theories, and reflections from those at the forefront of modern sword craftsmanship, as they take this ancient art into purely aesthetic directions. Never before has such a thorough and illuminating study of this kind emerged.

The book is divided into three parts, the first of which provides a context of sword history, from the types of blades, their respective periods, and the prominent styles of workmanship. This will primarily be of interest to specialists. Diagrams accompany explanations of key terminology, which can be cross-referenced in a detailed glossary and index.

The centerpiece ofThe New Generation of Japanese Swordsmiths, however, hinges on part two, in which Tsuchiko visits twenty gendai-tosho, revealing their thoughts, experiences, and aims, and providing the reader with the most comprehensive discourse on gendaito to appear in English.

In part three, Tsuchiko presents in-depth interviews with three of the leading figures of the sword society: Akitsugu Amata (Living National Treasure swordsmith); Kokan Nagayama (Living National Treasure sword polisher); and Mitsuo Shibata (Japan's most influential sword dealer). Each offers his own unique insight into the dynamic and changing picture of gendaito.

Including over one hundred photographs of the artists and their most recent creations, this will be an important addition to the libraries of collectors, craftsmen and sword aficionados, as well as those with a more general interest in Japanese weaponry.
  

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Spis treści

Foreword
7
Historical Periods 13 Types of Yasurime 29
13
Parts of the Sword 16 Jigane and Jihada
34
Types of Sori Curvature 20 Various Conditions in Parts
44
F u ru kawa Kiyoyuki 11 ? ?T
61
Ozawa Toshihisa MKf X
70
Adachi Yoshiaki JIB3
79
Hiroki Hirokuni fckiLW
94
Amata Akitsugu xcllHfjC Living National Treasure Swordsmith
200
Nagayama Kokan KUDtt Living National Treasure Sord Polisher
214
Shibata Mitsuo IHtW Most Influential Sword Dealer in Japan
228
Glossary
244
Index
253
Prawa autorskie

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Informacje o autorze (2002)


Tamio Tsuchiko is a writer and editor of numerous publications on Japanese swords and Japanese craftsmanship in general, including traditional crafts as well as contemporary engineering. Tsuchiko has been involved in the sword world for more than thirty years, and is one of the executives of Nihon Bunka Niju-Isseiki Iinkai, or the Japanese Culture Twenty-first Century Committee. He has carried out detailed research on the history of Japanese swords in modern times. His latest book, Kurihara Hikosaburo Zen Kiroku ("The Complete Record of the Life and Times of Hikosaburo Kurihara"), published in Japanese, was well received by sword enthusiasts. His work Nihonto Niju-isseiki e no Chosen ("A Challenge for the Japanese Sword in the Twenty-first Century"), upon which the present book is based, has won acclaim as the most extensive and illustrative study of gendai-tosho in sword literature. He lives in Tokyo, where he is active in the promotion of Japanese crafts and the Japanese sword.
Kenji Mishima is a sword polisher who served as chief instructor at the Nagayama Kenshu Jo (founded by Kokan Nagayama, who features in part three of this book) for seven years beginning in 1979. He has been authorized by the Japanese government to restore swords that have been designated as National Treasures or Important Cultural Assets. He spent six years in the United Kingdom from 1986, where he worked for the British Museum, lectured at the monthly meetings of the Sword Society of Great Britain, and received a request from the British royal family to polish its sword collection. He is the translator of The Connoisseur's Book of Japanese Swords.

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